Carolina Parakeet †
Conuropsis carolinensis

Carolina Parakeet

32 a 34 cm. length and 280 g. of weight.

Carolina Parakeet

Male and female adults of Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) They were identical in plumage, however males were slightly larger than females.

Most plumage It was green with underparts light green. The primary feathers They were mainly green, but with yellow edges in outer primary. The shoulders They were yellow, continuing along the outer edge of the wings. The the thighs They were green and yellow up to the feet. The legs and feet They were light brown. The most distinctive feature of this species was the forecrown and face orange. The feathers Orange extended to behind eyes and upper cheeks (lores). The skin around the eyes It was white and bill They were pale flesh color. The plumage of the head It was completely bright.

The immature They differed slightly in coloration of adults. The face and all body They were green, with underparts paler. Lacked yellow plumage or orange in face, wings and thighs. Hatchlings were covered with gray mouse-gray, up to approximately 39-40 the days when they appear wings and queues green. The chicks They had full adult plumage around 1 año de edad.

Subspecies description:

  • Conuropsis carolinensis carolinensis †

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.

  • Conuropsis carolinensis ludoviciana †

    (Gmelin, 1788) –


The habitats Preferred of Carolina Parakeet lands were overgrown and heavily forested swamps and rivers bordering. These parrots also lived in farmland and crops were eaten. Anidaban in large groups of hollow shafts. Prefierían forests sicomoro and swamp cypress. (” Parakeets”, 2000; Fuller, 2001; Mauler, 2001; Snyder and Russell, 2002)

They were traveling in flocks of 100 a 1000 birds. Anidaban up 30 birds in a nest. It was assumed that they were Monogamie. It was about very social birds, it was probably one of the many factors that led to their extinction. When a man shot a bird, fellow herd member flitted over his lost flock, making them vulnerable too. Farmers were shooting all flock to save their crops. It is doubtful that the Carolina Parakeet migrated, as it is seen in the northern states during the cold winters. They were attracted by the salt and pacifiers were observed ingesting salt water, earth and sand.

The Carolina Parakeet They are walking, They are jumping and climbing trees using their beaks as a third leg. Its flight was registered as a fast and elegant, but very noisy as birds rarely stayed silent during flight. Were involved in cleaning and grooming to keep their social cohesion. During the day they rested, They slept or sunned. They fed in the morning and evening. (“Parakeets”, 2000;”Nature Serve, Conuropsis carolinensis”, 2005; Howell, 1932; Rising, 2004; Snyder and Russell, 2002; Strattersfield y Capper, 2000)


Some sources say that Carolina Parakeet they were Monogamie, having only one partner for life. However, no studies were conducted on mating systems and many birds apparently shared nests. (Laycock, Audobon Magazine, March of 1969; Snyder and Russell, 2002)

There is little information available upon the reproduction of this species. They reproduced in spring, producing 2 a 5 eggs These perpetual Nidada, which then incubaban during 23 days. (Snyder and Russell, 2002; Snyder and Russell, 2002)


The Carolina Parakeet they ate mainly seeds of genre Xanthium. Also consumed the fruits and seeds many other plants, as well as flower buds and, occasionally, insects. They were recorded as ruin of many fruit crops. They rip off the immature fruit of the tree and ate seeds. Flocks could ruin the fruit of a tree in minutes. when they ate, the Carolina Parakeet They are taking food with their beaks, They placed them in their claws and held while using its beak to eat. (Greenway, JR. 1967; Howell, 1932; Snyder and Russell, 2002; Strattersfield y Capper, 2000; Greenway, JR. 1967; Howell, 1932; Snyder and Russell, 2002; Strattersfield y Capper, 2000)


the former Conuropsis carolinensis It was found from southern Florida until North Carolina and in coastal areas as far north as New York City. The Carolina Parakeet he was in the states Gulf as far west as Texas East and north along the rivers Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi and Ohio and its tributaries. They were also recorded in South Dakota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio and W.V.. The westernmost appearances were in eastern Colorado. (” Nature Serve, Conuropsis carolinensis”, 2005; Fuller, 2001; Laycock, Audobon Magazine, March of 1969; Snyder and Russell, 2002)

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Conuropsis carolinensis carolinensis †

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.

  • Conuropsis carolinensis ludoviciana †

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Paler overall than the nominal.


This species was previously in the southeastern United States, but now it is EXTINCT, primarily as a result of persecution. Records are the last wild subspecies Conuropsis carolinensis ludoviciana in 1910.

The main causes of extinction of the species were the persecution (for feeding, crop protection, poultry production and trade of hats for ladies), and also deforestation (especially lowland), probably aggravated by his gregarious nature (Saikku 1991), and competition with introduced bees (McKinley 1960).

Carolina Parakeet † captive:

One of the reasons for his extinction He was hunting birds released before attempting to breeding to sell as pets, possibly because it was more profitable and it was difficult to grow up in captivity. They could live up 30 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Carolina Conure, Carolina Parakeet, Carolina Paroquet, Louisiana Parakeet (English).
Conure de Caroline, Perriche à tête jaune, Perruche à tête jaune, Perruche de la Caroline du Sud (French).
Carolinasittich, Karolinasittich (German).
Periquito-da-carolina (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Carolina (Spanish).

Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: conuropsis
Scientific name: Conuropsis carolinensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus carolinensis

Carolina Parakeet Images:


Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Animal Diversity Web


(1) – axidermied Carolina Parakeet. Teaching and research collections, Laval University Library By Cephas (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Conuropsis carolinensis (Linnaeus, 1758) – the extinct Carolina parakeet (mount, public display, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, USA). By James St. John (Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina parakeet) 2) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Mounted specimen of Conuropsis carolinensis, Museum Wiesbaden, Germany By Fritz Geller-Grimm (Own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Taxodermic bird specimen in the Fairbanks Museum and Planetarium, St. Johnsbury, Vermont, USA. By Daderot (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Conuropsis carolinensis Linnaeus, 1758 by Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

0 0 vote
Rate the input

Sharing is caring!!

Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Use of cookies

This web site uses cookies so that you have the best user experience. If you continue browsing you are giving your consent for the acceptance of the aforementioned cookies and the acceptance of our cookies policy, Click the link for more information.plugin cookies

Notice of cookies
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x