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Brown-hooded Parrot
Pyrilia haematotis

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Lorito Encapuchado



21 cm.. height and weight around 165 g.

It more distinguishable from the Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis) is your head, with forecrown White and the eye ring naked white also; ear with red feathers or oranges, crown grayish coffee, chest and nape Green yellowish.

The rest of the body usually green with it armpit red (easily view on the fly), contrasting with the blue-green of the wings and the green of the tail. The latter with light blue at the tip of the central feathers.

The bill is pale brown with yellow tinge. The irises they are red and the legs grayish brown.

The immature they are similar to adults, but more pale, off and without the color red in the head. Their irises is dark.

Subspecies description:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – With red marks on the bottom of the rear of the neck and in the part superior of the chest, often forming a band in the male, more weakly in the females.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.


It inhabits mainly in the canopy of humid forests with a deciduous tendency, until the 1500 m. Their flocks are not numerous and are quiet at the time of feeding.
In Colombia is considered species very rare.


It nests in hollow of trees and seems to share them with Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus).

Breeding season in February in Yucatan; May-July in Guatemala; August in Panama.


Feeds of fruits and seeds of trees in areas forested, as well as plants epiphytes and leaves green of some types of mistletoe.


Are you can observe in freedom from the Centre-South of Mexico to northwest of Colombia.
You can socialize with other parrots and toucans.

Subspecies distribution:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – It is from Panama and Northwest of Colombia.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.



• Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

Partners in Flight estimates the population at fewer than 50.000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008), by what is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Justification trend:

The population of the Parrot Encapuchad suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

"Brown-hooded Parrot" in captivity:

Extremely susceptible to stress and diseases during the acclimatization, sudden deaths occur without warning. These are reasons why the they are seldom seen in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown hooded Parrot, Brown-hooded Parrot, Red-eared Parrot (English).
Caïque à capuchon (French).
Grauwangenpapagei, Grauwangen-Papagei (German).
Brown-hooded Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabeciparda, Lora cabeciparda, Lorito Abigarrada, Lorito Encapuchado, Loro Cabecipardo, Loro Cabeza Oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (español).
Cotorra Cabeciparda (Colombia).
Loro cabecipardo (Costa Rica).
Lora cabeciparda (Honduras).
loro cabeza oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Mexico).
Loro Cabecipardo (Nicaragua).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia haematotis
Citation: (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860)
Protonimo: Pionus haematotis

Images "Brown-hooded Parrot"

Videos "Brown-hooded Parrot"

“Brown-hooded Parrot” (Pyrilia haematotis)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – avconline

  • Sounds: controles-canto.org – Doug Knapp

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