33 - 36 cm.. height and an average weight of 270 g.
The Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis) It has a short tail, head yellow, some with forecrown white.
Its body is usually green, with black feathers edge neck, chest and back; greenish yellow in underparts. Chin yellow with bluish tint in lower cheeks and around the chin. Shoulder and the thighs yellow. Speculum red. dark blue tips to the flight feathers. The black edge of their feathers give them a look scaled.
The irises are red or orange and bill whitish.
The young birds are similar to adults but may distinguish by their irises and the absence darker blue hue in the lower body.
In the most notorious flight apart from the head, is the wing with shoulder yellow, Red patch and blue end.
- Sound of the Yellow-shouldered Parrot.
Parrots in the world
Species of the genus Amazona
They live in areas xerophytic vegetation, frequenting desert scrub dominated by cactus, cardón and shrubs or small trees; also frcuentan cultivated areas, until the 450 m. They move in pairs or flocks of up 100 individuals, especially at the time of feed.
The nesting takes place in tree cavities, cactus or cliffs, in general, between March and August (Sanz and Rodriguez-Ferraro 2006). The average size of clutch is of 3,38 eggs per nest, and most eggs survive to hatching. The incubation lasts a few 26 days and they leave the nest about 60 days after hatch.
It tends to rest communally in tall trees, with groups of up 700 birds recorded (Juniper and Parr 1998).
Their diet is composed of Cactus and other fruits. They have been reported in their diet fruits 22 genders. rich flowers nectar, cardón and the urero, which eats fruits, flowers and trunk, fruits and seeds Stenocereus, seeds and flowers guatacaro (Boarreria Sumnensis) and yaque.
Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 11,000 km2
The Yellow-shouldered Parrot It has a disjoint range with seven genetically isolated populations in northern Venezuela (Lara (Cerro Saroche National Park, which)), Falcon (Dabajuro, Casigua), Anzoátegui (about Píritu and Barcelona) and Sucre (Araya Peninsula), as well as the Margarita Islands, the blanquilla, Curaçao and Bonaire (Rodríguez-Ferraro 2009).
He is currently extinct on Paraguana Peninsula (Briceño-Linares et. To the. 2011). References to the presence of a population of wild parrots in Curaçao They are based on a historical source of the century 18 (AO Debrot in some 1999, 2007.); there have been reports from modern 1988 (The farmer 2008, A. Rodríguez-Ferraro in some. 2012), although it has been suggested that these birds can be released or escaped cages. (Williams 2012).
It became extinct in Aruba towards 1950 (Rojas-Suarez & Rodríguez 2015).
The numbers on the islands seem to fluctuate, but they have increased in Margarita of 750 birds in 1989 (Sanz y Grajal 1998) until around 2000 in 2015 (Rojas-Suarez & Rodríguez 2015).
The population in Bonaire It was estimated in 400 individuals in 2006 (Williams and Martin 2006) and 650-800 individuals in 2012 (Department of Resources and Planning, Bonaire by R. Martin y S. Williams a slightly. 2012).
The continent's population was considered in decline 2003 (Hilty 2003).
Their habitat continues to be lost in the eastern part of the continental mountain range (V. Sanz in some. 2016) and the population of together (East of Venezuela) it is believed that are declining due to poaching and habitat conversion for agriculture (V. Sanz n bit. 2016), so it is likely that the continental population continues to decline.
Conservation status ⓘ
Vulnerable ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ
• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.
• Population trend: Unknown.
The population size: 1700-5600 specimens.
It is classified as a endangered specie, It is the main threats capture their young for pet trade, and habitat destruction of nesting and feeding by the extraction of sand for the construction industry.
The recovery of the population of this bird has been the spearhead of work Provita in Macanao, Since its conservation benefits to much of the biodiversity of the peninsula, as their habitat covers large areas, it is also a charismatic species, attracting easily to the public toward conservation efforts.
"Yellow-shouldered Parrot" in captivity:
Rare but increasing due to the successes of captive breeding.
have a participatory personality, inquisitivas and curious to the point of being "nosy" and his gentle nature only adds to its charm. Mild to moderate its ability to speak.
Always playful, enable They require a cage equipped with toys. They worship a bathroom and displayed chatty while bathing under running warm water.
– Yellow-shouldered Parrot, Yellow shouldered Parrot, Yellow-shouldered Amazon (English).
– Amazone à épaulettes jaunes (French).
– Gelbflügelamazone, Kleine Gelbkopfamazone (German).
– Papagaio-de-cabeça-branca (Portuguese).
– Amazona de Cabeza Amarilla, Amazona de hombro gualda, Amazona Hombrogualda, Cotorra margariteña (Spanish).
– Cotorra Cabeciamarilla (Venezuela).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittacidae
– Genus: Amazona
– Scientific name: Amazona barbadensis
– Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
– Protonimo: Psittacus barbadensis
Images "Yellow-shouldered Parrot":
- Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
- Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(1) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot. Pet in Venezuela perching on the top of a wooden frame. By John Bäckstrand (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_2721) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot). Two in the foreground in a cage By TJ Lin [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot. Pet in Venezuela perching on a hand. Shows crown By John Bäckstrand (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_2469) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot. Pet in Venezuela By John Bäckstrand (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_2468) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Amazona barbadensis in the Loro Parque zoo of Tenerife, Spain By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Amazona barbadensis in the Loro Parque zoo of Tenerife, Spain By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot. Pet in Venezuela – side view – a little red and blue seen at edge of wing By John Bäckstrand (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_3117) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Yellow-shouldered Amazon (Amazona barbadensis) also known as Yellow-shouldered Parrot. Pet in Venezuela on the top of a wooden climbing frame. Mainly showing its upper body By John Bäckstrand (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_2723) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Original illustration of the “Green & Yellow Parrot from Barbados”, currently known as Amazona barbadensis – Wikipedia
- Sounds: © 2014 Cornell University