The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is always alert, vigilant and obedient, although he distrusts strangers.
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog has a long history in Australia, where he was carefully bred to drive cattle in the early 19th century.
As for the true founder of the breed, there are actually two versions:
The first quotes a certain Thomas Simpson Hall, who crossed sheepdogs from the north of England, the Smithfields, with Dingoes, the native canines of Australia, creating the first Australian Cattle Dog known as “Hall’s Foot Dog” (towards 1830).
In the second version, a rancher from New South Wales named Bathurst Timmins crossed a Smithfield with the Dingo in 1830. The babies, short tailed red dogs, they met as “Timmins Teethers”.
These dogs were great to work with., but it turned out they were too harsh on the cattle. Había que hacer otra cruz. Se introdujo unSmooth CollieBlue Merle and the result was the creation of an excellent all-terrain, the ancestor of the current Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.
The Smithfield brought the natural short tail, the Dingo the color red and the ability to naturally accept the harsh conditions of the remote Australian outback. Last, the blue color comes from Smooth CollieBlue Merle, which was also known as the German Coolie.
In general, los colas cortas se criaban en las vastas zonas rurales de Australia y sólo un pequeño número se inscribía en los libros genealógicos.
The Stumpy it is a medium sized working dog, well proportioned and square in profile. The breed has two colors: blue and red. The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog may not have tan markings. The Stumpy should be clean and tight and has a tough, robust appearance. Is never fat, but he must be well muscled, to be able to withstand long periods of hard work.
Character and skills
The Stumpy has a natural aptitude for work and livestock control. Is loyal, brave and above all devoted to its owner, but can be reserved with strangers. Always attentive, vigilant and obedient, and it must be capable of being handled on the show floor.
This breed does not tolerate isolation or neglect; ansía la familia, activity and training. Unless the Stumpyse mantenga activo física y mentalmente, it will become destructive and unruly.
The ideal owner of a Stumpy is a committed dog owner, active and experienced. This is not a part time breed. Early socialization with dogs and people is recommended to achieve a complete companion. Training and strong leadership are essential.
As a thinking dog, the Stumpy compensate for any weaknesses in leadership by ranking highest in the pack. companies” does not mean “hard”; the eagerness of Stumpy for pleasing him means that constancy, reinforcement and reward will go much further than punishment.
In terms of grooming, the maintenance of Stumpy It is low. A weekly brushing is all you need and a bath when necessary. However, in terms of exercise, the Stumpy it is high maintenance. Es una raza increíblemente inteligente con altos niveles de energía; and a Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog gets bored, find ways to entertain yourself, like digging holes or pulling laundry.
In general, the Stumpy it is a relatively healthy and robust breed. In the race there can be Prcd-PRA; this disease causes progressive loss of vision, although there is a DNA test. ARP does not form (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) can only be identified through an eye exam, not through a DNA test. It is recommended that an ophthalmologist examine the players. There may be deafness, for which there is a BAER test. A score of the hip and elbow should also be performed to identify any dysplasia..
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Australian Cattle Dog is a rustic dog, robust and without health problems.
The Australian Cattle Dog It is a dog originating in australian. In comparison with other races its history is very well documented, because it is a relatively recent.
A principios del siglo XIX la industria ganadera en Australia había crecido hasta las llanuras y sobre las enormes extensiones de tierra. El ganado se había convertido en bestias salvajes y rudas, the Smithfields, until then their dogs of grazing, ya perdían el control con frecuencia del ganado. A estos perros los vencía el calor y las distancias que recorrían para trasladar el ganado, además tendían a morder y ladrar mucho, pues sabían pastorear borregos y no ganado, and sometimes with horns, they were injured. Este problema existía tanto en Australia como en los Estados Unidos y mientras los americanos inventaban a los vaqueros (Cowboys) Australians invented dogs jeans.
In 1830 a cross of Smithfields took place with Dingoes, the primitive dog that lives in Australia and killed the cattle. This, be regarded as a pest at that time, He went on to be the best contribution to this race. Se creía que se obtendrían perros más acoplados al clima, to work and quieter. Were dogs of red hair, silenciosos pero que mordían todavía más. This breed was unsuccessful and died.
In 1840 another farmer with the same concern but different approach, imported a couple of Bearded Collie blue-haired scotland, were dogs that barked much. The offspring of this couple crossed it with the Dingo and got a silent working dog with either blue or red fur.
Other races introduced to this cross: the Dalmatian in order to ensure that dogs will also work with horses and more faithful and reliable for masters. The Kelpies black or straw color, Australian foresee dogs; para reafirmar sus habilidades en el trabajos que se habían perdido con la cruza deDalmatians. The influence of Dalmatians I create puppies with white fur at birth and that changes color at three weeks of age from a smooth coat to another gray. Of the Kelpie straw colored markings on legs, chest and head. The end result was an active dog, compact, with the caution of Dingo, the reliability of a Dalmatian, the skill of a Collie and Kelpie, y una coloración de pelaje único en el mundo.
A principios de 1890’s el Sr. Robert Kaleski became interested in these dogs; as he lover of them and at the same time journalist decided to give to know this race and make it achieved in 1903 the Kennel Club of Wales accepted the first standard of the breed. El creía firmemente en la importante contribución de la sangre el Dingo para el pastoreo de ganado y eventualmente introducía Dingos a las cruzas para mantener el estilo de talonero eficiente.
In November of 1988 It was formed in Australian Cattle Dog Club of America in California. The 1 ° de mayo de 1980 they petitioned the AKC license (American Kennel Club) and the 1 ° de septiembre de ese año les fue otorgado.
In all these years Australians livestock herders have been gaining ground both at work and in the heart of the masters. They are known with many names or nicknames: “Blueys” (azulitos), “Blue Dogs” (blue dogs), “Heelers” (taloneros), “Queenlad heelers” (taloneros Queens), “Blue heelers” (Blue taloneros), “Red heelers” (Red taloneros) and so are erroneously called “Dingoes”.
The Australian Cattle Dog they are a moderate breed in all respects. They must be balanced, symmetric, robust and compact. Judging this race we must seek a harmonious dog.
We often hear: “It must be of large head”; This is fine if the body is in line with the head. The standard of the breed does not require a large head but a head according to the body, or of a heavy bone structure, If disagrees with the rest of the dog.
The Australian Cattle Dog he's a working dog, created strong, compact, symmetric, con la habilidad y disposición para llevar a cabo su tarea asignada sin importar cuán difícil sea. Its combination of substance, power, balance sheet and strong muscle condition, leads to great agility, strength and endurance. Both too big and fat dog, como uno demasiado pequeño y delgado tendrían graves faltas. We must see the dog altogether. A large head does not make a good dog, not a very crude bone structure.
Remember: BALANCE SHEET, SIMETRÍA Y MODERACIÓN.
As its name says, It's primary function and no one matches, It is the control and management of livestock in open or closed extensions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, vigía, brave and reliable, with a total devotion to duty, making it the ideal dog.
A dog that is gentle in nature, outside of obese condition, will lose points. Ellos son atletas y siempre deberían dar esa apariencia.
En lo que al aspecto físico refiere señalamos lo siguiente…
The head It is strong and it must be proportional to the body of the dog, to maintain its overall conformation. The wide skull is slightly curved between ears. The mejilla5 are muscular, Neither crude nor prominent, strong jaw. The lips are clean and tight. !.nose is always black. A gluttony for measuring head is from the tip of the nose, passing between the eyes, stop ear tip; through the skull back through the eye to the tip of the nose; They must be measured an equilateral triangle.
The eyes: they are oval shaped, medium-sized, Neither prominent nor sunken, they should express State of alert and intelligence, are dark brown in colour.
The ears: they should be of moderate size, preferable to small to large, broad base and pointed tip, or round as spoon, Neither plicate of bat. Placed separate head inclined outwards. They must be thick, fleshy and covered with weight on the inside. Los dientes serían fuertes, with equal separations, with grip, bite and scissors, the lower incisors just before close and playing at the incisive superiors.
The neck: is very strong, muscular, It allows you to turn the head to the body, It must not be loose or have hanging skin.
Front rooms: el antebrazo debería unirse al hombro casi en 90%. There is a tendency in the short forearms that does not allow you to the correct length needed. They must be just as the cross to the elbow to elbow on the floor. It must not exceed the width of the chest to the elbows. The creation of exaggeration is a problem in the race.
Proportions: The dog must be 10% longer than high, many are unfortunately very short and it subtracts them movement and flexibility.
Hindquarters: strong, widths, muscular. The rather long rump to slant, long thighs, wide and well developed. Seen from the back should be parallel and rights, not very close to each other, not very separate.
The legs: round, with fingers long and together. Hard bearings, short and strong nails.
The tail: placed moderately downward, following the contour of the thigh and rump of length until reaching the hocks. When rest with a slight curve. Movement or shaking the tail should be raised. En ningún momento la cola debería llevarse más allá de una línea vertical que parte de la raíz (or coiled). La cola debería tener un abundante pelaje.
When it is in movement and walking: the action is real, free, flexible to tireless, y el movimiento de hombros y cuartos delanteros es unísono con la fuerza de los traseros. The rapid and unexpected movements ability is elementary. When they trotting legs tend to join the ground as the speed is on the rise.
Weight and height: The male can be measured in 46 cm to 51 cm., and weigh between 20 and 26 kg. The female can be measured in 43 cm to 48 cm., and weigh between 18 and 23 kg. Here there is almost no problems, because height requirements have been maintained with ease.
Fur: The hair is soft, with double layer being the shortest denser.; the hair of the longest layer is closed, each hair is, straight and hard, Why which is waterproof. On the hind legs the coat is long where join the thighs. In the head (even within the ears) up to the front of the legs the coat is short. Around the neck, longer and thicker. A very short or very long hair will be a lack. Curly hair in wavy is evident in the very adult females.
Colors of the mantle:
Blue: the color can be blue, graying blue, Blue mottled with or without other brands. Allowed in brands are, black, Blue or straw in the head, preferably symmetrical. Paws straw halfway and extending to the front to the chest and throat, and in the jaws. The Undercoat may be straw in the body where it stands not out to the blue upper layer. The black marks on the body are not desirable.
Red: the color should be very smooth throughout the body, including the bottom layer (either white or cream), with or without red marks on the head. Symmetrical marks are desired. The red marks on the body are permitted but not desired.
There are two main problems in color. The blue dogs tend to black and the second are the Red dogs without freckles. Este Último es más que un problema, and one of the reasons why the reds are less dominant than blue.
Character and skills
The Australian Cattle Dog are very versatile and tireless workers who adapt various activities. Han sido utilizados como perros de rescate y búsqueda, bombs and drugs detectors, service and of course dogs, livestock grazing.
One Australian Cattle Dog not the ideal dog to lock him in a yard. These dogs require working and living together with people or at least the presence of someone to her around in the absence of their day-to-day work. Isolated in the courtyard of a house in the city the edge to create problems.
El Dr. Harvey, Veterinary Australia, It has two of these dogs and also attends many more as patients. The comments: “The main problem that I see and that surpasses much to others, is the behaviour of these animals, everything is due to boredom and lack of exercise. Since they are very good guardians, people leave them in their backyard taking care of the House, completely ignoring their needs for exercise and mental stimulation”.
One Australian Cattle Dog can live in an apartment or on a ranch 20 hectares, the problem is not the space; It is the exercise and the time the owner puts into his dog. If no is given a job the dog, the same is going to invent:
Garden design: holes, plants cropped or out of place.
Interior design: biting furniture tapestry, Chew chairs, dig a way out of the street, spreading garbage around the House, etc.
Otro problema muy común en las ciudades es la tendencia natural que tienen estos perros a proteger a su familia y su casa. Even without training, they defend their territory from outsiders, including the milkman, the postman and anyone who is not familiar
En algunos sitios rurales de Estados Unidos se utilizan comúnmente avisos que advierten que ese lugar está vigilado por Pastor Ganadero Australiano, to avoid that strangers come. If there are children running, screaming, any dog grazing naturally want to corner to put them under control; with biting and barking. If their children have guests it is preferable to keep the dog, because it will not allow their masters to be touched, even by game.
Social coexistence with children must be at an early age, dogs are taloneros by nature to instinctively chase other animals, aun así estos perros son muy adaptables y pueden aprender a suprimir parte de sus inclinaciones naturales. Son una compañía perfecta para la familia y sus niños. Once you know the dog and controls, their obedience will surprise your guests.
El Dr. Harvey also believes about coaching: “The Australian Cattle Dog it is very manageable; as a coach and scholar of the behavior, He catalogued it as the most adaptable dog who had worked with. However these dogs do not respond well to the method in which force them.
Después de varios meses de intentar inútilmente de entrenar una hembra con correas de castigo, correct and other, opt for more motivational methods and the results were excellent. The confidence and enthusiasm can be seen in the position of the tail. Un perro con la cola caída, probably this suppressed or bored, a raised tail denotes a dog active and attentive.
Therefore the coaches that without the knowledge of the race, using traditional methods, such as the drawing with the collar of punishment; they invariably consider them fools, irritables y difíciles. Coaches using positive methods, they believe that they are very attentive and willing to learn. Kalesky once said: “One Australian Cattle Dogdebe recordamos un típicoDingo, and this is very important if we want to describe the race.
Before you choose the puppy we must stop to think for what they want to this dog, as a pet, as a guard dog, dog of grazing, dog for beauty exhibition, etc. Now let's see how they behave all the puppies in the litter. The one we see who fights all his brothers, serviría para guardia; the largest and that always sleeps because it is where most ate, estaría muy bien como mascota o para belleza, the more chiquitos resembling whirlwinds have learned to make an extra effort to obtain their food fought against the elderly, ellos serían ideales para el trabajo. But there is no written rule the nature of the dogs molded it in a large percentage owners, in this way one very aggressive can be very manso and vice versa. Always take into account the opinion of the breeder.
Faults occur in all races, sin ellas no habría retos para los criadores. It is important to be attentive to the faults to overcome them. The faults are only an obstacle in our attempt to raise the perfect dog. Mire a su perro con ojos de crítico, see the faults and strive to rectify them. Don't want to pretend that they there is no because there is not a perfect dog.
The loyalty of Australian Cattle Dog will keep him next to his master, more than anything in the world, They must be with the master, accompany you and assist you in everything. The easiest way of making them happy is having them on your side. If you leave the lane, It can be that the dog will bite the heels, But if you are the ideal type to have an Australian, This morderá you heart.
Australian Cattle Dog – Health
All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, o que le diga que sus cachorros están aislados de la parte principal del hogar por razones de salud. Un criador de buena reputación será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen en sus líneas. The problems observed in the Australian Cattle Dog include hip dysplasia, patellar dislocation, portosystemic shunts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and genetic deafness.
Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., pero a veces la madre naturaleza tiene otras ideas y un cachorro desarrolla una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.
Recuerde que después de haber acogido a un nuevo cachorro en su casa, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Australian Cattle Dog with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
Australian Cattle Dog – Grooming
The Australian Cattle Dog has a flat, hard coat that is resistant to rain and dirt. This makes grooming a simple task – only needs to be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair. For this you can use a bristle brush or slippery bristles. He will remove his short and dense undercoat once or twice a year, which will require more brushing. Other tools to keep on hand are a comb and undercoat rake.
The Australian Cattle Dog you will only need occasional baths if you get very dirty. Revise sus oídos para asegurarse de que están limpios y secos y que no hay evidencia de infección. Your adult dog will need to have his nails trimmed about once a month, depending on wear. Puppies may need a weekly nail cut. Brush your dog's teeth regularly to promote good dental hygiene and fresh breath.
Characteristics "Australian Cattle Dog"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Cattle Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Bouvier des Ardennes He is distrustful with strangers but very faithful to its owner.
The Bouvier des Ardennes It is a rare breed of dog originating in Belgium.
Since its inception, the Bouvier des Ardennes, He was raised to take care and drive cattle. En nuestros días se sigue utilizando para tales fines, but also often seen as a pet. Although his passion of live outdoor continues it as an excellent dog for work in general on the farm, for driving of herds and the custody of private farms.
Formerly, era conocido como “perro de vacas en las Ardenas belgas”, the harsh climate and the rugged relief, coupled with the poverty of the region, They carried that are very strong and resilient dogs, puesto que sólo sobrevivían los ejemplares más sanos y fuertes.
In the 19th century, fue utilizado por cazadores furtivos para acorralar ciervos y jabalíes, became, years. At that time, during the two world wars, in the Hound of the illegal Hunter.
The strong herding instinct of the Bouvier des Flandres manifests itself with its own family
Bouvier des Flandres It is a breed of dog of Flanders, It is one of the three regions of Belgium, Wallonia and the Brussels region (Capital de Bélgica y deFlandes). It is known as Bouvier des Flandres and Toucheur de Boeuf en francés, Vlaamse Koehond in flamenco and Vuilbaard in German.
There are many disputes as to its origin. For the French, This Boyero comes from the crossing of the Griffon with the old Pastor of Beauce. Belgians claim that it descends from the Boyero Roeselare, certainly it intervened in the construction of the race after extinction after the second world war. La FCI ha atribuido ambos orígenes a este perro, the region of Flanders is part French and part Belgian.
Traditionally used as cattle herding dog and a guard dog, the Sennenhund Flanders, It is a dog of large size and with the body covered with an abundant layer of long hair. There are several colorations, ranging from light brown (leonado) into the black, passing through several shades of gray, “salt and pepper” and chocolate. The validity in different colors of fur contest is determined by the different associations canófilas.
Boyero Flanders is a robust dog, powerful appearance and large size but without showing clumsiness or heaviness. Su característica más notable es su impresionante cabeza, accentuated by a bushy beard and moustache. The ears and tail times are cut, Although this practice is falling into disuse. The weight can vary between 36 and 45 kg, the height to cross between 60 and 69 centimeters.
Bushy fur has a underlying layer and can be anything from a up black Griffon, requiring constant grooming and, in the case of dogs in competition, cut each 6 u 8 weeks.
Character and skills
Boyero Flanders has a stable temperament; nunca tímido pero tampoco agresivo. It is a worthy dog, calm, rational and, wisely, bold. As dog and surveillance, It may be suspicious and protective with their family or herd.
His strong herding instinct is manifested with his own family, especially if children are included.
It is an intelligent dog, He learns fast, aunque también se aburre fácilmente de modo que requiere estímulo constante y el entrenamiento de obediencia es esencial.
Se trata de una raza relativamente saludable y poco predispuesta a padecimientos específicos. Like all large breeds it is susceptible to Dysplasia of hip and gastric torsion, and sometimes there may be problems of cataract.
Characteristics "Bouvier des Flandres"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bouvier des Flandres" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
1. Flanders Cattle Dog, Vlaamse Koehond (English).
2. bouvier des Flandres (French).
3. Bouvier des Flandres (German).
4. Boiadeiro das Flandres (Portuguese).
5. Boyero de Flandes (español).