Red billed Parrot
Pionus sordidus

Tropicbird Parrot

Description:

The Red billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus), of looking scruffy, has a length of 28 to 31 cm. and a weight between 255 and 275 g..

Red billed Parrot

The subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, the most widespread, has the feathers of the forecrown, lores and behind the eyes, Green at the base and with blue edges widths; the cheeks, ear-coverts and the sides of the neck, mainly green with some blue narrow tips; the crown and rear of the neck, Green with edges blue narrow. Mantle and back pretty dull green with paler blue margins; rump and uppertail-coverts, of color green basally, more Brown olive distally. Coverts medium and small with wide olive green tips; the front edge of the wing ; coverts primary and higher and flight feather brightest which the parts superiores and others wing-coverts.

Under, the wings green; chin green; throat and upper breast with band broadband of color blue violet; belly green, Some birds with gray Suffusion; undertail-coverts Crimson. Tail Green by the Center, Blue side; Red at the base.

Bill coral red, pale at the base of the upper mandible; cere dark grey; bare periophthalmic pale grey; Iris dark brown; legs pale grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature sample undertail-coverts yellowish-green with some red marks; head green.

  • Sound of the Red billed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro piquirrojo sound.mp3]
Description 6 subspecies
  • Pionus sordidus antelius

    (Todd, 1947) – Similar to the nominal species but the feathers of the throat lack of edges blue and the center of the chest is in color pink.

  • Pionus sordidus corallinus

    (Bonaparte, 1854) – Described above.

  • Pionus sordidus mindoensis

    (Chapman, 1925) – Is as the subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, but of color green more beige, those edges blue of the feathers of the head are more narrow and the under wing-coverts not have them edges dark.

  • Pionus sordidus ponsi

    (Aveledo & Gines, 1950) – Throat of color blue violet almost solid. The chest and upperparts they are darker and greener that the of the nominal species, they lack clear margins to the feathers of the back and of the wing-coverts.

  • Pionus sordidus saturatus

    (Todd, 1915) – More dark and more green that it nominal species with the feathers of the upperparts lack of margins of color green olive. Less green in the throat and cheeks.

  • Pionus sordidus sordidus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Much more Brown that the subspecies Pionus sordidus corallinus, with blue (turquoise) more reduced in the throat. Feathers in them upperparts with most distinctive pale margins.

Habitat:

It is a very rare species. It inhabits in mountains of cloudy humid and semi-humid forests, edges of forest and partially deforested areas, between 200-2850 m, Although they are more frequent at altitudes of 500-1.500 m. They use areas of secondary growth, partially deforested with tall trees scattered and sometimes light forests on coffee plantations, being less frequent in dry areas.

Gregarious outside of the breeding season; formations in flocks of up to 50 birds, sometimes more where the food is abundant. Children sleep in community.

Reproduction:

They nest in the cavity of the trees, sometimes in very degraded habitats. Birds in attitude breeds during the months of February-April in Colombia; Breeding in months of April-June in Venezuela, January-may in Ecuador; Nido busy in October Bolivia. Laying three eggs in captivity.

Food:

Feeds of fruit, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 169.000 km2

This species has a distribution batch through them land high in the North and West of South America, from Venezuela to the North of Bolivia. You can find in the North of Venezuela, in the mountains of Anzoátegui, Sucre, North of Monagas and apparently, of way to discontinuous, in the Highlands of the Federal District through the mountains coastal, to the West, until Lara and Falcon, then in the Sierra de Perija, Zulia and parts adjacent in Colombia, West to the foothills of Santa Marta in Magdalena, also locally in the Eastern Andes of Boyacá and Huila. Extends over the Western side of the Andes in Ecuador, from Pichincha until Gold and for all the East side to the northeast of Peru.

Although there are no records in the Eastern Andean slope, in the central and southern Peru, the range includes the Yungas North of Bolivia in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.

Common locally; apparently less numerous in the West of Ecuador and North of Bolivia, and probably in decline locally due to the deforestation (for example, in the Ecuador Western, North of Venezuela and Andes of Colombia).

A recent study not localized to the subspecies Pionus sordidus antelius in its area of distribution widely cleared, Although the subspecies can dwell in forests moderately disturbed.

Kept as pets locally although generally scarce in captivity.

Distribution 6 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

Red-billed parrot in captivity:

Very rare in captivity. In general, they are not so nervous in temperament as other parrots. They can learn to imitate.

Its diet in captivity It varied: Fruits such as: Apple, orange, banana, Granada, Cactus, they form approximately the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, Green beans, pea in the pod, fresh corn; Greens such as: Chard, lettuce, Dandelion, Aviary grass; millet; mixture of small seeds, such as: millet, birdseed, and small amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seeds; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn; hard cheese.

Alternative names:

Red-billed Parrot, Dusky parrot, Red billed Parrot, Sordid parrot (English).
Pione à bec rouge, Perroquet sordide (French).
Dunenkopfpapagei, Dunenkopf, Dunenkopf-Papagei (German).
Curica-de-bico-vermelho (Portuguese).
Cotorra Piquirroja, Loro de Pico Rojo, Loro Piquirrojo (Spanish).
Cotorra piquiroja, Cotorra Piquirroja (Colombia).
Loro de Pico Rojo (Peru).
Perico Pico Rojo (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus sordidus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus sordidus

Tropicbird Parrot images:


Red billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(2) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(3) – Red-billed Parrot, Pionus s. sordidus, Perico Pico Rojo – Our beautiful world
(4) – Red-billed Parrot (also known ans the Red-billed Pionus); two captive By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as coral-billed pionus) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-billed-Parrot (Pionus sordidus), Pajaro Jumbo Reserve, NW Ecuador By Nomdeploom (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) Le Perroquet brun [Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)] – Wikimedia

Short tailed Parrot
Graydidascalus brachyurus

Short tailed Parrot

Description:

Short tailed Parrot

23 to 24 cm.. height and between 188 and 233 g. weight.

The short tail Short tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) It is the most distinctive, although it is also known the eyes red orange.

General Green, somewhat yellowish on wing and the belly; Flying red noted in the base of the outer feathers tail and a small upper portion of wing towards the armpit.

The beak is greenish gray, large.
The sexual dimorphism in this species it is absent.

This species, the only genre Graydidascalus, is related with the Yellow-faced Parrot (Alipiopsitta xanthops), own kind of Bolivia and Brazil.

  • Sound of the Short tailed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/lorito colicorto.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits in swampy forests, intervenidas, River Islands, edges of humid and semi-humid forest, until the 400 m, associated with the banks of the rivers.

Fly quickly in large groups of up to 50 individuals, is very noisy and visit populated places. They are very social outside the breeding season. It will associate with other species of parrots in the wild.

Reproduction:

With plays during the last quarter of the year.
Successes captive breeding They have not yet been registered; although several females put one or two eggs, but no chicks. In its natural habitat, the clutch average consists of 3 to 4 eggs. The period of incubation is of 24 to 25 days.

Food:

Consume large variety of fruits (very fond of guava), tubers and possibly berries, seeds, sprouts and flowers. Foraging in the treetops.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.870.000 km2

Its population is distributed between the rivers of southeastern Colombia, East of Ecuador, northeastern Peru and northern Brazil, on Basin Amazon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 19.1-20.4% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, you suspect your decrease in population <25% over the next three generations.

Tailed parrot in captivity:

Rare in captivity. Young people are susceptible to stress and disease.

Alternative names:

Short-tailed Parrot, Short tailed Parrot (English).
Caïque à queue courte, Perroquet à queue courte, Perroquet nain de Panama (French).
Kurzschwanzpapagei, Kurzschwangenpapagei (German).
curica-verde, curica-pequena, curiquinha, papagainho-verde (Portuguese).
Cotorra Colicorta, Cotorrita Cabezona, Lorito Colicorto (Spanish).
Cotorra Colicorta (Colombia).
Loro de Cola Corta (Peru).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Graydidascalus
Scientific name: Graydidascalus brachyurus
Citation: (Temminck & Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus brachyurus

Images Short tailed Parrot:

Short tailed Parrot
Peruvian Indians with Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus)

Short tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – IBC.lynxeds.com
(2) – Peruvian Indians with Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Peruvian_Indians_with_Short-tailed_Parrot-6.jpg: Shea Hazarian [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Plate 155. Psittacus viridissimus. Green Parrot. Modern accepted name (2012) is Graydidascalus brachyurusBy William Swainson, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Zoological Illustrations, Volume III.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Red-faced Parrot
Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops

Red-faced Parrot

Description:

23 cm.. height.

The Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops) It is distinguishable by the intense red in face and pink magenta in shoulder.

Of bill Of course, yellow feathers on the sides of the neck, crown Green with more bluish back.
Dorsally, wing with blue stain and end blackish; tail with blue border.
In flight, wing with armpit red, Blue-Green rest, tail Red with blue tip.
Youth with the face less red.

  • Sound of the Red-faced Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro carirrojo.mp3]

Habitat:

Rare. It inhabits in the Woods high Andean, near fells, edges and secondary forests, from the 2400 to 3500 m. They are gregarious, usually in pairs or small flocks of 4 to 6 individuals, rarely more.
They are mostly sedentary. However, can arise some movements seasonal altitudinal.

Reproduction:

Nest in the cavities of trees in October-January; the laying of eggs in late November; the chicks are born in early December, and they leave the nest in late January.

Food:

They feed in the canopy of the forest.
Its diet includes outbreaks, flowers, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

Inhabits the southern Andes Ecuador and North end of Peru.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

The population is estimated at a number of 2.500-9.999 mature individuals.

Threats

Its decline is attributed to the destruction and fragmentation of habitat, largely through the conversion of the burning of forests in small farms (Jacobs and Walker, 1999).

Severe loss of this species can be expected due to deforestation and degradation of forests, by burning and grazing, on Cordillera de Chilla, Loja of Ecuador, although 1995 still, there were extensive areas forest (Toyne and Flanagan 1997, Jacobs and Walker 1999).

Ecuadorian Lorito in captivity:

Unknown in the poultry.

Alternative names:

Red-faced Parrot, Ecuadorian Parrot, Red faced Parrot (English).
Caïque de Salvin, Caïque à face rouge (French).
Salvinpapagei, Salvins Zwergpapagei (German).
Red-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Lorito Ecuatoriano (Spanish).
Loro de Cara Roja (Peru).

Salvin Osbert
Salvin Osbert

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Hapalopsittaca
Scientific name: Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops
Citation: (Salvin, 1876)
Protonimo: Pionopsitta pyrrhops


Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Red-faced Parrot (Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops) by Dusan M. Brinkhuizen – IBC

Rose-faced Parrot
Pyrilia pulchra

Lorito Carirrosado

Description:

23 to 26 cm.. height.

The Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra) be distinguished easily by your face and both sides of the neck purple red with black margin; crown and throat grayish coffee. General green olive in the back and beige in the belly. Wings with the part superior mixed with yellow or red orange and the rest green blue.

Stubby-looking and tail short. The immature have only have a line red on the eye and the ear While their cheeks are coffee Green.

  • Sound of the Rose-faced Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Carirrosado.mp3]

Habitat:

The Rose-faced Parrot is a parrot little known, that is is commonly between 1,200 and 2,100 m above sea level, Although has been observed at altitudes as low as 200 m. It inhabits lowland and warm humid and semi-deciduous forests. According to the information available, is known that this Parrot is often feed is on the canopy of forests, Although visit disturbed areas and crops. Flying in pairs or groups of size variable up to of 25 or more.

Reproduction:

The data on reproduction are scarce. However, they have observed individuals with gonads developed between November and February in the Chocó, in Colombia and Ecuador.

Food:

Its diet It is little known, but some observations indicate that includes in its feeding fruits of Oenocarpus bataua (Arecaceae) and other fruits from species wild and plants cultivated as banana and maize.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 195.000 km2

Are you can observe in freedom from the West of Colombia to the West of Ecuador.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “some common and distributed unevenly” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Lorito Carirrosado in captivity:

Not usually seen in aviculture. Extremely sensitive, has ever survived more than one couple of months in captivity.

Alternative names:

Rose-faced Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Rose faced Parrot (English).
Caïque à joues roses (French).
Rosenwangenpapagei, Rosenwangen-Papagei (German).
Rose-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Carirrosada, Lorito Carirrosado, Lorito de Cara Rosada (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia pulchra
Citation: von Berlepsch, 1897
Protonimo: Pionopsitta pulchra


Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org
  • Rodriguez-Mahecha & Hernández-Camacho 2002

  • Photos:

(1) – Photo © stolmstead Flickr.com

Spot-winged Parrotlet
Touit stictopterus

Spot-winged Parrotlet

Description:

17 to 18 cm.. height.

The Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus) It has a green overall coloration, clearer to the abdomen, wings brownish with white spots; below the tail opaque olive is yellow with blue edge.

The female differs from the male by feathers middle-lower wing which they are green; the forecrown and the face They are yellowish green.

  • Sound of the Spot-winged Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Spot-winged Parrotlet.mp3]

Habitat:

Very rare species. Observed at the local level and in low densities in a Habitat in decline. Its population It is likely to be small and declining, with very small sub-populations in each known locality.
It inhabits on cloudy forests and semi-humid areas of seasonal crops, between 600 and 2400 m. Apparently performs altitudinal migrations, Perhaps conditioned by the supply of food.

Reproduction:

The reproduction It is performed in March.

Food:

Feed of fruit and maize.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 129.000 km2

It lives in the wild in the Andes, southern Central cordilleras and Eastern in Colombia, western Ecuador and North of Peru.

Conservation:

Globally it is in the category vulnerable (VU) and in Colombia in danger of extinction (IN). Deforestation in Andes It is their main threat.

Cotorrita Alipinta in captivity:

Because of its condition It is not recommended that you keep this bird as a pet.

Alternative names:

Spot-winged Parrotlet, Brown-shouldered Parrotlet, Emma’s Parrotlet, Spot winged Parrotlet (English).
Toui tacheté, Toui d’Emma (French).
Tüpfelpapagei, Tüpfel-Papagei (German).
Spot-winged Parrotlet (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Alipinta, Lorito de Alas Moteadas, Periquito Alipunteado (Spanish).
Periquito Alipunteado (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Punteada (Peru).

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit stictopterus
Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1862)
Protonimo: Urochroma stictoptera

Images Spot-winged Parrotlet:


Spot-winged Parrotlet (Touit stictopterus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

  • Photos:

(1) – Urochroma stictoptera = Touit stictoptera by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet
Touit purpurata

Cotorrita Purpurada

Description:

18 cm.. height

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet

The Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus) has the forecrown, crown, ear-coverts and sides neck, color marron-oliva; lores and cheeks green; rear area of the neck of color green pale with broadcasting brownish. Mantle and top of the back, green; scapulars and tertiary, dark brown; rump blue; uppertail-coverts green.

Feather blue in it bend of wing; primary coverts brown-black, rest of the coverts green. The flight feather Brown by up in innerwebs and tips, Yes no green; pale green blue for below. Underwing-coverts green. The underparts pale, of color green emerald slightly yellowish, with a layer of ochre in the sides of the belly. The tail Le da an appearance unmistakable, with black edge, Green in the middle and dark crimson on the sides, with black margins to outerwebs.

Bill off-white color pale Horn-tipped up to the upper mandible; irises black; legs grey.

The female has the tail (except central feathers) with the subterminal band green. Immature more yellowish below; the black color in the tail confined to the tips; Green olive from the forecrown up to the nape and ear-coverts lower.

  • Sound of the Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://Wwvkmschotrioskorg/wp-kantent/thyms/imgeless_gre_buti/sonidos/Cuarita Rabadilliazulkmp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Touit purpuratus purpuratus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Touit purpuratus viridiceps

    (Chapman, 1929) – As the nominal species but with the forecrown, crown and back neck, green; flanks with less yellowish green and feathery external of the tail that show a glossy purple.

Habitat:

Species rare and difficult to observe.
It inhabits, mainly, in the canopy of humid lowlands and forests and marshes, also observed in savanna in Suriname. In lower and more open to high altitude forests in Venezuela and in isolated areas cleared forests. Reports in altitudes of 400 metres in Colombia, and 1.200 metres in Mount Duida, Venezuela. Gregarious, usually in groups of 12-40 birds.

Reproduction:

Observed the female digging a hole in a tree of forests and marshes in the month of November in Colombia; Birds in a nest in termitario tree in the month of April in Suriname, males and females in condition of breeding in the month of March in Venezuela. The laying tends to be of 3-5 eggs.

Food:

Observed eating fruit of Clusia grandiflora, Pouroma guianensis and Ficus figs and feeding on trees of Sapotaceae and Myrtaceae. Mainly forage in the canopy, Although also observed in low bushes and occasionally Earth.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 4.550.000 km2

It inhabits in the North of South America, mainly in the Basin Amazon, from the north end of Peru, East of Ecuador (Pastaza) and Colombia to the East of the Andes in West Caquetá (for example, Three corners) and the southeastern tip of Guainía (along the Rio Negro) to the South of the Brazilian Amazon until For and North of Maranhão, to the North of the Amazon and along the Rio Vaupes and the Içana River through the basin of the Rio Negro until Manaus; then through the South of Venezuela from Amazon along the Orinoco to the South from the River Ventauri, in the Cerro Yapacana National Park and Mount Duida and from the South of Bolivar in the Tepuyes of the Gran Sabana and Río Caura, in Guyana, Barima, rivers Mazaruni and Chamber and to the South up to Bartica.

Comes to be local in Suriname and French Guiana. Discrete, often difficult of observe and apparently with little population in the majority of areas of its area of distribution. Perhaps more numerous in those sections more low of it Amazon basin.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Touit purpuratus purpuratus

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal. Southeast of Amazon in Venezuela, up to the Guianas and this from the Basin of the Amazon in Brazil.

  • Touit purpuratus viridiceps

    (Chapman, 1929) – Rio Negro, the Northwestern basin of Brazil, Venezuela West from Mount Duida until Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 12,8-15,2% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% during three generations.

In captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet, Purple Guiana Parrotlet, Sapphire rumped Parrotlet (English).
Toui à queue pourprée (French).
Purpurschwanzpapagei, Purpurschwanz, Purpurschwanz-Papagei (German).
Apuim-de-costas-azuis, apuim-de-costa-azul, periquitinho (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Purpurada, Lorito de Lomo Purpúreo, Periquito Zafiro (Spanish).
Periquito Zafiro (Colombia).
Periquito de Lomo Zafiro (Peru).
Periquito Rabadilla Púrpura (Venezuela).
Periquito lomizafiro (Ecuador)

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit purpuratus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus purpuratus

Images Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet:


Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (Touit purpuratus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – wildlifepics.EU © 2008 Dennis Binda
(2) – Touit purpuratus By P. Bertrand [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Of 18 cm.. tall Inconfundible by the ends of the tail, dorsal and ventrally they are purple-red with black border.
Overall green body with Brown Crown and nape, wing with both opaque Brown ends and violet blue rump.
The female with the Brown of the paler head and tail with green lists.
The subspecies T. p. viridiceps has a totally green head.

Little common and difficult to observe species.
It is found in humid forests, semihúmedas and marshy, until the 400 m. It forms small groups and they are silent when they feed. It nests in hollows of trees or arboreal termiteros at low altitude. The implementation is of 3-5 eggs and the breeding season: from November to April

It is found in the wild in the Amazon, South-East of Colombia to the Guyanas, Venezuela South to northeast of Peru and North of Brazil.
It feeds on fruits, and figs.

Video: Video 1

Deforestation and loss of Habitat is a threat for this species.

Alternative names: Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (English), Periquito zafiro (Colombia), Periquito lomizafiro (Ecuador), Purpurschwanz, Purpurschwanzpapagei (Germany), Lorito de Lomo Purpúreo (Spain), Periquito Rabadilla Púrpura (Venezuela), Toui à queue pourprée (France), apuim-de-costa-azul (Brazil)

Source: Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Photo: wildlifepics.EU © 2008 Dennis Binda

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Touit huetii

Cotorrita Alirroja

Description:

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet

15 to 16 cm.. tall and 60 g. weight.

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii) is distinguishable flight, by the armpit and shoulders Scarlet Red, tip wings black, tail ends with deep red with black brim and yellow-green central part, forecrown black and smacking blue; at rest, It is notorious blue stain wing .

Eye ring white; their bill yellowish; eyes dark brown.

The female with the tail totally green. The only thing different in females is that their side feathers tail are green / yellow with black tips.

  • Sound of the Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorrita Alirroja.mp3]

Habitat:

It inhabits in jungles wet (in the canopy), semi-húmedas and forest edges, until the 400 m (locally until the 1200 m). Fly in large flocks, migrates in high Amazon, perhaps following the fruiting bodies of some kinds of plants.

The species is apparently Nomad, bird rarely found in the same area for little more than a few weeks.

Reproduction:

The nests They are communal in the treetops.
It is believed to be played during the month of April Venezuela, and between September and December in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Food:

It feeds on fruits, seeds, berries and small nuts.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 6.060.000 km2

The Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet It has a very disjunct range in northern South America. It is known from southern Venezuela, as well as the country's northeast, with both populations considered rare and local, although often it recorded along the Caño Colorado east of the state Monagas (pit et to the., 1997, Hilty 2003, Restall et al., 2006).

There is a population in neighboring Guyana, Suriname and North of Brazil in Roraima and the northern states of Amazon, extending at least occasionally in Trinidad*, Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Records Trinidad, in 1974, 1975 and 1980, probably correspond to wandering flocks (pit et to the., 1997).

It is a local and rare species in eastern Colombia. Another is the northernmost town in eastern Ecuador, where it is again rare (Del Hoyo et al., 1997, Restall et al., 2006). This strip continues in the east of Peru, through the west end of Brazil north of Bolivia. They can also be seen in Brazilian Amazon, from Rondônia east to west Maranhão, with one record Manaus (pit et to the., 1997).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin and its susceptibility to hunting and habitat fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “some common and distributed unevenly” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 24,4-28,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or entrapping, It is suspected that population of this species decrease by ≥ 30% during three generations.

Cotorrita Alirroja in captivity:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Huet’s Parrot, Huet’s Parrotlet, Red-winged Parrotlet, Scarlet shouldered Parrotlet (English).
Toui de Huet (French).
Schwarzstirnpapagei, Kronenpapagei, Schwarzstirn-Papagei (German).
apuim-de-asa-vermelha, apuim-de-encontro-vermelho, curiquinha, periquitinho-de-fronte-negra (Portuguese).
Cotorrita Alirroja, Lorito de Alas Rojas, Periquito Frentinegro (Spanish).
Periquito Frentinegro (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Roja (Peru).
Periquito Azul Alirrojo (Venezuela).

Temminck Coenraad Jacob
Temminck Coenraad Jacob

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Touit
Scientific name: Touit huetii
Citation: (Temminck, 1830)
Protonimo: Psittacus huetii

Images Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet:


Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – PBase.com – © of Wim of Groo
(2) – Plate depicting Psittacus huetii Temminck, 1830, upper Amazonia = Touit huetii By Nicolas Huet the Younger (1770-1830) (http://ctgpublishing.com/category/authors/page/31/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Tui Parakeet
Brotogeris sanctithomae

Tui Parakeet

Content

Description:

16,5 to 17,5 cm.. height.

The Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae) has the forecrown and the front of the crown, bright yellow; rest of the head and nape, bluish green.

Mantle, back and scapulars dark green, paler and brighter in the rump and in the uppertail-coverts. Alula blue on the innerwebs, greenish on the outerweb; primary coverts greenish blue; other coverts green, the smaller and medium slightly impregnated olive green. Flight feather greenish-blue on outerweb, dark green innerwebs, and light blue below; infra-wing coverts minor, green, the greater coverts, blue. Underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail is green; below is more yellowish.

The bill It is quite dark orange-brown; Cere pale pink; the irises brown; legs grayish bone.

Both sexes have similar plumage.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – The yellow stripe behind (and sometimes below) of the eyes It extends over the ear-coverts. The yellow patch on the forecrown sometimes it is larger.

Habitat:

Mainly inhabits in second-growth forests, in moist areas of rainforest, forests and marshes on the banks of large rivers and clear river and islands near watercourses; to 100 metres in Colombia and 900 metres in Peru. Gregarious, usually in small flocks; sometimes in larger meetings. The Tui Parakeet It is very common in towns and cities along comes in large flocks where to spend the night. Visit palms on the banks of rivers.

Reproduction:

It nests on trees, in natural hollows or termiteros, small and noisy groups. views in nests in May and July, with immature during the month of June Colombia.

Food:

Few details about their diet; taking views flowers Erythrina in Colombia.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.870.000 km2

This species is confined to the Basin Amazon Southeast Colombia (area of Leticia), northeast and southeast Peru and to the West of Brazil, possibly on the right bank of Black river and river basins Purus, Solimões (this to about Cojadás) and south of Juruá, to the North of Bolivia in Pando and Beni, It is able to see so dispersed in the Eastern Amazonas, around river mouths Black and Madeira, to the this to Amapá and Pari Eastern, possibly up area Belém.

Apparently sedentary. Local (for example, in Loreto, Peru) but common or abundant in many places (for example, about Leticia).

Perhaps its population has been reduced due to trade locally (for example, in Peru), but the effect of habitat loss remains within the range lower. Present in many protected areas (for example, > Manu National Park, Peru).

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae sanctithomae

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal. West Basin Amazon, from the southeast of Colombia to the North of Bolivia.

  • Brotogeris sanctithomae takatsukasae

    (Neumann, 1931) – Both sides of the basin under Amazon, from the junction with the Rio Negro to the East of Pari.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 15,9-17,4% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, suspected population decline in <25% durante tres generaciones.

Tui Parakeet in captivity:

saved pet locally but rare in captivity outside their range.

Alternative names:

Tui Parakeet, Golden-headed Parakeet (English).
Toui à front d’or, Perruche toui, Perruche tui (French).
Tuisittich (German).
Periquito-testinha, estrelinha, estrelinha-do-pará, periquito-brasileiro, periquito-de-testa-amarela, periquito-estrela, tuim, tuipara-estrelinha (Portuguese).
Catita Frentigualda, Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito Pálido (Spanish).
Periquito Cabeciamarillo, Periquito frentiamarillo (Colombia).
Perico Tui (Peru).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Brotogeris
Scientific name: Brotogeris sanctithomae
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus St. Thomas

Images Tui Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – A Tui Parakeet in Uarini, Amazon, Brazil By Claudio Dias Timm from Rio Grande do Sul [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Tui Parakeet in a cage By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Tui Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brotogeris sanctithomae by Gabriel SmithFlickr
(4) – Brotogeris sanctithomae (Amazon river – Brazil) by Martha de Jong-LantinkFlickr
(5) – Photograph taken from flickr.com - © barbetboy

Sounds: controles-canto.org

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