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Large Fig Parrot
Psittaculirostris desmarestii

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Large Fig Parrot



18 cm.. length and a weight between 108 and 126 g..

The Large Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris desmarestii) is a small Parrot, Chunky, of head large, with one tail short of tip, can only be confused with the Double-eyed Fig-Parrot.

The Large Fig Parrot have the front of the crown burning Orange, paler towards the nape; lores orange red; area above and below the eye, clear turquoise and bright blue-violet; cheeks and elongated headphones feathers bottom of color green pale bright, diffuse orange in the Center. Stripe blue in the part back from the neck.

Upperparts green, with a wash light color olive on the part lumbar and Hip; coverts of the wings green, with orange spots at the tip of the greater coverts more internal; vane outside of the flight feather more blue-green that the coverts and with margin yellow on the tips; vane blackish brown internal; bend of wing light blue. Wing feathers Turquoise Green (the longest yellow); below, the wings, with yellow band in vane inner, with the exception of the primaries outermost.

The underparts of a green more light, broken by a close and continuous band of pale blue at the top of the chest, bordered below by a reddish-brown band.

Upper, the tail green; below greyish green.

The bill black; irises dark brown; legs gray-green.

The females the males are, except in the lowlands of the South where lack of yellow in the back of the neck, present in males (in this species, young birds are like the female).

The immature they have a crown dirty yellowish in most subspecies, although immature of the Southeast they have the crown green. In Misool, the juveniles they have a blue dot in the eye that is lost with the plumage of the adult.

Subspecies description

Subspecies description
  • Psittaculirostris Psittaculirostris desmarestii

    : (Desmarest, 1826) – The nominal.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii blythii

    : (Wallace, 1864) – Males and females are similar to the occidentalis, but with cheeks bright orange-yellow; the blue color under the eyes, absent.

    The youth, similar to adults, but with blue under the eye.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis

    : (Salvadori, 1876) – Both the male and the female with the cheeks and throat golden yellow, becoming yellow bright in the elongated ear-coverts; Blue pale and greenish below the eyes; absent the blue color of the neck.

    The youth, equal to adults.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii intermedius

    : (Victoria, 1909) – Both adults similar to the nominal species, but much deeper orange color of the crown and nape; cheeks green and ear-coverts Yellowish orange to some feather-tipped; the nuchal collar blue, absent the least.

    The youth, equal to adults

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii godmani

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1911) – In the male, the blue color in the occiput and under the eye, is absent; orange-red in the crown and nape with a yellow stripe on the back of the neck; cheeks and headphones coverts bright; the band light blue above the chest is more extensive, but the red-orange band below is absent or minimal. The female is green on the back side of the neck, absent yellow band.

    The youth, equal to adults.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii cervicalis

    : (Salvadori & D’Albertis, 1875) – Male and females are similar to the subspecies godmani, but with the nape and back neck , are blue; darker blue chest band; Orange the part low of the chest and the abdomen.

    The youth with the crown and nape green.


The Large Fig Parrot are found in the land low and forests in the hills, riparian forests, edge forest and occasionally in sheets, usually below 1.100 m, at the local level to the 1,650 m.

Very active, are released from branch to branch and quickly fly in groups of 2 to 6 birds through the trees in search of food, make calls constantly.


Its breeding season It has registered in various moments of the year, with reproductive behaviors observed in July and September. Little is known of their breeding habits but they have been observed to use the nests communally, in groups of up to three couples, also it has observed them in noisy groups in the vicinity of alleged nests high in the trees.

During the courtship, mutual grooming is common, and during copulation the male places one foot on the back of the female and one on its perch.


The diet is made up mainly of figs and their seeds, nectar, and probably insects.

The birds gather in small groups to feed at the top of the fruiting fig trees. Cut the fruit with their sharp beaks to expose seeds.


Size area (reproduction / resident): 82.400 km2

West and South of Irian Jaya, Indonesia New Guinea, Since the papuan islands (West Batanta, Salawati and Misool), through the peninsulas of Vogelkop to Bomberai and Onin in the South, and in the north of the Peninsula Wandamen, in the South and East of the lowlands and hills (in the area of Karimui) 137 ° E, reaching around of Popondetta on the north coast of the southeastern peninsula. The species is unique and locally common, with a stable world population estimated at more of 150.000 specimens. The subspecies Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis they are declining, probably because the bird trade and habitat loss.

Subspecies distribution

Subspecies distribution
  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii desmarestii

    : The nominal – West of New Guinea (East of regions of peninsula Vogelkop)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii blythii

    : Islands of Misool (West of papua islands)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis

    : West of peninsula Vogelkop, Salawati and Batanta Islands

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii intermedius

    : West of New Guinea (peninsula Onin)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii godmani

    : South of New Guinea (from the southeast of Irian Jaya to Fly River)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii cervicalis

    : Southeast of New Guinea (from Fly River at the East end of Papua New Guinea)



• Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population Although not it has quantified, It is thought that it may be above the 150,000 specimens. The species, according to sources, is usually Rare and local (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be in decline due to the destruction of habitat and fragmentation underway, and perhaps also by the captures for the bird trade.

"Large Fig Parrot" in captivity:

Rare in captivity.

The Large Fig Parrot It Active and playful. Pretty quiet; only makes noise when shaken. It is customary to caregiver quite easily. You can stay in the colony only in a large aviary.

Alternative names:

Large Fig Parrot, Demarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig-Parrot, Flame-headed Fig Parrot, Large Fig-Parrot (ingles).
Psittacule de Desmarest (French).
Buntbrust-Zwergpapagei, Buntbrust-Zwergpapgei (German).
Lóris-da-cabeça-dourada-de-desmarest (Portuguese).
Lorito de Desmarest (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: c
Scientific name: Psittaculirostris desmarestii
Citation: (Desmarest, 1826)
Protonimo: Psittacus Desmarestii

Images “Large Fig Parrot”:

Videos "Large Fig Parrot"


“Large Fig Parrot” (Psittaculirostris desmarestii)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife


(1) – By Zdenek ChalupaBiolib
(2) – By Vladimir MotyčkaBiolib
(3) – Would Janmad (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – animalphotos
(5) – “Buntbrust-Feigenpapagei desmarestrii Psittaculirostris 090501 We 228“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

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