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Rose-headed Parakeet
Pyrrhura rhodocephala

Cotorra Coronirroja

Content

Description:

Rose-headed Parakeet

24-25 cm.. height.
The Rose-headed Parakeet (Pyrrhura rhodocephala) is a small parrot with the body almost all green and a long tail. The more notorious is the hood pink reddish and the patch red behind them eyes; cheeks until uppertail-coverts green. Primary coverts white, other coverts green except, sometimes, some feathers scattered red-orange in the bend of wing. Outerwebs of them flight feather, Blue with black tips. Undertail-coverts green. Feathers of the throat, the chest and the sides of the neck, of color green olive with tips brownish that give an effect of scaly very dim; belly slightly more green olive that the upperparts, with a pale patch red in the center; the undertail-coverts green; at the top, the tail brownish red color; undertail, red clear.

Bill color pale horn; bare periophthalmic white; brown the irises; legs dark gray.

Both sexes similar.

The immature shows a crown bluish green with scattered red feathers, primary coverts Blue and base green until it tail.

Habitat:

Video – "Rose-headed Parakeet" (Pyrrhura rhodocephala)

Pyrrhura Rhodocephala

It inhabits mainly in humid forests, secondary, and páramo, between 800 to 3400 m. Resident Although daily make long migrations.
Fly in flocks of 10 to 30 individuals.

Reproduction:

There is little information on reproduction, probably it breeding season between the months of May-June.

Food:

It probably feeds on berries, seeds, fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 17,000 km2

This Parrot is endemic to the Andes, in the Northwest corner of Venezuela, on both slopes of the Cordillera de Mérida from Táchira until Trujillo, with records in the mountains of Merida and North of Barinas.

Is probably resident but perform movements daily to distances considerable. They are distributed in several protected areas, apparently, effective, but the continuous deforestation in its small range must represent a threat to long term.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is described as quite common (Hilty 2003).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

"Rose-headed Parakeet" in captivity:

Absent in captivity, at least out of Venezuela.

Alternative names:

Rose-headed Parakeet, Rose headed Parakeet, Rose-crowned Conure, Rose-crowned Parakeet, Rose-headed Conure (English).
Conure tête-de-feu, Perriche tête-de-feu, Perruche tête-de-feu (French).
Rotkopfsittich, Rotkopf-Sittich (German).
Tiriba-cabeça-rosa (Portuguese).
Cotorra Coronirroja, Perico de Cabeza Roja (español).


scientific classification:

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura rhodocephala
Citation: (Sclater & Salvin, 1871)
Protonimo: Conurus rhodocephalus

Images "Rose-headed Parakeet"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – fouragesofsand
(2) – Pyrrhura rhodocephala, Rose-crowned Parakeet by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds:

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Crimson-bellied Parakeet
Pyrrhura perlata

Crimson-bellied Parakeet

Content

Description:

Crimson-bellied Parakeet

24-25 cm. of length and weight 85-94 g

The Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata) has the lores and cheeks of color yellowish-olive with dye Brown; The forecrown, the crown and back neck Dark Slate with velvety probes, giving a mottled appearance, especially in parts where increases the blue at the bases of the feathers.

The upper mantle is blue; robe bottom up to the uppertail-coverts green. Scapulars green at the base, blue down; the lesser wing coverts, olive green; the medium-sized and large coverts, with a predominance of the color blue. The flight feather, blue top, secondaries with green in the outerweb; slate grey dark below.

Underwing-coverts bright red. Sides of the neck, the throat and the top of the chest, with a predominance of brown color, with some brands blue and tips velvety, giving a scaly appearance; The under chest and most of the belly bright crimson; Flanks, the thighs and undertail-coverts, Blue with greenish tint. Upper, the tail, with predominance of color Brown, shades of green and some blue feathers; below, the tail, dark gray.

The bill brown-black color; eye ring whitish grey; Iris dark brown; legs black slate.

Both sexes similar.

Immature they lack the bright crimson color on the underparts; Sometimes with dark margins in the scapulars.

The Pyrrhura perlata was formerly known as Pyrrhura rhodogaster.

Habitat:

They generally inhabit humid forests on dry land., clear forest, secondary and probably drier formations in the North of Mato Grosso and have been registered also dominated by fig trees in eastern forests of Bolivia.

Usually views in small flocks and, sometimes in mixed groups with the Golden-winged Parakeet and Painted Parakeet. Larger family groups have been reported previously. They have often been seen descending into rivers and streams to bathe and drink..

Reproduction:

With reproduce between August and November, probably in April and June, They nest in tree cavities. Incubation period: 24-25 days.

The put in captivity is of 3-9 eggs, being 5 the average.

Food:

Reported foods include catkins Cecropia, small fruits of Trema micrantha, fruits of the ficus, Eugenia and Zanthoxylum, and flowers of Bertholletia excelsa and Dioclea glabra.

Distribution:

They can be found in Brazil, in the area of the great South-Central amazon basin, in West For and in the western area of amazon, in the river basins Madeira and South of the Tapajós, to the extreme north of Mato Grosso, Rivers Roosevelt and Aripuanã.

Observed in adjacent parts of Bolivia and probably widely distributed east of Rio Mamoré in hand me and Santa Cruz.

In general common, but perhaps decreasing due to the loss of forests in some parts of its area of distribution (for example, along the river JI-Paraná in Rondà´nia, Brazil).

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend:

It is suspected that this species has lost 23-30.3% of habitat within its distribution area for three generations (18 years), based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of species the hunting and capture, they suspected that the population of Crimson-bellied Parakeet will decrease by ≥ 30% during three generations.

"Crimson-bellied Parakeet" in captivity:

Not very common in captivity. Its diet ideal would be based on fruits such as: apples, Pears, oranges, bananas, grenades, cactus fruits , which form the 30 percent of their food, vegetables, such as: carrots, celery, green beans, pea in the pod, fresh corn, green leaves, such as: chard, lettuce, dandelion, chickweed, healer, millet; a mixture of seeds as such: Canary Islands, small amounts of wheat and millet, oats, safflower and hemp, Sunflower, cooked beans and legumes and cooked corn.

Es una ave muy playful a la que le encanta bañarse, so toys and a shallow bowl of water should be provided.
Moderate voice, but when are they excited can be somewhat noisy. It is not aggressive with other species.
Price per couple: 500-600 EUR

Alternative names:

Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Crimson bellied Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Conure, Pearly Conure, Pearly Parakeet, Rose-bellied Conure, Rose-breasted Conure, Rose-breasted Parakeet (English).
Conure à ventre rouge, Conure perlée, Perriche à ventre rouge, Perruche à poitrine cramoise, Perruche à ventre rouge (French).
Rotbauchsittich, Blausteißsittich, Blausteiss-Sittich, Rotbauch-Sittich (German).
Tiriba-de-barriga-vermelha (Portuguese).
Catita cola granate, Cotorra Ventirroja, Cotorra Ventrirroja, Perico de Pecho Rojo, Perico Perla (español).
Catita cola granate (Paraguay).


scientific classification:

Johann Baptist von Spix
Johann Baptist von Spix

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura perlata
Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Aratinga reported


Crimson-bellied Parakeet images:

Videos of the "Crimson-bellied Parakeet"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata) also called the Crimson-Bellied Conure By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Juan_Caparrós_cabeza. JPG: Juan Caparrós [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Crimson-bellied Parakeet (also known as the Crimson-bellied Conure) captive by Pyrrhura_perlata_-captive-8a.jpg: Nori Almeidaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Crimson-bellied Conure in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Parrot by pixabay Crimson
(5) – Pyrrhura perlata by Florin FeneruFlickr
(6) – Conurus rhodogaster=Pyrrhura perlata by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Xeno-canto

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Grey-breasted parakeet
Pyrrhura griseipectus

Grey-breasted parakeet

Content

Description:

23 cm.. length and 70 g. of weight.

Grey-breasted parakeet

The Grey-breasted parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus) is a bird marked by a mask in reddish face, interrupted by a surrounding white coloration in the regions orbitals and ear-coverts.

The feathers of the neck to the upper region chest They have a gray coloration with light streaks interspersed, giving the region a striped appearance or escamado. The species has a characteristic patch reddish in belly, highlighting green coloration, its predominant body. The region forecrown up to the nape, It is dark brown with white or lighter brown spots that vary from bird to bird.. rear area neck green blue border with a width. They have a patch reddish brown in the bottom of the back which leads to the crown. The tail It is long and maroon. Bill gray-black; eye ring white gray; irises brown-orange.

It has no sexual dimorphism. The immature they are more muted than adults; You have scattered green feathers in the abdomen; the cere and the bare periophthalmic is white, less gray tone.

Taxonomic status:

This species is considered to be a subspecies of Pyrrhura [leucotis, emma or griseipectus] by some authors

  • Sound of the Grey-breasted parakeet.

Habitat:

It is in the rainforests, often located in Serranas regions, where orographic rains favor the occurrence of enclaves Atlantic Forest and Mata dry amid caatinga.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It occurs during the rainy season. The laying It is five to eight eggs in holes dug by woodpeckers since they are not able to dig their own nests; They use these holes to sleep.

When the pups are born, the couple divides the task of feeding. Sometimes they have help from even a third member of the flock to successfully raise all the young..

Food:

Probably it feeds on fruits, flowers, seeds and algae.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (players / residents): 830 km2

This species was formerly known in 15 Locations (. Anon 2014) within Brazil. At present it is in only three areas in the state of Ceará, the Serra de Baturité and Quixadá (C. Albano in a little . 2006, Waugh et al 2010.) and most recently observed in a rocky mountain Ceará, where five birds were recorded in March 2014 (Anon. 2014).

In Serra do Baturité appears to be very rare and seems to have been extinct from several areas, but recent records of groups in the Environmental Protection Area mountains Baturité; surveys 2007 half of the remaining habitat in this site revealed near 80 individuals (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and the population here is now estimated to be about 250 birds (Waugh et al . 2010).

Forests of Baturite mountains They have been greatly reduced to make way for coffee plantations and only 13% of the jungle remained in 1996. The discovery in 2010 a population of about 50 birds in Quixadá (Waugh et al ., 2010) It raises the known world population of this species in about 300 birds.

The Grey-breasted parakeet It was previously known two other areas: the eastern slope of the Saw Ibiapaba in Ceará, and small Serra Negra, in Pernambuco, where it was very common in 1974, with flocks of 4-6 individuals regularly seen in the early 1980, although there are no recent records. There are also unconfirmed reports 1991 in organic station Murici Alagoas in which possibly it refers to individuals released; Recent fieldwork was unable to locate the species.

Its known range is very small, and the species has declined dramatically in the past, a trend that may be permanent.

Conservation:

  • Justification of the Red List of the Category

Recent surveys indicate that this species has a extremely small population, which continues to decline after dramatic historical declines. For these reasons it qualifies as Critically Endangered.

  • Justification of the population

State of conservation ⓘ


Critically Endangered critically endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: critically endangered.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 200 individuals.

The population in the Area of Baturité Mountains Environmental Protection It is estimated at about 250 birds, and discovery in 2010 a population of about 50 birds in Quixadá raises the known world population of about 300 birds (Waugh et al ., 2010). This equates to approximately 200 mature individuals.

  • Justification trend

This species is suspected to be decreasing quickly because of their capture and habitat loss in progress within its range.

  • Threats

The habitat destruction He has played a role in the decline of the species with the original forest cover now reduced to only 13%.

The coffee plantations (especially where coffee is grown in the sun instead of shade coffee) They are impacting the habitat of the species.

The main threat, However, It is believed to come from the capture illegal underway for local and national trade (C. Albano a slightly 2006, Anon 2009..) and captive breeding (Fernandes-Ferreira et al 2012.); the Grey-breasted parakeet They can be easily purchased through Internet (Girão and Albano 2008).

It is easily found in the international trade in bird cage.

The lack of natural nesting sites also it believed to are limiting reproductive success of the species (Campos et al . 2014).

Conservation Actions Underway

Appendix II of CITES.

In Brazil, It was considered above in critical hazard (Silveira y Straube 2008), but it has now been legally designated as endangered national (MMA 2014), and protected Brazilian law.

Dwelleth within Baturité Mountains Environmental Protection Area, but this area has been designated for sustainable use and traditionally has not been achieved for conservation.

Management of land by a private owner in the area has led to an increase in a small town known (C. Albano a slightly . 2006).

Since 2007, NGO AQUASIS Brazil has been conducting two research projects: one sponsored by the Brazilian Foundation O Boticário for the Protection of Nature, the topography of the Baturite mountains to monitor their condition and research their biology; and another sponsored Fundación Loro Parque, for additional populations (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008).

The surveys carried out in the historical sites and areas of potential habitat in the period 2007-2008 They have not been able to locate members of this species, although there are strong indications of individuals that may still be inhabiting the degraded Serra do Estevão, municipality Jaw, state Ceará (C. Albano in a little. 2007 2008, Anon 2007), where it was actually rediscovered in the 2010 (Waugh et al ., 2010).

A team of AQUASIS, funded by an award Leadership Program for Conservation in 2012, conducted searches for the species on an isolated mountain in Ceará and he found a small population of five individuals in March 2014 (Anon. 2014).

You can also persist in Serra Negra Biological Reserve, state Pernambuco, although a combination of marijuana crops and hostile local culture makes research work in this latter area difficult (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008).


At least 11 private reserves (RPPN) They are in the process of being created in the Serra de Baturité (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and AQUASIS They are now engaged in the process of developing a nature reserve in the Baturite mountains (Campos et al . 2014).

AQUASIS has strengthened ties with government agencies in order to influence policy decisions (Campos et al . 2014).

Scheme nest box sponsored by Loro Parque It has been carried out with nest boxes installed in different places with the consent of the landowners. (Anon, 2009).

AQUASIS also they provided nest boxes Insecticide treated to reduce infestations of bee and wasp (Campos et al . 2014). These measures have proved effective, with 16 boxes occupied in 2012 give place to 97 eggs and 71 chicks hatched successfully.

A education and awareness campaign large scale was carried out in the Serra de Baturité in 2008 (C. Albano in a little. 2007, 2008) and continues today, with many schools currently participating in education programs AQUASIS (Campos et al . 2014).

A main objective of AQUASIS is to promote the Cotorra pechigris as a flagship species, the work being supported by commercial NGOs and ecotourism WATER Trails of the Park (Anonymous 2009).

AQUASIS also it aims to develop the ability to bird watching and a development process of consciousness creating alternative livelihoods (Anonymous 2009). A visitor center has recently been established (Campos et al . 2014).

It breeds well in captivity and stocks are held in Brazil and abroad. Always captive breeding is well managed and coordinated, could be used for reintroduction into the wild.

They are being conducted studies on factors influencing the survival rate of chicks, population's genetics (in future DNA techniques can be used as a deterrent against illegal collection of wild birds); both adults and juveniles have been banded (Campos et al . 2014).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Conduct more studies in areas similar to the mountains Baturité in the northeast of Brazil, such as Sierras de Aratanha, Maranguape and Machado, by the presence of additional existing populations.

continue population monitoring known in Serra de Baturité.

improve conservation management practiced in the Guaramiranga Ecological Park.

Provide incentives for landowners to increase the network of private reserves Baturite mountains.

Monitor and control trade locally, National and international.

Investigate the feasibility of using giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus giganteus) as sites for constructing artificial nests (Campos et al . 2014).

continue making awareness campaigns to promote the Grey-breasted parakeet as a symbol for the conservation of humid forests and associated biodiversity in the Baturite mountains.

Investigate in situ conservation measures.

"Grey-breasted parakeet" in captivity:

Its continuous capture, both for domestic and international trade, They have taken this beautiful bird to a critical situation, there are only 200 specimens in the nature. There are probably more animals captivity in its natural habitat

Protected by the Appendix II of CITES, each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, must be placed in a well-managed captive breeding program and not sold as a pet, in order to ensure long term survival.

Alternative names:

Gray-breasted Conure, Gray-breasted Parakeet, Grey-breasted Conure, Grey-breasted Parakeet, Maroon-faced Parakeet (Gray-breasted) (English).
Conure à poitrine grise (French).
Graubrustsittich, Salvadori-Weißohrsittich (German).
Tiriba-de-orelha-branca, tiriba-de-peito-cinza, periquito cara-suja (Portuguese).
Cotorra pechigrís, Periquito sujo, Cotorra de pecho gris (español).


scientific classification:

Salvadori-Thomas
Salvadori Tommaso

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura griseipectus
Citation: Salvadori, 1900
Protonimo: Pyrrhura griseipectus


Images Grey-breasted Parakeet:

Videos "Grey-breasted parakeet"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Grey-breasted parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Grey-breasted Parakeet By writhedhornbill [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Grey-breasted Parakeet by Internet Archive Book ImagesFlickr

Sounds: Ciro Albano, XC7948. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/7948

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Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus passerinus


Green-rumped Parrotlet

Content

Description:

Green-rumped Parrotlet

13-14 cm.. height.

The Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) is the psittacine smaller that can be found on the American continent. It is distinguished by being green, with a brighter green in the front, cheeks, lower part of the body and behind the neck; the rump bright green in the two sexes, wing with one Strip Turquoise Blue followed by another greenish-blue in males; belly lighter than the back, tail with yellow border.

Female with rump greenish-yellow and wings without blue. It is possible to have dyes more yellowish forehead.

Subspecies description:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Also known as Parrotlet Schlegel. Similar to the subspecies Forpus passerinus passerinus, but the feathers of the tail of the female they are more green in the bottom. Also it has more yellow along the forecrown .


  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Show more blue with the wing closed in the other subspecies.


  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – The male has the rear area Emerald green with blue and pale blue tint at the edge of the the greater wing coverts. Female has more yellow in all the facial area.


  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal.


  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Also known as Venezuela green parakeet. The plumage is green in males; in females varies considerably according to the region they inhabit.

Habitat:

It is found in dry forest, semi-open areas, crops, among others, until the 500 m. In flocks of more of 100 individuals. You can perform altitudinal migrations.

Reproduction:

It nests in abandoned nests of woodpeckers or in other holes, from May to November.

Food:

They feed on seeds, including the of the grasses.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.060.000 km2

This is a very widespread and common. They are distributed in the northeast of Colombia, North of Venezuela, Guyanas to the northeast of Brazil, also in Curacao, Trinidad and the West Indies.

Subspecies distribution:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Is located in Roraima, Brazil.


  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Are found in the areas around the North of Colombia.


  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – Is located in the lower basin of the amazon, in Brazil.


  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal. Found in the Guianas.


  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Found in the North of Venezuela, Trindad and Tobago.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 19,2-21% of habitat within its distribution in three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunt or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% durante tres generaciones.

"Green-rumped Parrotlet" in captivity:

It´s common bird cage. In captivity they are sweet and playful. It might be possessive with toys and people.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet, Common Parrotlet, Green rumped Parrotlet, Guiana Parrotlet, Guianan Parrotlet, Passerine Parrotlet (English).
Toui été, Perruche-moineau de Guyane (French).
Grünbürzel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
tuim-santo, periquitinho, periquito-do-espírito-santo, periquito-santo, periquito-tabacú, periquito-vassoura (Portuguese).
Catita Enana de Lomo Verde, Cotorrita Culiverde, Periquito Coliverde (español).
Periquito Coliverde (Colombia).
Periquito Mastrantero (Venezuela).


scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus passerinus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus passerinus


Images Green-rumped Parrotlet:

Videos of the "Green-rumped Parrotlet"



Species of the genus Forpus

Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife
– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – Forpus passerinus in Trinidad 2014, Caribbean By Jam.mohd (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Photograph of pet Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) By self (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Green-rumped Parrotlet, (Forpus passerinus), a pair, male (right) and female (left), in Venezuela By kulyka on flickr (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
(5) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
(6) – Blue-winged Parrotlet, adult male (above); Green-rumped Parrotlet, young(?) male (below) Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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Deville's Parakeet
Pyrrhura lucianii


Deville's Parakeet

Content

Description:

21-23 cm.. height.

the showy plumage of the Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii) is generally Green, darker in the lower parts, the crown is dark brown, the forecrown and face is brownish red in colour; cheeks brick red, faded of blue, ear-coverts brownish yellow, neck and chest with the typical scales very visible due to the black and yellow contrast of the feathers. The ventral coat of arms, reddish, is well defined; in flight the dark red spot is notorious for the abdomen. Well defined are the reddish marks on the rump and in his long tail; the flight feather they are blue.

It has periocular ring Of course, irises brown, bill blackish and legs grey pink.

Note:

Until recently this species was included along with the Pyrrhura subandina, Pyrrhura caeruliceps, Pyrrhura pantchenkoi within the species Pyrrhura picta.

Habitat:

Found in altitudes of 800 m, in forests Terra firm and várzea, including forest margins and near clearings with tall trees. In forests low semi humid, up close 100 m.

Seen in pairs, groups of three or flocks of up to 20 individuals.

Reproduction:

Little is known about the reproductive cycle of this species, probably nesting in large trees, in cavities or in nest of woodpeckers abandoned, with one laying estimated in 5-7 eggs.

Food:

With feeds a wide variety of fruits, flowers, seeds and algae, possibly.

Distribution:

Size of the distribution (breeding/resident): 47,200 km2

Restricted to the State of amazon in the Northwest Amazon of Brazil.

This species is supposed fairly common within its range, However, This can not be confirmed since this time rare remote region is visited by researchers.

Conservation:

• Red List Category: Least concern

• Population trend: Decrease

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

The status of their populations is unknown, but for the good condition of the habitat, it can be assumed that they are in good state of conservation.

While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, do not believe that the decline is fast enough for approaching the threshold of vulnerable under the criterion of population trend

"Deville's Parakeet" in captivity:

Although he is a parrot rare in captivity, its potential as a domestic fowl is excellent, provided there are hand raised and socialized from an early age. The newly imported birds are usually shy and nervous and often they remain reserved.

It is usually inquisitive and active, enjoy flying and requires plenty of exercise and a spacious cage. Usually, It is not too noisy unless it is excited (as it is usually the case of all species Pyrrhura).

Once acclimatized, These parrots are quite robust. Enjoy with the bath by what are them must provide a dish of water little deep to daily. Also the love chew branches fresh.

Alternative names:

Deville’s Parakeet, Bonaparte’s Parakeet (English).
Conure de Bonaparte, Conure de Luciani (French).
Bonapartesittich, Prinz Luzians Rotschwanzsittich (German).
Tiriba-de-deville (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Bonaparte, Ñángaro de Deville, Perico de Deville, Cotorrita barriguiroja (español).
Perico de Bonaparte (Peru).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura lucianii
Citation: (Deville, 1851)
Protonimo: Conurus Lucianii

Images Deville's Parakeet:



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Maracana luciani Dev. & Cast. Pyrrhura lucianii = (Deville, 1851) by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Daniel Lane (Xeno-canto)

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Hellmayr's Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum

Hellmayr's Parakeet

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

22 cm.. length.

The Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) It is a mainly green parakeet; the area from crown at the nape it is dark brown; the belly, the rump and tip tail, They are dark red; below, the tail It is also dark red.

They have a patch whitish in ear-coverts; a blue band in front of eyes. The face It is dark reddish brown; the upper region chest It is greenish gray with gray scalloping; the bottom of the chest It is scaled with yellowish effect; the in bend of wing green; brown-red patch in the center of abdomen; of remiges blue (visible only in flight). Orbital ring blackish; the cheeks and ocular region are dark brown.
Bill grey-black; eyes orange brown.

The immature birds They have a darker plumage.

Taxonomic status:

Considered a subspecies of the Painted Parakeet by some authors

  • Sound of the Hellmayr's Parakeet.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum

    (Hellmayr, 1906) – Nominal.


  • Pyrrhura amazonum lucida

    (Arndt, 2008 parrots[Arndt]) – Little or no blue on the front of the crown. Slightly smaller and paler than the Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae


  • Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae

    perico madeira – (Joseph & Bates,JM, 2002) – The bare periophthalmic is of color beige.

Habitat:

They are distributed in tropical moist forests and adjacent habitats. It´s social. Observed in pairs or groups. It is quite common in most of its range and inhabits several protected areas.. The Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum It is in the Amazon National Park, For, Brazil, while the Pyrrhura amazonum lucida It is in the The Cristalino State Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Reproduction:

They build their nests in tree cavities.

Food:

With feed seed, flowers, fruit, berries and nuts. They are also considered local pests, as they regularly raid cornfields and orchards, occasionally causing considerable damage.

Distribution:

Size of its range (players / residents): 392.000 km2

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : Unknown.

Justification of the Red List of the Category

Based on a model of deforestation in the amazon basin, and their potential susceptibility to capture for the bird trade, It is suspected that the population of the Hellmayr's Parakeet It has declined rapidly over three generations, and therefore it has been classified as danger of extinction.

Justification of the population

Recent world population is unknown given taxonomic divisions.

Justification trend

This species is suspected that he has been able to lose 43,0 to 52,1% of suitable habitat within their distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the . 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to capture, It suspected population decline by 50% in three generations.

Threats

The main threat to this species is that it is accelerating the Deforestation in the Amazon basin for livestock and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011).

The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil they reduce the percentage of land that a private owner has a legal obligation to keep as forest and include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (who would later be absolved of the need to reforest illegally cleared land) (Bird et to the. 2011).

His capture for bird trade wild can represent a significant threat.

Conservation actions and ongoing research

It is not known any.

The proposed conservation and research actions

Expand the network of protected areas to effectively protect IBA.

Effectively manage the resources of existing protected areas and new, the use of new opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the common goals of reducing carbon emissions and maximize biodiversity conservation.

conservation on private lands is also essential, through the expansion of market pressures for rational land management and prevention of logging on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006).

Campaign against proposed changes to Forest code of Brazil that would lead to a decrease in the width of protected riparian forest areas such as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

"Hellmayr's Parakeet" in captivity:

It is a bird in danger of extinction. Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, must be placed in a well-managed captive breeding program and not sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Hellmayr’s Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet (Santarem) (English).
Conure de Hellmayr (French).
Santaremsittich (German).
Tiriba-de-hellmayr (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Santarém, Perico Santarém (español).

scientific classification:

Carl Edward Hellmayr

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura amazonum
Citation: Hellmayr, 1906
Protonimo: Pyrrhura pictured on Amazon


Images Hellmayr's Parakeet:


Hellmayr's Parakeet Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil

Hellmayr's Parakeet Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil

Videos "Hellmayr's Parakeet"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura or Amazon by snethlageae Blake MathesonFlickr
(2) – Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
(3) – Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil by Jorge MontejoFlickr

Sounds: Jeremy Recall, XC235131. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/235131

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Blue-winged Parrotlet
Forpus xanthopterygius

Cotorrita Aliazul

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

12 to 13 cm.. height.

The Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) has the forecrown, the crown, back of the neck and ear-coverts, green; cheeks, eye area and lores, emerald green. Upperparts and wings, green, except the part inferior of the back, rump, primaries and greater coverts, are cobalt blue and blue color toward the base of the secondaries. Under, the wings with the coverts a rich cobalt blue color; the flight feathers Matte metallic blue. the underparts of color green with shades yellow and with feathers of color red Emerald around the thighs and vent. Upper, the tail green; undertail, pale green.

Bill and cere Pink with gray base up to the upper jaw; bare periophthalmic pale grey: irises dark brown: legs Gris-Rosado pale.

Female all green.

Immature similar to the adult respective but the color blue of them males young mixed with green.

Subspecies description
  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Similar to the species nominal but the males with the rump pale blue; underparts and facial area more yellowish; undertail, the tail more bluish.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Hellmayr, 1929) – Generally paler and more yellowish which the nominal. Forehead, throat and cheeks males, yellow.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius

    (Spix, 1824) – The nominal

  • Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris

    (By Taczanowsk, 1883) – As the species nominal but blue pale with emerald green in it forecrown. Primary coverts pale, of color grisaceo-violeta that contrast with the coverts more large of color blue more dark. upper jaw laterally compressed in the Center.

    – Some authors like (Stotz et to the., 1996, Collar 1997) They have followed Pinto (1945) and considered this subspecies as monotypic species under the scientific name Forpus crassirostris

Habitat:

Frequent habitats woodlands more dry such as Open forests and riparian, closed and caatinga; at the edge of the range that is located in the Savannah, palm groves, scrub semiarid and pastures. In the western amazon appears to be mainly distributed along rivers in lighter riparian growth. Mainly in the land low, but reported to 1,200 m in the mountains of the southeast of Brazil. Gregaria, in herds of up to 50.

Reproduction:

It nests, mainly, in the cavities of trees, Although also termite tree, posts in fences, nests common hornero (Furnarius rufus), which can be occupied by force and lined with grass stalks, or even nests of the Red-rumped Cacique (Cacique haemorrhous). Clutch 3-7 eggs.

Food:

Its diet includes fruit of Cecropia, seeds of Mikania and Trema micrantha and flowers of Ambrosia and Marcgravia; Forages in open areas, sometimes in land.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 5.780.000 km2

Its distribution is discontinuous in South America, since the Basin Amazon to the North of Argentina with people separated in the North of Colombia. The latter occurs in the lowlands of the Caribbean arid from Cartagena through the valley bottom of the river Magdalena South to North of Bolívar and East to the base of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. The species reappears in the end South of Colombia about Leticia and possibly in the Putumayo, and records from the Northeast borders of the Ecuador and from the East of Peru to the East of Bolivia in hand me and Santa Cruz; It extends through the basin of the Western Amazon of Brazil eastward to the East of amazon and in large part of the interior of the this of Brazil towards the Southeast, possibly up to Rio Grande do Sul.

Apparently absent from parts of the East and northeast of brazilian amazon with its northeastern limits in maranhão and Ceará.

They are distributed in the northeast of Argentina, in Missions, Northeast of Currents, Chaco oriental and Formosa Eastern.

Is located in the East of Paraguay and can be observed over the West in the chaco.

Apparently introduced in Jamaica, but the current situation is unknown.

Mainly resident Although migrant altitude in the southeast of Brazil, with seasonal movements in Argentina in relation to food supply. common in the East of the cordillera, sometimes locally abundant (for example, in the northern parts of Bay), less abundant in the West, being uncommon and local (Perhaps reducing) in the Northwest of Colombia and scarce throughout the East of Peru and Bolivia. Perhaps increasing in parts of the western amazon with cleared of forest dense, but probably in decline in Paraguay, where formerly common and now rare.

The Blue-winged Parrotlet have been caught for the trade, with captive birds outside range countries. Is unlikely that the trade has been affected to their abundance in the Middle wild.

Subspecies distribution

With the aim of preserving the stability of the nomenclature, It has designated a lectotype for the name widely used xanthopterygius, What makes the correct name for the species present. Four subspecies currently recognized.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Bolivia and Southeast Peru.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Hellmayr, 1929) – maranhão, Piauí, Ceará and Northeast South of Brazil to the North of Bay.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius

    (Spix, 1824) – The nominal

  • Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris

    (By Taczanowsk, 1883) – West amazon in South Colombia, is of Ecuador and this from Peru to center of amazon, Brazil.

    – Some authors like (Stotz et to the., 1996, Collar 1997) They have followed Pinto (1945) and considered this subspecies as monotypic species under the scientific name Forpus crassirostris

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population of the Blue-winged Parrotlet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

Suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

"Blue-winged Parrotlet" in captivity:

In captivity they are not very frequent. They are birds enable you require a large cage. Quiet and something Shy. Not is easy to accommodate them with other parrots.
Can be prone to it Obesity.

Note:

Among the various species of the Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius), There is, Unfortunately, a very extensive variety of colors mixed due to the crossing in captivity of the nominal species with several of their subspecies, as well as the different crosses between subspecies. So, it is rather doubtful to find yet species and subspecies properly colored, especially in the poultry raising European. Only the subspecies Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens, as pure subspecies, it's still pretty easy to recognize.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet, Blue winged Parrotlet, Blue-winged, Large-billed or Turquoise-winged Parrotlet, Blue-winget parrotlet (English).
Toui de Spix, Perruche-moineau à ailes bleues, xT. à gros bec ou T. de Spengel (French).
Blauflügel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
Tuim, bate-cu, caturra, coió-coió, cu-cozido, cuiúba, cu-tapado, meudo, periquitinho, periquito, periquito-do-espírito-santo, quilim, tabacu, tapa-cu, tuietê, tuim-de-asa-azul, tuitiri (Portuguese).
Catita enana, Catita Enana Sudamericana, Cotorrita Aliazul, Periquito Azulejo, Viudita (español).
Catita enana (Argentina).
Catita enana (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Azul (Peru).
Viudita (Paraguay).


scientific classification:

Johann Baptist von Spix
Johann Baptist von Spix

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus xanthopterygius
Citation: (of Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Psittaculus xanthopterygius


Images Blue-winged Parrotlet:

Videos of the "Blue-winged Parrotlet"



Species of the genus Forpus

Blue-winged Parrotlet (The xanthopterygi of Forp)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) Vale do Ribeira, Sao Paulo (state), Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) looking out from a nest in the Vale do Ribeira, Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) at Foz do Iguacu, Brazil By Arthur Chapman [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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El Oro Parakeet
Pyrrhura orcesi


Cotorra de El Oro

Content

Description:

22 cm. of long and 73 g. of weight.

The El Oro Parakeet (Pyrrhura orcesi) is a bird relatively striking, with mostly green plumage. Has the forecrown red; feathers on the sides of the neck with the white base; Red patch from the shoulder up to the half of the wing , end of the wing blue (more visible in flight), tail above with a reddish tint and below completely red except the base.

Beak and legs blackish.

The females It is thought that less red have around the face.

the youth they are generally paler and lack much of the red marks that are seen in adults.

Habitat:

It inhabits in the very humid tropical forest between 800-1.200 m (occasionally at altitudes as low as 300 m). It has been reported that he tolerates some habitat fragmentation (Schaefer and Schmidt 2003). Performs seasonal movements. Are usually distributed in groups of 4-15, Although it has been observed in flocks of up to 60 birds. They may be closely related with the Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Pacific) (Pyrrhura melanura pacifica) and the Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Pyrrhura melanura)

The rest sites They seem to change frequently and are generally located between 2 and 24 meters above the ground, in natural cavities in trees or open branches.

It is extremely noisy and conspicuous when flying.

Reproduction:

As is a species discovered recently, very little is known about its ecology.

Seems to prefer the Dacryodes peruviana family Burseraceae for nest (Garzon 2007), and communal, sharing the tasks of incubation between several birds, Although a couple exhibited a behavior of pre-anidamiento in the cavity of a small tree Meliaceae in 1997 (Snyder et to the. 2000), and reported nests in natural cavities of 1,8-24 m above the ground in a variety of tree species (Schaefer and Schmidt 2003).

The time of incubation is of approximately 31 days.

The main breeding station seems to be between November and March (Garzon 2007), although it is difficult to specify because with the effects of 'El Niño' they mate between December and January.

Movements seasonal altitudinal down to forests have been reported in the Buenaventura reserve (T. Schaefer in litt., 2007).

Food:

Discreetly feeding in the canopy, composing your diet of various fruits (including fig Ficus spp.), Fruits and flowers Cecropia (Snyder et to the., 2000).

Distribution:

Size distribution (reproduction / resident) 750 km2

The El Oro Parakeet is an endemic bird. They inhabit in the western slope of the Andes, in the southwest of Ecuador (in Cañar, Azuay, Gold and Loja), where was discovered in 1980.

Apparently, its population is limited to an area of only 100 km from North to South, and a maximum of 5-10 km wide (Juniper and Parr 1998), with its highly fragmented Habitat and with a population estimated in less than 1.000 individuals (Garzon 2007).

Its population in the town of Buenaventura has remained stable since 2002-2007 (Juniper and Parr 1998), estimated in 171 birds in period 2005-2006 (2007 Garzon, HM Schaefer in litt. 2012).

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Critically Endangered critically endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction

• Population trend: In decline.

The El Oro Parakeet is in danger of extinction due to deforestation and extreme forest fragmentation for cattle ranching, What causes the habitat degradation. This degradation destroy sites of nesting and feeding that these birds need to survive and reproduce at a healthy pace.

Population estimated in less than 1.000 individuals.

The habitat limited only to the Andes, to the West of Ecuador and because of this, sensitivity to the destruction of the Habitat is very heavy. Protection for some of the habitat of this species has been established in the Book ecological Buenaventura. In reserves, bird houses have been built in trees to help promote reproduction and has had some success. Other projects have been proposed to evaluate the size of the population.

REPORTAJE RESERVA BUENAVENTURA

"El Oro Parakeet" in captivity:

Don't usually see in the poultry farming.

Alternative names:

El Oro Parakeet, El Oro Conure (English).
Conure d’Orcés, Conure d’Orcès, Perruche d’El Oro (French).
Orcessittich, Orces Sittich, Orces-Sittich (German).
Tiriba-do-el-oro (Portuguese).
Cotorra de El Oro, Perico de orcés (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura orcesi
Citation: Ridgely & Robbins, 1988
Protonimo: Pyrrhura orcesi

Images "El Oro Parakeet"

Videos "El Oro Parakeet"



Especies del género Pyrrhura

El Oro Parakeet (Pyrrhura orcesi)


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – fjocotoco.org