Yellow-faced Parrot
Alipiopsitta xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrot

Content

Description

Yellow-faced Parrot

26 to 27 cm.. tall and about 260g. weight.

The Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) It is distinguished by the large area of ​​yellow in the head, with green tint nape; orange to the sides of body and upper base of the tail; collar yellowish green, belly almost all yellow, the thighs and green inner core tail green; the back it is usually green with yellow tints.

blackish brown with yellow edges; iris yellow .

Anatomy-parrots-eng
The youth less yellow in body.

Habitat:

It inhabits in dry forests, also called deciduous forests, in lowlands, with the presence of palmas Mauritia, Although they prefer water courses.
They can be seen in pairs or flocks of up 50 specimens.

Reproduction:

Conservation status ⓘ


Status
Near Threatened (UICN)ⓘ

Video Yellow-faced Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

Although little information regarding this is available, it is known that nest in the hollows of the highest trees closed; the laying usually three eggs and the incubation period is 23-24 days.

Food:

It's a species of which there are few studies of their natural habitat. Its main food It consists mainly of fruits and seeds. Very fond of mangoes, usually visit their trees full of fruit.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 2.700.000 km2

Inside of Brazil and adjacent area to the east of Bolivia and Horqueta, in the East of Paraguay.

Conservation Alipiopsitta xanthops:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In 1993 two thirds of the Cerrado, This species inhabited, It had been moderate or severely altered by agriculture, heavy livestock, invasive grasses, the use of pesticides and annual burning.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

• Collate sample data and recent records to provide an improved assessment of the distribution and status.

• Estimate the total wild population (Bianchi 2009).

• Assess the impact of habitat loss (Snyder et to the . 2000).

• Create a network of large reserves in Bahia, Maranhão and Piauí.

Yellow-faced Parrot in captivity:

Bird rare in the world of poultry farming.

Active, curious and playful. Aggressive with other parrots. They can become very noisy. Prone to obesity

Its reproduction rarely been achieved in captivity. The basic requirement would be to isolate a compatible couple during the breeding season due to increased aggression towards other birds during this period; also require spacious accommodations and a nest box of 25 x 25 x 60 cm. . with input from 8 cm in diameter.

They tend to be aggressive toward their caregivers. The breeding season begins in early May. The implementation is of 2 to 4 eggs, which are incubated during 26 days. The young leave the nest when they are near the 8 weeks of age.

Alternative names:

Yellow faced Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Yellow-crowned Parrot, Yellow-faced Amazon (English).
Amazone à face jaune (French).
Goldbauchamazone, Schoapapagei (German).
Papagaio-galego, chorão, curau, papagaio-acurau, papagaio-curraleiro, papagaio-de-barriga-amarela (Portuguese).
Amazona Chica, Amazona del Cerrado, Loro cara amarilla, Lora chica (Spanish).

Scientific classification Alipiopsitta xanthops:

Johann Baptist von Spix

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Alipiopsitta
Scientific name: Alipiopsitta xanthops
Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Psittacus xanthops

Images Yellow-faced Parrot:


Sources:

  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • Avibase
  • parrots.org
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) green morph, the Pantanal, Brazil By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Yellow-faced parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops) yellow morph, the Pantanal, Brazil By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Alipiopsitta xanthops, Yellow-faced Parrot; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as yellow-faced amazon) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-faced Parrot in Giza Zoo By Hatem Moushir (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Registration in the city of Três Lagoas-MS, urban area. A band landed a foot tangelo to feed By Jairmoreirafotografia (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Illustration does not look like A. xanthops (Yellow-faced Parrot). Fisch’s Papageien monograph discusses this dubious specimen by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: João Antonio de B. Vitto

White-fronted Parrot
Amazona albifrons

White-fronted Parrot

Content

Description:

22 to 26 cm.. length.

The White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) has the forecrown white; lores, upper cheeks and ring of feathers around eyes, red; the crown pale blue mingles with the green nape; the feathers with dark margins; sides neck green with narrow black margins. Mantle, back and scapulars, grass-green, sometimes with olive tint; the mantle with indistinct black tips; rump green, perhaps more emerald colors than the rest of the upperparts.

Great coverts and alula, red, other coverts green. The outerweb of the primaries, green, They turn blue at the tips; outerweb of the secondaries, blue; innerwebs of the flight feather, blackish. Under, the wings bluish green. Underparts green with weak blackish edges to feathers on throat and the chest. Upper, the tail It is yellow in the center, outer feathers red at the base, blue in the outerweb. Bill light colored horn, darker at the tip; bare periophthalmic pale grey; irises pale yellow; legs pale grey.

Anatomy-parrots-eng
It presents an undistinguished sexual dimorphism. The female It differs from the male in the red face It is limited to the region eye ring and it lacks the red hue in wing coverts. The immature male It looks like female but with red on the primary coverts.

  • Sound of the White-fronted Parrot.

Description 3 subspecies:

White-fronted Parrot

  • Amazona albifrons albifrons

    (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Amazona albifrons nana

    (Miller,W, 1905) – smaller the species nominal. Little differentiated from nominal but the green plumage It is perhaps paler, yellower. Some individuals Coast Pacific show some red on the throat.

  • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

    (Nelson, 1899) – Similar to the nominal but the plumage It is heavily steeped in blue. The blue of the crown It extends to the nape.

Habitat:

This adaptable Amazona uses all kinds of wooded habitats and open field with trees, including semi-evergreen forest semi-humid and seasonal perennially (especially at the edge), pine forests, Gallery forest, agricultural land with open forests, savannah and tropical arid scrub with cactus, tending to more frequent open areas in the Caribbean slope.

Generally they prefer drier forests, but where it is simpátrica with Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora), It tends to prefer the more moist and dense vegetation.

In Yucatan the White-fronted Parrot They inhabit coastal coconut plantations while breeding. In altitudes of 900 m (Oaxaca), 1.800 m (Honduras) and 1.500 m (Sonora meridional: register only known outside the tropics).

In pairs during the breeding season but usually gregarious, distributed primarily in small groups, with occasional concentrations of hundreds of birds and some communal roosts (for example, mangroves) with several thousand birds.

Reproduction:

Video White-fronted Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The White-fronted Parrot nest in trees, cavities of the palm tree termitarium, sometimes in the cavity excavated by a woodpecker. Trees of the species Bursera simaruba and Caesalpinia gaumeri are among the favorites to nest in Yucatan. Breeding January July, depending on the location.

A clutch contains 3-5 eggs. Only the female incubates. The incubation lasts around 24 days.

Food:

Registered foods include guilt of Acacia gaumeri (Yucatan), fruits of Lemaireocereus thurberi and Pachycereus and cocoons of Jatropha cordata (Sonora), Ehretia tinijolia and Metopium browneii (Campeche); They also feed on cultivated fruits like mango and grain, including corn. Birds often get excited and shout while feeding.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 2.330.000 km2

The White-fronted Parrot They extend Mexico, from the South of Sonora (north to about 28 ° N) along the Sinaloa and West Durango south through the Pacific to Oaxaca and north through Tehuantepec isthmus the Atlantic coast in southern Veracruz and to the East by Tabasco the entire Yucatan Peninsula, including northern Guatemala and Belize.

They are present in southern Chiapas and in the lowlands of the Pacific Guatemala and, reportedly, in West El Salvador, extending through the lowlands of Pacific, arid and Caribbean lowlands Honduras to the Pacific Northwest Costa Rica and Nicaragua (where distribution is not detailed).

Mainly seasonal residents but visitors in some parts of the range (for example, Yucatan, El Salvador western and eastern mountains Guatemala).

Introduced in urban areas Cozumel Island, in the State of Quintana Roo (Mexico). Their presence only in urban areas of the island, the ability of the species to live successfully in urban areas, the abundance of fruit trees and use as a pet by the islanders allows us to suggest that registered individuals are the result of leakage or were released by their owners.

Generally common and together with the Orange-fronted Parakeet (Eupsittula canicularis), It is the largest parrot in the Pacific slope of Central America; although obviously scarce in some areas. The deforestation It is possibly promoting increases in population Caribbean slope of Central America. Captured for pet trade and hunted as food, for example in Yucatan, where recently there has been a population decline due to the persecution of parrots that feed on fruit after loss of wild foods cultivated by Hurricane Gilbert. Its capture It is authorized only during the months of October to February in the states of Warrior, Jalisco, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Sinaloa and Tabasco and from September to January in Veracruz.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona albifrons albifrons

    (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal. Pacific Coast of Mexico from Nayarit to Oaxaca and South of Chiapas in the lowlands Pacific Guatemala. Birds in the northern Guatemalan lowlands and the arid interior, they can refer to the subspecies Amazona albifrons nana.

  • Amazona albifrons nana

    (Miller,W, 1905) – Veracruz until Costa Rica, including all Yucatan Peninsula.

  • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

    (Nelson, 1899) – Sonora, Sinaloa and Durango, in Mexico.

Conservation Amazona:

Conservation status ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Increasing.

Justification of the red list category

• This species has a very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extent of occurrence below 20,000 km2 combined with a size decreasing or fluctuating range, extension / quality habitat or population size and a small number of places or severe fragmentation).

• The trend of the population appears to be increasing and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (Wholesale 30% decrease in ten years or three generations).

• The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (less than 10.000 mature individuals with continuing decline estimated a higher percentage of 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure).

• For these reasons, the species is evaluated as the least concern.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimated that the total population of 500.000-4.999.999 individuals (A. Panjabi in a bit., 2008).

Justification of trend

• It is suspected that the population is increasing as habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

The White-fronted Parrot in captivity:

Due to the decline of these birds in the wild, especially in the Mexican populations, the White-fronted Parrot is now, unlike other times, offered for sale only rarely. In addition, among birds received by importers, the males generally far outweigh the females so it is difficult to find a partner.

According to many observations, the White-fronted Parrot captured still quite shy and unsociable, especially if they were mature when they were trapped. The birds immature, which can be stained by the yellowing of his crown, relatively well sympathize with their caregivers and are easily adapted to a life in a cage or aviary. It is said to have some talent to imitate.

According to sources, the first hatchlings in captivity They were born in 1949 in the United States by I.D. Putman; the second in 1977 on German Federal Republic by H. Müller (Walsrode) and a third set in Switzerland in 1979; Since then several European poultry producers have reported success breeding. The latest report came in 1985 from the bird park Metelen Heide in Muen-sterland (Western Germany). there a clutch five eggs produced four offspring in mid-June 1984 after an incubation period of 28 days. The young left the nest after about 70 days, but they were still actively cared for and fed, mainly by the parent, for a few weeks more.

Its price in the European market round 1000 EUR. generally silent the Amazons largest. It can be noisy just before and during the breeding season.

These birds can become aggressive in the breeding season and can attack the caregiver. The nest boxes are better positioned to nest inspection can be performed from outside the aviary. The inspection of the nest is best when adult birds are out of the nest, however captive breeding has rarely been achieved between individuals.

Susceptible to intestinal infections during the acclimation period.

Their life expectancy can overcome the 50 years.

Alternative names:

White-fronted Parrot, Spectacled Amazon, Spectacled Parrot, White fronted Parrot, White-browed Amazon, White-browed Parrot, White-fronted Amazon (English).
Amazone à front blanc, Amazone à lunettes (French).
Weißstirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-testa-branca (Portuguese).
Amazona de Frente Blanca, Amazona Frentialba, Cotorra Frentiblanca, Lora frentiblanca, Loro Frente Blanca, loro frente-blanca, Loro Frentiblanco, Cotorra Guayabera (Spanish).
Cabeza de Manta, Loro Manglero, Cocha, Cocho, Cucha (Mexico).

Scientific classification Amazona:

Anders Sparrman

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona albifrons
Citation: (Sparrman, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus albifrons

Images White-fronted Parrot:


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • The New Parrot Handbook by Werner Lantermann,Matthew M. Vriends

Photos:

(1) – White-fronted Amazon By David Oliva (originally posted to Flickr as Cotorro 007) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – white-fronted amazon (Amazona albifrons) By Christoph Anton Mitterer (Flickr: P8155550) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – White-fronted Amazon Amazona albifrons pair perching in a tree at Guanacaste, Costa Rica By Steve Jurvetson (originally posted to Flickr as love birds) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – White-fronted Amazon, (Amazona albifrons). A pet parrot on a perch. Red feathers on this parrots shoulders indicate that it is a male By ➨ Redvers (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A captive White-fronted Amazon in Copán Ruinas, Copán, Honduras By Troy from Charlottesville, USA (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A White-fronted Amazon – upper body by sumba [CC BY 2.0 of], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A pet juvenile White-fronted Amazon in Poole, Dorset, England By Kyle Payne from England (Odd Looking Seagull) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – White-fronted Amazon, Amazona albifrons, Remove alone B. Planet EarthFlickr

Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353211. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353211

Yellow-faced Parrotlet
Forpus xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrotlet

Description:

14 cm.. height.

Yellow-faced Parrotlet

The Yellow-faced Parrotlet (Forpus xanthops) is plump appearance and a tail short ending in point. Distinguished by the crown, face, chest and belly yellow, with strong blue patch on the wing , in flight blue occupies almost half of wing . Dorsally gray cafesoso, with the rump blue. Its bill It is ocher.

The female has blue patch on the rump and wings pale smaller.

taxonomy:

Closely related Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis); in the past it has been considered a subspecies of this, but there are clear differences in size and color. Monotypic.

Habitat:

The Yellow-faced Parrotlet It Gregarious, He lives in varied habitats, usually arid, riparian forests in the gallery in the tropics and subtropics, between 1000 to 1600 m, Although it has been reported to 2745 m.

Reproduction:

Nest in communal area, using tree hollows or sand. The breeding season It is from March to April.

In captivity, They are made of 3 to 6 eggs and breed up to three broods per year.

Food:

Their diet includes cactus, besides fruit trees. If you know that feeds on Cercidium praecox, paté flowers Bombax discolor and plum fruit Prunus domestica (Begazo 1996, F. Angulo Prato Longo a slightly. 2012).

Distribution:

Extension of the distribution (breeding / resident): 4,800 km2

The Yellow-faced Parrotlet It endemic North Peru in the Valley of the Marañón River, South of this country and Western Amazon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Stable.

• Population size : 350-1500 individuals.

In accordance with the categories of the UICN It is considered Vulnerable (VU). Habitat degradation and trade are adversely affecting the population.

Justification of the population

The population It is estimated in 250-999 mature individuals, according to surveys Begazo (1996) and subsequent recovery of the small-scale. This equates to a total of 375-1,499 individuals, rounded here 350-1,500 individuals.

The ban on the capture and trade has improved the status of this species. The rate of decline was very rapid in the Decade of 1980, Although at present has been reduced and even stabilized. However, the population is still very small, with records in very few places.

Conservation Actions Underway

Appendix II of the CITES.

– This protected legally in the Peru, but enforcement is poor.

– Catch rates have declined significantly since the ban, and trappers capture the species apparently only on request (Begazo 1996).

There are no protected areas within its range.

Conservation Actions Proposed

– Examine the population, especially in the less accessible center of its range, and between the distribution areas of the two known species of Forpus.

Monitor the population, working with local people to generate the will to preserve the species in situ (Begazo 1996).

– Study their biology and ecology over an annual cycle.

– controlling trade and enforce laws capture.

– Create at least one protected area within the range of the species (Angulo et al. 2008).

Cotorrita Carigualda in captivity:

Captured for wild bird trade, It is estimated that 17.000 birds were captured between 1981 and 1994. The rate of mortality during capture is estimated between the 40% and the 100%. Rare and unknown in captivity until 1979-1980.

It´s territorial, temperament quiet, active and initially timid, usually it takes in trust although this depending more on their previous experiences, age, type of farming (Hand or natural breeding).

Notes on captive breeding of Forpus xanthops

Alternative names:

Yellow faced Parrotlet, Yellow-faced Parrotlet (English).
Perruche-moineau à tête jaune, Toui à tête jaune (French).
Gelbmaskenpapagei, Gelbmasken-Sperlingspapagei (German).
Tuim-de-cabeça-amarela (Portuguese).
Catita Enana de Cara Amarilla, Cotorrita Carigualda (Spanish).
Periquito de Cara Amarilla (Peru).

Salvin Osbert
Salvin Osbert

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus xanthops
Citation: (Salvin, 1895)
Protonimo: Psittacula xanthops

Yellow-faced Parrotlet images:


Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
• Parrots Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet perching on the top of its cage by Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – An adult Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Forpus xanthops Marañon near Canyon Ferry, Cajamarca, Peru by Nick AthanasFlickr
(6) – John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain] – Novelty Zoologicae, too.. 2

Western Ground Parrot
Pezoporus flaviventris

Western Ground Parrot


Description:

30 cms. length between 105-110 g. of weight.

The Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) It has mottled green back, underparts green and yellow, forecrown red. Tail long, with green stripes, Yellow and black poorly defined.

taxonomy:

A research team, directed by Stephen Murphy, He studied the taxonomy (discipline in charge of classifying living things) of the Eastern Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus), an endemic species (exclusive geographic region) of fragmented coasts of southwest and southeast Australia. The researchers studied DNA from museum specimens ago 160 years, and they concluded that the western population should be classified as a new species: Pezoporus flaviventris.

Habitat:

The Western Ground Parrot It is a bird that lives in soil and living in low heathland, dry or swampy near the coast. Usually they are seen in a habitat that has remained unburned for long periods of time. Mainly fly at dawn or dusk and feeds mainly on small seeds.

Reproduction:

It is one of the few parrots in the world that does not nest in a hole or cavity. Little else is known about the reproductive biology Western Ground Parrot

Food:

The Western Ground Parrot usually it feeds alone or with another parakeet. Seeds of various plants, especially of Sedge, for example, Mesomaelaena stygia ssp. stygia. Flower buds and flowers base, for example, the beaufortias, the dryandras and grevilleas, They are also important parts of the diet. It has been observed Western Ground Parrot semisuculentas feeding on leaves Daviesia pachyphylla. The diet is varied and uses the great diversity of habitat.

Distribution:

Historically, This species was found along the south west coast of Australia from Perth north to Geraldton and along the south coast east to Israelite Bay. However, It seems to have disappeared off the west coast of Western Australia in 1900.

Today you will know only two places in the southwest corner of Western Australia: Fitzgerald River National Park and Cape Arid National Park / Natural Reserve Nuytsland

Conservation:

• by the Australian government as a species it is classified danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 100-110 individuals.

During an investigation (1), the scientists found that the population of this new species had diminished rapidly in recent 20 years, They are leaving only around 110 birds surviving in the wild, most of them in an Australian national park, so it is considered one of the rarest species in the world, so that the entry introduced predators (cats) National Park, It could lead to the extinction of the species in a short time, so the need to implement is suggested Urgent conservation program for this new species described.

(1) – “Tip(‘9. S. A. Murphy, S. A., L. Joseph, A. H. Burbidge y J. Austin. “A Cryptic and Critically Endangered Species Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA Analyses: the Western Ground Parrot”. Conservation Genetics, 12, (2010): 595-600.’

Endangered Species Strategy

The Western Ground Parrot is one of the 20 birds that the Australian Government has given priority in the allocation of resources to support the recovery effort species. The Western Ground Parrot It has a base of strong and growing support in the local community. An association between South Coast NRM, Friends of the Western Ground Parrot, the Department of Parks and Wildlife and the Perth Zoo It is working to prevent extinction.

The success of the population captive breeding recently established security will be key to the species, and management of wild cats and fires Cape Arid National Park It will be essential for local recovery. With an estimated population of less than 150 individuals and a captive population of less than ten, we need to act.

The emergency actions include the protection of the wild population and creating a population secured in captivity. Opportunities to receive more support through National Planning Program, the local group management of natural resources and existing partnerships with Government of Western Australia and the Zoo of Perth They are likely to contribute to recovery.

The website Endangered Species Strategy It includes information on what is being done to support the recovery effort species. Understanding the habits of a partnership project of rare birds and reserved aims to benefit the species improve the behavior of captive birds, which may allow better management of wild populations.

Alternative names:

Ground Parrot (Western), Western Ground Parrot (English).
Kyloring (Aboriginal).
Perruche à ventre doré, Perruche à ventre dorée, Perruche terrestre (de l’Ouest), Perruche terrestre (flaviventris) (French).
Westlicher Erdsittich (German).
Periquito Terrestre Occidental (Portuguese).
Perico Terrestre Occidental (Spanish).

Alfred John North
Alfred John North

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Pezoporus
Scientific name: Pezoporus flaviventris
Citation: North, 1911
Protonimo: Pezoporus flaviventris

Western Ground Parrot images:


Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Magazine Science and Development
• Department of the Environment (2018). Pezoporus flaviventris in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat.

Photos:

(1) – Feeding Western Ground Parrot….. the only photo’s of this bird in the wild was taken in 2005 the day before my birthday, what a gift that was. This is from my field season the next year. No nest has been found since 1913. by Brent BarrettFlickr
(2) – Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Western Ground Parrot in Australia by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Stand and sing Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – This is officially one of the rarest images in exhistence Pezoporus wallicus flaviventris by Brent BarrettFlickr

Yellow-lored Parrot
Amazona xantholora

Yellow-lored Parrot

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng
25-28 cm.. length and 200-232 g. of weight.

The Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora) has the lores and a close frontal band, bright yellow; most of the forecrown and crown, are white; the back of the crown is blue; band wide around the eyes, including upper cheeks, bright red; ear-coverts dark gray.

Top green grass with prominent black tips on feathers giving a scalloped appearance, although uppertail-coverts are yellowish-green. Primary coverts red; remaining coberteras (especially smaller and medium), green with black tips. Flight feather mostly blue with the green base primaries. Under the wings, bluish green. Underparts green with black tips on breast feathers, although undertail-coverts are yellowish-green; at the top, the tail is green; below green with yellowish tip and the outer feathers red.

Yellow-lored Parrot

Bill yellow-horn; irises yellow; legs grey.

In this species sexual dimorphism. The female has the crown blue (nonwhite), little or no red around the eye, and primary coverts green. The immature They are like female but with lores paler yellow and crown pale blue.

  • Sound of the Yellow-lored Parrot.

Habitat:

Video Yellow-lored Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

In Yucatan, the Yellow-lored Parrot They live mostly in the tropical deciduous forest, probably avoiding dense rain forests. However, their exact preferences are unknown due to the difficulty of distinguishing the White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons). Observed in pine forests and mixed forests of pines and oaks Quercus in the North of Belize, and pine forests in the highlands in Roatan.
They are distributed at altitudes between 100 and 250 m.
Generally views in flocks, to form communal roosts coming up 1.500 birds from roosting and dispersed in small herds forage.

Reproduction:

They lay their nests in the cavities of trees on agricultural land and around cornfields where the dead trees are left standing after logging and burning of forests. also can nest in cracks of trees, rock walls or termiteros.

It has been observed to Yellow-lored Parrot in breeding condition in March in the Yucatan Peninsula, and young in the nest in April-May Belize. The laying is of 1 to 3 eggs; the incubation similar in duration to that of White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons), namely, of 25 to 28 days.

Food:

Foods reported include guilt of Acacia gaumeri, maize and Citrus. The Yellow-lored Parrot They feed mainly in the treetops.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 157.000 kilometros2

The Yellow-lored Parrot It is found mainly in the Eastern and Central parts of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo; in the northern parts of Belize; reviews en la islands of Cozumel (Mexico) and possibly Roatan (Honduras), where the recent field work could not confirm its current (or previous) existence. Common to fairly common in the East of Yucatan and in Cozumel, but considered quite rare in some other parts (especially at the edges) Mexican range. It is thought to be scarcer than the White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) with which it is closely related, although in some areas, the Yellow-lored Parrot it's more common, especially towards the center of its range.

Live in several areas protected. Situation in Northern Belize unknown.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

• Population size: 20,000-49,999.

  • Justification of the Red List Category

This species has a range very large, and therefore not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of size range (extent of occurrence <20.000 km2 combinan con un tamaño gama disminución o fluctuante, hábitat medida / calidad, o de la población tamaño y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa). La population trend appears to be stable, and therefore the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion of population trend (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size It can be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species was evaluated as Least concern.

  • Population justification

Partners in Flight estimated the population in a number lower of 50.000 individuals (A. they Panjabi a slightly. 2008), by what is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

  • Justification trend

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

  • Threats

The main threats to this species are the deforestation, the catch eggs and chicks directly from their nests, as well as the illegal trade adult individuals. Moreover and, considering the differential distribution of this species in the Peninsula, You may think that areas are susceptible to drastic declines in these species (Beissinger and Snyder 1992).

The Yellow-lored Parrot in captivity:

Very rare in captivity. Convention CITES regulates international trade under the Appendix II (Species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival).

Alternative names:

Yellow Lored Amazon, Yellow lored Parrot, Yellow-faced Amazon, Yellow-lored Amazon, Yellow-lored Parrot, Yucatan Amazon, Yucatan Parrot (English).
Amazone du Yucatan, Amazone xantholore (French).
Goldflügelamazone, Goldzügelamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-iucatã (Portuguese).
Amazona de Yucatán, Amazona Yucateca, Lora de Roatán, Loro Yucateco (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona xantholora
Citation: (Gray, GR, 1859)
Protonimo: Chrysotis xantholora

Images Yellow-lored Parrot:

————————————————————————————————

Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Naturalist

Photos:

(1) – Amazon Yucatan, Mexico, Quintana Roo, Xcaret By philippe from FRANCE, You can search by name, by commission or family for birds and insects, using Tags [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A female Yellow-lored Amazona also known as the Yucatan Amazona at Xcaret Eco Park, Quintana Roo, Mexico. By philippe from FRANCE, You can search by name, by commission or family for birds and insects, using Tags [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Amazona species xantholora. His name is Poll By GuillermoPech (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-lored Amazon By Andreas Mueller Pfgst (Picture yourself created) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Yellow-Lored Parrot by James DiedrickFlickr
(6) – Chrysotis xantholora = Amazona xantholora by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Oliver Komar, XC182833. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/182833

Yellow-naped Parrot
Amazona auropalliata

Yellow-naped Parrot

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng
35,5-38 cm.. length and 480 g. of weight.

The Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata) It has a large size; their forecrown and front of the crown, usually, pale bluish green, sometimes with narrow frontal band yellow that extends to the front of the crown.

Back of the crown pale bluish green; lores, cheeks and sides neck, green; nape with broad golden-yellow ban. Upperparts green with some feathers in the the mantle and in the back with blackish edges; rump and uppertail-coverts slightly brighter than the rest of the upperparts. The wing-coverts green but more emerald than upper body; feathers yellow feathers on leading edge of wing in some birds. Outerwebs of the four outer secondaries, bright red as speculum; primaries and secondaries violet blue outerweb and towards tips. Under, the wings are green. Underparts pale green with a slight bluish tinge throat.

Yellow-naped Parrot

Tail green with a wide terminal band brighter yellowish green, red at the base with outerweb of the outer feathers, blue. Bill blue, black tip; bare periophthalmic grey; irises orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. The immature has the nape green with yellow feathers appearing at end of first year; irises brown.

  • Yellow-naped Parrot sound.

Description 3 subspecies:

Birds of Islands of the Bay often they treated as parvipes, not as caribaea. Some copies of Pacific Guatemala show forecrown yellow, but apparently not consistent racial difference.

  • Amazona auropalliata auropalliata

    (Lesson,PA, 1842) – Nominal.

  • Amazona auropalliata caribaea

    (Lousada, 1989) – Similar to the subespecie parvipes but with olive below and bill paler colored horn (especially lower mandible). usually adults patch yellow triangular in front of the crown. Young birds show little yellow in the head wave nape.

  • Amazona auropalliata parvipes

    (Monroe,BL Jr & Howell,TR, 1966) – Less than nominal species, with red feathers on the curve wing , otherwise similar.

Note:

The Amazona auropalliata, It is often considered conspecific with the Amazona ochrocephala and Amazona oratrix.

Habitat:

Video Yellow-naped Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Yellow-naped Parrot inhabits semiarid forests, arid scrubland and savannas (including those of Pinus), openings in deciduous tropical forests and swamps Pacific, gallery forests of evergreen and, sometimes, second growth in agricultural areas. Observed to 600 metres in Guatemala and a 700 metres in Honduras. Usually in pairs or small groups, sometimes in larger meetings, but the decline of the population may now obscures large flocks in some areas. They meet at communal roosts.

Reproduction:

Monógama; It maintains the union of couples throughout the year.
It nests in natural cavities in trees, such as holes in old trunks or dead, including pines Nicaragua and Islands of the Bay. Breeding season in February Oaxaca and El Salvador; March Roatan. Clutch 2-3 eggs.

In captivity cycle nesting of the Yellow-naped Parrot complete with 29 days of incubation eggs, followed by two months increase of the young in the nest.

Food:

Foods reported include seeds of Cachlospermum, Curatella, Higos Ficus and fruit mature Terminalia. Birds in the Islands of the Bay observed feeding on cones Pinus caribaea, with high seasonal dependence on this resource.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 580.000 km2

The Yellow-naped Parrot It is confined to Central America. They are distributed in the lowlands Eastern Pacific Mexico (Oaxaca and Chiapas), Guatemala (a sample taken in Petén but its status is uncertain there), El Salvador (arid lowland tropical zone), Honduras and Nicaragua, to the Northwest of Costa Rica from the south end of Gulf of Nicoya northward. They can also be seen in the Caribbean slope of Honduras and in the Mosquito Coast from Honduras, as well as in the neighboring area of ​​northeast Nicaragua. found in Roatan and Guanaja, in the Islands of the Bay but absent in Utila.

Resident. Apparently uncommon in Oaxaca and rare and declining in Costa Rica. Birds observed in the Sula Valley, Honduras, previously attributed to this species but now included within the species Yellow-headed Parrot.

Formerly common and locally abundant, but probably now declining throughout its entire range due to conversion of habitat for agricultural uses and its capture for trade local and international. Still not considered endangered, but their long-term status is not sure if the population decline continues.

Although Guanaja reasonable numbers remain, the species inhabiting the Bay islands (caribaea), It is in serious decline due to capture for export (practically 100% pups are caught each year); also at risk for tourism development, especially in Roatan.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Vulnerable
Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 20000-49999.

Justification of the red list category

    This species has been uploaded to Vulnerable because information on levels exploitation and habitat loss, and trends of the local population, They suggest that the species is suffering at least one rapid population decline. In fact, the rate of decline can be very rapid; However, Additional data are needed to confirm this, in which case the species may qualify for elevation In danger of extinction.

Justification of the population

    Partners in Flight estimated that the population number less than 50.000 individuals (A. Punjabi in some. 2008), so it is placed in the band 20.000 to 49.999 individuals on freedom.

Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population is in rapid decline due to the continuous habitat destruction and unsustainable levels of hunting, a suspicion that is supported by the observations of trends of the local population.
Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix I (Endangered species, which they are or may be affected by international trade. Only trade in the species is authorized in the Appendix I in exceptional circumstances, and it must not have a primarily commercial purpose.)

• The species is found in a number of protected areas.

• Efforts have been made to obtain an area of 4.000 hectares east of Monterrico on Pacific coast of Guatemala declared as protected area (C. Muccio in some . 2011).

• The species has been the subject of a series of local studies, some ongoing, aimed at gathering information on population trends and threats.

• The extent of the exploitation of wildlife for trade It has been highlighted by the local media, for example in Honduras ( by O. Andino in some . 2011).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Carry out surveys coordinated through the range of the species to quantify the Total population size.

• To monitor demographic trends through regular surveys.

• Monitor harvest rates for trade through regular surveys of the local population and officials.

• Monitor rates loss and degradation of habitat throughout the range of the species.

• Perform awareness activities to reduce exploitation.

• Increase the area of ​​suitable habitat that receive effective protection.

The Yellow-naped Parrot in captivity:

The populations of the Amazon nuquigualda have suffered strong pressure by national and international trade (Ridgely, 1981, Iñigo- Elias and Ramos, 1992). There is now an illegal heavy traffic this species, both for domestic and international trade, Parrot's being seized in the Mexico-Texas border, with 648 copies confiscated during 1990-1993 (Gobbi, et to the., 1996).

protected by CITES Appendix I species (Endangered species, which they are or may be affected by international trade. Only trade in the species included in Appendix I authorized in exceptional circumstances, and it must not have a primarily commercial purpose.)

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Yellow naped Parrot, Yellow-naped Amazon, Yellow-naped Parrot, Yellow-naped Parrot (incl. ssp. caribaea, parvipes)
español: Amazona nuquigualda, Lora de Nacu Amarilla, Lora de nuca amarilla, Lora nuca amarilla, Loro Nuca Amarilla, loro nuca-amarilla, Loro Nuquiamarillo
(English).
Amazone à nuque d’or, Amazone à nuque jaune, Amazone verte à nuque jaune (French).
v (German).
Gelbnackenamazone (Portuguese).
Amazona nuquigualda, Lora de Nacu Amarilla, Lora de nuca amarilla, Lora nuca amarilla, Loro Nuca Amarilla, loro nuca-amarilla, Loro Nuquiamarillo (Spanish).
Lora de nuca amarilla (Costa Rica).
Lora nuca amarilla (Honduras).
loro nuca amarilla, loro nuca-amarilla, Loro Nuquiamarillo (Mexico).
Loro Nuquiamarillo (Nicaragua).

Scientific classification:

drawn portrait of Adolphe Pierre Lesson
Pierre Adolphe Lesson

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona auropalliata
Citation: (Lesson, 1842)
Protonimo: Psittacus auropalliatus

Images Yellow-naped Parrot:

————————————————————————————————

Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Yellow-naped Amazon at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore By Michael Gwyther-Jones from UK (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) at Gatorland By Josh Hallett [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Yellow-naped Parrot, also known as Yellow-naped Amazon, in an aviary at Leeds Castle, Kent, England By Martin Pettitt [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) in captivity. Upper body By whiskymac (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Yellow-naped Amazon (also called Yellow-naped Parrot) in a cage. A blue colour mutant variety bred in aviculture By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Blue Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Yellow-naped amazon by Ecocientificos 2 IE PIO XIIFlickr
(7) – Roatán-Gelbnackenamazone (Amazona auropalliata caribaea) By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) By Just chaos [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Yellow naped Amazon parrot Matt edmonds at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Amazona auropalliata – The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur :. London :Smith, Elder,1844 [i.e. 1843-1846]. by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Marcio Martinez, XC239997. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/239997

Yellow-headed Parrot
Amazona oratrix

Yellow-headed Parrot

Description:

35-38 cm. in length weighing up 500 g..

Yellow-headed Parrot

The Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix) has head and nape bright yellow; sides neck sometimes with scattered green feathers.

Upperparts green grass with ends of darker green in some feathers; uppertail-coverts paler. Wing coverts green, sometimes with paler yellow margins on some feathers; edge front of the wing and carpal area with red marks and / or yellow variables. Primaries and secondaries green at the base (more emerald than coverts), blue at the tips; five base outer secondaries bright red, forming a speculum. Under wings green. The chin is bright yellow, the throat variable green and dark blue suffusion margins in the feathers of some birds; chest and belly green with yellowish suffusion in some birds, bluish suffusion in other; the thighs with yellow feathers in some birds. Tail green with red tips yellow and green at the base of the innerwebs of the lateral feathers. Bill gray horn; bare periophthalmic whitish; irises orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

Immature It is very green part with little or no yellow in the head without red and yellow in the wings.

  • Sound of the Yellow-headed Parrot.

Geographic variation:

All birds puerto Barios at the East end of Guatemala show yellow concentrate lores and crown. While it described as near the subspecies belizensis, the birds of puerto Barios at the northwest end of Honduras They may represent another subspecies of oratrix (not yet formally described) provisionally named guatemalensis (see belizensis below). The hondurensis, described below, It was widely regarded as a subspecies of undescribed Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala), but now treated at the southern end as a cline (gradual change of phenotypic traits of the same species by influences and environmental conditions) Yellow decreasing in head Group of birds yellowhead.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona oratrix belizensis

    Monroe,BL Jr & Howell,TR, 1966) – Less yellow in the head that the nominal species, without yellow on the throat. Cheeks green, bare periophthalmic grayish-white and probably on average smaller. Fowl Guatemala, to the Northwest of Honduras, sometimes show yellow in head as a patch wide in front of the crown and around eyes, and perhaps they represent a kind undescribed (known as guatemalensis); although some birds also show yellow feathers on nape (see geographic variation in Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata).

  • Amazona oratrix hondurensis

    (Lousada & Howell,SNG, 1997) – Yellow on head limited to forecrown and in front of the crown, some birds show patch yellow in nape. A bill paler and more extensive yellow on the nape and the head subspecies caribea of the Yellow-naped Parrot. The patch Yellow crown It is also rounded or triangular, against a narrowband subspecies caribea. The subspecies panamensis of the Yellow-crowned Parrot has a bill darker and lacks the patch yellow in nape.

  • Amazona oratrix oratrix

    (Ridgway, 1887) – Nominal.

Habitat:

The Yellow-headed Parrot frequent savannas, Bosques Tropicales deciduous (including clear), dense forests of thorns, marshy forests Pacific, flood forest evergreen, dense forest galleries, forests Pinus caribea (Belize) and cultivated land with trees, mainly in lowlands below 500 m.

Mainly observed in pairs or in large groups in communal roosts and feeding areas favorites. They snuggle into pine-covered ridges in Belize, moving to nearby rain forests to feed. Apparently, only flocks form in Tamaulipas.

Reproduction:

The Yellow-headed Parrot put their nests in cavities of trees 6-15 meters and in the holes of the palmeras Roystonea. Along the Pacific coast of Michoacán in Mexico, the Yellow-headed Parrot nests in trees Astronium graveolens, Brosimum allicastrum and at least five other species of trees (T. Monterrubio-Rico et al., In 2007)

In Belize, preferred pines nest. Breeding season in the months of February to May in the south, to June in the north (for example in Tamaulipas). Clutch, usually 2-3 eggs, they are incubated between 27 and 28 days. The young leave the nest at eight weeks. On average, only 1.2 hatchlings reach adulthood in each clutch.

Food:

Food in diet of the Yellow-headed Parrot include outbreaks, leaves news, fruits of Palma, seeds of Acacia, fruits of Macuna, Ficus, Zuelania guidonia, Bumelia laetivirens, Solanum and Pithecellobium flexicaule.

They can cause damage to crops, including corn, mango and green bananas.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.020.000 km2

The Yellow-headed Parrot It is confined to Central America in Mexico, Belize, the east end Guatemala and the Northwest corner of Honduras. They are distributed by the slope of Pacific of Mexico in Colima, Michoacán, Warrior, Oaxaca (two disjunct populations on the slopes of Pacific and of the Gulf on Isthmus region) and Chiapas. also observed in the shed Gulf from the central and southern Tamaulipas, to the East of San Luis Potosí, Puebla, Veracruz, Tabasco and Campeche, as well as in Belize and around puerto Barios at the East end of Guatemala to the northwest corner of Honduras in the Sula Valley.

Distribution in the east of its range poorly documented, with dubious appearances Campeche and in the region of Petén in the North of Guatemala, confirmed only 1993.

Reports Yellow-headed Parrot outside the normal range Mexico (for example, City of Mexico) probably involving leaks. Wild populations Miami (Florida) and Puerto Rico.

local residents, and rare sparsely distributed along most of its distribution (perhaps locally common in parts of Belize) with diminished by the loss of habitat populations and their capture for live bird markets.

The population of Sula Valley survives as remainder. marketed widely both within and outside the species range, being one of the most searched Neotropical parrots pet (reputedly one of the best talkers). The most dramatic declines were probably in northeast Mexico, where habitat loss has been more rapid and severe. The wild population is probably less than 7.000 individuals (1994).

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”alert” shadow=”true” float=”true” align =”right” width =”290″]

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size: 4700

Justification of the red list category

    This species qualifies as in danger of extinction due to demographic decline very fast. The population is now so small that it is likely to fall (but still very significant) rates decrease in the future (Collar et al., 1992).

Justification of the population

    The population It was estimated 7.000 copies in 1994. This is roughly equivalent to 4.700 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

    It is estimated that the population of the species is declining very fast, due to the loss and degradation of habitat and the levels of capture and persecution. On the coast of Michoacán, Mexico, it is estimated that the species occupies the 45.6% its estimated historical distribution (Monterrubio-Rico et al ., 2007 ). Throughout all Pacific coast of Mexico, its historical range has shrunk by 79% (Monterrubio-Rico et al ., 2010). The population of Punta de Manabique It decreased by 30% between 1994 and 2001 mainly due to the Poaching of nests (our man 2003 , Eisermann in a bit., 2007).
Threats

• The habitat loss It has been extensive, with the 80% lowlands of Tamaulipas cleared for agriculture and pasture, and growing settlements along the Autopista del Oeste in Belize (Somerville 1997).

• In Belize, where much of the suitable habitat is outside the sistema national protected area, the regions occupied by species remain under heavy development pressure (B. Miller in a little ., 2007).

• The palm savannas the only known breeding site in Guatemala They are used for no intensive cattle grazing (our man 2003), which it is still a threat here (Fundary et al ., 2006).

• Many thousands of Individuals of this species are exported illegally from Mexico and some from Belize each year, and it is popular in domestic markets (Low 1995b, Miller and Miller 1997, Somerville 1997).

• The illegal internal traffic is intense in Mexico and may represent the 38% of recent species loss distributive (T. Monterrubio-Rico et al., In 2007).

• In the Mexican states of Michoacán, Warrior and Oaxaca, They are mainly young those taken to the pet trade (T. Monterrubio-Rico et al., In 2007).

• In Guatemala, It is reported that Local military authorities are complicit in the illegal trade of this species, and poachers frequent nest nesting site of the species (our man 2003, Eisermann in some). In addition, has reported its hunting for food from local fishermen in Guatemala (our man 2003, Eisermann in some ., 2007).

• In Belize, It is hunted and persecuted by damage to crops (SNG Howell in some 1998) and it remains a victim of illegal pet trade, whose capture involves logging nesting (B. Miller in a little ., 2007).

• It is estimated that its extension around the coast of Michoacán It has decreased 1.507 km2 , of which 576 km2 can not be attributed to habitat loss and, therefore, They may be due to the poaching for trade (Monterrubio-Rico et al., 2007).

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix I.

• In Mexico It is distributed in nine protected areas (T. Monterrubio-Rico et al., In 2007).

• The nominal subspecies inhabits Biosphere Reserves of Heaven, Los Tuxtlas, Swamps Centla and Terms Lagoon.

• The species Tres Marias Parrot (Amazona tresmariae), considered by some authors as a subspecies of Amazona [oratrix gold tresmariae], It is protected in Biosphere Reserve Islas Marias.

• The nominal subspecies It is in the Reserva Chamela-Cuixmala, in the Lagunas de Chacahua, in the Huatulco National Park, and in the Biosphere Reserve Zicuirán-Infiernillo in Michoacán (T. Monterrubio-Rico et al., 2007), and in seven protected areas Belize (EC Enkerlin-Hoeflich in some 1994, Miller and Miller 1997, Snyder et to the., 2000).

• The only one breeding population known in Guatemala It was declared Wildlife Refuge in 2005, but effective protection is difficult due to organized crime in the area (Eisermann in some ., 2007).

• There are several awareness campaigns nationally in Mexico (Roberson y Carratello, 1997).

It breeds in captivity, but the reintroduction of captive bred birds is unfeasible (Baja 1995b).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Carry out surveys for an updated estimate of population size.

Monitor rates of habitat loss and degradation.

Monitor hunting levels, catch and trade.

• Apply trade restrictions.

To protect effectively as key sites Las Colorados Ranch, Soto La Marina / Fishing, Tamaulipas, Naranjo river, focused on Las Abritas (San Luis Potosí) and Punta de Manabique.

• Survey to identify other important sites.

• Investigate the use of habitat and local movements.

• Continue to expand awareness campaigns.

• Develop structured breeding and investigate the possibility of a future release programs.

Yellow-headed parrot in captivity:

The Yellow-headed Parrot are popular in domestic markets.

protected by CITES Appendix I (Species that are endangered. Prohibited international trade specimens of those species, except when the import is non-commercial purposes).

In Mexico It is listed as endangered in both the NAME-059-SEMARNAT-2001, as in the NAME-059-SEMARNAT-2010, and by the Article 60 Bis of the General Law on Wildlife It prohibited the removal of specimens of medium, marketing, tenure, import, export, use of any of its parts. They are up 9 years in prison and fines very high who are surprised by the Profepa with specimens of this species in their possession and do not have papers proving their legal provenance.

Should be avoided in all cases buy this or any of the protected species by different appendices CITES.

Alternative names:

Yellow-headed Amazon, Yellow-headed Parrot, Yellow-headed Parrot (Mainland) (English).
Amazone à tête jaune, Amazone à tête jaune (continentale), Amazone à tête jaune (forme continentale) (French).
Gelbkopfamazone (German).
papagaio-de-cabeça-amarela (Portuguese).
Loro Cabeza Amarilla, Amazona cabecigualda (Spanish).

Robert Ridgway
Robert Ridgway

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona oratrix
Citation: Ridgway, 1887
Protonimo: Amazona oratrix

Yellow-headed Parrot Images:

————————————————————————————————

Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Yellow-headed Amazon (also known as the Double Yellow-headed Amazon) in an aviary By Ernst Vikne (IMG_4451.JPG) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Yellow-headed Amazon at Baltimore Aquarium, USA By Christine Schmidt from Laurel, USA (Parrot pair) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Yellow-headed Amazon, also known as the Yellow-headed Parrot or Double Yellow-headed Amazon, at Lion Country Safari, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA. Photograph is a close up of head By Duncan Rawlinson from Vancouver, BC (Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) playing on his cage by Mbtskysurfer at English Wikipedia [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) also known as the Yellow-headed Parrot, Double Yellow-headed Amazon. Two parrots on a perch By Gary Denness (originally posted to Flickr as Parrot Portrait) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Yellow-headed Amazon (also known as the Yellow-headed Parrot and the Double Yellow-headed Amazon) at Vancouver Aquarium, Canada By Lizzy Foulkes (originally posted to Flickr as Hello, Goregous) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A Yellow-headed Amazon at Palmitos Park, Gran Canaria, Canary islands, Spain By William Warby (Flickr: Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A Yellow-headed Amazon in Jungle Island, Miami, Florida, USA By Humberto Moreno (Parrot Jungle, Miami) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Yellow-headed Amazon (also known as the Yellow-headed Parrot and the Double Yellow-headed Amazon) at Dallas World Aquarium, USA By texas_mustang (Dallas Aquarium 2008 with Meredith) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Boesman, XC218407. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/218407

Yellow-billed Parrot
Amazona collaria

Yellow-billed Parrot

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng
28 cm.. length and 260 g. of weight.

The Yellow-billed Parrot (Amazona collaria) It has a distinctive narrow band on forecrown white; lores and upper cheeks, with pale blue feathers; crown blue with black tips, merging on hindcrown; the sides of neck and nape into green feathers with black tips; feathers on the sides of neck sometimes basally pink; ear-coverts greyish-blue with black tips.

Mantle and back, green apple with black tips (the latter become less pronounced below); lower back, the rump and uppertail-coverts, brighter yellowish green. Great coverts, blue; the rest, green apple. Alula and outerweb of the flight feather, blue; innerwebs, dark gray. Under, the wings green, flight feather, bluish green.

Yellow-billed Parrot

Throat and lower cheeks, Rosaceae, sometimes with green tips; top of the chest to belly, yellowish green apple; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail It is green with yellow and red points on the basis; undertail, paler and olive. Bill yellowish; irises brown; legs Rosaceae.

In the breeding season, the throat pink male it becomes brighter and plumage acquires green metallic tones. Both sexes are similar. Perhaps males average slightly larger. Immature similar to adult.

  • Sound of the Yellow-billed Parrot.

Habitat:

Video Yellow-billed Parrot

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Yellow-billed Parrot inhabit, mainly, in the average level of wet limestone forest (annual rainfall between 1.900-4.500 mm) with (for example) Terminalia latifolia emerging and Cedrela odorata, most arid forests and upland areas planted with trees, especially the edge of the forest; from sea level up 1.200 metres in Cockpit Country.

Usually in pairs or flocks of up to about 40 individuals; larger gatherings where food is plentiful (for example, a report of 60 birds feeding on orange). They form large communal shelters outside breeding season and sometimes seen in association with Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis) and Olive-throated Parakeet (Eupsittula nana). They forage closer to roost as the day progresses.

Reproduction:

They nest in tree cavities, at higher altitudes the 15 m, frequently Brosimum, with enlarged holes in successive years. Often used initially cavity excavated by the Jamaican Crow (Corvus jamaicensis). Nesting also observed in rock cracks. Courtship registered in January laying of eggs, between 4-5, in March-May.

Food:

Foods reported include catkins of Cecropia, Anacardium occidentale dried fruits, fruits of Pimenta dioica and figs, and seeds of Melia azedarack; feeding birds took only orange seeds, squandering the fleshy part. They forage in middle and high levels.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 7.200 km2

The Yellow-billed Parrot It is endemic to Jamaica, this species remains widespread, more than the other species of Jamaican Amazona, the Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis), although they have not yet conducted extensive surveys throughout the island. They are observed flocks of 50 to 60 individuals throughout the year, particularly in the non-breeding season, moving from inside the forest to the edge habitat to feed.

This species is particularly Cockpit Country, Mt. Diablo, and John Crow Mountains. A small population (presumably wild) also it sets to Hope Gardens in Kingston.

Recent studies indicate that Amazona collaria it is less abundant than Amazona agilis, possibly as a result of Amazona collaria It is a more colorful and preferred species in trade. while the Amazona agilis It is currently nested in all Cockpit Country, including plantation disturbed along the edges areas, the Amazona collaria now nests almost exclusively in relatively remote hinterlands.

Local reports suggest a significant overall decrease in collaria Amazona in Cockpit Country and a greater degree of threat to other species, the Amazona agilis.

The preliminary population counts suggest 5.000 individuals in Cockpit Country, Mt. Diablo, and John Crow Mountains (C. Levy in lilt, 1999).

Difficult to distinguish from Amazona agilis distance and possible misidentification, They may have affected the validity of some previous reports on their abundance and distribution.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Vulnerable
Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: decreasing.

• Population size : 6000-15000

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable because it has a small and fragmented range, with suitable habitat decline in extent, area and quality, mainly due to speak and forest clearing for bauxite mining. The numbers are also declining due to trampeo.

Justification of the population

The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall in the band between 10.000 and 19.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, round here 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

No new data on population trends; However, It suspected that the species is declining at a slow pace, as a result of the loss and degradation of habitat and capture.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II.

protected under the Act Wildlife Protection Jamaica and Endangered Species Act of 2000, which together prohibit keep the species as a pet and local and international trade.

• It has been declared as threatened in Jamaica from 1986 (Juniper and Parr 1998).

• Since 1995 He has worked to delineate its distribution, estimate the size of the population, identify factors limiting reproductive performance and train local people in research methods and techniques for long-term monitoring (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Habitat in the mountains Blue and John Crow It has been declared National Park, but the implementation and management are weak (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• There is a campaign public awareness high profile to prevent bauxite mining in Cockpit Country, by declaring the closed mining area to the discretion of the Minister (S. Koenig in some. 2007).

• discussions have been initiated, we wait, will lead to ban the importation of psittacine to Jamaica (S. Koenig in a bit., 2007).

• Exist breeding populations.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Survey delineate the range and assessing the numbers (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Declare a Cockpit Country closed to mining.

• Ensure facto protection Blue Mountains National Park and John Crow (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Design and implement Educational programs in the occupied area of ​​the species (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little. , 1998, 2000) and develop breeding populations.

Apply legal protection.

Prohibit the importation of non-native parrots.

The Yellow-billed Parrot in captivity:

CITES Appendix II. protected under the Law on Protection of Wildlife Act Jamaica and Endangered Species 2000, which together prohibit keeping this species as a pet, as well as local and international trade.
Exist breeding populations.

any trade should be avoided with this rare Amazona.
Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a program well managed captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Yellow-billed Parrot, Jamaican Amazon, Jamaican Parrot, Red-throated Parrot, Yellow billed Parrot, Yellow-billed Amazon (English).
Amazone sasabé (French).
Jamaicaamazone, Jamaikaamazone, Jamaikamazone (German).
Papagaio-da-jamaica (Portuguese).
Amazona de Pico Amarillo, Amazona Jamaicana Piquiclara (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona collaria
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus collarius

Images Yellow-billed Parrot:

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Yellow-billed Amazon in the St. Andrew, Jamaica By Amazona_collaria_-St.Andrew-Jamaica-8a.jpg: Wayne Sutherland from Kingston, Jamaicaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Amazona_collaria at Vienna Zoo, Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria By Alois Staudacher (Jamaica Amazone) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Yellow-billed Amazons in the Kingston, St. Andrew, Jamaica By Wayne Sutherland from Kingston, Jamaica (Pair of Yellow Billed Parrots) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-billed Amazon (Amazona collaria) in Cockpit Country by Ron KnightFlickr
(5) – Yellow-billed amazon parrot (Amazona collaria), Jamaica By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots in captivity by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Nick Komar, XC255118. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/255118.

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