Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) - Exotic birds | Pets

    Posted by pets | 14 July 2015

    - Neophema pulchella

    Turquoise Parrot

    Description

    Of 20 cm.. length and a weight between 37 to 44 g..

    Turquoise Parrot

    The Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) has the head bright turquoise blue, darker on the front of the crown, with the chin yellow and green on the back side of the crown.
    Upperparts green.

    The interior of the small and medium-sized coverts is reddish brown, - median are light blue. Great coverts and primary coverts are blue-violet color. The primary feathers Black have them vane inmates of blue color and a fine yellow edge. The secondary feathers Black has foreign bands of yellowish green colour that tend toward the blue on the edges of the feathers. The lesser coverts the wings are blue-violet color.

    The bottom is bright yellow with a slight orange patch in the throat and the breast. A spot of Orange, sometimes, is visible in the abdomen of certain individuals. The two pairs of the Central feathers of the tail are bright green, - outer tail feathers are yellow with green bases. The bill is black and the iris dark brown. The legs they are a pinkish-brown hue.

    In the females, the plumage is more off than in males. There are no brown spots in the shoulders. The underparts they are much more green, especially in the chest. The lores they are whitish and the blue of the face is considerably reduced. A bar can be seen in the wing .

    The immature are similar to the females.

    The Immature males are distinguished by a small brown spot in the wing and blue dark figure.

    • Sound of the Turquoise Parrot.

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    Habitat:

    The Turquoise Parrot they are distributed by clear wooded areas, wooded areas, meadows with native grasses, Although they have a strong preference for the ecotones, namely, regions that are intermediate between the forests and farmland.

    In the State of Victoria, seasonally, These parakeets make positive use of habitats that suit them: the eucalyptus trees that are found in the Rocky Mountains in winter, wetlands and ravines from spring to autumn and earrings that are oriented towards the Southeast during every month of the year.

    The Periquito turquoise they live in small flocks or family groups that feed near the ground.

    These birds are sedentary but after nesting, You can attend a light dispersion.

    During this last period, the formation of dorms is not uncommon.

    We can often see them begging for food on the verges of roads.

    Reproduction:

    The Turquoise Parrot they breed of August to December. In other areas, the nests are also visible in April-may, but they are probably second clutches or broods alternatives. The nest is located in one a tree cavity, usually a eucalyptus, at least in regards to the State of Victoria. But it can also be located in a strain, a post or a fallen branch.

    The spawning contains an average of 4 or 5 eggs with one incubation that lasts a few 20 days.

    The chicks are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks before you fly.

    Food:

    The Turquoise Parrot they have a diet vegetarian. They feed on seeds, flowers and fruits that are native and imported plants. Love cultivated herbs, wild herbs and different parts of the bushes.

    A detailed census has identified the following genera: shrubs in Bloom's leucopogon, not less than 4 types of Danthonia, nettle, Urtica urens, Paspalum dilatatum, who are the edges of sea grass and the gernaios. The list is not exhaustive.

    Distribution:

    Currently fluctuates irregularly from the southeast of Queensland (North around Chinchilla and Maryborough) to the East of New South Wales, arriving at the coast, about Sydney, and extending to the South up to Nowra) and Victoria to the West of Bendigo. There is also an isolated population in the East of Victoria. The increase of population ,probably, continues in Victoria and New South Wales.

    Conservation:
    • Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

    • Population trend: Stable

    At the beginning of the 20th century, the increase of pastoral activities, the catastrophic drought in 1902, and to a lesser extent, poaching, they gave rise to the population of the Turquoise Parrot almost disappeared.

    Since the Decade of 1940, There has been a resurgence in the number of individuals. The resurgence of this species began in the vicinity of Chinchilal and Maryborough and little by little the South joined with the State of Victoria through New South Wales.

    Today, growth tends to spread and strong presence in the national parks proof that the cessation of grazing is a great benefit for the development of these parrots. Since they nest close to the ground, These birds are still vulnerable to predation by foxes. Another recurrent threat is habitat degradation and loss of nesting sites. The world population deemed superior to the 20 000 birds, birds captive are estimated at 8 000.

    In captivity:

    The Turquoise Parrot they are birds that are regularly and which are obtained very good results in the reproduction. These parakeets are highly recommended for amateur beginners.

    In terms of its behavior, they are relatively strong with a sweet and melodious voice. These parakeets are not shy and are easy to maintain.

    During the breeding season does not support other congeners or other species of neophemas. It is mainly of assaults by males. Your need to crack is very limited and their need for bathroom is very different from an individual to another. They tolerate dry climates, but they are very sensitive to cold and wet mist. They like to spend time on the floor, investigating, and therefore, they are vulnerable to infection by worms.

    According to sources, a sample lived during 21 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been known that they can raise from 1 año de edad.

    Alternative names:

    - Turquoise Parrot, Beautiful Grass-Parakeet, Beautiful Grass-Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Grass-Parrot, Chestnut-shouldered Parakeet, Chestnut-shouldered Parrot, Chestnut-winged Grass-Parakeet, Chestnut-winged Parrot, Red-shouldered Grass-Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parakeet, Red-shouldered Parrot, Turcoisine Parrot, Turq, Turquoise Grass-Parakeet, turquoise parakeet, Turquoisine, Turquoisine Grass-Parrot, Turquoisine Parrot (ingles).
    - Perruche turquoisine (francés).
    - Schönsittich (alemán).
    - Periquito-turquesa (portugués).
    - Papagayo Turquesa, Periquito Turquesa (español).

    George Shaw

    George Shaw

    Scientific classification:

    - Orden: Psittaciformes
    - Familia: Psittaculidae
    - Genus: Neophema
    - Nombre científico: Neophema pulchella
    - Citation: (Shaw, 1792)
    - Protónimo: Psittacus pulchellus

    Turquoise Parrot pictures:

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    Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella), female; of: Schönsittich by Daniel Wehmeyer –> Danweh – Wikimedia
    (2) – “Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a” by Sheila Bradford – originally posted to Flickr as DSCF7029 turquoise parrot. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
    (3) – “Neophema pulchella -Twycross Zoo, Leicestershire, England-8a” by stephen jones from uk – [1]Uploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
    (4) – “Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)-6” by Lip Kee Yap – originally posted to Flickr as Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
    (5) – “Neophema pulchella pair Capertee Valley” by Lip Kee from Singapore, Republic of Singapore – Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
    (6) – Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

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