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- Pezoporus flaviventris

Western Ground Parrot


Description:

30 cms. length between 105-110 g. of weight.

The Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) It has mottled green back, underparts green and yellow, forecrown red. Tail long, with green stripes, Yellow and black poorly defined.

taxonomy:

A research team, directed by Stephen Murphy, He studied the taxonomy (discipline in charge of classifying living things) of the Eastern Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus), an endemic species (exclusive geographic region) of fragmented coasts of southwest and southeast Australia. The researchers studied DNA from museum specimens ago 160 years, and they concluded that the western population should be classified as a new species: Pezoporus flaviventris.

Habitat:

The Western Ground Parrot It is a bird that lives in soil and living in low heathland, dry or swampy near the coast. Usually they are seen in a habitat that has remained unburned for long periods of time. Mainly fly at dawn or dusk and feeds mainly on small seeds.

Reproduction:

It is one of the few parrots in the world that does not nest in a hole or cavity. Little else is known about the reproductive biology Western Ground Parrot

Food:

The Western Ground Parrot usually it feeds alone or with another parakeet. Seeds of various plants, especially of Sedge, for example, Mesomaelaena stygia ssp. stygia. Flower buds and flowers base, for example, the beaufortias, the dryandras and grevilleas, They are also important parts of the diet. It has been observed Western Ground Parrot semisuculentas feeding on leaves Daviesia pachyphylla. The diet is varied and uses the great diversity of habitat.

Distribution:

Historically, This species was found along the south west coast of Australia from Perth north to Geraldton and along the south coast east to Israelite Bay. However, It seems to have disappeared off the west coast of Western Australia in 1900.

Today you will know only two places in the southwest corner of Western Australia: Fitzgerald River National Park and Cape Arid National Park / Natural Reserve Nuytsland

Conservation:

• by the Australian government as a species it is classified danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 100-110 individuals.

During an investigation (1), the scientists found that the population of this new species had diminished rapidly in recent 20 years, They are leaving only around 110 birds surviving in the wild, most of them in an Australian national park, so it is considered one of the rarest species in the world, so that the entry introduced predators (cats) National Park, It could lead to the extinction of the species in a short time, so the need to implement is suggested Urgent conservation program for this new species described.

(1) – “Tip(‘9. S. A. Murphy, S. A., L. Joseph, A. H. Burbidge y J. Austin. “A Cryptic and Critically Endangered Species Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA Analyses: the Western Ground Parrot”. Conservation Genetics, 12, (2010): 595-600.’

Endangered Species Strategy

The Western Ground Parrot is one of the 20 birds that the Australian Government has given priority in the allocation of resources to support the recovery effort species. The Western Ground Parrot It has a base of strong and growing support in the local community. An association between South Coast NRM, Friends of the Western Ground Parrot, the Department of Parks and Wildlife and the Perth Zoo It is working to prevent extinction.

The success of the population captive breeding recently established security will be key to the species, and management of wild cats and fires Cape Arid National Park It will be essential for local recovery. With an estimated population of less than 150 individuals and a captive population of less than ten, we need to act.

The emergency actions include the protection of the wild population and creating a population secured in captivity. Opportunities to receive more support through National Planning Program, the local group management of natural resources and existing partnerships with Government of Western Australia and the Zoo of Perth They are likely to contribute to recovery.

The website Endangered Species Strategy It includes information on what is being done to support the recovery effort species. Understanding the habits of a partnership project of rare birds and reserved aims to benefit the species improve the behavior of captive birds, which may allow better management of wild populations.

Alternative names:


- Ground Parrot (Western), Western Ground Parrot (inglés).
- Kyloring (Aborigen).
- Perruche à ventre doré, Perruche à ventre dorée, Perruche terrestre (de l'Ouest), Perruche terrestre (flaviventris) (francés).
- Westlicher Erdsittich (alemán).
- Periquito Terrestre Occidental (portugués).
- Perico Terrestre Occidental (español).

Alfred John North

Alfred John North

Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Género: Pezoporus
- Nombre científico: Pezoporus flaviventris
- Citación: North, 1911
- Protónimo: Pezoporus flaviventris

Western Ground Parrot images:

Sources:

Avibase
• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Magazine Science and Development
• Department of the Environment (2018). Pezoporus flaviventris in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat.

Photos:

(1) – Feeding Western Ground Parrot….. the only photo’s of this bird in the wild was taken in 2005 the day before my birthday, what a gift that was. This is from my field season the next year. No nest has been found since 1913. by Brent BarrettFlickr
(2) – Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Western Ground Parrot in Australia by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Stand and sing Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – This is officially one of the rarest images in exhistence Pezoporus wallicus flaviventris by Brent BarrettFlickr

 
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