Eclectus Parrot
Eclectus roratus


Eclectus Parrot

Description

35 to 42 cm.. length and a weight between 355 and 615 g..

The Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) It has the head and upper parts of bright green. Green wing coverts; curve of the wing and the carpal edge blue; primary coverts dark blue. Feathers of flying with vane very dark blue external, vane internal black on the edge inside. Wing of bright red feathers; bottom of the black flight feathers. Green underparts with flanks and axillary Red. Upper, the Green tail with narrow pale yellow tips, drenched side of blue and yellow-tipped feathers (more external with more blue); undertail, tail black with yellow tips.

Yellow-tipped red Bill, Black lower jaw, iris orange, greyish Brown legs.

In all the Eclectus sexual differences machos-hembras are so large that at the beginning he qualified them as different species. The female of the Eclectus Parrot is bright red with a collar of purple across the upper part of the mantle, with bluish black in flight feathers, feathers from the wings of purple-blue, Purple diffusion on the chest, opaque purple-blue in the lower part of the chest and belly, coverts yellowish-tipped red infracaudales, and a tail of red with yellow tips (Feather darker bases). The beak is black and the iris is usually yellow (variable).

The young birds they move directly the adult plumage but they have brown peaks.

  • Sound of the Eclectus Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Eclectico.mp3]
List of subspecies Eclectus roratus
Subspecies
  • Eclectus roratus vosmaeri (Rothschild, 1922) – Larger than the nominal. Male with bright green plumage, more red on the flanks, broader yellow tail ends. Female with the red light, broader yellow tail and yellow in the coverts infracaudales ends.
  • Eclectus roratus roratus (Statius Müller, 1776) –
  • Eclectus roratus cornelia (Bonaparte, 1850) – Larger than the nominal. Male with more blue in the queue, the upper parts of lighter green color. Female completely red except for the edges of the Carpus, wing feathers and flight feathers, that are blue. Narrow yellow tip to the tail.
  • Eclectus roratus westermani (Bonaparte, 1850) – (Known only from a few copies of populations in captivity; the origin is unknown). Smaller than the nominal. The male It has no visible red flanks when wings are closed and shows foreign banks of green to flight feathers. Female with the darker red color with broad yellow tip to tail. The possibility that the few copies are abnormal individuals of the subspecies E. r. Eclectus It has not ruled out.
  • Eclectus roratus riedeli (A.B. Meyer, 1882) – Smaller than the nominal. Male with wide yellow tips on the tail (25 mm). Female as E. r. Cornelia, but it shows bright yellow on the coverts infracaudales.
  • Eclectus roratus aruensis (G.R. Gray, 1858) – Males as the subspecies E. r. biaki, with a little more spacious yellow tips to the tail. Female Red clear, especially tail.
  • Eclectus roratus biaki (Hartert, 1932)- As the subspecies E. r. tortoiseshell but smaller. The female just like the female of the E. r. tortoiseshell but more bright red underparts and back of neck (dubiously distinct race).
  • Eclectus roratus tortoiseshell (Scopoli, 1786) – Larger than the nominal. Male, Yellow tail more yellowish-green tips. Female with red chest and less violet blue in the bottom region restricted to belly, Green on vane external primary. Narrow periophthalmic ring blue. Coverts red infracaudales.
  • Eclectus roratus solomonensis (Rothschild & Hartert, 1901) – Smaller that the E. Eclectus tortoiseshell and the male more yellowish green. Female Red clear. Size is reduced clinalmente from West to East
  • Eclectus roratus macgillivrayi (Mathews, 1913) – As the E. Eclectus tortoiseshell but larger.
Habitat:

The Eclectus Parrot It is distributed in a wide range of habitats, from second growth forests, Savannah, mangrove, coconut plantations and eucalyptus Woods, until 1.900 m.

The species is most common in the forests of lowlands, around growing areas and coastal habitats.

The birds are alone, in pairs or in small groups, often composed of only males (presumably during playback).
They sometimes soar above the forest and draw attention with their shrill calls while flying over the canopy, or they perch on an exposed branch.

They are cautious, groups of foraging usually remain in the treetops, Although birds feeding on low-altitude or even on the ground have also been observed.

The Eclectus Parrot they are most active at dawn and at dusk, When traveling to and from their roosts in noisy groups of up to 80 birds.

Have been recorded roosting in Sumba where the Eclectus Parrot they share space with the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo.

The species is considered a pest in some parts of New Guinea.

Reproduction:

Breeding apparently can occur at any time of the year in Papua New Guinea, While active nests observed in Australia It was between the months of February and July; There has been during the month November in Buru, During August in Seram, and between June and September in the Solomon Islands.

Up to eight birds have been registered by attending a nest. It is not clear whether breeding helpers, young people from a previous litter still attached to the family group, or additional hens females.

In courtship, birds become involved with mutual grooming and Wiggles head.

The nest is a hollow in a tall tree, until 30 metres in height, sometimes exposed; The cavity may have around 6 depth meters.

Putting two eggs are deposited on a bed of wood dust, hatching in about 26 days, and taking ahead 12 weeks for breeding.

The female takes care of the incubation, leaving the nest only twice a day to be fed by the male; Also is fed by the male when the first eggs hatch, but then begins to feed if same.

Food:

The diet includes fruits, seeds, flowers, outbreaks, fruits and nectar: they are especially fond of to the (Pandanus) banana, maize, figs and Papaya.

Distribution:

Sumba in the Small Oriental Sunda Islands, Indonesia and Moluccan Islands including Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Saparua, the Gorong Islands (apparently introduced), OBI, Damar, Bacan, Halmahera, Mare. Ternate and Morotai, in the West of the Islands of Papua,including Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool; from there through the lowlands of New Guinea, and Tanimbar Islands, Kai and Aru Islands, to the South of the Islands in the Cenderawasih Bay (Numfor, Biak, Yapen, My Num).

In the East, the Eclectus Parrot are distributed among archipelagos of D ’ Entrecasteaux and the Luisiadas, Papua New Guinea, including Goodenough and Normanby, and in the Trobriand Islands extending through the Bismarck Archipelago including Umboi, New Britain, the Witu Islands, Lolobau, Uatom, Duke of York, New Ireland, New Hanover, Tabar, Lihir, Thong and FeNi, reaching Manus and Rambutyo in the the Admiralty archipelago and Nissan in the South.

The species is also through of the Solomon Islands, including Buka and Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) to the East of San Cristóbal and its satellites.

There is an isolated population in the North of the Cape York Peninsula, Australia, that goes from the Iron range National Park and the Pascoe River, to the South of the McIlwraith range, regularly visiting smaller islands in the Torres Strait, in the continental part of New Guinea.

There is an introduced population of the Eclectus Parrot in Koror and some smaller islands in the archipelago of Palau in the Pacific, but likely to be occasional escapes from Hawaii, where apparently cannot have been established. This is one of the parrots most common and most familiar throughout much of their range.

The world's population is estimated over of 300.000 birds. Local entrapments in Ambon, Saparua and Haruku It has apparently made the species becoming extinct in these three islands. The distinctive population in Sumba is in danger.

Distribution subspecies Eclectus roratus
Subspecies
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over the 300,000 specimens. The species is described as from common to rare. The population in Sumba It is estimated in 1.900 individuals, Although Sumba It represents a very small proportion of the global range of the species (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

In captivity:

3 the common subspecies in aviculture: Eclectus roratus Eclectus, Eclectus roratus vosmaeri and Eclectus roratus tortoiseshell; other rare breeds.

Es a curious and intelligent with an acceptable language ability, they learn without difficulty to say words and phrases.

It happens to be fairly quiet and able to live without too much attention. Males can be somewhat distant while in females it must be emphasized the theme that in the case that have nest can not out of it. On the topic food tends to be accepted that the eclectus have a greater need for vitamin A than other parrots.

When considering the purchase of a new Eclectus, It would be prudent to get a photo and request a consultation with an authority on Eclectus to verify that you are not buying a hybrid.

When to acquire housing for our Eclectus Parrot, one should consider your major and arrange them in a cage as large as possible; reasonable measures would be 4,4 m x 1,5 m x 2 m.

We should bear in mind that our parrots should spend at least one hour every day out of the cage during the game.

DIET:

The Eclectus diet consists mainly of vegetables, fruit, legumes and granulated meal. Given that our Eclectus Parrot do not eat many seeds in the nature, and since they are deficient in nutrients, We must consider that their intake should be the exception and not the rule in our House.

The Eclectus they require a diet high in vegetable protein and beta carotene. Your digestive system is longer than most other species, with a greater proventriculus and longer intestines, so fat intake should be limited to avoid fatty tumors. But this does not mean “fat-free”, especially for young people who are very active. It takes some fat to store fat-soluble vitamins A, E and D. In addition, with all species, If the cholesterol is too high, the excess is stored in the liver and, through the bloodstream, travels to the heart where it accumulates; a problem evidenced by fatigue, lack of breed, secondary nutrient deficiency problems (for example, Candida, hypocalcemia, hypoprotenia, etc.), fatty liver, plumage and discoloration-poor quality, bad state of health in general and the inability of the other nutrients to be used correctly.

Too much oil in the diet can cause black feathers on the male and female. They are easily distinguished from black liver disease or stress marks because the pattern is different. Some based on Pelleted diets are high in sugar and can cause kidney problems or hyperactivity. Some are also high in colorants and flavors and can cause toxicity problems. There are some diets which in the market that are organic; But the lack of condoms can cause growth of unwanted yeast and bacteria if left in the cage for more than one hour.

Reproduction Eclectus Parrot:

The reproduction of the Eclectus Parrot It is not difficult to always that we have a compatible couple, Since a female in heat can be aggressive with the male and pursue him while he nears the trough.

Nesting box can have very different ways. The measures are 30 x 30 x 80 cm and inlet of 10 cm.. Diameter. The Z-shaped nest is highly recommended for breeding of the Eclectus Parrot Since it allows the male to stay on the top platform in the event that the female is shown aggressive to protect the nest. Inside the box you can put some type of material, as pine bark.

The incubation period is of 28 to 30 days and can breed throughout the year. A sunset happens to another and is not interrupted even during the time of molt. However often the eggs are not fertile or parents do not feed the chicks. It is best to allow them only two released per year, so you will have to remove the nest either separate the male for a few days. The only drawback, If we choose to separate the male, It is called the female strident so your partner.

The implementation is usually two eggs, and occasionally three.

Alternative names:

- Eclectus Parrot, Kalanga, King Parrot, Red-sided Eclectus Parrot, Red-sided Parrot (ingles).
- Grand Éclectus, Éclectus, Grand Eclectus (francés).
- Edelpapagei, Salomonen Edelpapagei (alemán).
- Papagaio-eclectus (portugués).
- Loro Ecléctico, Loro Eclectus (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Eclectus
- Nombre científico: Eclectus roratus
- Citation: (Statius Muller, 1776)
- Protónimo: Psittacus roratus

Eclectus Parrot images:

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Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
mundoexotics
Birds N Ways

Photos:

(1) – “Eclectus roratus-20030511” by Doug Janson – Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Eclectus roratus-Malagos Garden Resort, Davao City, Philippines-male-8a” by Raymund James BareFlickrUploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) -6-4c” by derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Eclectus_parrot_(Eclectus_roratus)_-6. jpg: Bear golden retriever – originally posted to Flickr as Img_4575. JPG and uploaded to commons as Eclectus_parrot_(Eclectus_roratus)_-6. jpg. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – “Eclectus roratus (male) -juvenile pet-ated” by Peter Békési from Budapest, Hungary – Img_0983Uploaded by snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – By J E Three from houston, usa (parrots eating hairUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Niels Krabbe (Xeno-canto)

Great-billed Parrot
Tanygnathus megalorynchos


Great-billed Parrot

Description

33 to 43 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 260 g..

Great-billed Parrot

The Great-billed Parrot (Tanygnathus megalorynchos) It has a bright green head. Green mantle with narrow blue stripes to the feathers of the back; pale blue rump; coverts underwings light green.

Scapulars black bordered of blue-green; less black on the inner wing coverts, the blue-green external; medium black coverts, with yellow margins in both bands: large blue-green coverts with yellow margins.

Secondary green with thin yellow margins; primary heavily drenched blue in vane external with a gradient through the greenish or blackish blue in the vane inner. The wings and bright yellow axillary feathers; lower part of flight feathers black gray, the inner most dyed yellow.

The underparts, greenish yellow, greener-tinged in the belly, the coverts and thighs undertail. Upper, green tail with yellow tips; at the bottom I light brown with orange tips.

Billed red; iris yellow ; black legs.

Males and the females similar.

Young with beaming less variegated in wings.

  • Sound of the Great-billed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Picogordo.mp3]
List of subspecies Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Subspecies
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Affinis (Wallace, 1863) – The head with light bluish hue and chest and abdomen much more green, bend of the blue wing. More green in general.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Djampeae (Hartert, 1924) – Chest and abdomen pale green, the secondary feathers of the coverts bluish green with bordered Straits.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Floris (Hartert, 1924) – Chest and abdomen pale green, the lower part of the back blue is more dark.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Hellmayri (Mayr, 1944) – It is more small, more green by the chest and abdomen while the head is yellowish-green. Practically has tones of blue and on the wings has little black color. In females it just black coloration in the wings.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Subaffinis (PL Sclater, 1883) – Face with slight bluish hue, more green in general and below the back and rump area, light blue-green hue.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Sumbensis (AB Meyer, 1882) – It is more large, with much more blue and blue more dark in the lower area of the back.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorync Viridipennis (Hartert, 1903) – The primary feathers of green wings, and in some cases also the secondary.
Habitat:

The Great-billed Parrot is distributed mainly primary lowland forests, as well as in secondary and coastal forests, mangroves, cultivated areas, gardens and plantations up to 1.000 meters above sea level. The birds regularly travel between the smaller islands and make daily flights between roosts and areas of foraging, calling the attention with its loud cries in flight as a time to settle to rest.

They normally gather in small groups of up to a dozen individuals in search of food, usually fruits and nuts, and commonly throw the remains of trees in which is feed from, since they discard unwanted elements.

Reproduction:

Nesting has been recorded between August and December, Noting a nest in the hollow of a mature tree in the forest at a height of some 30 m.

Food:

The fruit of the Sonneratia alba, also Canarium vulgare and casuarinas.

Distribution:

Widely but unevenly distributed across Nusa Tenggara, the Moluccas and Islands to the West of Papua. The range includes the following Islands: Sumba, Timor (West end) and adjacent Semau , Flowers, Madu, Kalaotowa, Kalao, Tanahjampea, the Group Tukangbesi to the southwest of Sulawesi, Damar, Babar, the Group Tanimbar, Seram, Haruku, Buru, OBI, Bacan, Kayoa, Halmahera, Makian, Moti, Ternate, Ternate, Morotai, Mayu, islets to the North of Sulawesi and the Group Togian to the East of Sulawesi, Sangir and groups Talaud, Widi, Muor, Gébé, Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool. The nominal race seems to have been introduced in Balut at the southern end of Mindanao, Philippines. Occasional records in Java and Bali they are probably leaks, but the birds on the Mainland of New Guinea they may be wandering genuine, probably from the small islands of the West Group of Papua. The species is fairly common, but you might be getting some local decreases as a result of trade and habitat loss. The world population is estimated at more of 100.000 birds.

Distribution of subspecies Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Subspecies
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Affinis (Wallace, 1863) – South of Moluccas
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Djampeae (Hartert, 1924) – Islands Tanahjampea and Kalao, South of Sulawesi
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Floris (Hartert, 1924) – Islands Flowers and Lesser Sunda.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Hellmayri (Mayr, 1944) – Southwest of the Islands Timor, Semau and Roti.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Subaffinis (PL Sclater, 1883) – Tanimbar Islands, and Babar Islands.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorynchos Sumbensis (AB Meyer, 1882) – Islands Sumba and Lesser Sunda.
  • Tanygnathus Megalorync Viridipennis (Hartert, 1903) – Islands Kalaotowa and Madu, South of Sulawesi.
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The world population is estimated at more of 100.000 birds.

This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the thresholds for Vulnerable According to the criterion of size range.

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

In captivity:

Quiet, little shrill, don't like to be touched.
Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Great-billed Parrot, Great billed Parrot, Island Parrot, Large-billed Parrot, Moluccan Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à bec de sang, Perruche à gros bec (francés).
- Schwarzschulterpapagei, Schwarzschulter-Papagei (alemán).
- Tanygnathus megalorynchos (portugués).
- Loro de Pico Grueso, Loro Picogordo, Loro Picogoro (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Tanygnathus
- Nombre científico: Tanygnathus megalorynchos
- Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
- Protónimo: Psittacus megalorynchos

Great-billed Parrot images

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Great-billed Parrot (Tanygnathus megalorynchos)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Loromania
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as 照片 1445) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons from Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia
(2) – By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as great-billed parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – “Tanygnathus megalorynchos-two in captivity-8a” by TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as 照片 1466. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – «Tanygnathus megalorynchos-captivity-8a» poor TJ Lin – originally posted to Flickr as great-billed parrot. Disponible bajo la licencia CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(5) – A bird in flight by James Eaton – Lynx
(6) – “Tanygnathus megalorynchos – Barraband“. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Mike Catsis (Xeno-canto)

Green Racquet-tail
Prioniturus luconensis


Green Racquet-tail

Description

29 cm.. length.

The Green Racquet-tail (Prioniturus luconensis) has the head of color green light, impregnated of green yellowish around them lores and the base of the bill. Mantle light green, slightly yellowish. Wings green; vane outer, the first three primaries green, impregnated blue; vane Dark internal, the more internal with pale inner edge. Wing feathers greenish yellow, underside of flight feather impregnated of blue dark. The underparts brighter yellowish green, more yellow in the undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail green, lateral feathers strongly impregnated dark bluish-green and dark-tipped; undertail, the tail bluish.

Bill grey bluish pale ; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The female has the rackets of the tail shorter.

The juveniles they do not have rackets on tail.

  • Sound of the Green Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito-momoto of Luzon.mp3]
Habitat:

Previously reported in the strata media of the land low of forest primary, and in the nearby cornfields, for the most part below 700 m. Recent records are from small groups of a maximum of seven birds that live most degraded or selectively, in exploited forests outside of settlements.

Reproduction:

Young have been observed in Luzon during the month of may. The nest It , apparently, a hollow tree. Little more is known about the habits of this rare Parrot.

Food:

The diet includes fruit, tender maize, rice, seeds and flowers.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 93.500 km2

Endemic of Luzon and Marinduque, North of Philippines. Although the species was seen as fairly common at the end of the last century in the Centre of Luzon, It seems to have suffered a rapid decline in recent years. Has not been registered in the Cordillera Central in this century, and now you can have their stronghold in the Sierra Madre, where it was reported that was generally uncommon or rare in the Decade of 1990. It is rare in all currently considered Luzon except perhaps in the Subic Bay Naval Reserve Forest (Bataan, to the East of Manila). There are no recent records of Marinduque.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Danger

• Population trend: Decreasing

The population lies in the band's 1,000 to 2,499 mature individuals.

The threats by the tala generalized and their captures to the trade of birds of cage, suggest that this species is experiencing a downhill fast in the population.

There is no national legislation to protect trade and hunting, Although this is often violated. It is currently known from two protected areas, the Bataan Natural Park / Subic Bay forest reserve and the Parque Natural del North Sierra Madre. Receive nominal protection in the Maria Aurora Memorial Park.

In captivity:

Parrot moderately loud, with nice voice. New birds are highly susceptible to diseases. Initially shy, but eventually he acclimatizes to the caregiver.

Practically unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Green Racquet-tail, Green Racket-tail, Green Racket-tailed Parrot, Green Racquet tail, Green Racquet-tail Parrot, Green Racquet-tailed Parrot, Green recket-tailed parrot, Green-crowned Racket-tailed Parrot, Green-headed Racket-tailed Parrot, Green-headed Racquet-tailed Parrot (ingles).
- Palette verte, Perroquet à raquette verte (francés).
- Luzon-Spatelschwanzpapagei, Luzonpapagei (alemán).
- Prioniturus luconensis (portugués).
- Lorito momoto de Luzón, Lorito Momoto Verde, Lorito-momoto de Luzón (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Prioniturus
- Nombre científico: Prioniturus luconensis
- Citation: Steere, 1890
- Protónimo: Prioniturus Luconensis

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Green Racquet-tail (Prioniturus luconensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By marco cooked – Forum of The European Ornithological Association

Sounds: Cedric MROCZKO (Xeno-canto)

Golden-mantled Racquet-tail
Prioniturus platurus


Golden-mantled Racquet-tail

Description

28 cm.. length and a weight between 200 and 225 g..

Golden-mantled Racquet-tail

The head of the Golden-mantled Racquet-tail (Prioniturus platurus) is light green. The crown Violet gray with a red spot on the front edge; rear of the neck Ocre-Naranja. Mantle light grey, changing to green (marked in grey) on the back; rump and uppertail-coverts green. Wing coverts green, strongly impregnated with pale grey (more green in the coverts more internal); primaries Greens with vane Dark internal; secondary internal Green with yellow line at the margins; bend of wing grey violet, carpal edge yellow. Wing feathers green; underside of flight feather marked in blue. Underparts brighter yellowish green, more green in the upper part of the chest, and yellow in the undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail green in the center, dotted in bluish black on the sides; undertail, the tail pale blue; spatulas blackish.

Bill pale grey, with the lower mandible and the tip of the bill darker; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The female lacks the color red and blue marks from the crown and of the collar back orange; underparts washed in less differentiated grey; rackets shorter tail.

Immature without rackets the tail.

  • Sound of the Golden-mantled Racquet-tail.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito momoto dorsidorado.mp3]
Subspecies:
  • Prioniturus platurus platurus

    – The nominal.

  • Prioniturus platurus talautensis

    – (Hartert, E, 1898) Paler in general males; less grey on the mantle and the upper wing coverts; stain clear reddish pink on the back of the Crown with most blue patch.
    The female as the nominal species but green with paler
    Juveniles as the nominal species but also with the Green pale

  • Prioniturus platurus sinerubris

    – (Forshaw, 1971) Males with reddish pink spot away from the back of the Crown; mantle and upper wing coverts, green, slightly washed with grey; curve wing and lesser coverts bathed in purple; smaller.

Habitat:

The Golden-mantled Racquet-tail It inhabits the edges of moist forests, forests, orchards and forests of the lowlands Moss, to 2.000 m (most common above 1.000 m). The birds are seen generally in small noisy groups of 5-10 Member, flying over the forest, or during daily movements between the feeding and rest areas.

Reproduction:

A female in breeding condition was observed in October and the nest was in a hollow tree; nothing more is known about the reproductive behavior of the species.

Food:

Have been seen feeding on fruiting mango (Mangifera indica), and the diet includes fruits, seeds and flowers.

Distribution:

Tamaño de la distribución (reproducción/residente): 186.000 km2

Restricted to Sulawesi and nearby islands, including Talaud, Siau, Lembeh, Togian, Group Banggai, Ambon, Muna and Buton. Generally, the species is common and the world's population is considered that it may be above 10.000 exemplary and stable: the nominal race numbers estimated that it may be above the 10.000 birds and stable, the subspecies talautensis It is less numerous with a population of about of 5.000 specimens, and the sinerubris It is thought that it may be around 10.000 exemplary and probably stable.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Prioniturus platurus platurus

    – The nominal.

  • Prioniturus platurus talautensis

    – (Hartert, E, 1898) Is distributed in the Talaud Islands.

  • Prioniturus platurus sinerubris

    – (Forshaw, 1971) Is distributed in Taliabu and Mangole in the Sula Islands

One of the places where you can see this bird is the Gunung Ambang nature reserve in Sulawesi.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although it is estimated that it may be between 10,000 and 20,000 specimens. The species is described as common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Susceptible to fungal infections.
Rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

- Golden-mantled Racquet-tail, Gold-backed Racquet-tail, Gold-backed Racquet-tailed Parrot, Golden Mantled Racket-tailed Parrot, Golden mantled Racquet tail, Golden-mantled Racket-tail, Golden-mantled Racket-tailed Parrot, Golden-mantled Racquet-tail Parrot, Golden-mantled Racquet-tailed Parrot, Gold-mantled Racket-tail, Gold-mantled Racket-tailed Parrot, Gold-mantled Racquet-tailed Parrot (ingles).
- Palette à manteau d'or, Perroquet à raquette à manteau d'or (francés).
- Goldmantelpapagei (alemán).
- Prioniturus platurus (portugués).
- Lorito Momoto Dorado, Lorito momoto Dorsidorado, Lorito-momoto Dorsidorado (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Prioniturus
- Nombre científico: Prioniturus platurus
- Citation: (Vieillot, 1818)
- Protónimo: Psittacus platurus

————————————————————————————————

Golden-mantled Racquet-tail (Prioniturus platurus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Prioniturus platurus golden mantled racquet tail – Parrot-birds
(2) – “Prioniturus platurus” by John Gould – Gould, John, 1804-1881; Sharpe, Richard Bowdler, 1847-1909: Birds of Asia., Volume 6, London, [2]. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

Guaiabero
Lunulatus lunulatus


Guaiabero

Description

15 cm.. length between 62 and 77 g. of weight.

Guaiabero

The head of the Guaiabero (Lunulatus lunulatus), is mainly green, strongly impregnated of color blue light around them eyes, in the lores, the chin and (vaguely) on throat. Mantle slightly of a green over dark that it crown, bordered above pale yellowish green.

Primary coverts blue; the others wing-coverts, greenish. The flight feather with the vane Blue external, alula bluish. Uppertail bright green, great coverts Underwing bordered with yellow; rest of the underwings with pale yellow bar in all vane internal of flight feather (except the primaries outermost). Underparts uniform Green, slightly paler which the upperparts. Tail closed from color green bright by over, pale blue below.

Bill greyish black; irises dark brown; legs gray.

The female much less blue sign in the face, and has yellowish the part back from the neck and rump, both showing darker scalloped.

Immature are like females, but with the bill lighter.

Subspecies description
  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : (Scopoli, 1786) – Nominal

  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : (Parkes, 1971) – The male is like the intermedius, but with the plumage, in general, more yellow, above all in the underparts; face and neck nuchal darker and more bluish green; cheeks with less blue. The female as in the intermedius, but in general with more plumage yellow; rump and the nuchal collar more yellow and brighter. The youth adult females are.

  • Lunulatus lunulatus intermedius

    : (Salvadori, 1891) – The face of the male is blue dark dyed in purple; neck brilliant blue. Female bordered blue in the throat; cheeks pale green; Green more pale around them eyes; neck yellow-orange. The youth are like the female adult.

  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : (Steere, 1890) – The cheeks of the male are green, Blue around them eyes, Blue throat; neck darker and brighter blue than the lunulatus; yellow tint to green in the head. The female as of the lunulatus, but the head tinted yellowish-green. The youth adult females are.

Habitat:

It inhabits in open forests, forests and its vicinity, secondary vegetation, Savannah, farmland, gardens and mangroves, in the lowlands up to approximately 600 meters above sea level. The birds gather at fruit trees, sometimes in groups of up to 50 Member. Easier to detect in flight. While they feed on move silently and can be difficult to locate.

Reproduction:

The ecology of the species, little is known. A female in farming conditions It was observed during the month of March.

Food:

The diet includes fruit, especially the guavas (Psidium guajava)

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 212.000 km2

Limited to the lowlands of the Philippine Islands, including Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, Leyte and Panaon.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : Nominal

  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : Samar (central Philippines)

  • Lunulatus lunulatus intermedius

    : Northern Philippines (Leyte and Panaon)

  • Bolbopsittacus lunulatus Lunulatus

    : Mindanao (Southern Philippines)

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although estimated at more of 50.000 specimens. The species, According to sources, it is enough common in all its limited area of distribution (pit et to the. 1997).

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Almost unknown in captivity.

Parrot quiet and gentle. Sensitive to stress and infections, primarily by protozoa. Strict hygiene is necessary to protect this species of infectious diseases. They must be kept in pairs.

Alternative names:

- Guaiabero (ingles).
- Guaiabero lunulé, Perruche lunulée, Psittacule lunulée (francés).
- Stummelschwanzpapagei (alemán).
- Guaiabero (portugués).
- Lorito Guayabero, Lorito Guayabo (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Bolbopsittacus
- Nombre científico: Bolbopsittacus lunulatus
- Citation: (Scopoli, 1786)
- Protónimo: Psittacus lunulatus


Guaiabero (Lunulatus lunulatus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Guaiabero (Lunulatus lunulatus) By Luis V. Limchiu [CC BY-SA 3.0, GFDL or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A painting of a green parrot by Edward Lear. It looks like a female Guaiabero (Lunulatus lunulatus) Edward Lear [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Paul Noakes (Xeno-canto)

Edwards' Fig-Parrot
Psittaculirostris edwardsii


Edwards' Fig-Parrot

Description

18 cm.. length and weight around 105 g..

The Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii) you have the front and a bright yellowish-green Crown, with a green stripe on the back; neck greyish-Brown band above the band of gris-negruzco color that extends into the eye; area before and just behind the eyes, green. Elongated lower headset feathers and orange-red fire Gorge, with some green basal feathers interspersed and ends the headphone rear (also elongated) golden yellow with orange.

Dark green back: curve of the wing marked in blue. Black flight feathers marked with green in vane outer (except the primary outer) and with vane internal yellow, forming a set of bars under her wings; marked inner coverts reddish-orange. The wings of blue-green feathers, the longest with yellow tip. Ruff of blue purple color with some lighter green feathers; Centre of the breast and upper belly of a showy orange-red; flanks, supracaudales yellowish-green coverts and thighs. Upper, the Green tail; undertail, opaque yellow olive.

Black Peak; reddish brown to Brown irises; light grey legs.

The female of the Edwards' Fig-Parrot It lacks the heart of red on the chest and upper abdomen, and it has a wider blue-purple band on the chest, inset below with red.

Immatures resemble females, but with the headphones coverts greenish yellow.

Habitat:

The Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii) they are distributed between the humid lowland forests, partially cleared areas, wooded edges, as well as many rural communities, up to about 800 meters above sea level.

The birds are usually found in pairs or small noisy flocks, Although groups have been found for up to 400 birds collected in the canopy of fruit trees.

Rapid movements are, and usually they hang you upside down to reach food.
Has been in mixed flocks with the Double-eyed Fig-Parrot.

Reproduction:

Nesting behavior of the Edwards' Fig-Parrot they have been observed since January through may. In October he was seen a male rubbing its peak with the female and hovering above its perch. The nest is in a hole, at the top of a tree in the forest.

Food:

The diet consists of fruit, including the Ficus figs and casuarinas, nectar and probably insects

Distribution:

Endemic to the lowlands of the North of New Guinea in Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea. It is commonly distributed in the Northeast all Jayapura along the coastal lowlands and inland to around of Pagwi, Chamhri Lake and the Jimi River. Observed in the region of the Sepik River, extending eastward to the lowlands of the Huon peninsula and the Markham River. The world's population is believed to be in excess of 100.000.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Edwards' Fig-Parrot It has not been quantified, It is estimated around the 100,000 specimens. The species according to sources, is common to very frequent, at the local level (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Active Parrot, need space to exercise. It has nice voice, harmless. Initially shy and nervous, It is customary to the caregiver with the time. You can die suddenly without apparent reason.

It is very rare in poultry.

Alternative names:

- Edwards' Fig-Parrot, Edward's Fig Parrot, Edwards' Fig Parrot, Edwards's Fig Parrot, Edwards's Fig-Parrot, Scarlet-cheeked Fig Parrot (ingles).
- Psittacule d'Edwards (francés).
- Edwardszwergpapagei, Edwards Zwergpapagei, Edwards-Zwergpapagei (alemán).
- Psittaculirostris edwardsii (portugués).
- Lorito de Eduardo, Lorito de Edwards (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Psittaculirostris edwardsii
- Genus: Psittaculirostris
- Citation: (Oustalet, 1885)
- Protónimo: Cyclopsittacus Edwardsii

Edwards' Fig-Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Indonesia Traveling Guide – by Farelli in Indonesia Bird
(2) – Birds-pet-wallpapers
(3) – “Psittaculirostris edwardsii” by http://www.birdphotos.comhttp://www.birdphotos.com/photos/v/parrots/IMG_3537b.jpg.html. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – By Michal Pilař – Methodological Portal
(5) – By Katerina Tvardikova – New Guinea Birds

Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot
Micropsitta finschii

Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot

Description

9,5 cm. length between 12 and 18 g. of weight.

Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot

The head of the Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta finschii) is bright green, slightly yellowish, dotted with pale blue in the chin and throat. Upperparts bright green, with fine darker stripes. The flight feather they are black with fine green edges; wing feathers greenish yellow. The underparts pale yellowish green with fine darker stripes and feather in the center of the belly orange-red; uppertail-coverts yellow, the longest with bluish-green tips. Upper, the tail is off blue, Black in the Center and sides with blue and yellow tips; below, the tail is black with yellow tips.

Bill blackish; cere Pink ; irises orange red; legs grey.

Cere rose in the male, grey in the female. The females they lack the red marks in the underparts and they have pink feathers, not blue, on chin.

Immature with bill grayish and reddish brown, not orange-red, the irises.

In the juvenile birds the cere is greyish in both sexes. Males immature of the species nominal lack of the chin Blue and red markings in the abdomen.

  • Sound of the Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Microloro de Finsch.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Micropsitta finschii finschii

    (EP Ramsay, 1881) – The nominal.

  • Micropsitta finschii nanina (Tristram, 1891) – The adults have a stain blue in the part superior of the crown.
  • Micropsitta finschii viridifrons

    (Rothschild & ECTION Hartert, 1899) – Adults have a large blue spot at the top of the crown and blue tones to the sides of the face.

  • Micropsitta finschii tristami

    (Rothschild & ECTION Hartert, 1902) – Adults do not have blue spots and orange

  • Micropsitta finschii aolae

    (Ogilvie-Grant, 1888) – Adults have the upperparts darker and have a blue spot on the top of the crown.

Habitat:

Most common in the lowland primary forest at medium altitude, are observed to the 900 meters above sea level (lower limit of cloud forests where they are replaced by the Red-breasted Pygmy-Parrot, but they are distributed in a variety of habitats, including weed gardens, casuarinas, secondary growth, areas of open scrubland and occasionally coconut (Cocos nucifera). It's a vociferous and active species, difficult to observe. They are alone, in pairs or in groups of 3 to 6 birds. They feed on acrobatic form, down with your head upside down and using their tails as support on the bark of the trees.

Reproduction:

One or two eggs are deposited by the female in a cavity excavated over a period of several weeks in an active nest of tree termites (that is also used for the rest). Adults were observed with calves in January of 1995 in the South of New Ireland. The period of reproduction It speculates that may be between March and Mayo.

Food:

Peck the trunks and branches of the tree tops and medium height plants to glean Lichens and fungi, also noticed them is feeding of seeds of Casuarina.

Distribution:

Are found in the Bismarck Archipelago including New Hanover, Tabar, Lihir and New Ireland, through Bougainville in the Solomon Islands in Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Malaita, Vella Lavella, Gizo, Kolombangara, New Georgia, Rendova, the Russell Islands, the Islands of Florida, Nggela Sule, Guadalcanal, Uki and San Cristóbal.

Distribution of subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, supposedly above 100.000 specimens. The species according to sources, It is abundant within its range (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

Not found in captivity.
This species only has been live for short periods in captivity; new birds may refuse foods completely.

Alternative names:

- Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot, Emerald Pygmy Parrot, Finsch's Pygmy Parrot, Green Pygmy Parrot, Green Pygmy-Parrot (ingles).
- Micropsitte de Finsch (francés).
- Salomonenspechtpapagei, Salomonen-Spechtpapagei (alemán).
- Micropsitta finschii (portugués).
- Microloro de Finsch (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Micropsitta finschii
- Genus: Micropsitta
- Citation: (Ramsay,EP, 1881)
- Protónimo: Nasiterna Finschii

————————————————————————————————

Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta finschii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – A bird foraging on a trunk by Josep del Hoyo – lynx
(2) – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M

Sounds: Mark Todd (Xeno-canto)

Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot
Micropsitta geelvinkiana


Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot

Description

The Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta geelvinkiana) has 9 cm.. length between 13 and 17 g. of weight.

Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot

The coverts headphones are of color brown with fusion to blue-green in the part rear; crown purple-blue; Upperparts green, Middle coverts with centers of color blackish. The flight feather Black with narrow green borders in vane outer. The underparts Green Center of chest and belly ocher-yellow, more warm towards the part superior of the chest. Uppertail Yellow. Central feathers of the tail blue, Green Tips with yellow spots and black exterior.

The bill grey; irises of color red or brown orange; legs grey.

Female with less blue of the crown and underparts greenish yellow.

Immature with the bill most of yellow and grey tip.

  • Sound of the Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Microloro the Geelvink.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Micropsitta geelvinkiana geelvinkiana

    : (Schlegel, 1871) – The nominal

  • Micropsitta geelvinkiana misoriensis

    : (Salvadori, 1876) – The male has the head Brown marks on the belly yellow and orange. Female with the crown Blue and underparts greenish.

Habitat:

With distributes in lowland, secondary growth, cultivated areas with isolated trees, and around native gardens, until 300 meters or higher altitudes. The birds are found in groups of 4-5. and is them has seen associate it with other birds in them trees low of berries that accrued in the forest. Very shy.

Reproduction:

They dig caves in termite tree in which to lay their eggs (also used for rest cavities at night), often close to the ground. The nesting It was observed from mid-June to August. Arndt He found two young in a nest which were visited by the female every two hours. The camera was full of dust from the Termite Mound and contained some shell of broken eggs and feathers.

Food:

Probably Lichen and fungi from the bark of the trees. As in other Meeki, crushed seeds were found in the stomach of a bird collected.

Distribution:

Distribución de tamaño (reproducción/residente): 2,500 km2

Are observed only in Numfor and Biak Islands, (Indonesia), up to about 300 meters above sea level. In 1991 It was thought that the global population was around of 10.000 and stable, but in 1997 searches for the species over a period of 12 days he suggested either that was rare or that easily overlooked, with observations on a single day, sometimes only with sound contacts.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Micropsitta geelvinkiana geelvinkiana

    : (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal

  • Micropsitta geelvinkiana misoriensis

    : (Salvadori, 1876) – Present in Biak island.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified; in 1991 It was estimated in approximately 10,000 specimens. The species is described as well distributed in good numbers in primary and secondary lowland forests (pit et to the. 1997).

There are no data on population trends, but the species is suspected that it is decreasing at a rate of slow to moderate, due to loss of habitat.

In captivity:

Not found in poultry farming.

Alternative names:


- Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot, Geelvink Bay Pygmy Parrot, Geelvink Pygmy Parrot (ingles).
- Micropsitte de Geelvink (francés).
- Geelvinkspechtpapagei, Geelvink-Spechtpapagei (alemán).
- Micropsitta geelvinkiana (portugués).
- Microloro de Geelvink (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Nombre científico: Micropsitta geelvinkiana
- Genus: Micropsitta
- Citation: (Schlegel, 1871)
- Protónimo: Nasiterna pygmaea Geelvinkiana

————————————————————————————————

Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot (Micropsitta geelvinkiana)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A juvenile bird on the termite mount (nest). by mehdhalaouate – lynx
(2) – “Nasiternageelvinkianakeulemans” by John Gerrard KeulemansOrnithological Miscellany. Volume 1. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: George Wagner (Xeno-canto)

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