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Hispaniolan Parakeet
Psittacara chloropterus

Aratinga de la Española




32 cm. of length and a weight of 150 g..

The Hispaniolan Parakeet (Psittacara chloropterus) has the head whole and both sides of the neck green grass with some scattered red feathers; the upperparts and upperwing-coverts Green with external ends of the Middle coverts red. Primary and secondary dark green with bluish-green tips on margins vane inner. The underwing-coverts yellowish brown in the flight feather, more grayish towards the tip; coverts Green except smaller and medium-sized external coverts, they are red and the primarys which are green and Red.

The underparts brighter yellowish green, usually with scattered red feathers.
Upper, the tail dark green and below, grayish brown.
The bill color horn; bare periophthalmic whitish: irises yellowish; legs grayish brown.

Ilustración de Psittacara euops y Psittacara chloropterus

Both sexes similar.

The immature has less red and more green in underwing-coverts, No red on the upper surface of the bend of wing and grey at the base of the bill and on the cutting edge.

Subspecies description:

Psittacara chloropterus maugei
Psittacara chloropterus maugei
  • Psittacara chloropterus chloropterus
  • (Souance, 1856) – The species nominal.

  • Psittacara chloropterus maugei †
  • (Souance, 1856) – Similar to the species nominal, but with a duller green in the underparts; more red in the large underwing-coverts.


Video – "Hispaniolan Parakeet" (Psittacara chloropterus)

This species covers all types of natural habitats from arid lowland forests, to sheets of palmas, but obviously prefers upland forest (including the dominated by Pinus), to 3.000 meters above sea level, scarce, Perhaps because of the persecution, in the adjacent cultivated areas.

In general, observed in pairs or in small flocks, but sometimes in meetings of more than one hundred, at least in the past, When were most abundant. Discernible couples even within large flocks.


They build their nests in tree cavities, including old holes made by woodpeckers, as well as in arboreal termite mounds.

The laying compose it between 3 and 5 eggs, exceptionally 7.


There are few details about the diet of the Hispaniolan Parakeet, but it is apparently similar to the fellow and and depends on local availability of fruits, seeds, nuts, outbreaks, flowers and beads; Some reported foods include Ficus figs and corn.


confined in Haiti and Dominican Republic, la Española, Greater Antilles. Previously in the Mona Island (Psittacara chloropterus maugei), extinct between 1892 and 1901, probably as a result of the pressure due to the hunting and, possibly, the perturbations by the explosions in the guano mine; possibly, also distributed in Puerto Rico, and its, probably, at the end of the century 19, due to loss of habitat and hunting.

In Hispaniola It is subject to a significant and continuous decrease, due to destruction of habitat, trade and persecution, especially in Haiti, where possibly is extinct.

In Dominican Republic still distributed in a few upland areas, for example, Cordillera Central.

Possibly small wild populations in Puerto Rico and Florida. A small number in captivity; the international trade small volume, probably, keep going.

Subspecies distribution:

  • Psittacara chloropterus chloropterus
  • (Souance, 1856) – The species nominal.

  • Psittacara chloropterus maugei †
  • (Souance, 1856) – Formerly distributed by the Mona Island and, possibly, Puerto Rico, but the last recorded specimen was in 1892. Currently extinct.


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Red List category of the UICN current: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

There is no new data on the evolution of the population; However, the species is suspected that it may be in decline, slow to moderate due to the hunting, capture and habitat loss.

Habitat loss and persecution as crop pest they are the greatest threats to this species. Is exploited for the local and international trade, Although only reported 12 individuals for international trade between 1991 and 1995 (Snyder et to the., 2000).

The number of copies of Hispaniolan Parakeet ranges between 1500 and 7000.

Conservation Actions Underway

Appendix II of CITES.

• In the Dominican Republic, is legally protected against the hunt, but this legislation is not applied properly (Snyder et to the., 2000).

• A education strategy with community participation has been launched for the protection of this species (Vasquez et to the., 1995).

• Las interactions between this species and the Olive-throated Parakeet (Eupsittula nana), due to the recent increase in the number of the latter in the Sierra de Bahoruco [S. Latta in litt., 1998] ), they are being investigated (Anon. 2007).

• A group of volunteers for the protection of the parrot will work reforming the damaged nests. (Anon. 2007)

Conservation Actions Proposed.

• Clarify the status of the species in Haiti.

Study ecology and reproductive success to determine the natural limiting factors.

• Comply with current legislation in the Dominican Republic.

The Hispaniolan Parakeet in captivity:

Rare in captivity and legally protected in Dominican Republic against the hunt and capture.

Alternative names:

Hispaniolan Parakeet, Haitian Paroquet, Hispaniolan Conure, San Domingo Conure (inglés).
Conure maîtresse, Perruche maîtresse (francés).
Haitisittich (alemán).
Periquito-de-hispaniola (portugués).
Aratinga de la Española, Perico , Periquito Antillano, Periquito de la Española (español).
Perico, Xaxavi (República Dominicana).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara chloropterus
Citation: (Souancé, 1856)
Protonimo: Psittacara chloroptera

Images Hispaniolan Parakeet:

Species of the genus Psittacara
  • Psittacara holochlorus
  • —- Psittacara holochlorus brewsteri
  • —- Psittacara holochlorus holochlorus
  • Psittacara acuticaudatus
  • —- Psittacara acuticaudatus acuticaudatus
  • —- Psittacara acuticaudatus koenigi
  • —- Psittacara acuticaudatus neoxenus
  • —- Psittacara acuticaudatus haemorrhous
  • Psittacara brevipes
  • Psittacara rubritorquis
  • Psittacara strenuus
  • Psittacara wagleri
  • —- Psittacara wagleri frontatus
  • —- Psittacara wagleri minor
  • —- Psittacara wagleri transilis
  • —- Psittacara wagleri wagleri
  • Psittacara mitratus
  • —- Psittacara mitratus chlorogenys
  • —- Psittacara mitratus mitratus
  • —- Psittacara mitratus tucumanus
  • Psittacara erythrogenys
  • Psittacara finschi
  • Psittacara leucophthalmus
  • —- Psittacara leucophthalmus callogenys
  • —- Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus
  • —- Psittacara leucophthalmus nicefori
  • Psittacara euops
  • Psittacara chloropterus
  • —- Psittacara chloropterus chloropterus
  • —- Psittacara chloropterus maugei †

  • Sources:

    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    (1) – Haitisittich Psittacara chloropterus Aufnahme in La Romana By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Haitisittich Psittacara chloropterus By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Haitisittich Psittacara chloropterus Aufnahme in La Romana By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Perico de la Hispaniola / Aratinga chloroptera by Carlos De Soto MolinariFlickr
    (5) – Perico de la Hispaniola / Aratinga chloroptera by Carlos De Soto MolinariFlickr
    (6) – Evopsitta maugei. Illustrations from Iconographie des perroquets non figurs dans les publications de Levaillante et de M. Bourjot Evopsitta maugei = Aratinga chloroptera maugei == Psittacara chloropterus maugei By 48 hand-coloured lithographic plates by E. Blanchard and J. Daverne (pl. I-XV) or Juliot of Tours (XVI-XLVII, 79). [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – Psittacara euops Syn: Evopsitta euops & Psittacara chloropterus Syn: Psittacara chloropter bzw. Psittacara euops St. Domingue By Charles Emile Blanchard (1819–1900) (biodiversitylibrary.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Lance A. M. Benner (Xeno-canto)

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