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Mitred Parakeet
Psittacara mitratus

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Mitred Parakeet




Of 31 to 38 cm.. length and a weight between 219 and 275 g.

The Mitred Parakeet (Psittacara mitratus) It has a reddish-brown forehead with a bright red fusion on the front of the crown; the lores and cheeks to the rear of the eyes, bright red; the sides of neck dark green with scattered red feathers. The upperparts from the back of the crown up to the uppertail-coverts, dark green with some scattered red feathers (especially in the nape).

Upperwing-coverts and flight feather, at the top, green, sometimes with one or two dark red feathers on the bend of wing; flight feather color marron-oliva below. Underwing-coverts opaque green. The underparts, dull, Green pale with dye olive, usually with scattered red marks, especially in the the thighs. Upper, the tail dark green with Brown tips; Brown down.

The bill off-white; bare periophthalmic creamy white; irises beige color; legs distant.

Both sexes similar.

The Immature with fewer red feathers on the head, in special, in the cheeks and Brown, not Orange, the irises.

Subspecies description:

  • Psittacara mitratus chlorogenys

    (Arndt, 2006) – Front band Red that extends to the lores and Strait, e incomplete bare periophthalmic; upper zone of the cheeks and ear-coverts, green.

  • Psittacara mitratus mitratus

    (Tschudi, 1844) – The subspecies nominal.

  • Psittacara mitratus tucumanus

    (Arndt, 2006) – The front of the crown, the lores up to the cheeks and ear-coverts red.


Video – "Mitred Parakeet" (Psittacara mitratus)

Calancate cara roja (Psittacara mitratus) (II).

They usually inhabit in areas of dry subtropical vegetation, There are also records in temperate zones: montane deciduous forest, cloud forests drier, cultivated areas, hills covered with tall grass, areas populated with scattered trees and fields, as well as sheets of legumes dry grasslands with patches of forests of Prosopis.

Often can be seen near high and steep rock walls. Usually, at altitudes of 1.000 to 2.500 Metros in Argentina, Although there are records to 4.000 metres in the Peru. Rarely, or never, descends to the lowlands. Commonly seen in groups of 2 to 3 birds, but until 100 individuals outside the breeding period.


They nest in cliffs or hollow trees. There has been a egg laying in Oran, Argentina. Probably the clutch is between 2 and 3 eggs.


It usually feeds in areas of Virgin forest, but also full of grain crops in populated areas. This and other parrots migrate to the Lerma Valley in the Northwest of Argentina for feeding of the berries in maturity during the month of October.


The Mitred Parakeet are distributed in the southwest of South America, from the South of Peru through the Center-West of Bolivia, to the North of Argentina. Observed in the great valleys of the center of the Peru, from Huanuco until Cuzco. Disintegrated in the valleys of the Eastern Andes in the Centre-West of Bolivia, where there are records in Peace, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Oruro, Padilla and South of Sucre, to the Northwest of Argentina in Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán and South of Catamarca, until La Rioja and Córdoba.

In general residents, Although some with seasonal movements in the North of Argentina and Bolivia.

Locally distributed within its range, Although most widespread in the South of Cochabamba, Bolivia. In Argentina, generally common, abundant in some locations (apparently more numerous in Catamarca and Salta), but perhaps decreasing.

Colonies in coastal areas of the southwest of the United States, from Malibu to Long Beach and northwest coast of Orange County, also in the basin of Los Angeles and the San Gabriel Valley; small amounts from San Francisco to the southern region of the San Francisco Bay, and sightings also in San Diego and areas of Sacramento (Garrett 1997).

Maintained in captivity and sold in large quantities at the international level (mainly from Bolivia) at the end of 1980.

Subspecies distribution:

  • Psittacara mitratus chlorogenys

    (Arndt, 2006) – Its habitat ranges from the North and centre of Peru, in the Valley of the Utcubamba River and surrounding Highlands in amazon and North of Cajamarca, as well as in the eastern valleys of the Andes, in Huanuco and Junin..

  • Psittacara mitratus mitratus

    (Tschudi, 1844) – The subspecies nominal.

  • Psittacara mitratus tucumanus

    (Arndt, 2006) – Tucumán, Córdoba, and probably Catamarca and La Rioja, Argentina.


• Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Mitred Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” but irregular distribution (Stotz et to the., 1996).

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats, Although it has been the subject of intense trade: from 1981 When it was included in the Appendix II, 158,149 individuals were captured in the wild and reported in the international trade (UNEP-WCMC trade database CITES, January 2005).

"Mitred Parakeet" in captivity:

This bird is usually available in pet stores or breeders.

They are known to be very attached to their owners. Very playful, they can also become good conversadoras and are considered the more strong and lively group of Aratinga parrots. The Mitred Parakeet It is good for owners who want a large bird and is easy to care for and handle. Can entertain herself if you give it a lot of toys, but they also enjoy interacting and playing with his human flock.

Alternative names:

Mitred Parakeet, Mitred Conure, Mitred Parakeet (Mitred) (English).
Conure mitrée (French).
Rotmaskensittich (German).
Aratinga mitrata (Portuguese).
Aratinga Mitrada, Perico mitrata (español).
Calacante cara roja (Argentina).
Buhito menor (Honduras).
Tiakeru (Quechua).

Tschudi-Johann Jakob of
Tschudi-Johann Jakob of

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Psittacara
Scientific name: Psittacara mitratus
Citation: (Tschudi, 1844)
Protonimo: Conurus mitratus

Images Mitred Parakeet:

Species of the genus Psittacara


  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – A feral Mitred Parakeet in Fort Lauderdale, Florida By http://www.birdphotos.com (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Mitred Parakeet (Aratinga mitrata), Inka Trail to Machu Picchu, Peru By D. Gordon E. Robertson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Mitred Parakeet by vil.sandiFlickr
(4) – Mitred Parakeet (Psittacara mitrata) by Gregory “Slobirdr” SmithFlickr
(5) – Member of an escaped flock roughly 35-50 strong in Sunnyvale, CA By Shravans14 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A pair of parakeets in the escaped flock in Sunnyvale, AU. This flock has been around for at least 20 years By Shravans14 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Wild parrot (Mitred Parakeet) in Redondo Beach. (Aratinga mitrata) by Ingrid Taylar – Flickr
(8) – A pet Mitred Parakeet (also known as the Mitred Conure) By Lee (originally posted to Flickr as Gaspar4) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A wild SoCal parrot (Mitred Parakeet) eating Bottlebrush in Redondo Beach. This bird is part of a local flock that frequents the neighborhood by Ingrid TaylarFlickr

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