Yellow-crowned parakeet
Cyanoramphus auriceps

Yellow-crowned parakeet

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description

23 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 95 g..

In the distance, the Yellow-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus auriceps) appears as a fully green Parrot, light and bright above that below.

It has a yellow spot in the forecrown, above a red stripe that goes from the bill both eyes. It can be confused with the Red-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) que vive en los mismos círculos.

The upperparts they are green with a red patch on each side of the rump. Alula, primary covertss and vane outside of the primaries are blue-violet color.

Plumas de las wings Green with blue at the edges of the previous; a wing bar at present times.

The underparts more yellowish green, sometimes with yellow marks.

Tail of color green for over, dark grey below.

The bill blue grey at the base, Blackish at tip; irises orange-red; legs de color marrón grisaceo.

The females they are slightly smaller than males.

The young birdss have the peaks paler, queues shorter and the irises de color marron claro.

Tanto las females as the juveniles They show a drawing in the form of bar under the wings.

Habitat:

Yellow-crowned parakeet

On the Mainland, the Yellow-crowned parakeet, they are mainly distributed among the lush native forests, mainly in the provided ecosystems of Nothofagus and Podocarpus, at an altitude of about 600 m. Although these birds are at much lower altitudes, the species tends to move at altitudes which are the Red-crowned parakeet, especially when their habitats overlap.

The Yellow-crowned parakeet they are more common in closed areas of scrub, less common in open spaces by which moves the Red-crowned parakeet.

Es más común en las islas del litoral, donde se reduce la depredación por mamíferos introducidos.

Birds are found more often in pairs or small groups, feeding in the middle or upper floor of forest or large shrubs. Aunque es, generally, más arborícola que el Red-crowned parakeet, they tend to feed on land in the islands of the coast.

Reproduction:

The hábitos de cría they are similar to the of the Red-crowned parakeet, but these birds seem to be more territorial around the nest.

The Yellow-crowned parakeet They nest in tree holes.

The implementation is performed between the months of October to December but have been observed nesting in almost every month, presumably in response to food availability. Of five to nine eggs whites make up the implementation, with one incubation between 18 and 20 days. La cría es alimentada por la hembra quien a su vez recibe el alimento del macho, the young remain in the nest from five to six weeks.

Food:

The diet consists of plant material including outbreaks, berries, flowers and seeds, as well as invertebrates such as larvae, for example, Heliostibes vibratrix and mealybugs Ultracoelostoma assmile. The insects They seem to be more important in the diet of the Yellow-crowned parakeet that in the of the Red-crowned parakeet.

Distribution:

The Yellow-crowned parakeet they can be found in New Zealand and in some islands of the coast.
They are absent, to a large extent, in the North of Auckland, but they are moderately common in some of the largest forested areas, including Urewera, Montes Raukumara, the area of the río Motu, Pirongia, Pureora, Ruahine mountains, Tararua mountains, and in the South Island in the National Park Abel Tasman, the Nelson district, the Paparoa mountain range, Arthur's pass, Districts río Hope and Canterbury, and in Fiordland about Te Anau and Cascade Creek.

Yes the aclaramineto of their continuous habitat, It might be a threat to the species.

The Yellow-crowned parakeet also you can find in the following islands of the coast: Three Kings, Polla, Big Chicken, Little Barrier, Great Barrier (rare), Kapiti (rare), the Chetwode Islands (absent the Red-crowned parakeet), Stewart Island e satellite islets, Codfish, Solander, Ruapuke and Auckland Islands, including the Adams island.

The species is also found in the islas Chatham, where the Chatham Parakeet It has suffered from habitat loss, así como la competencia y la hibridación con los Red-crowned parakeet: ambos híbridos junto con los Red-crowned parakeet, they survive better in open areas, helped by the improvement of the habitat and hybridisation control, so getting a slow recovery.

Conservation:


Status


• Current Red List of UICN: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

In the past the population of the Yellow-crowned parakeet ha disminuido en número y las especie hoy es poco común en todo su rango. As a result, is suspected to have one moderately low population. The world's population believed that it is inferior to the 5.000 specimens.

It is believed that this species has been adversely affected by the logging of forests, introduced predators, (cats, stoats and rats) and hybridization. Consequently, that you have been moderate declines in population hasta el día de hoy.

In the islands of the coast, the Red-crowned parakeet suele ser mucho más común (Heather and Robertson 1997) and can be replaced by full to the Yellow-crowned parakeet in Solander Island. In Auckland Islands, There is an abnormally high rate of hybridization between the two species.

"Yellow-crowned parakeet" in captivity:

No tan común como el Red-crowned parakeet.

Para su crianza es suficiente tener experiencia previa en la cría de cualquiera de los pericos australianos más pequeños.

Razonablemente resistentes al frío, It has a thick plumage on their underparts which gives them a good insulation against the harsh winters; soportan un clima más fresco que la mayoría de las especies australianas.

The sound of their voices is not strong or offensive and consists of pleasant chattering.

In terms of their longevity, according to sources, one specimen was still alive after 9.3 years in captivity

Alternative names:

Yellow-fronted Parakeet, Kakariki, Yellow-crowned Parakeet (English).
Perruche à tête d’or (French).
Springsittich (German).
Kakariki-fronte-amarela (Portuguese).
Perico Maorí Amarillo, Perico Maorí Cabecigualdo (español).

scientific classification:


Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Scientific name: Cyanoramphus auriceps
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus auricep

Images “Yellow-crowned parakeet”:

Videos "Yellow-crowned parakeet"

Yellow-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus auriceps)

Kuhl, Heinrich
, via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Yellow-crowned Parakeet, (Cyanoramphus auriceps) Nga Manu, Nr. Wellington, New Zealand. By Phillip Capper [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Yellow-crowned Parakeet in Otorohanga Kiwi House, New Zealand By Takver from Australia [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A captive Yellow-crowned Parakeet By Nrg800 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Photo of Kakariki (Cyanoramphus auriceps) taken during Routeburn Classic 2012 By Grapeman4 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Yellow headed parakeet Cyanoramphus auriceps (1884) By William Thomas Greene (Birds in captivity) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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