The 33 species Amazona of the family parrots (Psittacidae), whose range covers most of South America until Central America and islands of Caribbean.
Medium to large, stocky appearance, predominantly green, with accent colors that depend on the species and can be quite alive, tail short, slightly rounded, wings broad and rounded; the dark edge of their feathers produces the aspect barred en la mayoría de las especies; Little or nothing sexual dimorphism; the youth duller colors than those of adults.
With feed mainly seed, nuts and fruit, supplemented by leafy matter.
Most of the habitats of the Amazona They are arboreal. They are seen in pairs and in small and large flocks; They form large communal meetings at night cabins; noisy and very visible; they have a flight distinctive fast with rapid and shallow wing beats below the level of the body; It is the most widespread and familiar of the Neotropical parrots.
Many loros amazónicos they have a remarkable ability to imitate human speech and other sounds. In part because of this, son populares como mascotas o animales de compañía, y una pequeña industria se ha desarrollado en la cría de loros en cautiverio para este mercado. This popularity has led many parrots of this kind to be caught in their natural environment, thereby causing the decline of their populations, and even the danger of extinction for some species. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora has done illegal capture of parrots wild for the pet trade in an attempt to help protect wild populations.
Of 33 to 36 cm.. height can weigh between 350 gr y 450 gr.
The Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica) It is distinguishable by having the Centre of the crown and cheeks of
34 to 37 cm.. height and between 480 and 600g. weight.
The Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) It is easily identifiable by the orange yellow wing patch, much more noticeable in flight.
Unknown until years 80, when a few came to Europe
32 cm.. length and 295 g. of weight.
The Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei) has the forecrown, lores, fore crown and cheeks
37 cm.. length and 430 g. of weight.
The Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) has forecrown, front of crown and lores, red; Subsequent red feathers crown with purple tips; cheeks,
35-40 cm.. length and 450-650 g. of weight.
The Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) has the forecrown and front of the crown, bright red; back of the crown, green with
28-33 cm.. length and 260-301 g. of weight.
The Cuban Parrot (Amazona leucocephala) has a plumage rather variable, a main color ranging from bright green to olive color,, some birds
33 to 36 cm.. height and an average weight of 270 g.
The Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis) It has a short tail, head yellow, some with forecrown white.
Its body is usually green,
35-36 cm.. length.
The Kawall's Parrot (Amazona kawalli) after not having been recorded in the wild for a few 70 years, It was rediscovered in the early 1980.
28-31 cm.. length and 250 g. of weight.
The Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis) has the forecrown Lords color and white (variable extension); the crown and upper cheeks with
40 cm.. length and 580 – 700 weight g.
The plumage of the St. Vincent Parrot (Amazona guildingii) It is very variable, virtually no two similar birds.
Its forecrown, lores, supercilii area and
43 cm.. length and 700-800 g. of weight.
The Saint Lucia amazon (Amazona versicolor) has the lores, cheeks and forecrown, bright blue; crown, ear-coverts and lower cheeks, blue
38-40 cm.. length and 580-650 g. of weight.
The Tres Marias Parrot (Amazona tresmariae) has head and throat yellow.
The upperparts are green. The underparts they are green but
31–35 cm. length and 450-550 g. of weight.
The Diademed Parrot (Amazona Diadema) It is generally green, with black edges to feathers crown, to the mantle
38-41 cm.. tall and 370g. weight.
The Festive Parrot (Amazona festiva) has the cheeks and sides neck Green with strong blue diffusion; lores and a close frontal band color
22 to 26 cm.. length.
The White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) has the forecrown white; lores, upper cheeks and ring of feathers around eyes, red; the crown pale blue is confused with
33-39 cm.. height and weight around the 450 and 550 g..
The Blue fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva) is distinguished by yellow head, with blue-green forehead and cheek, Dark nostrils, Red shoulders
35,5 to 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.
The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its red front; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown lilac; mancha roja en
40 cm.. length and 650 g. of weight.
The Red-necked Parrot (Amazona arausiaca) has the lores, forecrown, front of crown, orbital area and upper cheeks, color
33 cm. head to tail and weighs on average 310 g..
The Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi) has the forecrown and the higher lords, red off; the lower lores, the cheeks and
38 cm.. length and 705-766 g. of weight.
The Northern Mealy Parrot (Amazona guatemalae) is a large parrot, mainly green, with a large bare periophthalmic white; head green, cada vez más apagado hacia
38 to 45 cm.. from head to tail and 535 to 766 weight g.
The Southern Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa) It is the fifth in size among the loros Amazonas of the Americas, and
The largest gender Amazona, measuring up 45 cm.. length.
The Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis) has the lores and forecrown, de color púrpura intenso; cheeks and ear-coverts, brown; crown
28 cm.. length and 260 g. of weight.
The Yellow-billed Parrot (Amazona collaria) It has a distinctive narrow band on forecrown white; lores and upper cheeks, con plumas de color azul
25 cm.. length and 178 g. of weight.
The Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis) It is the smallest of the Amazon parrots, y es una de las dos únicas especies de Amazona endemics
33 to 38 cm.. tall and 300 g. of weight.
The Scaly-naped Amazon (Amazona mercenarius) it is the only amazon in mountainous areas.
Coloración general verde, with the feathers of the chest with black border, stands out
35,5-38 cm.. length and 480 g. of weight.
The Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata) It has a large size; their forecrown and front of the crown, usually, pale bluish green, to
29 cm.. length and 320 g. of weight.
The Puerto Rican Parrot (Amazona vittata) has the forecrown and lores, red; rest of the head and nape, con plumas de color verde
35 to 41 cm.. height and between 380 and 500 g. of weight.
The Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) has the forecrown and front area crown, bright yellow; lores, cheeks and area
30.5-33 cm.. length and 294 g. of weight.
The Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis) has the lores, forecrown and crown, bright red, with side margins on the back of the neck y parte superior
31 cm.. length.
The Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) It is mostly green, with black borders on the feathers, giving the whole a scalloped appearance.
Relativamente grande y fornida tiene
30 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 370 g..
The Vinaceous Parrot (Amazona vinacea) has the lores and forecrown bright red; cheeks and crown verdes con puntas negras a algunas plumas
25-28 cm.. length and 200-232 g. of weight.
The Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora) has the lores and a close frontal band, bright yellow; most of the forecrown and crown,
35-38 cm. in length weighing up 500 g..
The Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix) has head and nape bright yellow; sides neck sometimes with scattered green feathers.
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