Spectacled Parrotlet
Forpus conspicillatus

Spectacled Parrotlet

Description:

12,7 to 13,9 cm.. height.

Spectacled Parrotlet

The male of the Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus) has a yellowish green forehead extending the cheeks and to the throat.

The underparts They are slightly off in colouration, with a bluish gray suffusion in chest. The area surrounding the eyes It is cobalt blue. The wings and upperparts is dark green, with the back and rump blue-violet color, with a darker shade on own rear.

The bill Pink is white. The legs They are pink. The irises is dark brown.

Colors female they are duller in terms of the general coloring. Their upperparts They are brighter, with the area around the eyes, emerald green. The underparts They are more yellowish green.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Forpus conspicillatus caucae

    (Chapman, 1915) – It is paler and blue around the eyes is lighter and is just behind these.

  • Forpus conspicillatus conspicillatus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Nominal.

  • Forpus conspicillatus metae

    (Borrero & Hernandez-Camacho, 1961) – Blue around eyes It is very small.

Habitat:

It is very common. It is found in varied ecosystems, patches of forest, clear with scattered trees, cultivated areas, from 200 m to 1800 m (migrate attitudinally up 2600 metres in Bogotá). They are noisy flocks of more of 120 individuals.

Reproduction:

Nest in postholes and termiteros.

Food:

Feeds on grass and weed seeds, fruit, berries, flowers and buds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 822.000 km2

Patchy and discontinuous distribution. East of Panama, Colombia and West of Venezuela.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Forpus conspicillatus caucae

    (Chapman, 1915) – Southwest of Colombia, to the West of the Andes (Cauca and Nariño); possibly west of Ecuador.

  • Forpus conspicillatus conspicillatus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Nominal. From the tropical eastern Panama north central Colombia.

  • Forpus conspicillatus metae

    (Borrero & Hernandez-Camacho, 1961) – Slope of the Andes of Colombia to the west end of Venezuela.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In increased.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is increasing as habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Spectacled parrot in captivity:

In captivity is common in some European countries, rare elsewhere. It is a bird lively, Intelligent and with attitude. They are highly valued for being quiet; they can learn many words and whistle very well. Are loving and they love spending time with their owners, However, they are happy and independent enough to happily play with their toys while the owner is absent. Need much space as it is a bird very Active, as well as different toys.

Alternative names:

Spectacled Parrotlet (English).
Toui à lunettes, Perruche-moineau à lunettes (French).
Brillensperlingspapagei, Augenring-Sperlingspapagei, Brillenpapagei (German).
Tuim-da-colômbia (Portuguese).
Catita Enana Pálida, Cotorrita de Anteojos, Periquito de Anteojos (Spanish).
Periquito Ojiazul (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus conspicillatus
Citation: (Lafresnaye, 1848)
Protonimo: Psittacula conspicillata

Images Spectacled Parrotlet:


Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    – Book parrots, parrots and macaws Neotropical.

    Photos:

    (1) – A female Spectacled Parrotlet in Manizales, Caldas, By Julian Londono from Colombia Manizales, Colombia [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A male Spectacled Parrotlet in Manizales, Caldas, By Julian Londono from Colombia Manizales, Colombia [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A pair of Spectacled Parrotlets in Manizales, Caldas, By Julian Londono from Colombia Manizales, Colombia [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – A male Spectacled Parrotlet in Colombia just outside the entrance of its nest By Rogier Klappe [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus) by Ron KnightFlickr
    (6) – PSITTACULA CONSPICILLATA By Internet Archive Book Images [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds:

Rufous-fronted Parakeet
Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons

Catita Frentirrufa

Description:

18 cm.. height.

The Rufous-fronted Parakeet (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons) has an unmistakable band narrow in the forecrown, face and around the base of the bill, brown-red color; cheeks and throat, brighter yellowish green; crown, rear area of the neck, the mantle, scapulars, wing-coverts and skull, green; uppertail-coverts a green slightly paler. Outerwebs to primaries, bluish green. Under, the wings bluish green. Breast of color green beige tinted in green olive; rest of underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail green; by down green dyed blue. Bill brownish (slightly thickness and width) with grey base to the upper mandible; bare periophthalmic grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature not described.

  • Sound of the Rufous-fronted Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Rufous-fronted Parakeet.mp3]

Habitat:

Occupies the area warm upper and low of the Páramo of the high mountains in bushes, hillside sparsely wooded near the line of trees, and habitats more open including fields of potatoes; those records are in altitudes of 2.800 to 4.000 m, the most about 3,200 m. Probably he wanders outside the breeding season. Highly gregarious, they forage in flocks of 5 to 50 individuals, Noting with relative frequency in the soil. Communal dormideros on the cliffs.

Reproduction:

They have reported nesting on cliffs. The male reproductive condition taken in mid-January.

Food:

It feeds mainly on ground of seeds grass, as Calamagrostis effusa, and of herbs, as flowers and achenes of Espeletia hartwegiana.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 18.600 km2

Endemic the high slopes of the Central Andes of Colombia, in where have been sightings in two areas General. The group over North of records involves the complex volcanic Nevado del Ruiz and Nevado del Tolima, where are the departments of Tolima, Quindio, Risaralda and Caldas. The southern part is located on the slopes of the Purace volcano in the Cauca. The high mountains are located between these two areas, by what the distribution can be continuous or of low density in all the chain Andean central, from Caldas until the Cauca.

The Rufous-fronted Parakeet be found in several areas protected including the Book high Quindio Acaime and the Los Nevados National Park, considered the last stronghold of the species; is common there with more than 100 birds observed during eight hours in 1993. However, overgrazing can pose a threat to long term on this site.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Generally low density of the species (perhaps only a bird by km2) and scarce. Total population Perhaps 1.000-2.000 birds, probably less. IN DANGER OF EXTINCTION.

Threats

The conversion of forests for purposes agricultural is has extended below the 3.300 m in the Central Andes. In the elevations more high, the forest is exploited for firewood and grazing, Although left large areas. Given his adaptation to the environment agricultural, the level of threat posed by deforestation is unknown (Snyder et to the. 2000). On the other hand, the widespread destruction of Páramo vegetation, even in Los Nevados, seems to have affected seriously to the population of the Rufous-fronted Parakeet. This is caused by the burning frequent, intense grazing and, to a lesser extent, the conversion to the cultivation of the potato. Colombian authorities have not been able to buy existing properties within national parks, making often that the parks are ineffective. From time to time stored as a pet.

Catita Frentirrufa in captivity:

Occasionally stays as a pet locally but it is not known in captivity outside its area of distribution.

Alternative names:

Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Rufous fronted Parakeet (English).
Toui à front roux (French).
Rotstirnsittich (German).
Periquito-tolima (Portuguese).
Catita de Frente Parda, Catita Frentirrufa, Periquito Frentirrufo (Spanish).

George Newbold Lawrence
George Newbold Lawrence

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Bolborhynchus
Scientific name: Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons
Citation: (Lawrence, 1880)
Protonimo: Brotogerys [sic] ferrugineifrons

Images:

We cannot display this gallery

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Rufous-fronted Parakeet (Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – © All rights reserved by Alonso Quevedo Gil / Fundación ProAves

Sounds:

Rose-headed Parakeet
Pyrrhura rhodocephala

Cotorra Coronirroja

Description:

24-25 cm.. height.

Rose-headed Parakeet

The Rose-headed Parakeet (Pyrrhura rhodocephala) is a small parrot with the body almost all green and a long tail. The more notorious is the hood pink reddish and the patch red behind them eyes; cheeks until uppertail-coverts green. Primary coverts white, other coverts green except, sometimes, some feathers scattered red-orange in the bend of wing. Outerwebs of them flight feather, Blue with black tips. Undertail-coverts green. Feathers of the throat, the chest and the sides of the neck, of color green olive with tips brownish that give an effect of scaly very dim; belly slightly more green olive that the upperparts, with a pale patch red in the center; the undertail-coverts green; at the top, the tail brownish red color; undertail, red clear.

Bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic white; brown the irises; legs dark gray.

Both sexes similar.

The immature shows a crown bluish green with scattered red feathers, primary coverts Blue and base green until it tail.

  • Sound of the Rose-headed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Rose-crowned-Parakeet.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits mainly in moist forests, secondary, and páramo, between 800 to 3400 m. Resident Although daily make long migrations.
Fly in flocks of 10 to 30 individuals.

Reproduction:

There is little information on reproduction, probably it breeding season between the months of May-June.

Food:

It probably feeds on berries, seeds, fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 17,000 km2

This Parrot is endemic to the Andes, in the Northwest corner of Venezuela, on both slopes of the Cordillera de Mérida from Táchira until Trujillo, with records in the mountains of Merida and North of Barinas.

Is probably resident but perform movements daily to distances considerable. They are distributed in several protected areas, apparently, effective, but the continuous deforestation in its small range must represent a threat to long term.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is described as quite common (Hilty 2003).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Cotorra Coronirroja en cautividad:

Absent in captivity, at least out of Venezuela.

Alternative names:

Rose-headed Parakeet, Rose headed Parakeet, Rose-crowned Conure, Rose-crowned Parakeet, Rose-headed Conure (English).
Conure tête-de-feu, Perriche tête-de-feu, Perruche tête-de-feu (French).
Rotkopfsittich, Rotkopf-Sittich (German).
Tiriba-cabeça-rosa (Portuguese).
Cotorra Coronirroja, Perico de Cabeza Roja (Spanish).

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura rhodocephala
Citation: (Sclater & Salvin, 1871)
Protonimo: Conurus rhodocephalus

————————————————————————————————

Rose-headed Parakeet (Pyrrhura rhodocephala)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – fouragesofsand
(2) – Pyrrhura rhodocephala, Rose-crowned Parakeet by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds:

Red-eared Parakeet
Pyrrhura hoematotis

Cotorra Colirroja

Description:

25 cm.. height.

Red-eared Parakeet

The Red-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoematotis) It is distinguishable by the Brown of the forecrown with edges bluish to them feathers; cheeks green; crown and feathers of nape Green with tips more pale and yellowish. The upperparts green. Primary coverts and maybe some feathers in the area of the Carpus, blue; other coverts green. Primaries Blue with black tips. Under wings with the lesser coverts green, the others coverts black. Throat and chest Brown olive with tones dark; margins to some feathers create a pattern squamous; sides neck also with effect squamous; belly and undertail-coverts Green with a patch Brown mal-definido in the center of the belly. Upper, the tail of color brown with tips from color olive; undertail, of color copper. Bill of color bone pink; Iris and legs brown.

Both sexes are similar. Immature not described.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura hoematotis hoematotis

    (Souance, 1857) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura hoematotis immarginata

    (Zimmer & Phelps, 1944) – It has a narrow red line above the bill. As nominal but chest and sides of neck more green and with a pickling less obvious. Not there are tips yellowish in the feathers of the crown and nape.

Habitat:

They inhabit in montane and cloud forests with open areas and trees of low dispersion, often at the edge or in clear, mainly in altitudes of 1.000-2.000 m, Although there are report of the species at altitudes between 600 and 2.400 m. It is estimated that he performs altitudinal migrations. Gregarious, mainly seen in groups of 3-12 outside the breeding season, rarely in flocks of up to 100 individuals.

Reproduction:

Probably it breeding season be in the month of August (rainy season).

Food:

Diet and breeding little documented: the food known include guava (Psidium) and petioles some leafy trees, possibly to extract larvae of insects.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 14.300 km2

To the Red-eared Parakeet is known only in the coastal mountains north of Venezuela, with the westernmost record observed in Cubiro, Lara, the eastern-most in Miranda. However, the majority of records are from Aragua in Miranda; Cubiro It is in fact the only known site in Lara and the population there is apparently discontinuous (subspecies Pyrrhura hoematotis immarginata). Diurnal movements occur from the mountains of the Highlands until the lowest feeding areas; also apparently some local seasonal movements guided by the availability of food.

Fairly common in the greater part of its area of distribution more restricted and especially numerous in the Henri Pittier National Park; its status in Lara It is unknown. Much habitat right remains within the range outside the areas protected, and there is a rate of deforestation relatively low, but with constant habitat loss around Cubiro.

Absent or very rare in captivity.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

Cotorra Colirroja en cautividad:

Absent or very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-eared Parakeet, Blood-eared Conure, Blood-eared Parakeet, Red eared Parakeet, Red-eared Conure (English).
Conure à oreillons, Perriche à oreillons, Perruche à oreillons rouges (French).
Blutohrsittich, Blutohr-Sittich (German).
Tiriba-de-orelha-vermelha (Portuguese).
Cotorra Colirroja, Perico de Cuello Rojo (Spanish).
Perico Cola Roja (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura hoematotis
Citation: Souancé, 1857
Protonimo: Pyrrhura hoematotis

Red-eared Parakeet images:


Red-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoematotis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Venezuelan endemic Red-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoematotis) photographed in captivity in Mérida, Venezuela By http://www.birdphotos.com (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Perico tail Red [Blood-eared Parakeet] (Pyrrhura hoematotis hoematotis) Place: The deer, Park national the Avila by barloventomagicoFlickr
(3) – Bando of parrots parakeet place: The deer, Park national Guaraira Repano by barloventomagicoFlickr
(4) – Pyrrhura hoematotis by Diana registerFlickr
(5) – Pyrrhura hoematotis by Diana registerFlickr
(6) – Iconographie des perroquets: Paris :P. Bertrand,1857 by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Todd’s Parakeet (sub)
Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

Cotorrita de Perijá

Perija Parakeet. Copyright ProAves Colombia.

Description:

21-23 cm.. height.

The Todd’s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) green is generally the forecrown and areas around eyes, dark red.

In flight the dark red stain is very evident abdomen. Wings below greyish. The crown and nape they are blue; the front and sides of the strip head, red and scaly appearance of the chest with wider margins. This subspecies is included within the species Pyrrhura picta.

Cotorrita de Perijá

Notes:

    Historically, classification of Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps (Todd 1947) He has been subject to opinions found. While some authors recognize this taxon at the species level, others consider it a subspecies of Pyrrhura subandina (Todd 1947) or Pyrrhura picta (Meyer de Schauensee 1949), the latter being the most widely followed ranking (Hilty & Brown 1986, pit et to the. 1997, Rodríguez & Hernandez-Camacho 2002). Based on analysis of morphological characters, Joseph (2000) and Joseph & Stockwell (2002) suggested that P. caeruleiceps should be considered as a distinct phylogenetic species and taxon Pyrrhura pantchenkoi (Phelps 1977), described from two specimens with worn plumage, is its synonym. Hilty (2003) He continued this treatment, but the classification committee Bird South America of the American Ornithologists’ Union recently it considered that existing information was insufficient to support this taxonomic change according to the biological species concept and kept provisionally caeruleiceps like a subspecies of painted parakeet (Remsen et al. 2010).
    Source: Rediscovery and notes on the ecology and vocalizations of Todd’s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) in northeastern Colombia

Ecology:

They inhabit in rainforest, semi-húmeda and low cloud forests.
Nest sizable trees in abandoned nests of other species.

Distribution:

The enigmatic and little known Todd’s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps) It has a very restricted range in the rainforest, mainly between 500 and 900 Attitude meters along the border between Colombia and Venezuela, as well as patches of tropical forest in the foothills of the Serranía del Perijá.

Its Freedom population It is believed to be about 30 to 50 individuals.

Conservation:

The forest loss and fragmentation are the main threats facing this bird, but the species is also trapped and kept in cages as a pet. In accordance with the categories of the UICN It is considered In danger (IN), mainly due to the habitat destruction.

Sources:

Todd’s Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps)

– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Proaves

Sinu Parakeet (sub)
Pyrrhura subandina

Cotorrita del Sinú

21 to 23 cm.. height.

The Sinu Parakeet (Pyrrhura subandina) It, in general, green, with the forecrown and areas around eyes dark red.

In flight It is very evident dark red stain abdomen, the wings below greyish. The cheeks They have a greenish blue tone, the area surrounding the ear It is yellowish-brown and the breast feathers with design marginalized gray escamado.

Lives or lived in rainforest, semi-húmeda, deciduous forests of Gallery,low. It nests on trees of considerable size in hollow nests woodpeckers.

Endemic of Colombia, in the lower valley of Sinu river, Jaraquiel, Cerro Murrucucú, Córdoba.

Expeditions in recent years have failed to see her.

Estimated population: 0-100; The population trend: possibly extinct

We recommend that you devote to Sinu Parakeet immediate attention to the conservation of this unique endemic species of the plain Sinú River.

Habitats in the forest and close to the Valley of the Sinú River have been extensively altered and lost.

History:

The Sinu Parakeet It was described by Todd 1917 as a distinctive bird endemic Valley Sinú River, Córdoba Department, Northwest of Colombia. Peters (1937), without evidence or any basis placed the Pyrrhura subandina within the species Pyrrhura picta, and the species immediately fell into obscurity as subspecies. However, Joseph and Stockwell (2002) they restored the status to Pyrrhura subandina as a species, based on a detailed assessment and phylogenetic analyses recent (com. pers. 2003).

DNA analysis has shown that the population of the Sinu Parakeet (Pyrrhura subandina) It is probably different (monotypic) (Joseph & Stockwell 2002), although at present it remains a subspecies of the Pyrrhura picta pending further studies (SACC 2007).

There is no information on the ecology of the Sinu Parakeet or current status. The species has never been reported alive and its range has been extensively deforested (Salaman obs. pers.)

At the beginning of 2004 Paul Salman He visited the four sites type; two are entirely deforested, While Quimarí and the Cerro Murrucucú still have some fragmented forests. No evidence of any Pyrrhura It was obtained by observations and interviews with the local community. In May of 2004, a researcher at ProAves he spent three months exploring for this species along the Cerro Murrucucú but their results were not favorable. The lack of recent records of this species and its restricted and unprotected range give reasons for concern about their survival and current status.

    Reference: Joseph, L. and Stockwell, D. 2002. Climatic modeling of the distribution of some Pyrrhura parakeets of northwestern South America with notes on their systematics and special reference to Pyrrhura caeruleiceps Todd, 1947. Ornitologia Neotropical 13: 1-8.

The Sinu Parakeet (Pyrrhura subandina) It was last recorded reliably in 1949. Almost nothing was recorded about their habits. It was not found during searches 2004 and 2006 (ProAves Colombia 2008). He may be extinct, but if still survives, this bird will be seriously threatened by habitat loss and hunting associated with the armed conflict in the region; The future of this Pyrrhura It looks bleak.

* Subspecies included within the species Pyrrhura picta.

Sinu Parakeet (Pyrrhura subandina)

Sources:

– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws.
eLibrary
proaves
– Extinct Birds by Julian P. Hume, Michael Walters.

Photo: Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Tucuman Parrot
Amazona tucumana

Tucuman Parrot

Description:

Anatomy-parrots-eng
31 cm.. length.

The Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) It is mostly green, with black borders on the feathers, giving the whole a scalloped appearance.

Relatively large and stocky have the forecrown red and eye rings white. Has also patch Red in the wing-coverts (most notoriously in flight); thin yellow line in shoulder almost half of wing ; the primary wing feathers They have the blue tips, and the thighs They are orange-yellow. The tail It is short and feathers yellow.

The bill It is yellowish to pinkish, and eyes adults are orange-yellow. The legs They are pale gray.

Both the male as the female They are similar in appearance, but the immature They are generally green in full, with the thighs green than orange and less red on the forecrown. Another key difference between adult and immature is that eyes young people are gray.

Taxonomic note:

Until a few years ago it was considered a subspecies of the Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei) (Fjeldså y Krabbe 1990), but now they are recognized as separate species, although closely related to each other and, In addition, with the Vinaceous Parrot (Amazona vinacea), who possibly form a basal group to all other parrots of the genus (Russello y Amato 2004).

  • Sound of the Amazona tucumana.

Habitat:

Video Amazona Tucumana

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

It is found in open forests Andean mountain forests Yungas, particularly in areas with Alnus acuminata or Podocarpus parlatorei, as well as other species of Alnus, Podocarpus and Nothofagus. This species It is in elevations of between 1.600 and 2.600 metres in the breeding season, but during breeding season not descend to lower elevations around 350 m. At this time, sometimes you can enter inhabited areas.

Often it gathers in large flocks often have more than 200 individuals.

Reproduction:

The Tucuman Parrot They breed between November and January or February, building usually your nest in a hole in a tree Alnus or Podocarpus. The normal size clutch is three to four eggs, although they have been reported sunsets from one to five eggs. The incubation lasts around 26 to 29 days, usually it is the female that the male incubates and which feeds, and the main source of food for chicks come from seeds and flowers Podocarpus parlatorei. Young they leave the nest usually after seven to nine weeks.

Food:

The Tucuman Parrot They feed on trees Family Myrtaceae, as well as seeds and flowers trees as Podocarpus parlatorei, Juglans australis and Alnus, of the immature fruits of the species Cedrela and flowers species Erythrina.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 86.200 km2

The Amazona tucumana It is located in northwest Argentina and in southern Bolivia, where it is known in 12 locations departments Tarija, Chuquisaca and Santa Cruz (A. Maccormick in some. 2005, R. Hoyer in some. Slightly., 2012).

A recent study of the situation and distribution of the species Argentina registered 6.015 individuals (Rivera et al., 2007) and Argentina estimated that the population was near 10.000 birds, but around 20.000 They were exported from Argentina in the mid 80, suggesting that there may have been a substantial population decline.

After inclusion in the Appendix I of the CITES, international trade was cut, Although the Local exploitation continues. However, It does not appear that the stocks have recovered, and loss of habitat is of concern, particularly in Argentina, where their habitat is highly degraded and there are only a few remains of small forests and isolated. Threats to habitat are less severe in Bolivia, but the species has declined there and is projected to continue to do so (A. Maccormick in a bit., 2005).

The main concentrations of this species in Bolivia are in clad hills, Villa Serrano and Tariquía Flora and Fauna National Reserve, with 1.643 individuals recorded in several places during a recent study (Rivera et al., 2009).

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ


Vulnerable
Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 6000-15000.

Justification of the red list category

This species is classified as Vulnerable, as it is experiencing rapid population decline due to the loss of habitat and capture for the bird trade.

Justification of the population

A recent study of the situation and distribution of the species Argentina registered 6,015 individuals and Argentina estimated that the population was approximately 10.000 birds (L. Rivera in a bit., 2004). In addition, 1.643 individuals were recorded at several sites in Bolivia during another recent study (Rivera et al., 2007). The total population is well placed in the band 10.000-19.999 individuals (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012). This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, round here 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

The results of the survey, observations on habitat loss and the local occurrence of the species, and catch and trade data suggest that the population is suffering rapid population decline (L. Rivera in some.)

Conservation Actions Underway

• CITES Appendix I, although the convention is not respected in Bolivia (AB Hennessey in litt., 2012).

• Present in several protected areas, including the El Rey National Park, Argentina, mainly in the non-breeding season (L. Rivera in some. 2012).

• In 2006, was appointed the Iñao National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area, which it was the basis for the conservation of one of the largest shelters species Bolivia (Rivera Et al . 2009).

• currently it is developing an action plan for the conservation of species for each of their native countries (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Apply local trade ban (L. Rivera in a bit., 2012).

• Evaluate current population size.

• Produce an action plan species.

• Conduct additional research to clarify the scope of the current threat of trade.

• Effectively protect the core areas of remaining habitat; review their habitat requirements and complement nesting sites using boxes where appropriate (AB Hennessey in some. 2012).

• Addressing unsustainable use of resources and illegal activities in protected areas.

• Designate clad hills a protected area.

The Tucuman Parrot in captivity:

Parrots Gender Amazona are among the most recognizable and sought-after pet birds. His colorful plumage and ability to mimic the human voice have made them highly sought after for centuries and unfortunate consequence of this is the threatened status of most species (Russello y Amato 2004). In the Red list of Threatened Species International Union for the conservation of nature, 16 parrot species of this genus are included either as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered (IUCN 2010). In the same way, 16 species are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

The Amazona tucumana It is a species that should only be kept in captive with the sole purpose of achieving their reproduction and subsequent insertion into wildlife.

Alternative names:

Tucuman Parrot, Alder Amazon, Alder Parrot, Tucuman Amazon (English).
Tucumanaamazone, Tucumanamazone (German).
Amazone de Tucuman (French).
Papagaio-tucumă (Portuguese).
Amazona Alisera, Amazona Tucumana, Loro alisero (Spanish).
Loro alisero (Argentina).
Loro alisero (Bolivia).

Scientific classification:

Jean Louis Cabanis
Jean Louis Cabanis

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona tucumana
Citation: (Cabanis, 1885)
Protonimo: Chysotis tucumana

Images Tucuman Parrot:

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Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– RIVERA, Luis; POLICE, Natalia y BUCHER, Enrique H. Ecology and conservation of Loro Alisero (Amazona tucumana). Hornero [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.1 [aforementioned 2017-01-29], pp. 51-61 . Available in: <>. ISSN 0073-3407.

Photos:

(1) – Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) by birdsandbirds

Sounds: Niels Krabbe, XC29107. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/29107

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