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Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog
Rumanía FCI 350 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds



The “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”, also known as Carpatin (of his original name Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin), He is native to Romania, more precisely from the Danube Delta.

It is said to be descended from the Lupo races – molosoides, comparable in size to ancient mastiffs, but with a morphology closer to that of the wolf, and that has been used to protect herds for more than 9.000 years, that is to say, since the beginning of the domestication of cattle in this region.

Legend has it that their ancestors, to whom he is physically very close, they interbred naturally with wolves, resulting in a powerful and fearsome race. Although there is no irrefutable evidence, such hybridizations between dog and wolf are known to have in fact occurred in various regions of the world, what makes this theory plausible.

Often hunting in packs, nothing stops this dog with his courage and unerring protective instinct. There have even been cases where a herd of Carpathian shepherds has been seen repelled by an adult bear. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been selected over the centuries with the main criterion of utility, which explains why it has kept its herding dog qualities intact to this day, especially since Romania still has many predators on its territory, including wolves and bears. Over the years, they have also become increasingly integrated into the family as guard dogs; very protective of their master, it's a role they play wonderfully.

The first breed standard was developed in Romania in 1934. After the fall of communism in 1989, a few passionate breeders of the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog developed the breed so that its standard could meet the criteria of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Their efforts paid off, since the latter finally recognized it provisionally in 2005, and then definitely ten years later, in 2015. Among the other large canine organisms, the Société Centrale Canine and the United Kennel Club also recognize the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, what is not the case with the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club or the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain.

Although they are increasingly known and appreciated in the rest of the world, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog still quite rare outside of its home country. On the other hand, still very popular in Romania, where it is used as a herding dog and as a guard and companion dog.

Photo: Possibly Carpathian sheepdog or Bucovina sheepdog by Alex Zelenko, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog he is a large dog with an impressive physique.

The body is rectangular, vigorous and well developed, without heaviness. Its length is greater than the height at the withers, and the lumbar region may be slightly longer in females than in males.

The tail is held high, reaching or slightly exceeding the point of the hock. With abundant hair, hangs at rest but is carried high and slightly curved in action. It is neither flat nor rolled in the back.

The head is strong but not heavy, of type lupoid, with a stop moderately marked. The nose is always black, big and wide. The scissor bite is powerful. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, dark brown. The ears, located slightly above the eye line, they are triangular in shape, a little rounded at the tip, and fall close to the cheeks.

The inner layer is dense and flexible, color clear, but the hair is rough, smooth and dense. It is shorter and flatter on the head and front of the legs, longer in the neck, the back of the legs and tail. It is abundant and of medium length in the rest of the body. The fur is sable (Wolf) with white markings, and the skin is ash colored.

Character and skills

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is balanced, calm and brave. They are innate herding dogs with a very strong protective instinct, with an unconditional attachment to his flock and a closeness to his master and family that is far greater than that of most other watchdog breeds.

This protective instinct makes them mistrust strangers. In the presence of a stranger, will come between him and his family and bark as a warning, until his master makes him understand that there is no danger.

But, due to its friendlier temperament than the average of other guard dog breeds, It is also an excellent companion dog.. As a breed of dog adapted to children, he is very gentle with them and is a great playmate for them. Regarding the cohabitation of the dog with the cat, generally goes well. Last, the fact that they have long gotten used to defending themselves and working in packs also explains why they generally manage to get along with their peers, although they can be dominant with them.

Although it suits all families quite well, this large, energetic dog needs plenty of exercise and play to maintain his mental balance and physical health. So, better suited to a family that likes to move, and thus you can enjoy hiking with your dog (dogs-rando), from running with your dog (canicross) or cycling with your dog (cani-mountain biking). To feel completely fine, need at least an hour of daily exercise.

So, not at all suitable for use in an apartment: too small a space and insufficient physical exercise could cause behavioral disorders in the dog, including uncontrolled aggression (even towards their owners) and / or destructive behavior on the part of the dog. This is all the more true since the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog is slightly more sensitive and less independent than other guard dog breeds; therefore shows more anxiety in case of prolonged loneliness, especially if you are indoors with nothing to do to keep busy. So, the ideal home for him is one with a large enclosed garden where he can run, and a master who is available to play with his dog and walk him for long hours.

Education “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a calm and balanced dog that is easier to train than other guard dog breeds, needs a strong education to start at an early age, since it has a strong character. It is imperative that the owner immediately show his dog who the master is and impose his authority, at the risk of seeing his partner with his impressive physique take control.

Of course, firm does not mean brutal. Positive dog training, with incentives and rewards, is always the best way to earn respect and obedience. Purely authoritarian training would only lead to confrontation with this willfully dominant dog..

Health “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although there have been cases of hip dysplasia or eye problems in some individuals, the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog it is a robust breed of dog, able to stay outdoors in inclement weather without being unduly hindered and, In addition, does not have a congenital predisposition to certain pathologies.

So, daily exercise and a balanced diet are enough to keep the dog healthy, vigorous and toned.

But, care must be taken not to give too large a portion of food before physical exertion: like all big breeds, is particularly exposed to the risk of stomach dilation-torsion.

Grooming “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog”

Although the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a long fur, rarely needs professional grooming. But, it is recommended to brush the dog's hair daily with a wire brush or detangler, especially during the molting period.

If you spend most of your time outdoors, it is recommended to wash your dog once a month. But, if you stay inside, a dog bath every three to four months is sufficient.

On the other hand, it is important to regularly examine and clean the dog's ears, as for all dogs with floppy ears. A buildup of earwax or bacteria could lead to infections, like ear infections.

It also, as in all races, brushing your dog's teeth at regular intervals is essential to avoid tartar problems. Ideally, you should be able to do this two to three times a week..

Finally, how often a dog's claws are trimmed depends on its level of activity. It is best to inspect them from time to time and trim them if necessary.

Characteristics "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Carpathian Shepherd

Carpathian Shepherd


1 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434185
2 – “Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog” by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1625909

Videos "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd - 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
Jeff the Carpathian Shepherd – 4 Weeks Residential Dog Training
Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl
Sanziana, a Carpathian Shepherd Dog baby girl

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI breed standard "Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

Alternative names:

1. Romanian Shepherd, Romanian Carpathian Shepherd, Carpathian Sheepdog (English).
2. Chien de berger des Carpathes (French).
3. Carpatin, Zavod (German).
4. (em romeno: Ciobănesc românesc carpatin) (Portuguese).
5. Carpatin, Pastor de los Cárpatos, Perro pastor de los Cárpatos (español).

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