White-bellied Parrot
Pionites leucogaster

Lorito Rubio

23 cm.. height.

White-bellied Parrot

the unmistakable White-bellied Parrot (Pionites leucogaster) has the lores, cheeks and throat, bright yellow lemon; ear-coverts, forecrown and crown, bright orange red; sides and rear of the neck, orange, but paler.

Upperparts green. Primary coverts blue; other coverts green. Primaries blue with green margins in outerweb. Underwing-coverts green. Breast and center belly, white; undersides of belly and feathers the thighs, green; undertail-coverts Yellow. Upper, the tail green; undertail, pale grayish brown. Bill, color pale horn; cere Pink; irises reddish brown; legs pink.

Both sexes are similar.

Immature paler, especially the yellow color face.

  • Sound of the White-bellied Parrot.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Pionites leucogaster leucogaster

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

  • Pionites leucogaster xanthomerius

    (Sclater,PL, 1858) – As the nominal species but with the thighs and flanks bright yellow lemon (no verde); tail green.

  • Pionites leucogaster xanthurus

    (Todd, 1925) – As the nominal species, but with the thighs yellow; flanks and tail, yellow and green the uppertail-coverts.


Prefers low moist forests, areas of land and várzea probable preference for the latter and forest clearings. Also observed in the drier forests (where it is less common) in the South of its range. Gregarious; Observed at company Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus) on Eastern Amazonia. Seen in small groups or couples.

Since they have very heavy body and very short wings, the White-bellied Parrot You can not fly long distances.


With plays in January and nests in hollow trees; a nest 30m found in the cavity of a tree in the east of its range. Clutch Normal probably 2-4 eggs.


Very similar in habits Lorito Chirlecrés (Pionites melanocephalus) but no specific information about your diet; probably seeds, fruit and berries.


The size of its distribution area (reproduction / resident): 2.140.000 km2

The White-bellied Parrot It extends through southern Amazon in Brazil, from northwest Maranhão and around Belém in the State of For, west on Mato Grosso to the North of Bolivia and Southeast of Peru, to the top of Ucayali, where it approaches the range of Lorito Chirlecrés (Pionites melanocephalus). Reports in eastern Ecuador (well within the limits of the latter) still not substantiated.

Distribution 3 subspecies:


• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Generally common but perhaps more scarce in drier forests on the southern fringes of the range. It is not at serious risk, but decreases locally (for example, the Eastern Amazonia) due to deforestation, and possibly extinct now Santa Cruz, Bolivia, due to the loss of habitat. Trapped for Local international trade (at least years), but apparently not yet have a serious impact on wild populations.

Conservation Actions Underway

• No specific conservation actions for this species are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Expanding the network of protected areas to effectively protect the IBA.
• Treat resources effectively and manage new and existing protected areas, using the emerging opportunities for funding the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity.
• It is also essential conservation on private lands, through the expansion of market pressures for rational land management and prevention of logging on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).
• Campaign against the proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code which would lead to a decrease in the width of coastal areas as forest protected Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

Lorito Rubio in captivity:

Do not have the capacity to speak of his larger parrots cousins, but they are very assets and can be very good pets, Despite not being very common to see them in captivity.

Alternative names:

White-bellied Parrot, White bellied Parrot, White-bellied Caique (English).
Maïpouri à ventre blanc, Caïque à ventre blanc (French).
Rostkappenpapagei, Rostkappen-Papagei (German).
Marianinha-de-cabeça-amarela, maipuré, marianinha, mariquita, periquito-d’anta, periquito-de-anta, periquito-de-cabeça-preta Pionopsitta barrabandi (Portuguese).
Lorito Gordo de Cabeza Rojiza, Lorito Rubio (Spanish).
Loro de Vientre Blanco (Peru).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionites
Scientific name: Pionites leucogaster
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus leucogaster

Images White-bellied Parrot:

White-bellied Parrot (Pionites leucogaster)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Pionites leucogaster xanthomeria By Mirjam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Pionites leucogaster leucogaster White-bellied Parrot (this subspecies is also know as the Green-thighed Parrot). Two in a cage with a nestbox By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as 140) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Pionites leucogaster xanthomerius A pet adult male White-bellied Caique perching by a row of books By pionetes (Own work (Person shooting)) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Five White-bellied Parrots (also known as White-bellied Caique) at Bird Park, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. This subspecies is also known as the Green-thighed Caique (Pionites leucogaster leucogaster) By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – White-bellied Parrot by Peter TanFlickr
(6) – White-bellied Parrot in captivity at Iguaçu Bird Park, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. Photographed on 23 April 2003 By Arthur Chapman [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – White-bellied Parrot (Pionites leucogaster) often referred to as the White-bellied Caique in captivity by whiskymac (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – White-bellied Parrot (often referred to as the White-bellied Caique); a chick. Its feathers have not opened yet By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Caique) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A painting of a White-bellied Parrot (originally captioned “Psittacus badiceps. Bay-headed Parrot”) by Edward Lear (1812-1888) Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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