Green-fronted Hanging Parrot
Loriculus tener


Green-fronted Hanging Parrot

Description

Measured around 10 cm.. length and approximately 12 g. of weight.

The head of the Green-fronted Hanging Parrot (Loriculus tener)(Loriculus tener) is green. Upperparts Green except for the rump and upper coverts of the tail that are yellowish-green. The wings they are green with vane internal darker towards the flight feather.

Below, the wings Blue with Feather coverts green. Chin red orange; rest of the underparts green. Upper, the tail green, pale blue view from below.

The bill black; irises yellowish white; legs yellowish brown.

The female have the front part of the crown and face blue.

The young birds they lack the orange patch of the throat and your bill is pale-brown.

Habitat:

A species very little known. Has been recorded along of the edge of forests and partially cleared from the lowlands up to the low hills areas.

Reproduction:

There is practically no information. Only a nest found, in the stump of one areca palm.

Food:

There is practically no information, but it is suspected that they feed on flowers and small fruit, usually, alone or in pairs, and often hung upside down.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 26.300 km2

Endemic to the Islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, registered in New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York and New Hanover.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

This little known species is classified as Near-threatened, Since it is believed that it has a moderately low population that is limited to the lower forests. These areas are developing rapidly in oil palm plantations and therefore the population is undoubtedly decreasing.

In New England, the logging of forests in the lowlands for conversion to oil palm plantations has been intense in recent decades.

The population size is between the 10.000 and 19.999 mature individuals.

In captivity:

Usually they are not in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Green-fronted Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging-parrot, Green fronted Hanging Parrot, Green-fronted Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
- Coryllis des Bismarck, Coryllis à front vert, Coryllis des Bismark (francés).
- Bismarckpapageichen, Goldstirnpapageichen, Zartpapageichen (alemán).
- Lorículo de las Bismarck (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Loriculus
- Nombre científico: Loriculus tener
- Citation: Sclater,PL, 1877
- Protónimo: Loriculus tener

Images hanging of the Bismarck:
Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of "Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club" (2007) - (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)
Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of “Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club” (2007) – (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)

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Green-fronted Hanging Parrot (Loriculus tener)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – “Loriculus tener Smit” by Joseph Smit – Ornithological Miscellany. Volume 2. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg#mediaviewer/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg

Fairy Lorikeet
Charmosyna pulchella


Fairy Lorikeet

Description

18 cm.. length and a weight between 24 and 34 g..

The head of the Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella) is dark red with the back of the crown Black extending from above and behind the eyes up to the nape. Mantle Green with a black area below the nape and collar of color red dark at the height of the shoulders; under the back It shows a patch of dark violet interspersed with some green feathers on the ends; rump and tail coverts view from above of color green.

Wings Green with extremes of color black in them flight feather and in the internal parts of the coats. Below the wings Red with coverts marginal green; flight feather blackish.

The underparts Red with stripes of pale yellow in the center of the chest, the thighs purple with yellow stripes. The tail view from the top of green at the top with a black shaft in the Center and the rest of red and yellow at the tip; view from below, the tail is yellow, bathed in red and green ends.

The bill is orange with gray tip; irises yellow red; legs oranges.

The female shows a color green beige, not red, on the sides and a yellow patch in the flanks that extends to the sides of the rump.

The female of the subspecies Rothschildi also shows more green in the underparts males and a green mottling on the upper part of the chest.

The Immature They show the yellow patch of the flanks more defined than the females. The lower part of the back, mainly green with some blue-violet. Top of the chest Green mottled without clearly defined yellow stripes adult. Crown Red with black patch restricted to the nape and mixed with the green of the upper mantle. Lack of the Red of the part back from neck clearly defined in adults. Yellow area at the bottom of the flight feather. Iris brown. Beak and feet grayish brown.

Subspecies description

There are two subspecies including the nominal. A third, Charmosyna pulchella beautiful, described by Devis (1900), is considered here as Charmosyna pulchella pulchella.

  • Charmosyna pulchella pulchella

    : (Gray,GR, 1859) – The nominal

  • Charmosyna pulchella rothschildi

    : (Hartert, 1930) – The patch of the crown descends to find is with them eye; Green fusion behind the yellow lines of the chest, and green fusion in the flanks and the thighs (that can also show some yellow stripes); without the Red of the neck and much less defined the violet patch in the lower part of the back.

Habitat:

Nomads. They are mainly distributed in montane forests, at the edges of forests and secondary growth forests. Its preferred habitat are the mountains between 500 and 1.800 m, but also found in lowlands up to the level of the sea and in the mountains up to 2.300 m.

Found in pairs or flocks of 15 or more members, uniting in the tops of trees in flower with others Charmosyna lorikeets, including the Josephine's Lorikeet.

Reproduction:

In captivity it nests continuously, with incubation of 25 days shared by both parents. Usually, It lays two eggs in a hole in the base of one epiphyte. In nature it is intended that nests between January and April (Pratt picked up breeding males in March).

Food:

It feeds on pollen and nectar.

Distribution:

The Fairy Lorikeet is distributed between New Guinea in Irian Java (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea, from the East of Vogelkop the peninsula of Huon. Owen Stanley mountains and southeastern intervals.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Charmosyna pulchella pulchella

    : The nominal

  • Charmosyna pulchella rothschildi

    : The mountains Cyclops and the slope North of the mountains on the Idenburg River (Irian Java).

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world's population has not been quantified, It is thought that it surpasses the 500.000 birds. the species, According to information, is abundant in some areas, but few in others due to the trade (pit et to the., 1997). Suspected that the population is stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

A small number of captive.

Alternative names:

- Fairy Lorikeet, Little Red Lorikeet, Little Red Lory (ingles).
- Lori féérique, Lori à croupion noir, Lori féerique, Loriquet à croupion noir (francés).
- Goldstrichellori (alemán).
- Lori Lindo (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Charmosyna pulchella
- Citation: Gray,GR, 1859
- Protónimo: Charmosyna pulchella

Fairy Lorikeet images:

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Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

1 – animalphotos.me
2 – by W. Voit – koppiekrauw
3 – animalphotos.me
4 – Author iggino in Vogelpark Walsrode, Walsrode, Lower Saxony, Germany – lynx
5 – in Neues vom Loro-Parque – koelle-zoo

Goldie's Lorikeet
Psitteuteles goldiei


Goldie's Lorikeet

Description

19 cm.. long and weighing between 45 and 60 g..

The Goldie's Lorikeet (Psitteuteles goldiei) has the top red. Its neck is surrounded by a strip blue opaque that it extends to the edge of the eye.

The mumps and their cheeks they are pink with multiple streaks of dark blue. The upperparts of color green dark streaked of black in the part inferior of the neck and of color yellow greenish mottling on the sides of the layer.
The feathers that cover the wing are dark green, as well as the part superior of the tail.
The feathers they have a green color with black internal wires and a fine yellow edge.

The underparts are yellowish green with many streaks of dark green, more concentrated in the area of the chest. The bottom of the tail is of color yellow grey.

The bill is black, brown the iris. The legs son grises.

The females adult, they have the top more opaque and less developed.

In the immature, the top is reddish with dark blue spots. The upper mantle is spotted of yellow.

There are no geographic variations. The species is considered monotypic.

  • Sound of the Goldie's Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori of Goldie.mp3]
Habitat:

The Goldie's Lorikeet It is distributed mainly by primary forests, mountain forests and eucalyptus between 1.000 and 2.200 meters above sea level. However, These birds are very Mobile and their habitat may vary from sea level to the 2.800 m.

At higher altitudes, sometimes be parked in the forests of beech and false Podocarpus. They are also set fairly regularly in the areas where the trees are in bloom and around small mountain villages. They have been , occasionally, in small groups of trees isolated in the middle of open spaces.

The Goldie's Lorikeet they are very sociebles. They are often associated with other Charmosyna type Loris: Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella) and Lori Flanquirrojo (Charmosyna placentis).

Most of the time live in large groups of 30 or more individuals. These birds make long flights daily, often in the company of the Pygmy Lorikeet (Charmosyna wilhelminae). Move from their places of rest to its feeding sites found at the middle level, or at the top of the tall trees in flower.

They probably perform seasonal migrations to meet specific needs of power. Between mid June and early January, the Goldie's Lorikeet they are common in the forests of the lowlands around Port Moresby.

Reproduction:

We really know very little about the total freedom. Apparently, the nest is well hidden inside a tree in thick foliage dry, most large pandanus. The female lays two white eggs.

In captivity, the incubation period ranges between 23 and 24 days. Young are altricial, and leave the nest after 8 to 9 weeks.

Food:

The Goldie's Lorikeet they have a scheme rather similar to all the lori, namely, they are almost exclusively vegetarian. Its menu consists mainly of pollen, nectar, flowers and fruits than that found in the trees of the genus Casuarina in shrubs of the genus honey Grevillea and of the eucalyptus.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 307.000 km2

This species is endemic of New Guinea. Lives exclusively in the mountains in the center of the island and stretches to the mountains of the Huon peninsula and Owen Stanley.

Conservation:

– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

– The population trend: Stable

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

The world population It has not been quantified, It is estimated above 100.000 specimens, but the species is reported to be locally common depending on the availability of food.

In captivity:

The Goldie's Lorikeet is a bird prized as a pet. His character is not aggressive, or destructive and is quite silent for a parrot. They can be taken in pairs or in large communities. Some of them come to imitate the human voice.

Alternative names:

- Goldie's Lorikeet, Red-capped Streaked Lorikeet, Red-capped Streaked Lory (ingles).
- Loriquet de Goldie (francés).
- Veilchenlori (alemán).
- Lóris-de-goldie (portugués).
- Lori de Goldie, Tricogloso de Goldie (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psitteuteles
- Nombre científico: Psitteuteles goldiei
- Citation: (Sharpe, 1882)
- Protónimo: Trichoglossus Goldiei

Goldie's Lorikeet images:

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Goldie's Lorikeet (Psitteuteles goldiei)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife.org
Wikipedia

Photos:

1 – “Psitteuteles goldiei - Pittsburgh National Aviary-8-3 c” by derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Psitteuteles_goldiei_-Pittsburgh_National_Aviary-8.jpg: Benny Mazur – originally posted to Flickr as Goldie completo Lorikeet and uploaded to commons as Psitteuteles_goldiei_-Pittsburgh_National_Aviary-8.jpg. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
2 – animalhouse.Re.it
3 – “Goldies Lorikeet” by LtshearsOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
4 – Jackson Zoological Park – Jackson, MS, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock
5- Bird feeding on fruit in a tree. by David Cook Wildlife Photography – IBC.lynxeds.com

Sounds: Michiel de Boer (Xeno-canto)

Iris Lorikeet
Psitteuteles iris


Iris Lorikeet

Description

20 cm.. length and a weight between 65 and 75 gr.

The Iris Lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris) It has three subspecies recognized including the nominal, the extension and the gradation of red and purple coloration in the head varies between the three subspecies:

  • Psitteuteles iris iris

    The Iris Lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris) has a plumage, in general, Green with stripes of color green light in the underparts.

    The forecrown, lores and area that is spread in a line close around it Crown rear, red.
    Cheeks yellowish green. The eye-stripe and headphones feathers of color purple.
    Center of the crown, Turquoise, extending it until it nape in a large yellow-green necklace.
    The chest and abdomen are yellowish-green. The feathers of the neck and the chest they have dark green edges. Wings and tail green.
    Bill and irises orange. The legs greyish black.

    It presents sexual dimorphism. The Red coloration of the female on head It is more off and less extensive that in the male.

  • Psitteuteles iris rubripileum

    It has all the forecrown and crown Red and the headphones feathers Violet Blue.

  • Psitteuteles iris aprosmictus

    Larger, the crown It is red and mixed with Violet Blue variable extension. The cheeks they are dark green. The chest bright yellow contrast with the Panza green.

Note:

It has placed at times as subspecies to the Neopsittacus. The validity of the subspecies Psitteuteles iris rubripileum, is questionable, and it was claimed that the differences with the nominal species It may be due to age or individual variation.

  • Sound of the Iris Lorikeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Iris.mp3]
Habitat:

Found up to a height of 1.500 meters above the sea level.

The Iris Lorikeet They inhabit monsoon forests, plantations and farmland with trees in bloom.
Although they are apparently more common in the higher elevations, its local abundance is based on the availability of trees with flowers for food, as it is the case with most of the Lori.
The flight of the Iris Lorikeet fast and slightly wavy.

Reproduction:

Little is known of the ecology of breeding of this species in its natural environment. A record of a breeding captive affirms that it laying is of two eggs, with a period of incubation of 23 days and emancipation some nine weeks more afternoon.

Food:

Feeds of nectar of the flowers Sesbania sp.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 31.300 km2

Endemic to the Islands Wetar and Timor (Indonesia).

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Psitteuteles iris Iris

    : West of Timor.

  • Psitteuteles iris Rubripileum

    : East of Timor.

  • Psitteuteles iris Wetterrensis

    : Wetar island.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

There are no data on population trend; However, the species is suspected to be in decline due to the capture and the degradation of the habitat.

Previously considered common, but not found in the Island of Wetar during a search in 1990, found only in two places during a study of nine weeks in the jungle in Timor West in 1993. Considered main many that the Olive headed Lorikeet and the Coconut Lorikeet in East Timor. World population around 10.000 specimens. VULNERABLE.

In captivity:

Quite rare.

Alternative names:

- Iris Lory, Iris Lorikeet (ingles).
- Loriquet iris, Loriquet d'Iris (francés).
- Irislori (alemán).
- Lóris-íris (portugués).
- Lori de Goldie, Lori Iris, Tricogloso Iris (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Psitteuteles iris
- Citation: (Temminck, 1835)
- Protónimo: Psittacus iris

Iris Lorikeet Images:

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Iris Lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife.org

Photos:

1 – By Dirk (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_7897) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
2 – By Dirk (originally posted to Flickr as DSC_2608) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
3 – By Asim Bharwani (originally posted to Flickr as San Diego Zoo) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
4 – By tinyfroglet [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
5 – By Liam from Washington DC, USA (IMG_9040Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Filip Noel (Xeno-canto)

Galah
Eolophus roseicapilla


Cacatúa Galah

Description

Measured around 35 centimeters and between 240 and 330 g. weight.

In the Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla) adult, the front of, the hoopoe and the Cap they form a joint undercover pale pink in white which contrasts slightly with the back of the neck darker. The face, neck and underparts they are deep pink.

The bottom of the flanks, the the thighs and mantas subcaudales are grey clear. The upperparts They show a grey pigeon which is slightly paler on the rump and in their flow rates. Tertiary they are grey and dark grey and medium the flight feather.
The upper part of the tail It is pale grey with a darker terminal tips. The bottom of the tail is uniformly Brown.

The bill is horn. The bare periophthalmic is greyish Red. The irises shows a dark brown hue. The legs are grey.

The female is similar to fellow, outside of the irises red.

The youth can distinguish is from the adults by their underparts grey infiltrated.

  • Sound of the Galah.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Galah.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Eolophus roseicapilla roseicapilla:

    The species nominal

  • Eolophus roseicapilla albiceps:

    Differs from the nominal by their larger size, the crest whitish instead of pink, and eye ring Red instead of greyish white.

  • Eolophus roseicapilla kuhli:

    It has a plumage paler and a crest shorter.

Habitat:

In the North of its distribution area, the Galah frequent mountain forests, While much further South, most tend to live in the temperate forests of the lowlands.
During the summer season, It is most common in wooded areas of altitude, staying mainly in small fresh and shady ravines, always near a river.

In Winter, He moved to arid forests in more moderate altitudes. At this time of the year, also visit the parks and urban gardens.

The Galah It is a bird of open areas, always avoiding the dense forests.

During the nesting season they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, they gather in flocks very numerous in places where food resources are important. Sometimes can gather up to 1.000 birds in the pastures where they feed.

They are sentinels responsible to give the alarm in case of danger.
The power stations are separated by many miles of the rest areas.
In the evening devoted to drinking and perform aerial stunts before joining the residence. Occasionally it can be active and noisy at night.

Reproduction:

In the North, the reproduction has place between February and June.

During the courtship, the male Struts before his partner making bows, shaking his head, producing low notes and showing a repertoire of stunts.

Most of the times, the nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus, between 2 and 20 meters above the ground.
The Galah You strum the bark of the trunk around the hole which is the entrance of the nest. This practice is sometimes so excessive that they cause the death of the tree. Cliffs can also be used as a place of nesting.

The same couples usually are mate during all their life and are loyal to the same nesting sites for several consecutive years.

The spawning includes 2-6 eggs. The female lays one egg every one or two days and the incubation period is about 25 days. Both parents incubate at the same time, and they provide assistance to young people. They feed their young each 3 hours, sounding his beak to regurgitate the food. The young remain in the nest during 7 u 8 weeks.

While they are able to fly quickly when they come out of the nest, their survival rate is small. The first few days after the flight, they return to the nest for the night. Shortly after, form large nursery where parents are feeding their young.

From time to time, the Galah It has a second litter in a season.

Food:

Consume a wide variety of plants, such as oats or wheat seed or the other many herbaceous plants. In addition to that, They also eat insects and their larvae, berries, outbreaks, flowers and seeds of eucalyptus.

They feed almost exclusively on Earth.

Distribution:

Distribución de tamaño (reproducción/residente): 14400000 km2

Endemic of Australia where it occupies the entire continent. The majority of its population is located South-East of New Welsh of the South and in the State of Victoria. In other places, is less abundant.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Eolophus roseicapilla roseicapilla:

    (Western Australia, South of the great desert of sand and probably in the Simpson Desert in the southern part of the territory of the North)

  • Eolophus roseicapilla albiceps:

    (Tasmania and Southeast of Australia, heading north to the 20 degrees latitude South and East)

  • Eolophus roseicapilla kuhli:

    (to the North of the of Australia, from the District of Kimberley to the Peninsula of the Cape York)

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In increased.

Although it has a beneficial action stopping the spread of some weeds, the Galah have a considerable potential of destruction and is considered a pest in the majority of Australia.

Crops, especially cereals, they suffer great losses each year. They often cause the destruction of the trees where they nest or establish their residences. The world population It is estimated in more than 5 millions of individuals and the number is growing constantly.

This remarkable species not is protected in all the regions and can be collapsed if causes too much losses agricultural.

In captivity:

It´s very common in aviculture worldwide, one of the cockatoos more easy to raise as caring and being very sued as a pet so much by his physical appearance both for its more manageable than of other cockatoos. Her offspring should take into account the different subspecies, Therefore we will avoid possible hybridization between them.

Are parrots extroverts, friendly, playful and affectionate. However, they are still cacatuidos, They therefore require more attention than other psittacine species to be happy animals. Its speaking ability is fairly high within the Group of cockatoos, with males that better mimic. It is considered that it might also noisy, especially if you are bored or if it has been poorly educated or poorly maid, so you will have to always buy weaned and well socialized specimens. When they are young and still take porridge his voice is very unpleasant.

They possess a behavior that is similar to the of the small Cockatiel. Males are more talkers and possess a strong character. The females., on the other hand, they are silent and less dominant. They are most appropriate, Therefore, to be adopted as pets.

The males they may become aggressive in mating season.

They have a high tendency to obesity, thing very significantly decreases their hope and quality of life, by what control seriously its diet, providing low number of fats and allowing to do much exercise.

Its life expectancy formerly was around the 15-18 years, probably due to a bad diet popular ignorance of your requirements. Today speaks of animals of up to 40 years of life.

If we opt for a cockatoo for home, a pink may be the best alternative: less demanding than her sisters, slightly less noisy and, If we chose a female, We have the gentleness and docility secured.

Its price market round the 1.000 €.

Alternative names:

- Galah, Rose Cockatoo, Roseate Cockatoo, Rose-breasted Cockatoo, Willock (ingles).
- Cacatoès rosalbin, Galah (francés).
- Rosakakadu (alemán).
- Cacatua-galah (portugués).
- Cacatúa Galah, Cacatúa Rosa (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Nombre científico: Eolophus roseicapilla
- Genus: Eolophus
- Citation: (Vieillot, 1817)
- Protónimo: Cacatua roseicapilla

Images cockatoo Galah:

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Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla)

Sources:
Avibase
Oiseaux
kktwas
faunatura

Photos: de.wikipedia.org , commons.wikimedia.org, David Cook Wildlife Photography (kookr), Richard.fisher

Sounds: nick talbot (Xeno-canto)

Gang-gang Cockatoo
Callocephalon fimbriatum


Gang-gang Cockatoo

Description

Of approximately 35 cm.. height and an average weight of 257 g.

The Gang-gang Cockatoo (Callocephalon fimbriatum) is a small cockatoo, robust, with one crest Dim, large wings wide, and tail short. Are gregarious but relatively calm.

The males of the Gang-gang Cockatoo they are immediately recognizable by their head and crest scarlet. The remaining plumage is slate grey.
The females they have the head and crest grey. The feathers of the part inferior of the body are lined with green Orange and yellow, giving a scaly appearance. The tail also has stripes horizontal white. In all other respects, is identical to the male.

The juveniles they are similar to the females, they differ in their top, the head Red and one crest shorter and less twisted.
The Gang-gang Cockatoo not can confuse it with other species of parrots. In flight, However, sometimes their shape resembles to the Galah.

  • Sound of the Gang-gang Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua time-gang.mp3]
Habitat:

During the summer are found in the forests of mountain and areas with understory of shrubs dense. In Winter they will move to more dry and low altitudes, more open forests. They can often be seen along the roads and in parks and gardens in urban areas. They require high hollow trees for nest.

Reproduction:

Forman couples monogamous. The female chooses a hole in the right tree and both sexes prepare the nest for egg-laying. Lined with sawdust and dust of the chewing sides of the hollow. Both sexes incubate the eggs and care for the young. The parents feed their young for four to six weeks after Feather.

The family groups are commonly seen feeding together during the breeding season. In some cases, be formed ' nurseries’ where have several couples nested together, their offspring will settle together in the same tree, While their parents seek for food.

Food:

With feed mainly seeds trees and shrubs, native and introduced, with a preference for the eucalyptus, beards and thorns. They also eat berries, fruit, dried fruits, insects and their larvae.

They are mainly arboreal, they sit on the ground only for drinking and for forage among the fallen fruit or cones.

They feed in flocks of up 60 birds outside the breeding season. Feed in pairs or small family groups during the breeding season.

They are able to use exotic plants as food in the urban areas.

Distribution:

Distribución de tamaño (reproducción/residente): 333.000 km2

They are endemic to the South-East of Australia. They are widespread in the East of New South Wales, from the Central slopes and plateaus to the South Coast, along the northeastern regions of Victoria to Seymour, with some records in the East of Melbourne, Peninsula of Mornington and Southwest Gippsland.
Have also been introduced in the Kangaroo Island to the South of Australia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In increased.

Is come affected negatively by deforestation and the removal of mature trees (potential breeding sites). A population is classified as threatened: in the Valley Cove Lane, New South Wales.

The the rest of the population It is suspected that it may be increasing and now will spend the winter in the suburbs of Canberra.

The world population are estimated at more of 20,000 individuals.

In captivity:

It´s very rare in poultry and hard to find as a pet.

Are Smart and playful, but they have a great tendency to suffer from software. They are very destructive for what need of abundant toys to not attack against the furniture of the House.

When you get bored, they are often automutilan as a way to fight against boredom.

Its life expectancy You can overcome the 60 years.

Alternative names:

- Gang-gang Cockatoo, Cockatoo Corella, Helmeted Cockatoo, Red-crowned Cockatoo, Red-headed Parrot (inglés).
- Cacatoès à tête rouge, Cacatoès gang-gang (francés).
- Helmkakadu, Helm-Kakadu (alemán).
- Cacatua-gang-gang (portugués).
- Cacatúa Gang Gang, Cacatúa Gang-gang (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Nombre científico: Callocephalon fimbriatum
- Genus: Callocephalon
- Citation: (Grant,JB, 1803)
- Protónimo: Psittacus fimbriatus

Images cockatoo Gang-gang:

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Gang-gang Cockatoo (Callocephalon fimbriatum)

Sources:
Avibase
infoexoticos
Birdlife

– Photos: Jan Wegener, Co (Panoramio), papouch.webzdarma.cz, Benjamint444 (commons.wikimedia.org)

– Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Glossy Black-Cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus lathami


Glossy Black-Cockatoo

Description

46 to 51 cm.. height and between 400 and 500 g. of weight.

The Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami) is the smallest of the 5 Black cockatoos and is restricted to the East coast of Australia (a population isolated also is reproduced in the Islands Kangaroo).

The male is brown-black color with a small crest rounded and bright Scarlet spots in the tail. The female shows spots irregular in color yellow in it head, The Scarlet patches in the tail they are permeated by narrow black bars and edges of pale yellow on the underparts of the wings.

The immature they are similar to the females, but they lack the yellow markings on the head and show different yellowish tones in the feathers, the chest and in the belly.

  • Sound of the Glossy Black-Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Lustrosa.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Calyptorhynchus lathami lathami

    (Temminck, 1807) – The nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus

    (Mathews, 1912) – Medium-size ones 48 cm. length and 510 to 515 weight g, with a wing of approximately 90 cm.. The of adults they are mainly black, dark brown in the head, the neck and the bottom of the body, and Red panels (in males) or orange-red with bars Black (in females) on tail. The female adult is also conspicuous in the head. These patches are absent from the majority of the males, Although they can be expressed faintly in a few individuals (Higgins 1999).

    The immature are similar in appearance to the male adult, but have small stains yellow in it head; spots or bars yellow in the chest, belly and flanks; yellow or orange spots on the wing (mainly on the bottom); Red or orange-yellow panels with black bars at the tail; A bill pale grey (instead of dark); And a ring of skin around the eye pale grey (instead of grey dark) (Higgins 1999, L. Pedler 2007, com. Pers.).

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami erebus

    (Schodde & Mason,IJ, 1993) – The only difference with the nominal species resides in that has the bill shorter.

Habitat:

Areas forested frequently dominated by casuarinas of which are highly dependent for its food. It is of small shrubs commonly known as the Sheoaks, wood for beef (Beefwood) or Australian pine. These shrubs are widespread in tropical and subtropical regions.

They are also distributed by open rainforests, difficult terrain that was not too large deforestation. They have an imperative for natural tree cavities to nest.

Reproduction:

Forman couple during all the life. The couple has relationships throughout the year. This type of family of them parrots prefers to nest in cavities natural of the eucalyptus, whether dead or in full vitality. The nest usually placed at an altitude that ranges between the 3 and 30 meters above the ground. The cavity is filled with leaves and branches. Sometimes, together with other breeding pairs, they share the same tree year after year.

In New South Wales the season extends from March to August. The spawning It consists of a single egg white. Is the female which takes care of most tasks: It prepares the nest and incubates herself. Never leave the nest until the small is reached the age of one week. In the majority of cases, the female, the male provides food and assistance until he raised it can stand by itself in, normally four months which remains with them until the next breeding season.

Food:

It feeds almost exclusively on the seeds several species of She-oak (Casuarina and Allocasuarina). You can also sometimes eat larvae of wood-boring. They feed in threes, less frequently in pairs, small groups or flocks of up to 60 birds. They can be detected by the snapping of their beaks and the remains of the casuarina cones and twigs that fall.

Distribution:

Distribución de tamaño (reproducción/residente): 770.000 km2

The species is rare Although widespread in suitable forests of the central coast and forest habitats of Queensland and in the interior of the southern plateaus and Plains of the Midwest's New South Wales, with a small population in the Riverina. There is an isolated population in the Kangaroo Island, South of Australia.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Calyptorhynchus lathami lathami

    (Temminck, 1807) – The nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus

    (Mathews, 1912) – Kangaroo Island (South of Australia)

  • Calyptorhynchus lathami erebus

    (Schodde & Mason,IJ, 1993) – East of Australia (the central eastern coastal area of Queensland)

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

As most of the species of parrots, the Glossy Black-Cockatoo is protected by the Convention on international trade in endangered species of Fauna and Flora Silvestres ( CITES ), with its inclusion in the list of the Appendix II of vulnerable species, What makes the import, the export and trade of animals captured in the wild is illegal.

Justification of the population

Garnett and Crowley (2000) estimated the size of the population in the following way: 12.000 individuals of the subspecies lathami, 70 breeding pairs of the subspecies halmaturinus (equivalent to 140 individuals) and 5.000 individuals of the subspecies erebus giving a total of 17.140 individuals.

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is declining in general Since the largest subpopulation, lathami, It is slowly decreasing throughout its range. However it is believed that the subspecies Erebus is increasing and the subspecies halmaturinus It is increasing as a result of conservation efforts in the Island Ganguro (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

In captivity:

Like the other black cockatoos, the Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami) is extremely rare in the poultry. In Australia It has attained breed in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Glossy Black-Cockatoo, Casuarina Cockatoo, Casuarine Cockatoo, Latham's Cockatoo, Leach's Black-Cockatoo, Leach's Red-tailed Cockatoo, Nutcracker (inglés).
- Cacatoès de Latham, Cacatoès noir étincelant (francés).
- Braunkopfkakadu (alemán).
- Cacatua-preto-brilhante (portugués).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Cacatuidae
- Nombre científico: Calyptorhynchus lathami
- Genus: Calyptorhynchus
- Citation: (Temminck, 1807)
- Protónimo: Psittacus Lathami

Images Calyptorhynchus lathami:

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Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami)

Sources:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos: commons.wikimedia.org, The Glossy Black Conservancy,

Sounds: Nigel Jackett (Xeno-canto)

Golden-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris chrysoptera


Catita Alidorada

Description:

18 cm.. height.

Golden-winged Parakeet

The Golden-winged Parakeet ((Brotogeris chrysoptera)) has a tail short and finished in tip, bill Of course, body almost all green.

Its main feature is having in the wing a patch orange or gold and the end blue (more visible on the fly). Crown bluish, forecrown and throat orange.

The eye ring is whitish and without feathers; the irises is of color Brown dark and the legs flesh-colored.

The immature is distinguished by not having the Golden wing patch.

  • Sound of the Golden-winged Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Golden-winged Parakeet.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Brotogeris chrysoptera chrysoptera

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera chrysosema

    (Sclater,PL) – Golden parakeets. Its plumage is generally more yellow. L0s adults have yellow-orange the forecrown and the regions between them eyes and the peak, on the sides of the head. There is a patch in the chin orange. The primary coverts are yellow. Are larger the species nominal.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera solimoensis

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1941) – Codajás Golden parakeets. Similar to subspecies nominal, but the frontal band is more pale and of color brown reddish. The patch of the chin is a yellow-brown color.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera tenuifrons

    (Friedmann, 1945) – Parakeets Rio Negro. Similar in appearance to the subspecies Brotogeris chrysoptera tuipara, with the exception of the frontal band orange, that is minimal or absent.

  • Brotogeris chrysoptera tuipara

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Parakeets Tuipara. It also seems to refer to the species, with the exception of its plumage that is usually more yellow. Adults have a frontal band fine of color orange and a patch Orange in the chin. The lateral feathers with edges yellow. They are also larger that the subspecies nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits in forest moist and savanna, most common to the 300 meters although it has reported to them 1200 m. ANDA in groups small of 8 to 16 individuals not reproductive time, It is common to observe more than 100 consuming fruits in the canopy. Noisy when flying and silent when they feed on.

Reproduction:

Nest on trees, in hollows and termite mounds. Breeding season in November, February and April.

Food:

With feeds of the nectar of the flowers, fruit, figs, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Tamaño de la distribución (reproducción/residente): 3.110.000 km2

Its population is distributed between the East of Venezuela, Guyanas, Center and East of the Brazilian Amazon.

Distribution of subspecies
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 20,7-24,8% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (15 years), on the basis of a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Therefore, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% durante tres generaciones.

In captivity:

Rare in captivity. They are birds a bit nerve until you are acclimatized to its owner. They can be housed in an Aviary with other parrots.

Alternative names:


- Golden-winged Parakeet, Golden winged Parakeet, Golden-winget parakeet, Tuipara Parakeet (inglés).
- Toui para (francés).
- Braunkinnsittich (alemán).
- periquitinho, Periquito-de-asa-dourada, periquito-de-asas-douradas, tuipara-de-asa-dourada, tuipara-de-asa-laranjaperiquitinho, xperiquito-de-asas-douradas, tuipara-de-asa-dourada, tuipara-de-asa-laranja (portugués).
- Catita Alidorada, Periquito de Alas Amarillas (español).
- Periquito Ala Dorada (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Brotogeris
- Nombre científico: Brotogeris chrysoptera
- Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
- Protónimo: Psittacus chrysopterus

————————————————————————————————

Golden-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris chrysoptera)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – animalphotos
(2) – Modern accepted name (2012) is Brotogeris chrysoptera By William Swainson, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Zoological Illustrations, Volume I.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: controles-canto.org

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