14 cm.. height.
The Yellow-faced Parrotlet (Forpus xanthops) is plump appearance and a tail short ending in point. Distinguished by the crown, face, chest and belly yellow, with strong blue patch on the wing , in flight blue occupies almost half of wing . Dorsally gray cafesoso, with the rump blue. Its bill It is ocher.
The female has blue patch on the rump and wings pale smaller.
Closely related Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis); in the past it has been considered a subspecies of this, but there are clear differences in size and color. Monotypic.
- Sound of the Yellow-faced Parrotlet.
The Yellow-faced Parrotlet It Gregarious, He lives in varied habitats, usually arid, riparian forests in the gallery in the tropics and subtropics, between 1000 to 1600 m, Although it has been reported to 2745 m.
Nest in communal area, using tree hollows or sand. The breeding season It is from March to April.
In captivity, They are made of 3 to 6 eggs and breed up to three broods per year.
Their diet includes cactus, besides fruit trees. If you know that feeds on Cercidium praecox, paté flowers Bombax discolor and plum fruit Prunus domestica (Begazo 1996, F. Angulo Prato Longo a slightly. 2012).
Extension of the distribution (breeding / resident): 4,800 km2
The Yellow-faced Parrotlet It endemic North Peru in the Valley of the Marañón River, South of this country and Western Amazon.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.
• Population trend: Stable.
• Population size : 350-1500 individuals.
In accordance with the categories of the UICN It is considered Vulnerable (VU). Habitat degradation and trade are adversely affecting the population.
Justification of the population
The population It is estimated in 250-999 mature individuals, according to surveys Begazo (1996) and subsequent recovery of the small-scale. This equates to a total of 375-1,499 individuals, rounded here 350-1,500 individuals.
The ban on the capture and trade has improved the status of this species. The rate of decline was very rapid in the Decade of 1980, Although at present has been reduced and even stabilized. However, the population is still very small, with records in very few places.
Cotorrita Carigualda in captivity:
Captured for wild bird trade, It is estimated that 17.000 birds were captured between 1981 and 1994. The rate of mortality during capture is estimated between the 40% and the 100%. Rare and unknown in captivity until 1979-1980.
It´s territorial, temperament quiet, active and initially timid, usually it takes in trust although this depending more on their previous experiences, age, type of farming (Hand or natural breeding).
– Yellow faced Parrotlet, Yellow-faced Parrotlet (English).
– Perruche-moineau à tête jaune, Toui à tête jaune (French).
– Gelbmaskenpapagei, Gelbmasken-Sperlingspapagei (German).
– Tuim-de-cabeça-amarela (Portuguese).
– Catita Enana de Cara Amarilla, Cotorrita Carigualda (Spanish).
– Periquito de Cara Amarilla (Peru).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittacidae
– Genus: Forpus
– Scientific name: Forpus xanthops
– Citation: (Salvin, 1895)
– Protonimo: Psittacula xanthops
Yellow-faced Parrotlet images:
(1) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet perching on the top of its cage by Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – An adult Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – An adult male Yellow-faced Parrotlet photographed at the 2002 AFA convention in Tampa, Florida, USA by Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Forpus xanthops Marañon near Canyon Ferry, Cajamarca, Peru by Nick Athanas – Flickr
(6) – John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain] – Novelty Zoologicae, too.. 2