Posted by pets | 22 November 2016

- Pyrrhura melanura


Maroon-tailed Parakeet

Description:

26-28 cm.. height.

Maroon-tailed Parakeet

The Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Pyrrhura melanura) is distinguishable mainly by the tail and wings blackish (visible in flight); has the lores, the forecrown, the crown and the rear area of the neck, brownish, with paler reddish brown tips on the crown, forming altogether a speckled pattern; cheeks, ear-coverts and area behind the eyes, green; Brown in the shadows at the back of the crown Green in the nape.

Upperparts Green with tinge of olive in some feathers. Primary coverts Red with yellow tips; Front edge of the wing , red; upperwing-coverts of color green with dye olive. Primaries Dark greenish blue with dark tips. Underwing-coverts green; underside of flight feather blackish. Throat and feathers of the upper part of the chest, Green or greyish green with pale margins, giving a scaly striking effect; pale edges that become less clear on the sides of the neck; the belly and undertail-coverts Green with dye olive dark. Upper, the tail dark brown with green outer feathers; undertail, the tail shiny black.

Bill pale grey; bare periophthalmic naked, whitish: irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes similar. The immature has less red (greener) in the primary coverts.

  • Sound of the Maroon-tailed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Pyrrhura melanura.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Similar to the Pyrrhura melanura souancei, but with even more ample and pale margins in the breast feathers (Some birds of Ecuador with almost entirely white breasts), less red on the front edge of the wing and more pronounced brown patch in the belly. Cheeks dyed with color olive, Red uniform at the edge of the Carpus; abdomen more uniform brown/red color.

  • Pyrrhura melanura chapmani

    (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940) – With suspiciously in the chest more width, No yellow in the wing ; yellowish in the area of the ear and the green of the tail darker.

  • Pyrrhura melanura melanura

    (Spix, 1824) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura melanura pacifica

    (Chapman, 1915) – More dark, No yellow in the wing , grey around the eye, tail more short and reddish.

  • Pyrrhura melanura souancei

    (Verreaux,J, 1858) – With the edge top of the wing Red and not yellow; Green in the base of the tail more extensive and chest with scaled a little more width.

Habitat:

The Maroon-tailed Parakeet It occupies the temperate tropical formations, including forests of várzea, forests of land low and pre-montanos rainforests and forests cloud, often in areas partially cleared and edges of secondary forests; 150 - 300m in Venezuela (nominal), to 3,200 m in the slopes Andean Eastern (souancei), 1.600-2.800m on the slope of the Andes Central (chapmani), at 1,700 m in Nariño (Pacifica), at 1500m (berlepschi). Usually in flocks of 6-12 individuals, staying in them cups of them trees to rest but moving is toward the branches more low for forage.

Reproduction:

Little information on the breeding, observed during the months of April-June, headers of the Rio Napo, Ecuador. Copulation observed in January (Colombia). Clutch four eggs in captivity.

Food:

Few details about the diet, with foods known, including fruits of Miconia tkeaezans (Top of the Magdalena valley). Fagara tachuelo and tree bark (Amazon).

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 1.510.000 km2

The distribution of the Maroon-tailed Parakeet is discontinuous. Northwest of South America in the Western Amazon basin, southern portion of the the Orinoco basin and slope of the Pacific of the Andes, in the southwest of Colombia and West Ecuador.

In Venezuela the species is found in the Centre of the South of Bolivar along the upper Western Amazon basin of Brazil between the rivers Black and Solimões. Are also distributed in the Andes Central of Colombia, at the top of the Magdalena valley, from the South of Tolima until Huila and separated to the East from the Andes (in lowlands and up to 500 m in foothills) Since the Macarena mountains, southward through eastern lowlands Ecuador and Northeast and East of Peru.

A separate population is distributed to the West of the Andes, in the Northwest of the South of Ecuador, to the North of The rivers, with a single log in Nariño, to the southwest of Colombia.

Mainly resident Although the apparent absence during some seasons in some parts of Colombia suggests regular movements.

Unevenly distributed, in some areas very common, being the Parrot more numerous in some parts of the range such as high Magdalena valley and perhaps parts of Esmeraldas in the Northwest of Ecuador.

Alleged decrease in some areas (for example, Ecuador's Pacific slope) due to loss of habitat. Little known in the East of Peru. Is not a locally popular cage bird if it has been traded internationally in significant numbers at the end of 1980 and fairly well known in captivity outside of its area of distribution.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Valley of Huallaga, East of Peru and Southeast of Ecuador on Cutucú mountain range. A copy with characteristics of this species was observed in the header of the Magdalena valley suggesting their distribution in Colombia.

  • Pyrrhura melanura chapmani

    (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940) – Hillside East of the top of the Magdalena valley in the center of the Andes from the South of Tolima until Huila at altitudes of 1600-2, 800 m

  • Pyrrhura melanura melanura

    (Spix, 1824) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura melanura pacifica

    (Chapman, 1915) – Northwest of Ecuador and southwest of Colombia.

  • Pyrrhura melanura souancei

    (Verreaux,J, 1858) – East of Colombia since the Sierra de la Macarena Southwest, until Putumayo through the East of Ecuador, possibly up to the north end of Peru. Probably bordered on the eastern slopes of the Andes and for the most part replaced by the nominal species in lowlands.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The population size world has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

This species is suspected that he has been able to lose 6,95 to 7,1% of a habitat within its distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to the cazay and/or the capture, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% durante tres generaciones.

In captivity:

Bird timid and quiet, get used to people over time. Colonies in large birdcages are possible.

Alternative names:


- Maroon-tailed Parakeet, Magdalena Parakeet, Maroon tailed Parakeet, Maroon-tailed Conure, Black-tailed Conure (inglés).
- Conure de Souancé, Perriche de Souancé, Perruche de Souancé (francés).
- Braunschwanzsittich, Braunschwanz-Sittich (alemán).
- tiriba-fura-mata (portugués).
- Cotorra Colinegra, Perico de Cola Negra, Periquito Colirrojo (español).
- Periquito Colirrojo (Colombia).
- Periquito Colirrojo (Perú).
- Perico Cola Negra (Venezuela).

Johann Baptist von Spix

Johann Baptist von Spix

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura melanura
- Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
- Protónimo: Aratinga melanurus

————————————————————————————————

Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Pyrrhura melanura)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – pyrrhura.cz.
(2) – Maroon-tailed parakeet pyrrhura berlepschi = berlepschi, Maroon-tailed Parakeet ssp. by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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Classification Pyrrhura melanura

Species:
  • Pyrrhura melanura
  • Subspecies:
  • Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi
  • Pyrrhura melanura chapmani
  • Pyrrhura melanura melanura
  • Pyrrhura melanura pacifica
  • Pyrrhura melanura souancei
  • Maroon-tailed Parakeet video

    Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Especies del género Pyrrhura

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