23 cms. length and 84 g. of weight.
The Sulphur-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoffmanni) It, mostly, green with some individual variations in plumage.
It has a distinctive tail long and round about ear-coverts crimson red. Yellow at the top of the wings, largely hidden when the bird is at rest, but perfectly visible in flight.
The feathers of the forecrown, crown, cheeks and nape, They are green with yellow centers (the proportion of the yellow color is higher in the forecrown, lower in the back of the crown). Above predominantly green, It is the leading edges of the wings, sometimes, yellow. The lesser coverts and median are, generally, green, sometimes with some yellow in outer median coverts and feathers alula.
Yellow at the base of the outerweb of the greater coverts. Outerwebs of primaries, to a great extent, blue; primaries and secondaries with bright yellow patch, especially on the basis of innerwebs; flight feather with black tips. Under, the wings with the lesser coverts green, the majors, greenish yellow; a central portion flight feather yellowed with greyish tips.
Chin reddish; throat, sides neck and the top chest, green with yellow tips on feathers, which gives an overall light effect Scaled. The belly, the flanks and undertail-coverts, are green. Upper, the tail is green, below, reddish.
The bill and cere They are pink colored horn; bare periophthalmic white or yellowish white; the irises brown; legs pale grey.
Both sexes are similar, but the male player has yellow stripes on pens crown.
The Immature It has less yellow in head, the chest and wings.
- Sound of the Sulphur-winged Parakeet.
Pyrrhura hoffmanni gaudens
(Bangs, 1906) – Very similar to nominal, although feathers crown and nape They have yellower, with their ends red or red and orange (in some birds, red ends of the feathers may extend over the back, the throat and the chest). Underparts slightly darker.
Pyrrhura hoffmanni hoffmanni
(Cabanis, 1861) – Nominal.
Observed, mainly, in mountainous areas, preferring montane forests in the subtropical zone, mainly 1.000 - 2.400 meters above sea level, although views 550 meters in the region Almirante Bay, Panama and a 3.000 metres in Costa Rica.
They appear to tolerate a considerable disturbance of habitat, including managed forests, areas and the second growth partially cleared, forests and wooded pasture shrubs. Usually seen in pairs or small flocks of 5-15 birds. You can perform altitudinal movements daily to feed, returning to the mountains to rest. Forage occurs in the canopy or smaller trees and bushes near the edge of the woods.
They nest in tree hollows, including old nests woodpeckers, - 8-20 meters of land. With reproduce dry season (January June). Clutch six eggs in captivity.
Distribution and status:
Extending its range (players / residents): 18.400 km2
Confined south of Costa Rica and western Panama.
The species is found in the highlands of the southern half of Costa Rica, including the slopes of Caribbean, the mountains of the central plateau south and the two sides of the Cordillera de Talamanca, sometimes the region Cartago and Paradise and the Irazu volcano.
In western Panama They are mainly distributed in the west and center Chiriquí and areas adjacent in Bull's mouths, in the highest mountains (including the Chiriqui volcano and the high ridges on Boquette) and at lower elevations around, for example, of the Chiriqui Lagoon and Admiral Bay.
The easternmost Panamanian registry was found east of the central mountain range in 1868.
Some altitudinal movements (higher in the dry season). Birds are perhaps only sporadic in the extremities of their range. Apparently, It is common in middle to high elevations Cordillera de Talamanca and in isolated areas, and it is believed to be quite numerous throughout the main range.
Its Habitat It is now highly fragmented, though still apparently numerous, even in areas where the forest is partly cloudy. Rare in captivity.
Distribution of subspecies:
Pyrrhura hoffmanni gaudens
Pyrrhura hoffmanni hoffmanni
(Cabanis, 1861) – Nominal. South of Costa Rica.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Stable.
• Population size : Unknown.
Justification of the red list category
Although this species may have a small range, it is not believed that approximates the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of size range (Extension <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión / calidad del hábitat o tamaño de la población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa). La trend of the population It appears to be stable, so that the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criteria of population trend (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size It has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un declive continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Justification of the population
The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).
Justification of trend
They suspected that the population of Catana Cotorra is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.
"Sulphur-winged Parakeet" in captivity:
Rare in captivity. Quieter than other parakeets. In Panama the export of these birds is prohibited from 1980.
– Hoffmann’s Conure, Hoffmann’s Parakeet, Hoffman’s Conure, Hofman’s Conure, Sulfur-winged Parakeet, Sulphur winged Parakeet, Sulphur-winged Conure, Sulphur-winged Parakeet (English).
– Conure de Hoffmann, Perriche de Hoffmann, Perruche de Hoffmann (French).
– Hoffmann Sittich, Hoffmannsittich, Hoffmann-Sittich (German).
– Tiriba-de-asa-amarelada (Portuguese).
– Cotorra Catana, Perico aliazufrado, Perico de Hofman (Spanish).
– Perico aliazufrado (Costa Rica).
Its name refers to the German naturalist Karl Hoffman.
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittacidae
– Genus: Pyrrhura
– Scientific name: Pyrrhura hoffmanni
– Citation: (Cabanis, 1861)
– Protonimo: Conurus hoffmanni
Sulphur-winged Parakeet Images:
Sulphur-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoffmanni)
(1) – Sulphur-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoffmanni). Photographed at Savegre, in Costa Rica By Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Parakeet HOFFMAN (Pyrrhura hoffmanni) Loro Parque, Tenerife by ZOOTOGRAFIANDO
(3) – A Sulphur-winged Parakeet at Savegre, Costa Rica By Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Sulphur-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura hoffmanni) at Savegre Lodge, near San Gerardo, Costa Rica By Michael Woodruff [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Sulphur-winged Parakeet or Hoffmann’s Conure (Pyrrhura hoffmanni) by elite-pets
(6) – Conurus hoffmanni = Pyrrhura hoffmanni by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
– Sounds: Mike Nelson, XC107214. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/107214