White-fronted Parrot
Amazona albifrons

White-fronted Parrot



22 a 26 cm.. length.

The White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) has the forecrown white; lores, upper cheeks and ring of feathers around eyes, red; the crown pale blue mingles with the green nape; the feathers with dark margins; sides neck green with narrow black margins. Mantle, back and scapulars, grass-green, sometimes with olive tint; the mantle with indistinct black tips; rump green, perhaps more emerald colors than the rest of the upperparts.

Grandes coberteras and alula, red, other coverts green. The outerweb of the primaries, green, They turn blue at the tips; outerweb of the secondaries, blue; innerwebs of the flight feather, blackish. Under, the wings bluish green. Underparts green with weak blackish edges to feathers on throat and the chest. Upper, the tail It is yellow in the center, outer feathers red at the base, blue in the outerweb. Bill light colored horn, darker at the tip; bare periophthalmic pale grey; irises pale yellow; legs pale grey.


It presents an undistinguished sexual dimorphism. The female It differs from the male in the red face It is limited to the region eye ring and it lacks the red hue in wing coverts. The immature male It looks like female but with red on the primary coverts.

  • Sound of the White-fronted Parrot.

Description 3 subspecies:

White-fronted Parrot

  • Amazona albifrons albifrons

    (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Amazona albifrons nana

    (Miller,W, 1905) – smaller the species nominal. Little differentiated from nominal but the green plumage It is perhaps paler, yellower. Some individuals Coast peaceful show some red on the throat.

  • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

    (Nelson, 1899) – Similar to the nominal but the plumage It is heavily steeped in blue. The blue of the crown It extends to the nape.


This adaptable Amazona uses all kinds of wooded habitats and open field with trees, incluyendo bosque semi-perennifolio semi-perennemente húmedo y estacional (especially at the edge), pine forests, bosque de galería, terrenos agrícolas con bosques abiertos, savannah and tropical arid scrub with cactus, tending to more frequent open areas in the vertiente caribeña.

Usually they prefer drier forests, but where it is simpátrica with Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora), tiende a preferir la vegetación más húmeda y cerrada.

In Yucatan the White-fronted Parrot habitan en plantaciones costeras de coco mientras se cría. In altitudes of 900 m (Oaxaca), 1.800 m (Honduras) and 1.500 m (Sonora meridional: register only known outside the tropics).

En parejas en época de cría pero usually gregarious, distributed primarily in small groups, with occasional concentrations of hundreds of birds and some communal roosts (for example, mangroves) with several thousand birds.


Video "White-fronted Parrot"

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The White-fronted Parrot nest in trees, cavities of the palm tree termitarium, a veces en la cavidad excavada por algún pájaro carpintero. Árboles de la especie Bursera simaruba and Caesalpinia gaumeri are among the favorites to nest in Yucatan. Breeding January July, depending on the location.

A clutch contains 3-5 eggs. Only the female incubates. The incubation lasts around 24 days.


Registered foods include guilt of Acacia gaumeri (Yucatan), fruits of Lemaireocereus thurberi and Pachycereus and cocoons of Jatropha cordata (Sonora), Ehretia tinijolia and Metopium browneii (Campeche); They also feed on cultivated fruits like mango and grain, incluyendo maíz. Birds often get excited and shout while feeding.

Distribución y estatus:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 2.330.000 km2

The White-fronted Parrot They extend Mexico, from the South of Sonora (north to about 28 ° N) along the Sinaloa and West Durango hacia el sur a través de la región del Pacífico hasta Oaxaca and north through Tehuantepec isthmus the Atlantic coast in southern Veracruz and to the East by Tabasco the entire Península de Yucatán, including northern Guatemala and Belice.

They are present in southern Chiapas and in the lowlands of the Pacífico de Guatemala and, según se informa, in West El Salvador, extending through the lowlands of peaceful, arid and Caribbean lowlands Honduras hasta el Pacífico noroeste de Costa Rica and Nicaragua (where distribution is not detailed).

Mainly seasonal residents but visitors in some parts of the range (for example, Yucatan, El Salvador western and eastern mountains Guatemala).

Introduced in urban areas Cozumel Island, in the State of Quintana Roo (Mexico). Their presence only in urban areas of the island, the ability of the species to live successfully in urban areas, the abundance of fruit trees and use as a pet by the islanders allows us to suggest that registered individuals are the result of leakage or were released by their owners.

Usually common and together with the Orange-fronted Parakeet (Eupsittula canicularis), It is the largest parrot in the vertiente del Pacífico de América Central; although obviously scarce in some areas. The deforestation It is possibly promoting increases in population Caribbean slope of Central America. Capturadas para el pet trade and hunted as food, for example in Yucatan, where recently there has been a population decline due to the persecution of parrots that feed on fruit after loss of wild foods cultivated by Hurricane Gilbert. Its capture se autoriza únicamente durante los meses de octubre a febrero en los estados de Warrior, Jalisco, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Sinaloa and Tabasco and from September to January in Veracruz.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona albifrons albifrons

    (Sparrman, 1788) – Nominal. Costa Pacífica de México from Nayarit a Oaxaca and South of Chiapas in the lowlands Pacífico de Guatemala. Birds in the northern Guatemalan lowlands and the arid interior, they can refer to the subspecies Amazona albifrons nana.

  • Amazona albifrons nana

    (Miller,W, 1905) – Veracruz until Costa Rica, including all península de Yucatán.

  • Amazona albifrons saltuensis

    (Nelson, 1899) – Sonora, Sinaloa and Durango, in Mexico.

Conservation Amazona:

State of conservation ⓘ

Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Increasing.

Rationale for the Red List category

• Esta especie tiene un very large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extent of occurrence below 20,000 km2 combined with a size decreasing or fluctuating range, extension / calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa).

• La tendencia de la population appears to be increasing and, therefore, the species does not approach the thresholds Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (Wholesale 30% decrease in ten years or three generations).

• The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (less than 10.000 mature individuals with continuing decline estimated a higher percentage of 10% en diez años o tres generaciones o con una estructura poblacional específica).

• Por estas razones la especie es evaluada como la least concern.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimated that the total population of 500.000-4.999.999 individuals (A. Panjabi in a bit., 2008).

Justification of trend

• Se sospecha que la población está aumentando a medida que la degradación del hábitat está creando new areas of suitable habitat.

The White-fronted Parrot in captivity:

Due to the decline of these birds in the wild, especially in the Mexican populations, the White-fronted Parrot is now, unlike other times, offered for sale only rarely. What's more, among birds received by importers, the males generally far outweigh the females por lo que es difícil encontrar una pareja.

Según muchas observaciones, the White-fronted Parrot captured still quite tímidas y poco sociables, especially if they were mature when they were trapped. The birds immature, which can be stained by the yellowing of his crown, relatively well sympathize with their caregivers and are easily adapted to a life in a cage or aviary. It is said to have some talent to imitate.

Según fuentes, the first crías en cautividad They were born in 1949 in the United States by I.D. Putman; the second in 1977 on República Federal Alemana by H. Müller (Walsrode) and a third set in Switzerland in 1979; Desde entonces varios avicultores europeos han reportado éxitos de cría. El último informe llegó en 1985 from the bird park Metelen Heide in Muen-sterland (Western Germany). Allí un clutch de cinco huevos produjo cuatro crías a mediados de junio de 1984 después de un período de incubación de 28 days. The young left the nest after about 70 days, pero todavía eran cuidados y alimentados activamente, mainly by the parent, for a few weeks more.

Its price in the European market round 1000 EUR. generally silent the Amazons largest. It can be noisy just before and during the breeding season.

These birds can become agresivas en la temporada de cría and can attack the caregiver. The nest boxes are better positioned to nest inspection can be performed from outside the aviary. The inspection of the nest is best when adult birds are out of the nest, no obstante la cría en cautividad rara vez se ha logrado entre particulares.

Susceptibles a las infecciones intestinales durante el período de aclimatación.

Their life expectancy can overcome the 50 years.

Alternative names:

White-fronted Parrot, Spectacled Amazon, Spectacled Parrot, White fronted Parrot, White-browed Amazon, White-browed Parrot, White-fronted Amazon (English).
Amazone à front blanc, Amazone à lunettes (French).
Weißstirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-testa-branca (Portuguese).
Amazona de Frente Blanca, Amazona Frentialba, Cotorra Frentiblanca, Lora frentiblanca, Loro Frente Blanca, loro frente-blanca, Loro Frentiblanco, Cotorra Guayabera (español).
Cabeza de Manta, Loro Manglero, Cocha, Cocho, Cucha (Mexico).

Clasificación científica Amazona albifrons:

Anders Sparrman

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona albifrons
Citation: (Sparrman, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus albifrons

Images White-fronted Parrot:


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • The New Parrot Handbook by Werner Lantermann,Matthew M. Vriends


(1) – White-fronted Amazon By David Oliva (originally posted to Flickr as Cotorro 007) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – white-fronted amazon (Amazona albifrons) By Christoph Anton Mitterer (Flickr: P8155550) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – White-fronted Amazon Amazona albifrons pair perching in a tree at Guanacaste, Costa Rica By Steve Jurvetson (originally posted to Flickr as love birds) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – White-fronted Amazon, (Amazona albifrons). A pet parrot on a perch. Red feathers on this parrots shoulders indicate that it is a male By ➨ Redvers (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Weißstirnamazonen im Tiergarten Schönbrunn By spacebirdy(also known as geimfyglið (:> )=| made with Sternenlaus-spirit) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A captive White-fronted Amazon in Copán Ruinas, Copán, Honduras By Troy from Charlottesville, USA (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A White-fronted Amazon – upper body by sumba [CC BY 2.0 of], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A pet juvenile White-fronted Amazon in Poole, Dorset, England By Kyle Payne from England (Odd Looking Seagull) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – White-fronted Amazon, Amazona albifrons, Remove alone B. Planet EarthFlickr

Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353211. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353211

Western Ground Parrot
Pezoporus flaviventris

Western Ground Parrot


Video “Western Ground Parrot”


30 cms. length between 105-110 g. of weight.

The Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) It has mottled green back, underparts green and yellow, forecrown red. Tail long, with green stripes, Yellow and black poorly defined.


A research team, directed by Stephen Murphy, estudió la taxonomía (discipline in charge of classifying living things) of the Eastern Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus), an endemic species (exclusive geographic region) of fragmented coasts of southwest and southeast Australia. Los investigadores estudiaron el ADN de especímenes de museo de hace 160 years, and they concluded that the western population should be classified as a new species: Pezoporus flaviventris.


The Western Ground Parrot It is a bird that lives in soil and living in low heathland, dry or swampy near the coast. Por lo general se observan en un hábitat que ha permanecido sin quemar durante largos períodos de tiempo. Mainly fly at dawn or dusk and feeds mainly on small seeds.


It is one of the few parrots in the world that does not nest in a hole or cavity. Poco más se sabe sobre la biología reproductiva del Western Ground Parrot


The Western Ground Parrot usually it feeds alone or with another parakeet. Seeds of various plants, especially of Sedge, for example, Mesomaelaena stygia ssp. stygia. Flower buds and flowers base, for example, the beaufortias, the dryandras and grevilleas, They are also important parts of the diet. It has been observed Western Ground Parrot semisuculentas feeding on leaves Daviesia pachyphylla. The diet is varied and uses the great diversity of habitat.


Historically, This species was found along the south west coast of Australia from Perth north to Geraldton and along the south coast east to Israelite Bay. However, It seems to have disappeared off the west coast of Western Australia in 1900.

Hoy en día sólo se conoces de dos lugares en el extremo suroeste de Western Australia: Parque Nacional del Río Fitzgerald and Parque nacional Cabo Árido / Natural Reserve Nuytsland


• Está clasificado por el gobierno australiano como especie en danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 100-110 indivíduos.

During an investigation (1), los científicos encontraron que la población de esta nueva especie había diminished rápidamente en los últimos 20 years, They are leaving only around 110 birds surviving in the wild, la mayoría de ellas en un parque nacional australiano, so it is considered one of the rarest species in the world, so that the entry introduced predators (cats) National Park, podría llevar a la extinción de la especie en poco tiempo, so the need to implement is suggested Urgent conservation program for this new species described.

(1) – “Tip(‘9. S. A. Murphy, S. A., L. Joseph, A. H. Burbidge y J. Austin. “A Cryptic and Critically Endangered Species Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA Analyses: the Western Ground Parrot”. Conservation Genetics, 12, (2010): 595-600.’

Estrategia de especies amenazadas

The Western Ground Parrot is one of the 20 birds that the Australian Government has given priority in the allocation of resources to support the recovery effort species. The Western Ground Parrot It has a base of strong and growing support in the local community. An association between South Coast NRM, Friends of the Western Ground Parrot, the Department of Parks and Wildlife and the Perth Zoo It is working to prevent extinction.

The success of the population cría en cautividad recently established security will be key to the species, and management of wild cats and fires Parque nacional Cabo Árido It will be essential for local recovery. With an estimated population of less than 150 individuals and a captive population of less than ten, we need to act.

The emergency actions include the protection of the wild population and creating a population secured in captivity. Opportunities to receive more support through National Planning Program, the local group management of natural resources and existing partnerships with Government of Western Australia and the Zoo of Perth They are likely to contribute to recovery.

The website Estrategia de Especies Amenazadas It includes information on what is being done to support the recovery effort species. Understanding the habits of a partnership project of rare birds and reserved aims to benefit the species improve the behavior of captive birds, which may allow better management of wild populations.

Alternative names:

Ground Parrot (Western), Western Ground Parrot (English).
Kyloring (Aborigen).
Perruche à ventre doré, Perruche à ventre dorée, Perruche terrestre (de l’Ouest), Perruche terrestre (flaviventris) (French).
Westlicher Erdsittich (German).
Periquito Terrestre Occidental (Portuguese).
Perico Terrestre Occidental (español).

scientific classification:

Alfred John North
Alfred John North

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Gender: Pezoporus
Scientific name: Pezoporus flaviventris
Subpoena: North, 1911
Protonimo: Pezoporus flaviventris

Images “Western Ground Parrot”:


• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Magazine Science and Development
• Department of the Environment (2018). Pezoporus flaviventris in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat.


(1) – Feeding Western Ground Parrot….. the only photo’s of this bird in the wild was taken in 2005 the day before my birthday, what a gift that was. This is from my field season the next year. No nest has been found since 1913. by Brent BarrettFlickr
(2) – Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Western Ground Parrot in Australia by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Stand and sing Western Ground Parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris) by Brent Barrett from Dunedin, New Zealand [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – This is officially one of the rarest images in exhistence Pezoporus wallicus flaviventris by Brent BarrettFlickr

Maroon-faced Parakeet
Pyrrhura leucotis

Maroon-faced Parakeet


Maroon-faced Parakeet


The Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis) measured 21 centimeters length and 50-53 g. of weight, It is the smallest species long-tailed parakeets.

Their cheeks and forecrown, They are brown brown mostly, blue above eyes and on lower cheeks; crown and nape, dark brown, dotted with orange-brown from the ends of pens; ear-coverts white to pale brown; nape with bluish green tones.

Mantle and top of the back, green with scattered dark margins on some feathers; lower back, rump and uppertail-coverts, brown. Wing coverts except green primary coverts which they are blue and patch Red in the bend of wing.

Primaries blue. Under, the wings with the lesser coverts green, the greater coverts dark gray; the flight feathers grey. Feathers of the throat and sides neck, blue base with a yellowish subterminal band and black tips; Plumas del chest with little blue tones and instead to brown in bases; the underparts They are green with a large patch brown in the center of belly. maroon brown with green edges at the base of the outerweb of the lateral feathers; undertail, the tail It is reddish brown opaque.

Bill black; cere black; bare periophthalmic grey; irises dark orange-brown; legs dark grey.

The plumage of both sexes are similar.

Taxonomic status:

Considerada como una subspecies Pyrrhura [leucotis or emma] by some authors

  • Sound of the Maroon-faced Parakeet.


The Maroon-faced Parakeet inhabits forests, clear edges and adjacent with scattered trees including cocoa plantations shaded Bay, sometimes visiting parks and residential areas. They can be observed, mainly, in lowlands (for example, a 600 meters in east Brazil) and in forests at higher elevations in Northeast Brazil. Gregarias, generally close to flocks 15-20 birds.


No information about your reproduction in the wild. Clutch 5-9 eggs in captivity.


Probably you have a diet comparable to his close relatives in the wild, where is recorded the Miconia hypoleuca as one of their food. There are reports of birds feeding in cornfields.


Size of its range (players / residents): 352.000 km2

The distribution of the Maroon-faced Parakeet It is limited to Southeast Brazil, from Bay to the South of the río Jequitinhonha, to the South up to Espirito Santo, including Southeast Minas Gerais, Brazil, and previously São Paulo.


  • Justificación de la Lista Roja de la Categoría

– This species appears as Near-threatened on the basis that it is suspected that there has been a decrease in moderately rapid population due to the habitat loss and capture.

  • Justification of the population

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Near-threatened..

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 10000-19999 indivíduos.

– The Maroon-faced Parakeet is believed to have a small town; However, Marsden et al .(2000) It estimated that there is a combined population of about 19,300 individuals on Biological Federal Reserve Sooretama the Nature Reserve Linhares in the State of Espirito Santo, based on surveys 1998, It is suggesting that the population has been previously underestimated.

– Until an updated estimate available, the population was provisionally placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, representing a population of about 15,000-30,000 individuals in total, although the structure of the subpopulation not known.

  • Justification trend

– It is suspected that the species is in a moderate to rapid decline due to the habitat loss and capture. La tasa de disminución se piensa que no es tan rápida porque la tolerancia a los hábitats modificados de esta especie amortigüe los impactos de la deforestación en cierta medida.

  • Threats

– The logging It has been extensive, It is affecting most of board woods, in Bay and Espirito Santo.

La mayor parte de la cubierta forestal original en la que se distribuía la Maroon-faced Parakeet It was eliminated more than a century ago; in the news, are being eliminated very quickly the remaining patches (pit et to the ., 1997).

– This bird often seized in captivity, suggesting that there is a major catch birds for trade. (J. Gilardi in little ., 2010).

Conservation Actions Underway

protected in parts of Bay (Private Reserve Station Veracruz, and national parks Discovery, Pau Brazil and Monte Pascoal) (Lamb 2002).

Monte Pascoal It faces an uncertain future, as it has been invaded by Indians Pataxó they have largely eliminated neighboring area.

– Elsewhere the species is known from reserves Linhares-Sooretama (Espirito Santo), Rio Doce State Park (Minas Gerais, Brazil) and Ting Biological Reserveeructate (Rio de Janeiro).

Conservation Actions Proposed

– continue monitoring of this species in the field and in trade.

– Strengthen the network of protected areas within the Atlantic Forest of Brazil conservation of key sites.

"Maroon-faced Parakeet" in captivity:

Very rare.

Its diet in captivity it is similar to that of their peers.

Its population in the wild is small and decreasing whereby each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, debe colocarse en un programa bien gestionado de cría en cautividad y no ser vendido como animal doméstico, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Maroon-faced Parakeet, Maroon-faced Parakeet (White-eared), White-eared Parakeet (English).
Conure emma, Conure leucotique, Conure leucotique (nominal), Conure leucotique (nominale), Conure leucotique (race nominale) (French).
Weißohrsittich (German).
tiriba-de-orelha-branca (Portuguese).
Cotorra orejiblanca, Perico Pintado, Cotorra cariparda (español).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura leucotis
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus leucotis

Images Maroon-faced Parakeet:


Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Maroon-faced parakeet By Gabriel Resende Veiga (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(2) – Several White-eared Parakeets (Pyrrhura_leucotis) at Palmitos Park, Gran Canaria, Spain By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

(3) – A White-eared Parakeet in Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By Kee Yip from Union City, California, USA (IMG_4336_P1030859Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(4) – White-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis), Vale Reserve, Espírito Santo, Brazil by Brendan RyanFlickr

(5) – By Almond ButterscotchFlickr

(6) – Parrots in captivity /. London :George Bell and Sons,1884-1887 [i.e. 1883-1888] by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Roney Souza, XC265102. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/265102

Crimson-fronted Parakeet
Psittacara finschi

Aratinga de Finsch




28 cm. of length and a weight of 150 g..

The Crimson-fronted Parakeet (Psittacara finschi) es la única especie del género Psittacara de tail long with red color below the wing .

They have forecrown and the former area of the lores bright red; the head and the neck green color with the exception of some scattered red feathers. The upperparts and upperwing-coverts green, with some red feathers on the bend of wing. The flight feather green above, more dark towards the tips with a dye bluish light in them vane inner; then golden brown color. Lesser and medium underwing-coverts red, the largest yellow, other coverts pale green. The underparts pale green, sometimes with red at the bottom of the tibia. Upper, the tail grass-green, by down golden brown.

Ilustración Aratinga de Finsch

The irises is orange and the eye ring naked is whitish. The bill exhibits a color gray-tipped Horn and the legs off gray color.

It has no sexual dimorphism.

The immature There are very little or almost no red in the forecrown and lack of red color in the thigh or the neck. The lining of the wings is more Orange.


Video "Crimson-fronted Parakeet"

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Psittacara

They inhabit tropical and subtropical envelope 1.400 metres in Costa Rica and 1.600 meters in the West of Panama, in areas with light trees or in fields with scattered trees, in secondary growth forests, edges of the forest, plantaciones de café y en las cercanías de tierras de cultivo. Irregular or seasonal in large forested areas.

They are birds gregarious, usually observed in flocks of up to 30 Member, but up to several hundred birds can gather in roosts communal on the tops of the trees or palms. Roosts, at times near the cities.


They located their nest in holes of various types: natural cavities, old holes of woodpeckers (F. Picidae), stumps of dead Palms. Pueden excavar huecos en tocones podridos o en masas de epí­fitas. Sometimes many couples may nest near each other.

The union of the pair of this species is particularly strong. Las parejas se aíslan del grupo hacia finales de julio para anidar. With reproduce during the dry season and the rainy early. The female lays three or four eggs which are incubated during approximately 24 days. The juveniles they leave the nest to the 50 días de vida.


Feeds of corn and sorghum; also eats flowers of the llama del bosque (Spathodea campalunata), flowers and fruits of poró (Erythrina sp.), guabas (Inga sp.) and fruits of targuᝠ(Croton sp.), lagartillo (Zanthoxylum sp.), guitite (Acnistus arborescens) de guayaba (Psidium guajaba) and higuerón


Widely distributed in the South of Central America, from Nicaragua until Panama.

The species can be found in the southeast of Nicaragua to the South of the Río Grande, and in Costa Rica mainly on the slope of the Caribbean, Although there are exemplary residents on the side of the peaceful, on Península de Osa, at the South-West end and seasonal visitors in the Guanacaste Cordillera, in the North and the central plateau around San Jose.

In Panama they come to the East, a unos 82°W, but it is probable that only seasonally in the lower Highlands of the Provincia de Chiriquí.

Flocks of birds required extensive territories and the species occurs, apparently, in many areas, aunque sólo sea como visitante posterior a la cría.

Muy común o localmente común con números cada vez mayores en Costa Rica and Panama, probably due to deforestation.

Maintained in captivity and internationally traded in small quantities.


State of conservation ⓘ

Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world population of the Crimson-fronted Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common“.

You can be increasing their geographical range due to deforestation.

Abundantes on the slope of the Caribbean of Nicaragua. Común y extendida in areas deforested over the slope of the Costa Rica Caribbean.

"Crimson-fronted Parakeet" in captivity:

Bastante comunes en los United States, less elsewhere.

Socialize easily with human, and can become a committed and loving companion. Es a Intelligent and lively, with easy to imitate the human voice and run different games and exercises. However, We must remember that it is a bird loud and the volume of their calls can get to be very annoying.

Alternative names:

Crimson-fronted Parakeet, Crimson fronted Parakeet, Crimson-fronted Conure, Finsch’s Conure, Finsch’s Parakeet (English).
Conure de Finsch, Perriche de Finsch, Perruche de Finsch (French).
Veraguasittich (German).
Aratinga-de-finsch (Portuguese).
Aratinga de Finsch, Perico frentirrojo, Periquito de Pecho Rojo, Perico de Palmera (español).
Perico frentirrojo (Costa Rica).
Perico Frentirrojo (Nicaragua).

scientific classification:

Joseph Sabine
Joseph Sabine

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara finschi
Citation: (Salvin, 1871)
Protonimo: Conurus finschi

Crimson-fronted Parakeet pictures:

Crimson-fronted Parakeet (Psittacara finschi)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – A Finsch’s Parakeet )also called Finsch’s Conure and Crimson-fronted Parakeet) in San José, Costa Rica By Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Perico frentirrojo juvenil, approximately 4 months of age, Ciudad de Panamà By Ricaurte (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Crimson-fronted Parakeet, also called Finsch’s Conure By Yazzieyazz (trabjo propioEnglish: own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Psittacara finschi en el parque nacional Henri Pittier, Venezuela By Roberto Galindo Deshays (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Crimson-fronted Parakeet Costa Rica 2/15/16 Rancho Naturalistaby Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarrenFlickr
(6) – Crimson-fronted Parakeet by Brian RalphsFlickr
(7) – Crimson-fronted Parakeet Costa Rica 2/15/16 Rancho Naturalista by Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarrenFlickr
(8) – Aratinga finschi 06 Apr 2014 Costa Rica, San Lorenzo by Tom BensonFlickr
(9) – Crimson-fronted parakeet by Charles SharpFlickr
(10) – Conurus finschii » = Psittacara finschi (Finsch’s Parakeet) by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Red-shouldered Macaw
Diopsittaca nobilis

Guacamayo Noble



30 cm.. length and a weight between 130 and 170 g..

The Red-shouldered Macaw (Diopsittaca nobilis) along with the other two subspecies belong to the Group of the small macaws often called dwarf macaws or mini macaws parrots.

They have forecrown, front of the crown and top of the eyes blue; rest of the head and upperparts, including the wings and the top of the tail, grass-green. Rojas the carpal joints and the leading edge of the wing . Lesser and medium underwing-coverts red; large underwing-coverts brown; underside of flight feather Golden olive.

The underparts green, but more yellowish than the upper. The bottom of the tail Golden olive.

Bill blackish; bare skin of the lores and top of the cheeks white; irises orange-brown; black legs.

Both sexes similar; Perhaps a little smaller females.

The immature with the head completely Green: has no red color in the carpal joints.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Diopsittaca nobilis cumanensis

    (Lichtenstein, 1823) – Larger that the species nominal, at around 33 cm.. length. The forecrown more blue and the upper maxilla off-white.

  • Diopsittaca nobilis longipennis

    (Neumann, 1931) – It is the largest subspecies, at around 35 cm.. length. Underparts more yellow and olive green

  • Diopsittaca nobilis nobilis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal


With they are distributed in a variety of open wooded habitats, including savannah with scattered shrubs and palm trees (for example of Mauritia) in Suriname, morichales and the coast plantations in Guyana, closed with palm groves of Mauritia on the inside of Brazil and margins of caatinga in the northeast of Brazil with palm groves of Mauritia.

Una característica persistente en su hábitat preferido es la presencia de palmeras, especially of the genus M. flexuosa, Orbignya martiana and Maximiliana maripa (esta última especialmente en la región sur de la Amazonía). Also observed in wetlands with palms, bosques de galería y zonas cultivadas.

Avoid large expanses of closed canopy forests, pero se pueden observar alrededor de asentamientos humanos y es común en la ciudad de Georgetown, Guyana.

They reach the 1.400 metres in Venezuela, to the South of the Orinoco.

Gregario, often in large flocks outside breeding season; If not in couples.


Nest in tree cavities, termite tree or in holes of palmas. Copulations registered in the month of October to the South-West of Brazil; Probably engender between February and June in Guiana. Clutch four eggs in captivity. The average period of incubation is of 24 days, the chicks leave the nest about 54 days after birth.


Its diet, probably, It is similar to its closest relatives, nuts are included in the, seeds, fruits and flowers, but with some signs of favorite seeds; known his preference for flowers of Terminalia argentea and Erythrina glauca, así como de las bayas Cordia and fruits Euterpe. They also feed cereals and fruits in cultivated fields and are considered as one plague in some areas.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 910.000 km2

Endémicos del noreste de South America, from the East of the Andes toward the center of Brazil.

In East Venezuela they are distributed, mainly, to the South of the Orinoco (Delta Amacuro and parts of Bolívar), also at the East end of Monagas.

The few records of Trinidad they are probably elopements captive birds.

Are distributed through of the Guianas, in areas of seasonal forests (mainly near the coast) and in Brazil to the North of the amazon in Roraima, Amapá and North of For. Returns disjoint inside of Brazil, to the South of the Amazonía from the southeast of For and maranhão the wetlands of Mato Grosso and to the South by the dry northeast in Piauí, Bahia and, según informes al sur de Alagoas until Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and Northwest of São Paulo (with a population introduced in the City of São Paulo).

They occupy the Center and East of Bolivia and Southeast of Peru, where there are records in the Heath pampas.

In general residents, with seasonal movements in some coastal areas (for example Guianas) and distributed irregularly, to the North of amazon, where they remain scattered on the basis of suitable habitat.

In general common, especially in the Centre and northeast of Brazil, aunque poco común en las Guianas.

Distribution 3 subspecies:



• Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

The population of Red-shouldered Macaw suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Currently capture and trade of wild individuals is illegal.

"Red-shouldered Macaw" in captivity:

Quite common.

They are the smaller macaws commercially available pet and enough popular due to its small size (only a little bigger that a cockatoo) and for its excellent ability to imitate sounds.

In captivity, These birds are sociable and friendly.

The Red-shouldered Macaw they are easy to breed in captivity birds. They have proven to be reproductores prolíficos and they have brought successfully for many years. In his book “All about parrots“, the author Arthur Freud He points out that the first Red-shouldered Macaw It was bred in captivity in the United Statess in the year 1939 and again in 1940, the Lord and Lady Vance Wright. But it was the British success during the year 1949 by EMT Vane, the best known. In fact Vane recibió el primer metal de cría por parte de la British Avicultural Society’s for his achievements with the Red-shouldered Macaw.

The Red-shouldered Macaw son comúnmente mantenidos como pets, pero su número ha ido disminuyendo en la naturaleza debido a la habitat destruction and to his capture to the pet market.

With regard to its longevity, according to sources, It is known that a specimen lived 22,9 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-shouldered Macaw, Hahn’s Macaw, Long-winged Macaw, Neumann’s Macaw, Red shouldered Macaw (English).
Ara noble (French).
Zwergara (German).
Maracanã-pequena, arara-nanica, maracanã, maracanã-nobre (Portuguese).
Cotorra Serrana Occidental, Guacamayo Noble, Maracaná Menor, Guacamaya de hombros rojos (español).
Guacamayo Enano (Peru).
Guacamayo Enano (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Diopsittaca
Scientific name: Diopsittaca nobilis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: parrot rank

Images Red-shouldered Macaw:

Videos "Red-shouldered Macaw"


“Red-shouldered Macaw” (Diopsittaca nobilis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A Red-shouldered Macaw at Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. This subspecies is also know at the Noble Macaw By Chad Bordes (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – The photograph shows a Hahn’s Macaw (D. n. nobilis) pet parrot perching on a finger By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Diopsittaca_nobilis_-pet-2.jpg:Evenprime at en.wikipedia. Photo by Walter Maier. Picture of family pet. Later version(s) were uploaded by Snowmanradio at en.wikipedia. (Diopsittaca_nobilis_-pet-2.jpg) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], from Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Two Red-shouldered Macaws in the Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil By Nori Almeida (originally posted to Flickr as Pantanal 2009) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Long-wing Macaw or Hahn’s Macaw); two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN9927) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Two Red-shouldered Parrots at Lisbon Zoo, Portugal By Jorge Andrade from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Lisbon zoo (107)Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Red-shouldered Macaw (Diopsittaca nobilis), also known as the Noble Macaw By Snowmanradio (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A Red-shouldered Macaw at Bird Park, Kaluga region, Zhukovsky District, Russia By Remiz [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Three Red-shouldered Macaws at a zoo By DSuàr (To be coldUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Red-shouldered Macaw (this subspecies is also known as Hahn’s Macaw) at Jungle Island, Miami, USA By Chris Acuna from Miami, USA [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Vasa Parrot
Coracopsis vasa

Vasa Parrot




Of 50 cm.. length and an average weight of 480 g..

The Vasa Parrot (Coracopsis vasa) It has a few shades between black and Brown, big enough, de aspecto sombrío, with the rounded tail and a powerful bill pinkish.

Pueden ser difíciles de localizar cuando combinan su plumaje oscuro con las sombras bajo el dosel del bosque.

To a large extent, sympatric with the very similar Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra), but the Vasa Parrot It is larger and somewhat paler, greyish Brown rather than dark brown

They can fly at high altitude when they travel to or from the sites of communal rest. It can be very Meek and accessible When feeds below the forest canopy.

In general, the plumage of the Vasa Parrot is brown-black color with a slight greyish tinge clear at the top, in special wings and top of the tail. Primaries with narrow gray margin in vane outer. Parte inferior de las flight feather pale grey. Subcaudales coverts Gray with variable black stripes on the shafts of feathers. Tail with faint dark subterminal band; undertail, the tail pale grey. Bill usually pink but grey color after molting; irises brown; naked periophthalmic patch (that extends to the peak) pale grey; legs greyish Brown clear

Without sexual dimorphism in plumage. Reproductive females can become bald on the head, around the eyes and throat , with the exposed skin of mustard yellow or orange.

Immature with plumage more greyish Brown lighter and paler skin around the eyes. Skin patch naked eye more smaller than in adults or absent.

Description 3 subspecies

  • Coracopsis vasa comorensis

    (Peters,W, 1854) – Smaller, of 45 cm., and paler than the nominal species, Unlike the subspecies drouhardi by having underparts dyed color chocolate instead of gray, and undertail-coverts Brown instead of gray or whitish.

  • Coracopsis vasa drouhardi

    (Lavauden, 1929) – It´s smaller, of 45 cm., and paler than the nominal species. The underparts they are more gray with undertail-coverts more whitish, upperparts They show a bluish grey tinge clear. Banda subterminal oscura en la tail.

  • Coracopsis vasa vasa

    (Shaw, 1812) – Nominal species


Vasa Parrot

The Vasa Parrot they are distributed among a wide variety of habitats, desde los densos y húmedos bosques, Brambles open forests, until Medemia Palms in the savannas.

It attends the habitats modified by human activity; sometimes visits farmland.

Move, mainly, by lowlands, from sea level to the 1.000 meters above sea level.

In Comoros, the Vasa Parrot, generally, están asociados con los bosque húmedos, always green, above the 300 m, but visit more open fields to feed.

Within its forest habitat, they are usually seen in the treetops, Although they descend to the ground to feed.

Usually found in small noisy groups, aunque se congregan en bandadas más grandes cuando se alimentan o en los dormideros.

The Vasa Parrot They perch on the top of large trees with at least one individual awake to warn of the danger; It is said that they are most active in the full moon nights.


The breeding season, probably, of the months from October to December.

The nest It is built in a tree cavity or a trunk. In the western area of Madagascar, the baobabs trees (Adansonia) they are often used, sometimes with several nests in the same tree. These birds (especially the males) they can show cloacal protuberances mientras dura la cría.


Seeds, nuts, berries and fruits are part of their diet. Visit rice fields, mijo y maíz, causing, sometimes, extensive damage to crops. Aparentemente menos frugívoros que el Black Parrot.


Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 928.000 km2

Endemic to Madagascar and Comoros Islands (Grand Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan).

La especie es parcialmente común, in some places abundant, but its distribution in Madagascar posiblemente se haya contraído debido a la deforestación a gran escala en el centro de la isla.

Officially treated as harmful species, the Vasa Parrot they are persecuted because of predation on crops (especially rice) and captured for the trade in live birds at national and international level. They are also hunted as food.

It is distributed in several protected areas and although his pursuit and capture is intense in some areas, apparently, la especie aún no se sitúa en situación de riesgo.

Distribution 3 subspecies



• Current Red List of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

Como se les ve como plagas de los cultivos, is legal to hunt at the Vasa Parrot in Madagascar, and high levels of hunting contributes to a rapid decline in its population.

Like many species of Madagascar, the loss of their forest habitat is also a threat.

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species, según fuentes, It quite common in many areas

"Vasa Parrot" in captivity:

Very rare in captivity, difícil de encontrar en los aviarios quizás por su falta inicial de espectacularidad frente a los colores más llamativos de cualquier otra especie de loro.
Aunque los Vasa Parrot they are not very common as pets, comentarios de propietarios alaban sus virtudes como animal de compañía.

It is an extremely Intelligent and cunning.
Its beak is not strong enough to destroy the hard wood.

During the breeding season, they are very assets and quite noisy.
The female is the dominant, It is recommended as well that the eclectus que para un resultado optimo en la reproducción se utilicen dos machos con una hembra en pequeños aviarios o una cantidad de machos mas considerable que de hembras en la cría mediante colonias.

En el momento en que entran en zeal both the male and the female, drop you the feathers of the head practically bald and both players.
The skin of the female head becomes yellow and white male. They tend to put in 2 a 3 eggs that incubate for space of 17 days.

The pups they are born completely devoid of markers, tienen las patas demasiado largas para tratarse de loros y otra característica que los hace únicos en que tienen en ambos lados del pico en las comisuras, unas protuberancias de características parecidas a algunos exóticos

Tienen facilidad para imitar la voz humana.

In terms of their longevity, according to sources, a specimen lived 53,9 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Vasa Parrot, Greater Vasa Parrot, Greater Vasa-Parrot (English).
Grand Vaza, Grand Perroquet vasa, Grand Vasa, Perroquet vaza (French).
Vasapapagei, Großer Vasa, Vasa (German).
Papagaio-vasa (Portuguese).
Loro Vasa (español).

scientific classification:

George Shaw
George Shaw

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Coracopsis
Scientific name: Coracopsis vasa
Citation: (Shaw, 1812)
Protonimo: Psittacus Vasa

Images “Vasa Parrot”:

Videos "Vasa Parrot"


“Vasa Parrot” (Coracopsis vasa)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Coracopsis vasa By 4028mdk09 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Greater Vasa Parrot in Madagascar By AEM (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Coracopsis vasa By 4028mdk09 (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Greater Vasa Parrot (Caracopsis vasa) in a Antwerp zoo By frank wouters from antwerpen, belgium , België , Belgique (grote vasapapegaai) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Lesser vasa parrot (coracopsis nigra) in Anjajavy Forest, Madagascar By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots of the World, by Joseph Forshaw (illustrated by William T. Cooper)

Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Red-crowned parakeet
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

Maori red parakeet




27 cm.. length and a weight between 50 and 113 g..

The Red-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) are, generally, a brilliant green hue (sometimes with some variable yellow marks), with one frontal band carmesí, lores y una línea a través del eye that extends to the ear-coverts; centre of crown de color carmesí, extending back to the top of the eyes, with an area supercilii green.

Upperparts bright green uniform, with a red patch on each side of the rump. Alula, primary coverts and vane outside of the primaries are blue-violet color. Primary emarginadas with thin yellow outer margins: vane outside of the secondaries greener.

Wing feathers green: stain pale in each internal network of secondaries they form a wing bar in some males.

The underparts usually more yellowish, Green clear. Upper, the tail green; undertail, dark grey.

The bill light bluish gray, black-tipped; irises red; legs Marron-grisaceo.

Female slightly smaller.

The young birds have queues shorter, a irises reddish brown clear and less distinctive markings on the head. The younger with a pink base in the bill.

Description 3 subspecies

  • Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae chathamensis

    (Oliver 1930) – Of 28 cm approximately. It is something more than the nominal, the green of the face is Emerald, the chest is somewhat more yellowish and the legs are dark gray.

  • Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae cyanurus

    (Salvadori 1891) – Of 29 cm approximately. More than the nominal, the plumage is more yellowish and the flight feather more intense blue.

  • Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae novaezelandiae

    (Sparrman 1787) – The nominal


Red-crowned parakeet

The habitat of the Red-crowned parakeet includes native forest in the continental part of New Zealand, scrublands in some outlying islands and land with abundant grass in the Islas Antípodas.

The species, generally, most opted for the edges of forests and open areas to the Yellow-crowned parakeet, and the regions where the two species coexist, is, generally, at lower altitudes.

The birds tend to locate their calls when they fly over or through the forest canopy. They are most often in pairs; couples tend to remain together throughout the year. However, grupos numerosos se reúnen en donde abundan las fuentes de alimentos en cualquier época del año. Where is fresh water scarce, groups of birds also tend to congregate to drink in springs or leaks.

In the Kermadec Islands, flocks are formed for bathing in tidal pools and rest on a branch (probably in other places also).

The Red-crowned parakeet they feed actively on in the early hours of the morning, descansan y se acicalan durante gran parte del día, and is power again during the afternoon.


The nesting takes place between October and March, con la mayoría de las puestas entre los meses de octubre y diciembre. Between two and ten (usually between five and nine) white eggs form the implementation. The eggs are deposited in a hollow of tree clad wood shavings, Although you can also have other places of sunset, including cracks in the rocks, madrigueras en tierra, etc, así como una variedad de revestimientos para el nido incluyendo plumas, MOSS and grass.

The birds are territorial in the vicinity of the nest and can use the same site repeatedly. The incubation is carried out by the female and hard of 18 a 20 days. The pups remain in the nest during 5 a 6 weeks and the male will help with food, either through female or directly, one week after the emplumamiento.

En las grandes camadas pueden verse algunas crías menos desarrolladas. Los adultos sufren una muda post-cría.


They feed on, both the canopy and soil, a wide range of vegetables, fruit, seeds, leaves, outbreaks, berries, flowers and nectar; tienen prioridad por las semilla caídas durante el otoño e invierno. The species also feeds on invertebrates, honeydew and, in the Kermadec, even, algae and small macaws (Scutellastra kermadecensis).


The Red-crowned parakeet are in New Zealand and in a series of adjacent and outlying island groups.

Antes de la colonización europea, the species was extended by continent, but in the Decade of 1890 the population began to decline as a result of the destruction of their habitat and predation by introduced cats and mustelids.

Today the species is scarce on the continent, and they found only in larger blocks of forest, from Northland to the Península de Coromandel. Since Pirongia, Pureora and Hauhungaroa in the Centre of the North of the island, a Urewera, Montes Raukumara and Huiarau in the East and South of the mountains Ruahine and Tararua.

In the South of the island, the species is found around Nelson, in the Arthur's pass National Park, in the District of Dunedin and in the Fiordland National Park. Also found in a number of islands off the coast of New Zealand, where are usually more numerous than in the continent, including: Three Kings, Poor Knights (not Yellow-crowned parakeet here). Polla and Chickens, Tiritiri Matangi (introduced). Little Barrier (common), Great barrier island (scarce). Mercury, Charter, Kapiti, Stewart (and surrounding islets) and Auckland Islands (Enderby, Rose, Ewing and Adams).

The Red-crowned parakeet also found in the Group of Kermadec (Macauley, Meyer, Napier, Dayrell and Chanters, with the lagging Curtis and Raoul), Islas Chatham (rare) in Chatham and Pitt, abundant in the island's Southeast, and controlled in Mangere and Little Mangere in order to avoid crossing with the Chatham Parakeet – Cyanoramphus forbesi), and in the islas Antípodas (Antipodes, Bollans, Leeward, Archway and Windward Islands).

Distribution 3 subspecies



• Current Red List of UICN: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The population is, undoubtedly superior to the 15.000 specimens, although decreasing due to habitat loss and predation.

The hybridization with the Yellow-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus auriceps) It is also a problem in some populations.

The subspecies chathamensis is threatened, with a population of less than 1.000 specimens.

The subspecies cyanurus sigue siendo relativamente común con alrededor de 10.000 individuals in Macauley. There are at least 4.000-5.000 birds in the Group of the Islas Antípodas.

Aves cautivas they have been released in areas of Wairarapa and Waitakere. CITES Apéndice I.

"Red-crowned parakeet" in captivity:

The Red-crowned parakeet are common in aviculture and is relatively easy to raise.

Pueden vivir en comunidad con especies de similares características. It is usually outgoing, Active y dependiendo de su forma de cría y experiencias vividas anteriormente, You can be a confident Parrot, even being raised by their parents tends to be entrusted.

What pet podría ser de buen compañero por su forma de ser joyful and curious.

With regard to its longevity y según sources, un espécimen aún estaba vivo después de 12,4 years in captivity. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 36,5 years in captivity, but this has not been verified; the same study reported that these animals they can be played back to year of age in captivity.

Several color mutations they are available, including, yellow, the cinnamon and the overo.

Alternative names:

Red-fronted Parakeet, Red-crowned Parakeet (English).
Perruche de Sparrman (French).
Ziegensittich (German).
Periquito Fronteou-Vermelho (Portuguese).
Perico Maorí Rojo (español)

scientific classification:

Anders Sparrman
Anders Sparrman

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Scientific name: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Citation: (Sparrman, 1787)
Protonimo: New Zealand parrot

Images “Red-crowned parakeet”:

Videos "Red-crowned parakeet"

“Red-crowned parakeet” (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Loromanía

  • Photos:

(1) – A Red-crowned Parakeet at Nga Manu Nature Reserve, Waikanae, New Zealand By Sid Mosdell from New Zealand (KākārikiUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Red-crowned Parakeet on Kapiti Island, New Zealand By Craig Nash from Northern Ireland [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-crowned Parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) at Queens Park Aviary By tewahipounamu [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-crowned Parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in captivity at Auckland, New Zealand. Photographed on 11 November 2002 By Arthur Chapman [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae (Red-crowned Parakeet, Kākāriki) on Tiritiri Matangi Island, New Zealand. These parakeets are often seen foraging on the cabbage trees (Cordyline australis) on the island By Adammarklenny (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A painting of a Red-crowned Parakeet (originally captioned “Platycercus pacificus. Pacific Parrakeet.”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Mulga Parrot
Psephotellus varius

Mulga Parrot




27 a 28 cm. length between 53 and 70 g. of weight.

The plumage of the Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) It, in general, color bright green. Una banda amarilla en la parte delantera y una mancha roja variable adorna la parte posterior de la crown. The abdomen and the thighs are yellow, more or less stained Red. The uppertail-coverts are bright green, with a reddish blotch at the base of the tail. The lower area of the back tiene una banda azul verdoso bordeada por encima y por debajo con una línea de color verde azulado oscuro;. The curvature of the wings are turquoise and the blankets they have a yellow-orange tone forming a patch on the wing. The central feathers of the tail are green bronze, changing to greenish-blue. The outer feathers of the tail are green-blue on the bottom and white on the tip. The bottom of the tail It has a pale blue base and a finish in black. The bill is dark gray. The irises son de color marrón, legs grey.

In the female, the head, the back and top of the chest a color is brownish olive. The feathers of the lower parts are light green. The headband orange-yellow is barely noticeable and, often dyed red bermejo. The place that adorns the back of the crown is opaque reddish. The patch of the wing is red, not yellow as in the male.

The youth they are much more muted than their parents. Young females have small blankets verdes bordeadas de rojo, dando a este último una apariencia escamosa. Among young males, the red in the abdomen and the thighs is practically missing.


Mulga Parrot

The Mulga Parrot generally prefers dry open habitats and lightly wooded Plains, where can find a great variety of vegetation. Found in scrubland Mallee and, in plots of acacia, casuarina, and also in the regions where small trees of eucalyptus They punctuate the stretches of sand. They are also present in the rocky hills or rocky cliffs.

They survive in dry areas, but in these cases, often sit near sources or temporary streams. The Mulga Parrot they owe their English name (Mulga Parrot) the fact that his rank often coincides with areas of Mulga, It is the vernacular name of Aboriginal origin, It is used to describe the semi-arid vegetation that covers the largest part the Australian continent. Mulga It appoints to the extension of the ecosystem or landscape in which Acacia are the dominant vegetation type. This does not mean that this species is strictly dependent on this habitat type.

Unlike in the Red-rumped Parrot, the Mulga Parrot is a quiet and reserved bird. This species usually lives in pairs or small family groups, rarely in large flocks. Most of the time, looking for food on the ground, in the shade of the trees at the edge of a road.

They show a great familiarity and usually allow to photograph them at close range. When it manifests some distrust, They walk away a short distance, to a tree and then return to Earth as soon as the intruder has moved away. On the other hand, When it comes to drinking, they are very cautious, así como cuando descansan en la copa de los árboles, where are trying to keep hidden.


El período de anidación lo llevan a cabo entre los meses de julio y diciembre, but also at other times of the year, provided that is a rainy month. The processions are very similar to the of the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) and includes mutual grooming.

The nest It is often found in a cavity in a tree, However, They also use nests of others parakeets u otras aberturas tales como túneles excavados en las riberas.

The nests of the Mulga Parrot they are often found in small stunted trees, at low altitude above the ground. However, los lugares cerca de los ríos proporcionan ubicaciones que están a una mayor altura.

The female incubated during 19 days, While the male mounts guard close to stock up your food partner and warn of possible dangers.

The chicks, they leave the nest four weeks after hatching. Immediately after take-off, they join adults to form family groups.


The Mulga Parrot they feed on grass seeds, acacia seeds, berries, mistletoe and fruits. Complementan su menú con diferentes variedades de insectos.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.330.000 km2

Endemic to the southern part of the Australian continent. Its range covers the entire southern part of Western Australia, except the forest area of ​​south west. Se continúa a lo largo de la Gran Bahía Australiana, Southern Australia and reaching the state of Victoria. Ends in southeast New South Wales, but does not cross the Great dividing range and it kept at great distance from the coast. Despite the large size of its territory (more than 3 million square kilometers), la especie se considera monotípica (no subspecies).



• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern

• Tendencia Población: Decreasing

The Mulga Parrot they are widespread and relatively common in appropriate habitats.

Since the European colonization, la especie parece haber cambiado su hábitat significativamente y ahora es más común en el grain belt in the desert.

The population, currently estimated at around 100.000 birds, It is slightly decreasing in the South due to the thinning areas of Mallee. In general, is not endangered. Classified by the IUCN as it does not present major problems.

"Mulga Parrot" in captivity:

It is in 1861 that the Mulga Parrot they arrived in Europe. El primer ejemplar fue expuesto al público en el zoológico de Londres. The first case of reproduction of this species dates back in the year 1876 in charge of the SR. Verviers in France. Durante mucho tiempo, These birds were known for being unreliable. That may be true, but the Mulga Parrot who are captives now in Europe support good climate, aunque parecen un poco menos sólidos que los Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus). It is possible that this is one of reasons why have been much less popular in aviaries that the Red-rumped Parrot.
A pesar de esto, It is a parakeet can be advised to novice fans. The varied Perico often show minor differences in color and design. This is not anything unusual, This phenomenon is also known among the birds living in the wild. It is even possible to see the small differences in the same nest, If you look well.
These birds always in motion no son adecuadas para estar cautivas como aves de compañía en una pequeña jaula.

These are relatively strong birds, soportan el frío relativamente bien, aunque son sensibles a temperaturas muy bajas. They are birds pacíficos and assets. Quickly show confidence to their caregiver. The sound of his voice is melodious. It is a bird that likes to raise. Like to be on the ground and, often spend their time grooming are. They also love to bathe. On the other hand, they are large rodents.
Durante la temporada de cría son agresivos cuando están en compañía de otras aves, even if it can be accommodated with conspecifics and other species of large birds, that will have no trouble, If the space in which birds are kept is large enough.

With regard to its longevity, a sample lived 11,8 years in captivity. In captivity, estas aves se han conocido casos de reproducción con 1 año de edad.

Alternative names:

Mulga Parrot, Many-colored Parakeet, Many-colored Parrot, Many-coloured Parakeet, Many-coloured Parrot, Varied Parrot (ingles).
Perruche multicolore (French).
Vielfarbensittich (German).
Periquito-de-mulga (Portuguese).
Perico Variado, Periquito multicolor (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psephotellus
Scientific name: Psephotellus varius
Citation: Clark, AH, 1910
Protonimo: Psephotus varius

Images “Mulga Parrot”:

Videos "Mulga Parrot"

“Mulga Parrot” (Psephotellus varius)


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Anage: El Animal Envejecimiento y Longevidad de base de datos – AnAge entry for Psephotus varius

  • Photos:

(1) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Mulga Parrot at Gluepot Reserve, South Australia, Australia. Male By David Cook Wildlife Photography from Wamboin, NSW, Australia [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius) Currawinya NP, SW Queensland, Australia By Aviceda (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Mulga Parrot (Psephotus varius), Northern Territory, Australia By Christopher Watson (http://www.comebirdwatching.blogspot.com/) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A male Mulga Parrot (also known as the Many-coloured Parrot at Wyperfeld National Park, Victoria, Australia By David Cook Wildlife Photography [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots in captivity /. London :George Bell and Sons,1884-1887 [i.e. 1883-1888] – Flickr