Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet
Trichoglossus forsteni

Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet



25 - 30 centimeters length and 100-157 g. of weight.

The distinctive and colorful Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet (Trichoglossus forsteni) has the head dark blue, neck pale green, chest smooth red, and belly dark blue. The remaining plumage It is a bright pale green, and the bill typically red.

In flight the species shows a flash of bright yellow on the inside of all flight feather, and coverts bright red at the bottom of the wings.

  • Sound of the Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet.


This taxon is considered a subspecies of Trichoglossus [haematodus, rosenbergii, moluccana, forsteni, capistratus, weberi] (sensu lato) by some authors.

The specific epithet forsteni commemorates the Dutch naturalist Eltio Alegondas Forestry.

Subspecies description
  • Trichoglossus forsteni djampeanus

    (Hartert 1897) – They differ from the species nominal by the fact that their head It is darker and more evidently streaked with bright purple / blue.

  • Trichoglossus forsteni forsteni

    (Bonaparte 1850) – Nominal.

  • Trichoglossus forsteni mitchellii

    (Gray,GR 1859) – Both adults have head black / brown with gray / green streaks in crown up to the cheeks; red / brown in occiput; chest Red with minimal or no Barred; neck yellow green; purple / black belly; smaller.

  • Trichoglossus forsteni stresemanni

    (Meise 1929) – As the species nominal but with paler chest orange / red; green washing occiput; feathers the mantle yellow / orange basis.


The Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet is located in lowlands and lower montane forests, including secondary growth and plantations, tending to be observed at the edges and around perturbed vegetation instead of inside the closed canopy forest (pit et to the. 1997). In Sumbawa the Trichoglossus forsteni It ranges from sea level to 800-1200 meters and up 2150 metres in Lombok (pit et to the. 1997); at least in Sumbawa, the variation in altitudinal range is attributed to the movements in monitoring trees in bloom in a large area (White y Bruce 1986).


Birds have been reported in breeding conditions in May Sumbawa (White y Bruce 1986). It nests in a deep hole in a large tree (pit et to the. 1997).


No specific data, but presumably similar to Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus)


Extension of the distribution (breeding / resident): 101.000 km2

The Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet (incorporating subspecies mitchelli, djampeanus and stresemanni) It is located on the islands of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Tanahjampea and Kalaotowa, Indonesia.

An assessment of the state of the taxa that make up the species indicates that the species may no longer be present in Bali, It is extinct in Tanahjampea after capture, mainly before 1990, and it is not clear if he persists in kalatom (Eaton et al. 2015). In Lombok the species is still present, with a recent observation of a flock of 18 individuals above 1.500 metres in 2015 (F. Rheindt per Eaton et al. 2015), although given the lack of other records for many decades, it can be assumed that the population is likely to be small. Sumbawa now it may be the stronghold of the species, and it was suggested that the species is “secure(Eaton et al. 2015), and there is a large area of ​​potentially suitable habitat remaining on the island.

Distribution of subspecies



• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 1600-7000 individuals.

Justification of the red list category

It is estimated that this newly divided species has a small population that is experiencing suspected moderately rapid population decline due to the pressure of the traps for wild bird trade. Therefore, is classified as Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

It is estimated that the population size is lower to 10.000 mature individuals, on the basis of an interim evaluation of the places where it is likely that any number is retained species. In addition, it is considered possible that the population supposedly higher in Sumbawa does not exceed 1.000 mature individuals.

Justification trend

It is suspected that the population is experiencing descent moderately fast because of unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Conservation actions and research in progress

Appendix II of the CITES, where they include species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival. CMS Appendix II (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals).

Conservation actions and research proposals

– Estimate the population and assess population trends and scale of capture pressure.
– Carry out a specific study of the species to identify important sites, in order to provide protection.
– Conduct research on their status and habitat use (with special attention to food ecology and forest fragmentation).
– Initiate awareness campaigns to enlist the support of local people in protecting forests and preventing illegal trade.

"Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet" in captivity:

Rare in captivity. Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival. However it copies sold from the Loroparque Foundation at a price of around 400 EUR.

In captivity, It appeared in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, for example, in 1896 It was imported by the London Zoo. The first offspring of the world recorded in 1990 on India.

The Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet It has a longevity 20 years in nature, 15-25 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Rainbow Lorikeet (Sunset), Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet, Scarley-breasted Lorikeet, Sunset Lorikeet (English).
Loriquet à face bleue, Loriquet à tête bleue (de Forsten), Loriquet à tête bleue [forsteni], Loriquet de Forsten (French).
Bali-Allfarblori, Forstenlori (German).
Lóris-de-forstein (Portuguese).
Lori de Puesta del Sol, Lori pechiescarlata (Spanish).

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
Charles Lucien Bonaparte

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Trichoglossus
Scientific name: Trichoglossus forsteni
Citation: Bonaparte, 1850
Protonimo: Psittacus forsteni

Images “Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet”:

“Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet” (Trichoglossus forsteni)


    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    (1) – Sunset Lorikeet (also known as the Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet and Forsten’s Lorikeet) at Cincinnati Zoo, USA by Ted [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A Sunset Lorikeet (also known as the Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet and Forsten’s Lorikeet) at Cincinnati Zoo, Ohio, USA by Ted [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Two Rainbow Lorikeets at Newport Aquarium. This subspecies of the Rainbow Lorikeet is also called Forsten’s Lorikeet by Trichoglossus_haematodus_-Newport_Aquarium-8a.jpg: Jeff Kubinaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Two Rainbow Lorikeets at Newport Aquarium. This subspecies of the Rainbow Lorikeet is also called Forsten’s Lorikeet
    Date 22 April 2009, 15:31 (UTC)_haematodus_-Newport_Aquarium-8a.jpg: Jeff Kubinaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Lories at the Jurong BirdPark, Singapore. Taken by Terence Ong in November 2006. Trichoglossus haematodus forsteni by rk, Singapore. Taken by Terence Ong in November 2006. Trichoglossus haematodus forsteniNo machine-readable author provided. Terence assumed (based on copyright claims). [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Patrik Aberg, XC40063. accessible

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