Bolognese
Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed

Bichón Boloñés

Content

Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to dog literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Similar to the Bichon Frise, became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the 19th century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 to 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as race number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical Characteristics Bichon Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a companion dog and with a unique distinctive in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did you know??

You may have heard that dogs' non-shedding coats make them a breed “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But they still produce dandruff, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The unique distinctive coat (that is to say, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The length of time of the culture cycle and shedding varies with age and other factors.. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and love the company of people, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Although it may not seem like it, they have a very sharp ear., in general, they only bark when they hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichón Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, making it an ideal companion dog for the family, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.

Education

The education of Bolognese not particularly difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. However, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-cared socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.

Health

The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. However, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.

Grooming

Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. It also, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the womb, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

It also, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

It also, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two or three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy


FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
    2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
    3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
    4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (español).

Maltese
Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

Bichón Maltés

Content

Characteristics "Maltese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Maltese es una raza canina que existe desde la antigüedad y que ya estaba muy extendida en las culturas mediterráneas. However, al contrario de lo que podría sugerir su nombre, its exact origin remains uncertain, pero parece proceder de uno de los países de la cuenca mediterránea. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, hoy en día se le conoce principalmente como Maltese or Maltese dog.

Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese incluso existía en el antiguo Egipto. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 a.C. to 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. Therefore, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

No fueron los únicos que lo honraron, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 a.C. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. Mencionó una raza de perro pequeño que denominó en latín canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Muchas mujeres de la nobleza poseían una y nunca salían sin ella. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 a.C. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), gobernador romano de Malta que poseía un maltés llamado Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), y allí también se hizo muy popular entre las clases altas, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, mientras que su pequeño tamaño les permitía llevarlo fácilmente en sus blusas. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

A pesar de su éxito y presencia en muchos países, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. Allí se mostraba con el nombre de Perro León Maltés.

The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, cuando la otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

Physical characteristics

They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 to 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, por lo que los criadores se concentraron únicamente en los individuos de pelaje blanco.

As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. Therefore, you better stay away from them.

In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

Popularity

Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 había unas 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

The situation is different in France, ya que el número de inscripciones anuales en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

In Switzerland, es la 13ª raza más popular del país. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

Did you know??

The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. ¿Podría ser porque son tan adorables en las fotografías? Creemos que sí.

Character and skills

"Maltese"

Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, y es capaz de reconfortarlos en los momentos difíciles. Es muy activo y mantiene un espíritu joven toda su vida.

Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. Therefore, no es adecuado para un maestro que suele pasar la mayor parte de sus días fuera de casa.

Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, en el caso de que otro animal venga a parar un día a su familia, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, ya que éste podría hacerle daño involuntariamente, for example just playing with him.

Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, estos últimos se apresuran a tener gestos demasiado bruscos hacia él, especially during playtime, y podrían herirle involuntariamente. It also, aunque no sea así, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, lo que podría provocar reacciones inadecuadas por su parte. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Media hora de actividad al día es más que suficiente, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, en una casa grande con jardín. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, ya que su falta de subpelo le hace sensible al frío. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

Observations

Unlike other dogs the Maltese necesita poca actividad física, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

Llevarlos a caminar serviría también para hacerlos sociables ya que no requieren mucho ejercicio, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

Education

Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, así como exponerle a todo tipo de situaciones y entornos. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

At the same time, dado el fortísimo nivel de apego a sus humanos que caracteriza a esta raza, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, ya que no son receptivos a las reprimendas y responden mucho mejor a los estímulos y las golosinas. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. Esta sería la mejor manera de hacer que desarrolle el “small dog syndrome”, that is to say, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, agresivo y difícil de convivir. Therefore, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

Health

The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, es particularmente sensible al frío y la humedad.Cuando las temperaturas son frías, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, no está destinado a vivir en una zona donde el clima es frío durante gran parte del año.

It also, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
  • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en los perros.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor o cojera de diversos grados de severidad.En los casos más graves, an operation is necessary;
  • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsy corresponde a una reducción del diámetro de la tráquea.El signo más común es una tos seca y crónica, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
  • The cryptorchidism, a menudo un defecto hereditario que hace que los testículos del animal no desciendan al escroto.La única solución entonces es extirparlos quirúrgicamente para evitar complicaciones posteriores, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
  • Congenital portosystemic derivation, una anomalía vascular que puede provocar retraso del crecimiento, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, los síntomas son sutiles, lo que hace que el diagnóstico de la enfermedad sea posterior.Esta patología, whose cause may be hereditary, puede curarse mediante intervención quirúrgica;
  • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Los síntomas varían de un individuo a otro (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
  • Síndrome del perro tembloroso, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. Consiste en la inflamación del cerebelo y provoca ataques de temblores involuntarios en todo el cuerpo y falta de coordinación.Los síntomas suelen empezar a aparecer entre los 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
  • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Los síntomas del problema son pérdida de apetito, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, si no se le administra azúcar de una forma u otra;
  • The Cushing's disease, una enfermedad hormonal cuyos signos clínicos más comunes incluyen aumento del apetito, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
  • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, de noche y luego de día;
  • The glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar y causa la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina debido a una presión anormalmente alta en el ojo.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal evoluciona rápidamente hacia una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is attended urgently;
  • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
  • The otitis, frequent inflammation inperros con orejas caídas.

It also, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, que puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías ya existentes, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que constituye un círculo vicioso, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

Finally, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, hay que tener en cuenta que su prevalencia es baja y que la mayoría de las personas llevan una vida perfectamente sana.Esto también lo confirma un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, a la par del cáncer.Las causas cardíacas ocupan el tercer lugar y juntas representan más de la mitad de las muertes observadas.

El número de enfermedades a las que está predispuesta la raza siendo o pueden ser hereditarias, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., también deberá aportar un certificado de buen estado de salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas recibidas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

Later, se recomienda encarecidamente no hacerle realizar esfuerzos físicos prolongados o demasiado intensos durante su crecimiento, período en el que sus huesos y articulaciones aún son muy frágiles.Se arriesgaría a lesionarse o desarrollar malformaciones, potencialmente con consecuencias de por vida.Esto es aún más importante porque está predispuesto a varios problemas articulares:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

Finally, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, que en ocasiones puede detectar un problema que aún es embrionario y tratarlo lo mejor posible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, para prevenir el riesgo de parásitos y las múltiples enfermedades que los acompañan, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

15 years

Grooming

The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, es aconsejable cepillarlo todos los días con un cepillo o guante especial y utilizar un spray desenredante y revitalizante. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: una frecuencia excesiva podría perjudicar el equilibrio de tu piel, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. It also, hay que utilizar sistemáticamente un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, also with the risk of damaging your skin, y evitar mojar el interior de sus oídos, ya que son especialmente propensos a las infecciones de oído y otras infecciones.

It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

It also, para evitar que se avergüence de la longitud de su pelo a la altura de los ojos, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

It also, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

También hay que prestar especial atención a sus orejas caídas, ya que esta característica morfológica aumenta el riesgo de infecciones a este nivel (otitis, etc.). Therefore, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, o incluso todos los días.

Utility

The Maltese es una de las razas de perro de compañía más antiguas del mundo, cumpliendo esta función desde la antigüedad. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, así como para muchos personajes históricos, tanto en la antigüedad como en la Europa del Renacimiento y los siglos posteriores. Incluso tenía fama de curar a los enfermos, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

In fact, las cosas no han cambiado mucho hoy en día, ya que se utilizan principalmente como perros de compañía. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. Therefore, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

It also, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

Last, your kindness and kindness, así como su carácter alegre y atento, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

Price

The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, no es muy difícil encontrar un criador de malteses, because they are numerous.

In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, así como el linaje del que descienden.

Images “Maltese”

Videos “Maltese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Maltese"

FCIFCI - Maltese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
    2. Bichon maltais (French).
    3. Malteser (German).
    4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (español).

Italian Greyhound
Italia FCI 200 . Short-haired Sighthounds

Galgo Italiano

The Italian Greyhound despite being an Italian breed, not widely used in your country.

Content

History

Of ancient origin, the Italian Greyhound He is a descendant of the small sighthounds that were present in the court of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

The current breed is believed to have originated in what is now Turkey and Greece.. Although it is not clear if the breed was used as a hunting dog or as a companion dog. (or maybe both), it is clear that he made a strong impression there, to the point that it is represented in many ceramic finds during archaeological excavations.

The breed spread to Italy around the 5th century BC.. Italian Greyhound Remains Found in Pompeii, city ​​buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 a.C.

There are few traces of this dog until the Middle Ages, when he became the favorite of the nobility. Although the dog was found in most of Mediterranean Europe, was particularly successful in Italy, where its current name comes from. Once again, the artists of the time chose to pay tribute to him: This time, was immortalized in the paintings of the great masters.

Little by little he conquered northern Europe and arrived in Great Britain in the 16th century., where it soon became popular with the nobility, and was even adopted by some sovereigns. His popularity in Europe grew steadily, peaking in the 19th century, but the conflicts of the first half of the 20th century decimated their ranks.

Fortunately, had already crossed the Atlantic to the United States, to the point that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1886. Although their number was never very great, it was these American lines that contributed to the post-war revival of the breed. In fact, to reinstate their breeding programs, European breeders (and in particular those of Great Britain) They resorted to importing animals from the United States.

In 1948, the United Kennel Club (UKC) American recognized breed, followed in 1956 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FC). Today, all the main canine associations recognize the Italian Greyhound, o IG, as it is affectionately known by Anglo fans.

Like this, is present all over the world and enjoys a certain popularity, that tends to grow. in your country of origin, each year more than 300 dogs in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, versus less than 200 at the end of the years 200. In United States, ranks 70 (of 195) among the most popular breeds, according to the number of annual registrations in the AKC. In the United Kingdom, registrations are increasing considerably, going from little more than 200 per year around 2010 twice that figure alone 10 years later. The same upward trend is observed in France, where now more than 450 copies per year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF), in front of some 200 in the decade of 1990 and principles of 2000. In the news, it is the second most popular sighthound breed in the country, far behind the Whippet.

Physical characteristics

The Italian Greyhound has, as its name suggests, the elegant and distinguished look of a miniature greyhound. In fact, It is the smallest of the sighthounds.

Her slender body is almost perfectly square, its length is equal to its height at the withers. Their slender legs, with a refined bone structure, have well-developed musculature, but not bulky. The tail, carried low in its first half and then curved up, it is also very fine.

The head is long, oblong and narrow, sitting on a long, muscular neck, with a diameter greater than that of the skull, which is flat. Its conical snout ends in a black nose, or at least dark. His big round eyes, very expressive, they are rather dark brown. His little ears, carried high, they have fine cartilage and fold in on themselves. When the dog is on the prowl, stands upright and the lobe is placed in a horizontal position, a position called “windlass”.

The mantle of Italian Greyhound has no undercoat and consists of short hair, silky and fine that covers the whole body without fringes. The coat can be any shade of black, gray or isabela (a color between beige and yellow). There may be some white markings on the chest and feet.

Last, sexual dimorphism is very mild: males and females are roughly the same size and weight.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ female size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 kg
▷ female weight: 5 kg

Character and skills

The Italian Greyhound He is very affectionate with the members of his family. He likes to spend most of his time with them., either playing, walking, lounging next to you or sneaking under the covers for the night. Can tolerate being left alone relatively well when master is working, especially if you know that you will receive affection and attention when you return. On the other hand, You are likely to suffer from separation anxiety if you have to spend a whole weekend away from your family. It is a dog that needs attention, and is able to spend hours with his master on the living room sofa, but also to follow him with curiosity throughout the house.

No matter how close he is to his family, this dog is very shy in the presence of strangers: after barking to signal its presence, runs and hides to watch from a distance how things are going.

Live very well with young people, who are excellent playmates for him: It is a recommended dog for children. However, children must have learned to behave with an animal and be aware that it is not a toy, to avoid any form of abuse. This is especially true since the miniature size of this dog, attached to their fine and brittle bones, means that accidents can happen very quickly. They should also be careful to speak to you in a calm voice., as he would soon be frightened by loud shouts of joy or exaggerated crying. In any case, regardless of race, the interaction between a dog and a young child should always take place under the supervision of an adult.

The sociability of Italian Greyhound spreads to other animals, so living with them is not usually a problem. However, if the Italian Greyhound must share a home with a larger dog, it is important to ensure that the larger dog does not see the Italian Greyhound like prey or disturb him too violently when playing together. It also, this dog likes to chase everything that moves, what could be a source of stress for a small rodent like a mouse, although it is unlikely that it will actually be attacked.

In fact, the Italian Greyhound is an active dog, who likes to run, jump and play, although, of course, this decreases as you get older. Agility is an ideal dog sport to satisfy your need for exercise. But if you don't have access to the outside, quickly find a clue among the living room furniture, that you can use, for example, to run and jump on the highest furniture. It must be said that this dog shares with cats a special fondness for high places, so it is not uncommon to find him frolicking on the kitchen table or bedroom dresser.

However, they can live well in a flat, as long as they have enough space to exercise for at least an hour a day. However, the owner should be aware that they may have cleaning problems, especially if not taken for walks often enough. Thus, it is recommended that you have access to the outdoors, where he can run and relieve himself before returning to the heat of home, in every sense. As it is difficult for him to contain himself when he feels like it, a dog hatch is ideal so that he can go to the garden independently. This also makes it easy for you to sunbathe in the garden whenever you want., since it is one of his favorite activities. However, the garden must not have gaps through which it can slip and must be fenced with a fence of at least 1,5 m high to prevent it from jumping. In any case, an underground electric fence would not be an effective device, since it is not the download received that would make it go back. In fact, his propensity to run after anything that moves means he can take off quickly as soon as he is given the chance. For the same reason, it is recommended to always carry it on a leash when walking. This is all the more true since it can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h, which makes it very difficult to catch it once it has started.

In this regard, remember that, like all sighthounds, the Italian Greyhound has a neck wider than the head, which makes the usual collars ineffective. There are special collars on the market for this type of dog, but a simple harness can also achieve the desired result.

A little manipulative, the Italian Greyhound tends to do what he wants and can easily guide a master who does not know how to teach him the family hierarchy and who allows himself to be touched by his big eyes. However, is an intelligent dog, who generally likes to please his family. They can teach you some tricks and, in general, he loves games that stimulate him both physically and mentally. In particular, does not tire of looking for a ball and loves any activity that involves searching or chasing an object.

His drive makes him capable of getting into difficult situations, especially when he is young. In fact, This reckless little guy doesn't realize how fragile he is, and many representatives of the breed end up with a broken leg after trying to jump from too high a place.

Last, has a much more powerful voice than its small size suggests. Yes indeed, not a big barker, although he does not hesitate to let himself be heard throughout the neighborhood when he perceives an unknown noise.

education

The education of Italian Greyhound should start asap, placing special emphasis on their socialization. In fact, this is important for this relatively shy dog ​​to get used to people, animals and situations you may face later in life.

Another crucial point in your education is cleanliness.. Your bladder is only as small as your size. Therefore, even with all the goodwill in the world, can't keep it for long. Therefore, it is important to teach him to relieve himself in an agreed place (abroad, If it is possible, or in a litter box inside) and to point out your urgent needs, to be taken into account without delay. However, no homeowner is safe from an accident one day, even with a well-trained adult dog. If this happens, of course, you should avoid punishing your dog, since nothing good will come of it.

Despite your undeniable stubbornness, the training of the Italian Greyhound shouldn't be too difficult: in fact, it is a very suitable breed as a first dog. Positive reinforcement methods are very successful with this breed, who likes to be rewarded for their efforts with treats, encouragement and caresses. On the other hand, traditional dog training techniques do not work well with this dog and are likely to amplify his natural shyness.

On the other hand, even with a good training method and a good coach, you will find it difficult to pay attention for a long time, so it is better to do several short sessions each day than one long session that will bore you and probably not be successful.

Health

The little Italian greyhound is a fairly robust breed, and many of these representatives have more than 15 years.

However, is particularly predisposed to a long list of diseases and conditions:

  • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that can make walking easier or more difficult;
  • Dislocated kneecap, that affects the ball and causes lameness;
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, hip bone deformity often mistaken for dysplasia, what can make arthritis premature if not done in time;
  • Periodontal problems, for example with bleeding gums or even tooth loss;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, causing breakdown of eye tissue that could lead to vision loss;
  • Alopecia, total or partial hair loss;
  • cryptorchidism, when one of the testicles of a male individual does not descend into its place;
  • The Hypothyroidism, a thyroid gland disorder responsible for excessive weight gain and listless behavior;
  • Epilepsy, a disease caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures;
  • The glaucoma, excessive increase in pressure inside the eye, causing pain and loss of vision;
  • Vitro-retinal degeneration, characterized by deposits on the retina that resemble snowflakes;
  • The portosystemic shunt, when a vein allows blood to bypass the liver. So it no longer leaks, which causes a lot of problems. Surgery is usually prescribed, with a success rate of 85%;
  • Skin cancer, often caused by excessive sun exposure;
  • Von Willebrand disease, causing blood clotting problems.

This breed is also particularly prone to leg fractures., especially in the radius and ulna (Paws). In fact, its fine structure is not as resistant as sometimes seems to be imagined, so much so that his reckless side can often lead to an accident.

It also, this breed seems particularly sensitive to organic phosphate insecticides. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully choose the products used inside the house and / or in the garden.

The Italian Greyhound you may also be allergic to certain anesthetics and barbiturates. This point should be discussed with the veterinarian before any operation..

Finally, with its small size and short fur, It is a canine breed that fears cold and bad weather. If you live outside the house, what is not recommended, need adequate shelter. It also, it is useful to dress him in a dog windbreaker on walks when it rains, or a sweater if the air is cold.

On the other hand, even if you particularly appreciate this, we need to make sure you don't spend too much time in the sun in the summer, because it is quite prone to skin problems. So, it is advisable to keep it in the shade, or at least put on a dog sunscreen.

Life expectancy

Of 13 to 14 years

Grooming

The Italian Greyhound it is a very easy breed to care for.

In fact, its short coat only requires a quick weekly brushing to keep it shiny. They shed very little and do not have a noticeable molting period during which molting might require more regular maintenance..

That is why they are considered a hypoallergenic breed of dog.. Having said that, remember that there is no zero risk: someone allergic to dogs should take the time to check in real conditions that there are no problems with the animal they are considering adopting. However, a dog that sheds very little, as is the case of the Italian greyhound, has an effectively reduced risk of transmitting allergens.

In any case, brushing the dog's hair once a week is usually enough to clean it: unless it has been rolled up in a sticky or smelly substance, it is usually not necessary to bathe him.

To complete this weekly session, you have to check your teeth, eyes and ears and clean them if necessary. Pay special attention to your teeth and gums to check for any inflammation that could be a sign of periodontal disease., since it is a health problem to which it is more prone than other dogs.

Last, check that its claws are not too long, and if they are, you have to cut them, as there is a risk that you will be hindered in your movements and / or hurt. However, this is not necessarily a problem with a very active dog, as natural wear and tear can take care of it.

Food

The Italian Greyhound you have no difficulty choosing your food, and commercial dog food is doing well. So that you receive all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for your good health, food must be of good quality and adapted to their size and age.

It's important to stick to the manufacturer's recommended daily amounts to make sure you don't overeat. If your dog receives treats, especially as part of their training, the corresponding caloric intake should be deducted from your daily allowance to avoid weight gain.

In general, a responsible owner who cares about keeping his dog healthy should monitor his diet and weight by weighing him regularly. If you have a slip, do not wait to correct the situation: in general, just reduce your servings and give you more exercise. If that is not the case, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian to rule out a possible health problem and establish a more appropriate diet.

On the other hand, remember that the Italian Greyhound is a naturally slimmer breed than many others: do not be alarmed by it, or try to remedy it by increasing your diet.

Price “Italian Greyhound”

The price of a puppy Italian Greyhound round the 1000 EUR.

However, this average price hides a rather large disparity, since the fork goes from 700 to 1.400 EUR. The difference from one subject to another is largely explained by their physical characteristics., more or less close to the norm. Lineage is important too: a puppy whose parents or other ancestors have received honors at various dog shows is bound to fetch a higher price. Sex also influences, as females tend to be slightly more expensive than males.

Characteristics "Italian Greyhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Italian Greyhound"

Photos:

1 – A male of Italian Greyhound by christina, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A female of Italian Greyhound llamada Sakura by tanakawho, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Enzo, a Italian Greyhound called Enzo by madaise
4 – Italian Greyhound by Mark Robinson
5 – Italian Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-galgo-italiano-lindo-mascota-3810479/
6 – dogs of Italian Greyhound by Italian_Greyhound_Puppies.jpg: Jim or Katie McClartyderivative work: Anka Friedrich, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Italian Greyhound"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • Standard CCC (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
  • Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana –


FCI breed standard "Italian Greyhound"

FCIFCI - Italian Greyhound
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano), Italian Sighthound (English).
    2. Petit lévrier italien (French).
    3. Italian Greyhound (German).
    4. (em italiano: Piccolo levriero italiano), Piccolo levriero italiano (Portuguese).
    5. Piccolo, Galgo Italiano, Lebrel italiano (español).

Bergamasco – Bergamasco Shepherd
Italia FCI 194 . Sheepdogs

Pastor Bergamasco It is never aggressive despite the fact that it is a good guardian of the House

Bergamasco

Content

History

The Bergamasco It is a breed of dog originating in the Italian Alps, used as a herding dog. Its appearance recalls to the of the Komondor (perro húngaro).

This breed comes from contact with dogs of nomadic shepherds and their flocks that came from East to West. The Pastor's Ancestors Bergamasco se encuentran en la zona de los Alpes una zona ideal para desplegar sus características.

Since 1300 se determina el uso de estos perros pastoreando rebaños de ovejas típicas de Bergamo. In the four centuries that followed, The Shepherd Bergamasco, se ha incrementado con la expansión de la ganadería ovina. After 1700, However, After a gradual reduction of the pastoral activity, This race began to decrease its population, to almost extinction during the two world wars.

In 1890 the race continues calling “mountain dog” and, in 1949 la se funda la compañía de amantes del Pastor Bergamasco. A few years later, Finally formalized the name: Bergamasco.

Physical characteristics

The tail is thick and strong at the base, Tuning towards the tip. Is covered with hard hair slightly wavy. Allowed colors are all shades of black (not bright), even with grey spots. El color deberá determinarse a partir de la raíz del cabello, because the part of Tufts often form different tones.

The coat is very abundant, long, wavy, rough texture (goat) at the front of the trunk, of wool (sheep) the other half, less hard in the head.

The eyes are large, more or less dark, with eyelids slightly oval. The ears are upright, pero caen en los dos últimos tercios. The length of the muzzle is equal to the skull. En su conjunto es grande y con forma de paralelepípedo. The skull is wide and slightly convex between the ears. Feet are oval-shaped, with toes well arched and closed.

Did you know??

The mat coat of the Bergamasco es para protegerlo del mal tiempo y de los depredadores que podría tener que ahuyentar en defensa de su rebaño.

Character and skills

He has a temper, obedient and responsive, is a very versatile dog, their ability to learn and to decide, along with the inborn patience, make it a dog suitable for various uses. The family is identified as his flock, and to be a sheep dog, likes to keep everyone together. It will always be aware of the Group.

It is a great companion, for adults and children, to those who consider their puppies (the weak family part), and you care them with much more attention. It is very Protector, but nothing possessive. It is never aggressive despite the fact that it is a good guardian of the House, effective to deter, but not to be dangerous.

Observations

As a recommendation, It is important to care for their fur because they are many knots, and so it is good to styling it with the hands to untangle. We recommend bathing but let it dry in the Sun. It has one of the robes that needs less maintenance, to weights of appearances.

Images “Bergamasco”

Videos “Bergamasco”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bergamasco – Bergamasco Shepherd"

FCIFCI - Bergamasco – Bergamasco Shepherd
Bergamasco

Alternative names:

    1. Bergamasco Shepherd Dog, Bergamasco Sheepdog, Bergamasco (English).
    2. Cane da pastore bergamasco (French).
    3. Cane da pastore Bergamasco (German).
    4. (em italiano: Cane de pastore Bergamasco) (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor de Bergamasco (español).