European Burmes cat
Federations: GCCF, LOOF, FFH

burmes europeo



The European Burmes cat has the same origins as the American Burmese cat, that goes back to Wong Man, led cat of Burma to America in 1930. Imported American cats, descendants of Wong Mau, a Gran Bretaña, and the Brown was recognized in 1952, but after the race was divided to take different forms in both sides of the Atlantic. In Europe, los criadores preferían una aspecto más típicamente oriental, and they were also interested in a wider color scale.

The Cat Fanciers Association began registering Burmese in 1936, but suspended records on 1947 porque los criadores seguían utilizando a los siameses en sus programas de cría. Records resumed in 1953, after this practice was discontinued.

In Europe, However, the development of Burmese took a different path. In Great Britain, donde la escasez de reproductores era aún mayor que en Estados Unidos, the Siamese Red Point and the British Shorthair cat se utilizaron en los programas de cría, and his genetic contribution included additional colors: red, cream, brown-turtle, chocolate-turtle, blue-turtle and lilac-turtle. With the time, they met as European Burmes cat.

The color blue, a recessive trait carried by cats imported from America, accepted a few years. The reddish colors and the turtle, It resulted from an accidental crossing, they were recognized in the Decade of 1970. Great Britain cats were exported to Europe, Africa, Australia and New Zealand in the Decade of 1950. Por consiguiente, la raza en estos países sigue el tipo europeo. The FIFé allows green eyes, but the GCCF considers it a defect.

On both sides of the Atlantic, the Burmese cat aún aparece entre las razas más populares, but looks better in Europe, where short hair cats prevail over copies of long hair.

Physical characteristics

European Burmese
Share Alois de Arkhitekton, macho Burmés europeo presentado en una exposición de gatos en Siilinjärvi, Finland – Heikkisiltala, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The European Burmes cat, as the American Burmese cat, characterized primarily by the sepia pattern of fur, que se transforma gradualmente en las puntas oscuras y uniformes en las raíces, without markings striped cat.

The coat is short and thin, glued to the body and do not need daily care. Thin legs hold a fairly weak body, but muscular, surprisingly heavy for its size.

The head is the feature in which the European Burmes cat differs more than the American type. It has a wedge and the snout is blunt; the eyes are separated, they are round and just ripped.

It is a medium-sized cat that usually weighs between 2 and 3 kg, sometimes more.


La mayoría de las organizaciones que reconocen al European Burmes cat no permiten el cruce con otras razas en el marco de su cría.

This is the position taken by the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé) and the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).

The Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) French is an exception, since it authorizes the mating with the Burmilla cat, to expand the genetic background of this breed.

What's more, the European Burmes cat es en sí mismo el origen de dos razas:

the Burmilla cat, resulting from mating with the Persian cat;
the Gato Tiffanie, resulting from a cross with the Himalayan cat.

Popularity of "European Burmes cat"

The European Burmes cat is quite successful in Europe, y esto es especialmente cierto en el país donde se desarrolló: Great Britain. Since 2004, ocupa el quinto lugar en la clasificación de razas en función del número de registros anuales en la principal institución felina del país, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF). However, is in clear decline: while at the end of the 90 more than 3.000 kittens per year in the organization (lo que le permitía ocupar el cuarto puesto en el ranking), this figure has been divided by three since then, and now around a thousand.

In France, the European Burmes cat not as successful as in Great Britain and ranks 35 (about 70) en la clasificación de razas del Libro Oficial de Orígenes Felinos (LOOF) en función del número de nacimientos registrados cada año. Este número ronda la cincuentena, what, just like in britain, reflects a certain decline: en la década de 2000, it was rather on the order of 60 a 80. The American Burmese cat not far behind, since it occupies the position 40, nails on 30 or 40 registrations per year.

In Switzerland, the European Burmese ocupa el décimo lugar en las estadísticas de la Fédération Féline Helvétique (FFH) since the years 90. However, while in the decade of 2000 había unas 70 registrations per year, this figure has dropped in the following decade and is now more of 40.

Character and skills

European Burmese
European Burmeseasi02, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

When it comes to personality, the European Burmese and the Burmese cat are aligned. The European Burmese is energetic and friendly. Has the charm and determination of his ancestors Siamese, and enjoy the conversation as much as that breed, but her voice is soft and sweet, which contradicts his tendency to run the home with an iron paw sheathed in velvety fur. Es muy inteligente y busca la compañía humana, por lo que no es el más adecuado para un hogar en el que vaya a estar solo la mayor parte del día. If there are no humans around to stimulate your intellect, asegúrese de que tenga la compañía de otra mascota. Get along well with other cats and dogs, but, of course, other Burmese (of any type) will be your best friend.

The European Burmese he is a very curious cat. It is hoped that you will explore your home thoroughly and get to know all its corners. He is playful and remains so into adulthood. Estimule su mente inteligente con juguetes interactivos y enséñele trucos que le permitan lucirse ante el público. Besides sitting, turn around, say hello and come, can learn to reach for a small toy or walk on a leash. With proper early conditioning, car rides and vet visits will be a breeze.

One European Burmes cat it is a good choice if you are not opposed to total loss of privacy. This cat will want to participate in everything you do, from reading the newspaper and working on the computer to preparing meals and watching television. Of course, will sleep in bed with you and can even snuggle under the covers. When i'm sitting, will be on your lap or right next to you, waiting expectantly for me to caress you. Yes, he ignores them, will scold you. Guests will receive your undivided attention, and those who say they don't like cats are likely to win.

A female of European Burmese is the very definition of queen status. Likes attention and likes to be in command. Males are calmer and are content to fill the lap. Whatever your choice, you may soon find yourself longing for another.

Children and other pets

The European Burmese, active and sociable, It is a perfect option for families with children and for dogs that accept cats.. Play fetch as well as any retriever, learns tricks with ease and loves the attention he receives from children who treat him with politeness and respect. Convive pacíficamente con gatos y perros que respetan su autoridad. Always introduce pets slowly and under controlled circumstances so that they learn to get along.


Tanto los gatos con pedigrí como los gatosmixed raceshave different incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature.The European Burmes cat is generally healthy, although they can be prone to gingivitis and can be sensitive to anesthesia.The following diseases have also been observed in this breed:

  • Aqueous humor lipemia, a transient milky appearance of the eye during infancy, que generalmente se resuelve por sí sola.
  • Dermoide corneal, the presence of skin and hair on the surface of the cornea, que puede corregirse quirúrgicamente con éxito.
  • Gangliosidosis, an enzyme deficiency A test has been developed to detect the disease.
  • Síndrome de dolor orofacial, indicated by exaggerated licking and chewing movements and pawing the mouth Discomfort may increase when the cat is excited or stressed, y los gatos a menudo se muestran reacios a comer porque la actividad es dolorosa.Algunos gatos deben usar un collar isabelino y tener las patas vendadas para no lastimarse.Algunos casos se resuelven por sí solos y luego se repiten.Se desconocen la causa y el modo de herencia.Los analgésicos y los anticonvulsivos pueden ayudar, as well as consultation with a veterinary dentist to rule out dental disease.
  • Congenital peripheral vestibular disease causing head tilt, lack of balance, rapid eye movements and uncoordinated gait in kittens Some kittens with the condition can also be deaf.
  • Polimiopatía hipopotasémica, muscle weakness caused by low levels of potassium in the blood, sometimes seen in Burmese kittens Signs include general weakness, marcha rígida, desgana para caminar y temblores de cabeza.Puede tratarse con suplementos de potasio administrados por vía oral.
  • Síndrome del gatito de pecho plano, a deformity that can range from mild to severe Kittens that survive to adulthood usually show no signs once they reach maturity.
  • twisted glue, usually as a result of a coccyx deformity; it does not cause pain or discomfort.
  • Osteoarthritis of the elbow, an early-onset arthritis in the elbow that limits the cat's activity or mobility.
  • Endocardial fibroelastosis, una afección cardíaca en la que el ventrículo izquierdo del corazón se engrosa y estira el músculo cardíaco.Los signos generalmente se desarrollan cuando un gatito tiene de 3 SA week 4 months of age, a good reason to wait until 4 months to bring a kitten home.
  • Miocardiopatía dilatada, enlarged heart.
  • Mellitus diabetes, una afección endocrina causada por un defecto en la secreción de insulina o en la acción de la insulina que da como resultado niveles altos de azúcar en la sangre.
European Burmese
European Burmese

Cuidado y aseo

The soft, short coat of the European Burmese easily cared for with weekly brushing or combing to remove dead hair and distribute skin oil. A bath is seldom necessary.

Brush your teeth to prevent periodontal disease. The best is daily dental hygiene, but a weekly brushing is better than nothing. Limpiar las comisuras de los ojos con un paño suave y húmedo para eliminar cualquier secreción. Use a different area of ​​the cloth for each eye so as not to run the risk of spreading any infection. Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, límpialas con un algodón o un paño suave humedecido con una mezcla de vinagre de sidra y agua tibia al 50%. Avoid using cotton buds, que pueden dañar el interior del oído.

Keep the litter box spotless. As all cats, the Burmés europeos they are very demanding with bathroom hygiene.

It is a good idea to keep a European Burmes cat as an indoor cat to protect it from diseases transmitted by other cats, from dog attacks and other dangers faced by outdoor cats, like being hit by a car. The Burmés europeos who go abroad also run the risk of being stolen by someone who wants to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it.

Characteristics "European Burmes cat"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a cat of the breed "European Burmes cat" you know certain factors. You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.


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Activity level

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Friendliness to other pets

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Friendliness to children

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Grooming requirements

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Need for attention

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Affection towards its owners

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Videos "European Burmes cat"

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