The 33 species Amazona of the family parrots (Psittacidae), whose range covers most of South America until Central America and islands of Caribbean.
Medium to large, stocky appearance, predominantly green, with accent colors that depend on the species and can be quite alive, tail short, slightly rounded, wings broad and rounded; the dark edge of their feathers produces the aspect barred in most species; Little or nothing sexual dimorphism; the youth duller colors than those of adults.
With feed mainly seed, nuts and fruit, supplemented by leafy matter.
The majority of the habitats of the Amazona They are arboreal. They are seen in pairs and in small and large flocks; They form large communal meetings at night cabins; noisy and very visible; they have a flight distinctive fast with rapid and shallow wing beats below the level of the body; It is the most widespread and familiar of the Neotropical parrots.
Many Amazon parrots they have a remarkable ability to imitate human speech and other sounds. In part because of this, They are popular as pets or pets, and a small industry has developed in the breeding of parrots in captivity for this market. This popularity has led many parrots of this kind to be caught in their natural environment, thereby causing the decline of their populations, and even the danger of extinction for some species. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora has done illegal capture of parrots wild for the pet trade in an attempt to help protect wild populations.
Of 33 a 36 cm.. height can weigh between 350 gr y 450 gr.
The Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica) It is distinguishable by having the Centre of the crown and cheeks
34 a 37 cm.. height and between 480 and 600g. weight.
The Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) It is easily identifiable by the orange yellow wing patch, much more noticeable in flight.
Unknown until years 80, when a few came to Europe
32 cm.. length and 295 g. of weight.
The Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei) has the forecrown, lores, fore crown and
37 cm.. length and 430 g. of weight.
The Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) has forecrown, front of crown and lores, red; Subsequent red feathers crown with purple tips; cheeks,
35-40 cm.. length and 450-650 g. of weight.
The Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) has the forecrown and front of the crown, bright red; back of the crown, green with
28-33 cm.. length and 260-301 g. of weight.
The Cuban Parrot (Amazona leucocephala) has a plumage rather variable, a main color ranging from bright green to olive color,, some birds
33 a 36 cm.. height and an average weight of 270 g.
The Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis) It has a short tail, head yellow, some with forecrown white.
Its body is usually green,
35-36 cm.. length.
The Kawall's Parrot (Amazona kawalli) after not having been recorded in the wild for a few 70 years, It was rediscovered in the early 1980.
28-31 cm.. length and 250 g. of weight.
The Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis) has the forecrown Lords color and white (variable extension); the crown and upper cheeks
40 cm.. length and 580 – 700 weight g.
The plumage of the St. Vincent Parrot (Amazona guildingii) It is very variable, virtually no two similar birds.
Its forecrown, lores, supercilii area and
43 cm.. length and 700-800 g. of weight.
The St. Lucia Parrot (Amazona versicolor) has the lores, cheeks and forecrown, bright blue; crown, ear-coverts and lower cheeks, blue
38-40 cm.. length and 580-650 g. of weight.
The Tres Marias Parrot (Amazona tresmariae) has head and throat yellow.
The upperparts are green. The underparts son verdes pero
31–35 cm. length and 450-550 g. of weight.
The Diademed Parrot (Amazona Diadema) It is generally green, with black edges to feathers crown, to the mantle
38-41 cm.. tall and 370g. weight.
The Festive Parrot (Amazona festiva) has the cheeks and sides neck Green with strong blue diffusion; lores and a close frontal band red;
22 a 26 cm.. length.
The White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons) has the forecrown white; lores, upper cheeks and ring of feathers around eyes, red; the crown azul pálida se confunde con
33-39 cm.. height and weight around the 450 and 550 g..
The Blue fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva) is distinguished by yellow head, with blue-green forehead and cheek, Dark nostrils, Red shoulders
35,5 a 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.
The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its red front; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown Lila; mancha roja
40 cm.. length and 650 g. of weight.
The Red-necked Parrot (Amazona arausiaca) has the lores, forecrown, front of crown, orbital area and upper cheeks, of
33 cm. head to tail and weighs on average 310 g..
The Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi) has the forecrown and upper lores, red off; the lower lores, the cheeks and
The Northern Mealy Parrot (Amazona guatemalae) is a large parrot, mainly green, with a large bare periophthalmic white; head green, cada vez
The Southern Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa) It is the fifth in size among the Amazon parrots of the
The Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis) has the lores and forecrown, deep purple; cheeks and ear-coverts, color
The Yellow-billed Parrot (Amazona collaria) It has a distinctive narrow band on forecrown white; lores and upper cheeks, con plumas de
The Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis) It is the smallest of the Amazon parrots, and it is one of only two species Amazona
The Scaly-naped Amazon (Amazona mercenarius) It is the only rider in mountain areas.
Green general coloration, with the feathers of the chest with black border,
The Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata) It has a large size; their forecrown and front of the crown, usually, bluish green
The Puerto Rican Parrot (Amazona vittata) has the forecrown and lores, red; rest of the head and nape, con plumas de
The Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) has the forecrown and front area crown, bright yellow; lores, cheeks
The Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis) has the lores, forecrown and crown, bright red, with side margins on the back of the neck and
The Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana) It is mostly green, with black borders on the feathers, giving the whole a scalloped appearance.
Relativamente grande y fornida
30 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 370 g..
The Vinaceous Parrot (Amazona vinacea) has the lores and forecrown bright red; cheeks and crown verdes con puntas negras a algunas
The Yellow-lored Parrot (Amazona xantholora) has the lores and a close frontal band, bright yellow; most of the forecrown and
35-38 cm. in length weighing up 500 g..
The Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix) has head and nape bright yellow; sides neck sometimes with scattered green feathers.