18 cm.. length and a weight between 108 and 126 g..
The Large Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris desmarestii) is a small Parrot, Chunky, of head large, with one tail short of tip, can only be confused with the Double-eyed Fig-Parrot.
The Large Fig Parrot have the front of the crown burning Orange, paler towards the nape; lores orange red; area above and below the eye, clear turquoise and bright blue-violet; cheeks and elongated headphones feathers bottom of color green pale bright, diffuse orange in the Center. Stripe blue in the part back from the neck.
Upperparts green, with a wash light color olive on the part lumbar and Hip; coverts of the wings green, with orange spots at the tip of the greater coverts more internal; vane outside of the flight feather more blue-green that the coverts and with margin yellow on the tips; vane blackish brown internal; bend of wing light blue. Wing feathers Turquoise Green (the longest yellow); below, the wings, with yellow band in vane inner, with the exception of the primaries outermost.
The underparts of a green more light, broken by a close and continuous band of pale blue at the top of the chest, bordered below by a reddish-brown band.
Upper, the tail green; below greyish green.
The bill black; irises dark brown; legs gray-green.
The females the males are, except in the lowlands of the South where lack of yellow in the back of the neck, present in males (in this species, young birds are like the female).
The immature they have a crown of color yellowish dirty in it most of the subspecies, Although the immature of the Southeast they have the crown green. In Misool, the juveniles they have a blue dot in the eye that is lost with the plumage of the adult.
- Sound of the Large Fig Parrot.
The Large Fig Parrot are found in the land low and forests in the hills, riparian forests, edge forest and occasionally in sheets, usually below 1.100 m, at the local level to the 1,650 m.
Very active, are released from branch to branch and quickly fly in groups of 2 a 6 birds through the trees in search of food, make calls constantly.
Its breeding season It has registered in various moments of the year, with reproductive behaviors observed in July and September. Little is known of their habits of breeding but is has observed that use them nests communally, in groups of up to three couples, also it has observed them in noisy groups in the vicinity of alleged nests high in the trees.
During the courtship, mutual grooming is common, and during copulation the male places one foot on the back of the female and one on its perch.
The diet is made up mainly of figs and their seeds, nectar, and probably insects.
Birds gather in small groups to feed at the top of the fruiting fig trees. Cut the fruit with their sharp beaks to expose seeds.
Size area (reproduction / resident): 82.400 km2
West and South of Irian Jaya, Indonesia New Guinea, Since the Islands of Papua (West Batanta, Salawati and Misool), through the peninsulas of Vogelkop a Bomberai and Onin in the South, and in the North of the Peninsula Wandamen, in the South and East of the lowlands and hills (in the area of Karimui) 137 ° E, reaching around of Popondetta on the North coast of the peninsula of Southeast. The species is unique and common to locally, with a stable world population estimated at more of 150.000 specimens. The subspecies Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis they are declining, probably because the bird trade and habitat loss.
• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern
• Population trend: Decreasing
The size of the world population Although not it has quantified, It is thought that it may be above the 150,000 specimens. The species, According to sources, is usually rare and local (pit et to the. 1997).
The population is suspected that it may be in decline due to the destruction of habitat and fragmentation underway, and perhaps also by the captures for the bird trade.
Desmarest parrot in captivity:
Rare in captivity.
The Large Fig Parrot It Active and playful. Pretty quiet; only makes noise when shaken. It is customary to caregiver quite easily. You can stay in the colony only in a large aviary.
– Large Fig Parrot, Demarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig-Parrot, Flame-headed Fig Parrot, Large Fig-Parrot (English).
– Psittacule de Desmarest (French).
– Buntbrust-Zwergpapagei, Buntbrust-Zwergpapgei (German).
– Lóris-da-cabeça-dourada-de-desmarest (Portuguese).
– Lorito de Desmarest (Spanish).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittaculidae
– Genus: c
– Scientific name: Psittaculirostris desmarestii
– Citation: (Desmarest, 1826)
– Protonimo: Psittacus Desmarestii
Large Fig Parrot images:
Large Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris desmarestii)
(1) – By Zdeněk Chalupa – Biolib
(2) – By Vladimir Motyčka – Biolib
(3) – Would Janmad (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – animalphotos
(5) – “Buntbrust-Feigenpapagei desmarestrii Psittaculirostris 090501 We 228“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.