▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

Auvergne Pointer
Francia FCI 180 . Braque Type

Auvergne Pointer

Even today, the Auvergne Pointer is most often bred to become a hunting dog.

Content

History

The precise origins of the Auvergne Pointer are not clearly determined. This dog has been around for many years and was most likely developed in Auvergne, more precisely in the Cantal region, in central France.

Already in the seventeenth century, to satisfy your needs, French hunters tried to cross and develop short, smooth-haired Pointer breeds, commonly known as “pointers” (the term “pointer” comes from the vocabulary of hunting and means “point”).

The Braque Francais is considered his ancestor, but its own origins are uncertain. In any case, It has been proven that it was the origin of the development of different races of Braques developed in all regions of the country, some of which gained in popularity, as the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type or the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type . In Cantal, selective breeding gave rise to Auvergne Pointer.

According to some historians, the Auvergne Pointer is one of the oldest, with the exception of his own Braque Francais. But, contradictory assumptions have been made about it.

According to Jean Servier, former president of the Club of French braques and author of the World Dog Encyclopedia 1971, it is a cross between the Braque Francais, the Gascony type French Pointer and the Pyrenees French Pointer.

On the other hand, according to David Hancock, historian of dog breeds and author of the book The Heritage of the Dog, published in 1990, it is said to come from an imported breed when the Knights of the Order of Malta passed through Auvergne in the 16th century. The soldiers there developed a dog near the Auvergne Pointer, which is said to descend. There is no consensus on this hypothesis, but nevertheless it is accepted by certain organizations such as the Réunion des Amateurs du Braque d’Auvergne (RABA), the official breed club created in 1913.

Although the origins of Auvergne Pointer remain relatively unclear, In any case, most specialists agree that its development dates back to the beginning of the 18th century..

In the early 20th century, almost every, If not all, the Auvergne Pointer they were in france. The breed was relatively rare, although among their owners they were highly appreciated for their hunting qualities, especially for game birds. In fact, the breeding work that led to its development gave it an excellent style and great resistance, allowing you to follow long tracks in forests or dense vegetated terrain. They are also versatile: are able to get, track back, aim and bring the hunt back to its master. So, they can replace several specialized dogs in a particular area on their own. Perhaps its main flaw is its rather slow pace, meaning it works closely with its owner rather than independently, running from one side to the other. This does not take away from the hunting qualities that made it popular in France throughout the 19th century., as well as in the decades leading up to World War II.

During World War II, like many french breeds, the Auvergne Pointer was threatened with extinction. In effect, the conflicts and the occupation of part of the French territory by Germany wreaked havoc on the canine population: many of their representatives were killed or abandoned when their owners no longer had the resources to care for them.

But, at the end of hostilities, an enthusiast, André de Tournay, managed to locate a little more than 20 specimens in different parts of the country. They were at the origin of various bloodlines and therefore played an essential role in the renewal of the breed..

The postwar rebirth of the breed by Mr.. de Tournay led to his recognition in 1955 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that coordinates the official organizations of more than one hundred countries – among them the Société Royale Saint-Hubert (SRSH) Belgian, the Swiss Kennel Club (SCS) y the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) french. But, the latter had taken the initiative to recognize the Auvergne Braque already in 1913.

The prestigious and influential British Kennel Club took much longer to do the same, since he had to wait until 2016.

In 1987, a first article on this breed of dog was published in the American magazine Gun Dog Magazine. But, we don't know exactly when the first ones were imported Auvergne Pointer to the United States. In any case, they were probably delayed and limited in number. In 2016, a new article was published in the same magazine on the investigation of the origins of the establishment of this dog in the country, after fans surveyed Nelson Hooe, one of the first verified owners in the country.

In any case, the recognition of Auvergne Pointer in North America is still incomplete. Has been recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) from 2006, as well as by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), but it is not the case of the other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Photo: Braque_d’auvergne at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Popularity

In France, the popularity of Auvergne Pointer is relatively stable in the long term, and has been at least since the early 1990s. 1970: there are around of 350 entries per year in the French Origin Book (LOF). This number sometimes peaks at around 500 births per year, how was the case, for example, in the mid 70. On the other hand, has never durably fallen below 250.

Although the Auvergne Pointer is relatively popular in his home country, it has only been exported and distributed to some extent outside of France, even in countries bordering France.

In Switzerland, for example, the statistics of the Amicus database show that its population is limited to about thirty individuals.

In Belgium, it is just as discreet, as evidenced by the absence of breeding on the national soil.

The same observation can be made, for example, in Italy, where the statistics of the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) show an average of about ten registrations per year during 2010, or again in Spain, where the Royal Canine Society of Spain (RSCE) only count one birth between 2014 and 2019.

There are a handful of farms in Canada and the United States, but the Auvergne Pointer also still hard to find in those countries.

Physical characteristics

The Auvergne Pointer has a robust and noble appearance. His shapely body is well aligned, with a straight constitution – your back, from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock, is the same length as its front legs – and a long chest that descends to elbow level, midway between the withers and the lower part of the front legs. It is robust, strong but without heaviness, which gives it an elegant look. Their solid constitution gives them the stride and the resistance for which they are highly appreciated in hunting..

Both the front and back legs are straight, well aligned with the body, and the thighs and forearms are well muscled.

The tail stands quite high, carried horizontally and reaches the point of the hock. It can also be shortened at birth, and then barely exceeds 15 to 20 cm.. But, this practice, call “tail docking”, It is banned in many countries, including France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec.

The head of the Auvergne Pointer is well balanced. Seen from the front, the muzzle is square and its length is equal to or slightly less than that of the skull. Finish off with a pretty strong black nose, which dominates the solid jaws of equal length. It also, the upper lip covers the lower.

Positioned slightly toward the back of the skull, the ears are droopy, flexible and with a slightly satin texture.

The eyes are dark hazel, oval and quite large. They give this dog an expressive look, frank and gentle.

The fur of Auvergne Pointer consists of a sparse undercoat and short, smooth topcoat with a glossy appearance that is softer than other Braques. It is mottled black or grayish white, more or less present. The head is black, but the muzzle may have the same white markings as the body – a white border may also be present on the top of the skull, prolonging the color of the muzzle. Black fur can also tend to be blue, which is why these dogs are rarely called Auvergne Pointer blue.

There are also charcoal-colored dogs. But, this variety is rare and is not recognized by the breed standard.

Sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in these dogs: the male is certainly on average a few centimeters taller than the female, but it's not particularly massive.

Character and skills

Even today, the Auvergne Pointer is most often bred to become a hunting dog. But, his affectionate character, Gentile, patient and smart also makes them great pets, and they are becoming more and more popular as such. In fact, fit perfectly into family life, they usually try to please their humans and are very loyal to them.

They are especially fond of children of all ages and are affectionate and playful provided they are not excessively boisterous. But, it should never be forgotten that a dog of any breed should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision.

The downside of being so close to your family is that you cannot tolerate loneliness and need to be in the company of humans as often as possible.. If left alone for too long, can become a destructive or particularly loud reminder of your presence. No need to say, therefore, which does not suit people who are away for whole days or more. The close bond he has with his teachers also makes him very sensitive to reprimands and he is easily affected by possible punishments..

It is not only the humans in his family that he Auvergne Pointer inclines to appreciate. In effect, even if at first sight he is shy with strangers, quickly treats them like new friends, especially since it is totally devoid of aggression. Ready to greet newcomers with affection, may even tend to follow an intruder instead of defending your home or territory, which makes him a poor caretaker. But, is very capable of sounding the alarm when he hears something unusual.

In any case, He is not one of those who barks from morning to night, expressing yourself only when you have a good reason to do so: to raise the alarm, to express boredom, to seek attention, or to express any anxiety.

Sharing your home with a partner is a great way to reduce the risk of you suffering from the absence of your masters. In fact, such cohabitation generally goes very well, and he appreciates not living alone.
On the other hand, his hunting instinct is too ingrained in him to consider the possibility of peacefully cohabiting with another pet smaller than himself, like a bird, a rodent or even a cat: unless you were raised with him from a young age, chances are good that one day or another I'll end up attacking him. This character trait also means that he is best kept on a leash when going out to places where he is very likely to meet small animals., and where it would be dangerous for him to pursue them.

This is all the more true as it does not lack energy, to the point that you need to spend at least an hour a day to be well on your legs and on your head. Your resistance, However, allows you to go much further, since it is capable of chasing a prey for miles. So, it is ideal to plan long walks that include times when you can run freely and safely, especially if you don't have a chance to hunt. In any case, this dog is perfectly suitable for an active owner who likes to jog, cycling or hiking, and he would like nothing more than to take his pet with him – provided that it is kept on a leash when necessary.

Another great way to allow him to expend his energy is to train him for one or more dog sports.. Their intelligence and willingness to cooperate are particularly well expressed in agility and obedience tests.. More broadly, imply that it is quite easy to train him for all kinds of activities and teach him different tasks.

By the way, if your pilgrimages take you to pass near a water space where you can swim safely, She loves water – he is even a good swimmer – and generally appreciates taking a dip as soon as you get a chance to.

In any case, its high level of activity makes apartment living unsuitable for the Auvergne Pointer. Even a house with a small yard probably wouldn't be enough to make him happy.: the ideal environment for him is clearly a house with a large fenced garden, although this cannot replace long daily walks to satisfy your need for exercise.

Education

The Auvergne Pointer is known for his intelligence and the sweetness of his temperament. He is also eager to please his owners, so it reacts positively to training: learns quickly and is generally an easy dog ​​to train.

But, it is important to use the right methods. In fact, its sensitivity means that the use of coercion or even punishment is strongly discouraged: would have every chance of undermining the trust that you normally place in your beloved master. On the other hand, positive dog training methods, based on repetition, the gratification and rewards, are very effective in taking full advantage of the great potential of this animal.

In fact, its obedient and cooperative nature makes it not difficult to train it for hunting, sports with dogs or any other task. This is all the more true since he is always happy to share activities with his master: unlike many races, prefers to work in complicity with his master rather than independently. So, It is an ideal option for those who like to spend time educating their partner and working alongside him, whether for hunting or dog sports. These may include, is an excellent candidate for agility and obedience competitions. Your sense of smell can also be used to track events, but its relatively slow speed limits its potential in this area.

For things to run smoothly, it is important to establish rules at an early age about what you are and are not allowed to do. They are not particularly stubborn by nature, and in fact they are quite obedient, but they can also do it when they are more flexible and responsive: this will make it easier and faster for them to assimilate the rules. It also, assimilates them more easily because they are the same from one day to the next and between the different people in the house: It is not a question of the gentleman authorizing today what the lady forbade the day before.

It also, teaching your dog to stay alone should be one of the priorities in the education of a Auvergne Pointer. In effect, as he likes company and is prone to separation anxiety, must get used to enduring absences from his family without reaching a state of discomfort.

It is also beneficial to start learning to call back soon, so that it can be allowed to unleash when conditions permit, limiting the risk of becoming deaf to his master's commands when he sees or smells a small passing animal.

You also have to be careful to quickly channel your tendency to chew what is within your reach., directing him to the right toys. This avoids the risk of damage and injury to the animal.

Finally, like any dog, we must not wait to offer you quality socialization from your first months. By letting you meet all kinds of humans, congeners and representatives of other species, but also face a multitude of different situations in various places, we make it a comfortable companion in all circumstances, performed in its environment and among humans.

Health

The Auvergne Pointer is generally a robust dog with few health problems. Your life expectancy of 12 to 15 years is quite honorable given its size.

It also, they are quite flexible in terms of weather, able to cope with both the summer heat and the winter cold of temperate or Mediterranean climates. If you are required to sleep outside when temperatures are low, a niche is necessary to provide shelter. In any case, their fur is not adapted to polar temperatures.

But, like any dog, are more prone to certain diseases, which in this case are :

  • hip dysplasia, whose appearance may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, and that corresponds to a malformation of this joint. Leads to pain, lameness and osteoarthritis when the animal ages;
  • dislocation of the patella, which is a malformation of the knee joint that causes the kneecap to slip out of position. Probably hereditary, causes a more or less severe limp. May require surgery in the most severe cases, although success is not guaranteed;
  • aortic stenosis, a potentially hereditary heart defect manifested by reduced blood flow. Leads to heart failure, that can manifest, for example, in a state of general weakness, and also increases the risk of heart attack. Not curable, but medications can reduce the effects of heart failure;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, which corresponds to a degeneration of the retina and is of hereditary origin. It affects both eyes and causes a progressive loss of vision in the dog;
  • Dilation-torsion of the stomach, which mainly affects breeds with a large chest and occurs when the stomach folds in on itself, blocking the evacuation of gases and interrupting blood circulation. It is fatal if a vet does not intervene quickly;
  • otitis, an ear infection favored by the pendulous shape of the ears.
  • Since a certain number of the conditions to which the breed is predisposed are or may be of hereditary origin, adopting a quality breeder from Auvergne Pointer can be a determining factor in obtaining a healthy puppy, and one that continues to be, in addition to having been well socialized from his first weeks. In effect, a professional worthy of the name sees to it that genetic tests are carried out systematically on his breeding stock, to rule out those who run the risk of transmitting this or that inherited condition to their offspring. So, must be able to present the results of these tests, as well as the health history of the dog, that attests to the vaccinations administered and that is useful for planning the next ones to be carried out, as well as withdrawals. At the same time, a certificate drawn up by a veterinarian attests to the good health of the animal at the time of adoption.

    Once the adoption is complete, it is important that the new owner respect the growth of his protégé: until it reaches adult size, what happens around two years of age, you should avoid intense physical exertion or excessively strenuous and prolonged exercises. This reduces both the risk of short-term injuries and that of sequelae or deformation of the bones or joints., which are particularly fragile during this period.

    Last, one way to keep your dog in good health is to take him to the vet regularly for a full checkup – At least once a year, and even more when he gets older. This will help prevent or detect potential health problems as soon as possible., as well as provide the opportunity to reinforce your dog's vaccinations.

    It is also important not to neglect the protection against fleas, worms, ticks and other undesirable pests, renewing your child's antiparasitic treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary. This is especially crucial for an individual who spends a lot of time, either hunting or in other activities.

    Grooming

    As his undercoat is not very thick and his top coat is short, the fur of the Auvergne Pointer requires little maintenance: a short brushing session with a soft bristle brush once a week is enough to keep you healthy, shiny and soft to the touch, especially since your hair loss is not very pronounced.

    During moulting periods, in spring and autumn, it is much more pronounced, so more frequent brushing is necessary. But, 2 or 3 times a week should be enough. After brushing it, the coat can be buffed with a clean soft cloth to make it even brighter.

    It is neither necessary nor advisable to bathe your dog too often: 3 or 4 times a year is usually more than enough, unless, Of course, that has gotten very dirty. In any case, you should always use a shampoo intended for dogs.

    Dangling ears require more attention, since their shape makes them prone to ear infections. So, it is important to examine them weekly and wipe them with a clean, slightly damp cloth to avoid the risk of infection.

    Your eyes need some attention too. The weekly maintenance session should be an opportunity to examine them, and wipe them gently with a damp cloth if there is dirt.

    Looking at its claws, regular physical activity that satisfies your need for fairly high levels of activity will usually allow you to smooth them out naturally. But, this does not mean that you should not check from time to time that this is the case. On the other hand, if your age or a health problem prevents you from being active enough, they generally need to be trimmed every 6 u 8 weeks to avoid being too long and bothering you, or even breaking and injuring you.

    The first time, a visit to a professional groomer can be a good way to learn how to care for a Auvergne Pointer, in order to operate efficiently and safely, while limiting the risks of hurting you. For its part, you will be calmer and more cooperative during care if it is part of your daily routine from a very young age: therefore, it is recommended to expose it to delicate handling from an early age.

    This is all the more true since it is also wise to get used to examining it after every long time spent outdoors. (especially after a hunting trip, for example), to detect possible injuries, thorns, parasites, spikes…

    For sale “Auvergne Pointer”

    Either male or female, the price of a puppy Auvergne Pointer is generally between 650 and 1100 EUR. The average is about 800 EUR, no significant differences between males and females.

    But, it is difficult to find it outside of its country of origin, France, even in countries bordering on the latter.
    The same is true in North America, although there are a handful of breeders in Canada and the United States.

    The import from France is, therefore, sometimes the most suitable solution to avoid possible waiting times and have a maximum of choice. But, It must be taken into account that various expenses are added to the purchase price of the puppy: transportation expenses, administrative expenses, etc. It also, it is necessary, of course, make sure you know and respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

    In any case, whatever the place, the price charged varies according to the prestige of the breeding, the lineage the animal came from, but also and above all its intrinsic characteristics, in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the norm. This last point also explains why there are sometimes significant differences within the same litter..

    Characteristics "Auvergne Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Auvergne Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Auvergne Pointer"

    Photos:

    1 – Braque d’Auvergne sur fond blanc by Desaix83, based on the work of Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Riga, Baltic Winner 2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Wikimedia
    5 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Braque_d’auvergne at the World Expo in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Auvergne Pointer"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Auvergne Pointer"

    FCIFCI - Auvergne Pointer
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. Braque d’Auvergne (English).
    2. Bleu d’Auvergne (French).
    3. Braque d’Auvergne (German).
    4. (em francês: Braque d’Auvergne) (Portuguese).
    5. Azul de Auvernia (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Old Danish Pointer
    Dinamarca FCI 281 . Braque Type

    Antiguo perro de muestra danés

    Given the hunting instinct of the Old Danish Pointer, it is necessary to socialize him as a child

    Content

    Characteristics "Old Danish Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Old Danish Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Old Danish Pointer, is a medium sized breed of dog with brown markings, from Denmark.

    Its Danish name is Gammel Dansk Hønsehund, It literally means bird hunting dog. It is in the Group 7, section 1.1 of the FCI.

    Trace the origin of the race can be followed until the year 1710, When a man named Morten Bak, Glenstrup neighbor (adjacent to Randers and Hobro Denmark city), He crossed for eight generations strays dogs from local farmers, until he obtained a pure breed of black and white spotted dogs that he called "Bakhounds”. The result was a popular hunting dog.

    Race scholars agree that it is likely that these strays to the Lord Morten Bak, used in their breeding program, they were of Spanish origin, and is therefore considered as one of the direct ancestors of the race Old Danish Pointer.

    The popularity of this breed faded unfortunately during the 19th century, the race disappeared almost altogether, only a dedicated breeder continued breeding with the integrated genetic information. After World War II there was only 10 dogs and intensive breeding work was started to prevent the extinction of the breed.

    The race again won great popularity, above all thanks to Poul Thomsen (presenter of a recognized programs on animals in the Danish television).

    Currently there is a considerable decline in Danish sample dogs, crossing often with the Braque Francais, quite similar.

    Video

    Physical characteristics

    Its Constitution is strong, one of its clearest characteristics is the great difference between male and female. While the male is powerful and from, the female is lighter, spirit and capricious.
    Height: Male 54-60 cm. (21-23.5 in), is preferred over 56 cm. . females 50-56 cm. (19.5-22 in), is preferred over 52 cm. .

    Weight: Male: 30-35 kg . Female: 26-31 kg .

    Character and skills

    It gives the impression of being a silent dog and stable but showing determination and courage. It is a brave and determined dog. During the hunt act calmly, patience and slowness, always maintaining contact with the Hunter and doing its job of dog shows, discreetly, without disturbing the prey.

    The Old Danish Pointer usually fits perfectly, both hunt small prey and large. His affable character allows him to hunt both in packs and alone with his master..

    Home pet is a very familiar and quiet dog, provided you get sufficient exercise and have large enough space to run freely. However He Old Danish Pointer not an apartment dog. An active dog, is intended for people available enough to give you long daily walks and keep you from feeling lonely.

    Given their hunting instinct, We need to socialize so small that it gets used to share a roof with small animals (cats, rabbits, etc.).

    Images Old Danish Pointer

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


    FCI breed standard "Old Danish Pointer"

    FCIFCI - Old Danish Pointer
    Old

    Alternative names:

    1. Gammel Dansk Hønsehund, Old Danish Bird Dog, Old Danish Pointing Dog (English).
    2. Pointer danois, Ancien chien d’arrêt danois (French).
    3. Gammel Dansk Honsehund, Altdänischer Hühnerhund (German).
    4. (em dinamarquês: Gammel dansk hønsehund) (Portuguese).
    5. Perro antiguo de muestra danés (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Bourbonnais Pointing Dog
    Francia FCI 179 . Braque Type

    Bourbonnais Pointing Dog

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog at birth it is frequently tailless, it is also called “Glue cutter”.

    Content

    History

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog it was already known in 1598 like an expert quail hunting dog. The authors of the time described him as a pleasant companion for the hunter, rustic and healthy looking, born with a short tail, with a white fur, whole and finely speckled with light brown or fawn trout.

    After World War I, a group of dedicated breeders formed the first Club du Braque du Bourbonnais in 1925 with the goal of reviving the race and restoring its pre-war prominence. The first breed standard was published in the club's first newsletter in 1930. Although the organization and these breeders made considerable progress, his efforts were again almost wiped out by World War II. It also, strict adherence to a natural tailless dog and strict color requirements resulted in a dog based on appearance rather than performance.

    The result of this selection in reverse leads to a total disaffection of the breeders. Of 1963 to 1973, there were no registrations in the L.O.F. (Book of French Origins) . In 1970, under the impulse of Michel Comte, a team of breeders set themselves the mission of ensuring the survival of the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog.

    Today, French breeders strive to produce a Bourbonnais Pointing Dog that conforms to the breed standard, but of equal importance, the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog should now be proficient in the field as pointers, retrievers and trackers. Since the beginning of the 1970, the breeders of Bourbonnais Pointing Dog have substantially and rapidly improved the conformation of the breed and its performance in the field.

    One second Club du Braque du Bourbonnais it was created in 1982 by Michel Comte, with the official recognition of the Central Canine Society (SCC), French affiliate of the FCI, in 1985. The goal of reviving the breed had been achieved, the breed standard relaxed, spotting and docked tails were found acceptable and the breed's remarkable hunting instincts were restored. The new breed standard was fully recognized by the SCC and the FCI in 1991. The standard was translated and published on the FCI website at 1998.

    Photo: Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog is a robust, compact and muscular mid-size braque. Gives an impression of robustness and strength. The female has a slimmer and more elegant silhouette. Some dogs are born without a tail (anurus) or with a naturally short tail (brachyura). Tail docking is practiced in countries where it is allowed.

    The head is pear-shaped, that is to say, rounded in all directions, with rounded side walls, well developed parietals and zygomatic arches. The pear-shaped head is typical of the breed.. The axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel or slightly divergent. Neither too light nor too heavy, the head is in proportion to the body. The eyes are large, rather rounded, hazelnut or dark amber, according to coat color. Medium length drop ears are situated at or just above the eye line.

    The coat is fine, dense and short. It is finer on the head and ears, a little thicker and sometimes a little longer on the back. White spots are very invasive, finely speckled with brown (known as “wine lees” or “withered lilac”) the leonado (known as “peach blossom”) in all its variants. White and colored hairs can blend into a roan pattern. The ear generally wears the basic color more or less mottled. Color patches should be few in number and small in extent: must not exceed the size of the palm of the hand on the body and must never encompass both eyes at the same time on the face.

    Character and skills

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog is described in the breed standard as gentle and affectionate, but also passionate and intelligent when hunting. Easily adapts to the most varied terrain and games. Naturally seeks a high emanation and displays a useful and accurate stopping ability.

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they are mostly a Pointing Dogs versatile.

    Exercise and training

    Options for exercise could include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or being taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also be done in the form of indoor activities, like the hideout, chase a ball rolling on the ground or learn new tricks. Certain outdoor activities such as swimming, hiking and retrieving balls or frisbees can provide a good outlet for expending energy. Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience and rallying can also be a great way to give your dog some exercise.

    Health

    Most of the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those who wish to own a Bourbonnais Pointing Dog they can get the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders use health exams and genetic testing of their breeders to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog requires relatively gentle handling. Has the ability to perceive the mood of the manipulator, seeking eye contact at all times.

    Grooming

    The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog has a fine, dense and short coat. It's a little thicker, and sometimes longer, in the back. On the head and ears, the hair is thinner and shorter.

    Beyond periodic brushing, the occasional bath will keep your Bourbonnais Pointing Dog clean and looking its best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog.. The breed's strong, fast-growing nails need to be regularly trimmed with a nail clipper or nail buffer to prevent excessive growth., breakage and cracking. The ears should be checked regularly to avoid accumulation of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

    Characteristics "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

    Photos:

    1 – Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Braque_du_bourbonnais at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Braque du Bourbonnais sur fond blanc by Desaix83, based on the work of Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Braque du Bourbonnais – world dog show 2010 by mjk23, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Braque du Bourbonnais – world dog show 2010 by mjk23, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Braque_du_bourbonnais by The original uploader was Michael Comte at French Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


    FCI breed standard "Bourbonnais Pointing Dog"

    FCIFCI - Bourbonnais Pointing Dog
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. Bourbonnais Pointer, Braque du Bourbonnais (English).
    2. Braque du Bourbonnais (French).
    3. Braque du Bourbonnais (German).
    4. (em francês: Braque du Bourbonnais) (Portuguese).
    5. Braco de Borbón, Braco de Bourbonnais (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Brittany Spaniel
    Francia FCI 95 . Spaniel type

    Spaniel Bretón

    The Brittany Spaniel are “Pointing Dogs” multifaceted, for all types of hunting and all-terrain.

    Content

    History

    The Brittany Spaniel It, as the name reflects, originally from the Breton region, in the extreme west of France. It is probably one of the races Spaniel type and “Pointing Dogs” oldest in the country.

    Some historians argue that it was developed a long time ago, about 150 years AD. In any case, the first traces of white and red dogs that resembled him and were undoubtedly the ancestors of the current Brittany Spaniel date back to 17th century tapestries and paintings. The dogs in question are represented hunting.

    The most likely hypothesis is that the development of the breed began in the 18th century, but there is relatively little data on its exact origins. But, specialists believe that it probably originated from the “Welsh Springer Spaniel”, the English Setter and various breeds of “French Spaniel”. The first representatives of the breed were surely born in the village of Ponthou, located in the department of Finistère, and are most likely the result of the first crosses between the “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and “french dogs”.

    During the 19th century, in the city of Callac and its surroundings (Côtes-d'Armor department), the dogs thus created were crossed with the English Setter. The city then specialized in breeding the dogs resulting from these crosses., and today it is considered the capital of Brittany Spaniel.

    There are several theories about the exact development of the breed, including how the English Setter used for breeding. One of the theories is that they belonged to British families who spent their holidays in Brittany., while according to another they were brought by hunters of the same nationality who came to hunt in the region.

    About 1850, Reverend E. W. Davies, Anglican writer, minister and hunter who liked to spend winters hunting in the Breton region, mentioned in his writings a medium-sized hunting dog, type Pointer, with short tail. This was definitely the Brittany Spaniel as we know it today, since this short or even absent tail, due to an English ancestor who introduced the corresponding gene into the bloodlines, it is one of the peculiarities of the breed.

    From the beginning of its development, the Brittany Spaniel was bred as both a pointer and a collection dog, regardless of time. In fact, was (and it still being) very adaptable, which allowed it to spread later in many French regions, as well as in several European countries, like the UK. French breeders, However, they predisposed him to hunt birds.

    Used to working in collaboration with man and eager to please him, the Brittany Spaniel he was not only at the service of hunters, but also integrated into their homes. When i wasn't working, voluntarily stayed with their masters in their homes. His reputation as a good pet was quickly established.

    Dog shows also played an important role, as they allowed the breed to become known outside their homeland. In fact, the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th were marked by an important development of these events in Great Britain and other European countries, especially in France.

    The year 1907 marked the creation of the Club l’Épagneul Breton à courte queue naturelle. Next, a first draft of the breed standard was written, which was adopted at the first plenary meeting of the association the following year in Loudéac. It was later modified into 1923 and again in 1933, 1956, 1995, 2001 and 2003.

    As with many races, World War II marked the end of the breeding of Brittany Spaniels. Then it suffered a certain decline, However, it could be compensated once the conflict ended thanks to the work of the breeders and the evolution of certain rules.. In effect, as the gene pool of the breed had become too small throughout Europe, it was decided to accept individuals with black spots, what did not happen until then.

    The problem did not arise in the United States and Canada, so local organizations did not follow the example of their French counterparts, British and others. The situation has not changed since then: this particularity is still not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), el United Kennel Club (UKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC).

    The popularity of the “Brittany Spaniel”

    in your country of origin, the Brittany Spaniel It is very much appreciated, and its popularity has not waned over the decades. Like this, the number of new annual registrations at the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) has never been below 4.000 since the middle of the years 70, and most of the time it even exceeds the 5.000. But, there has been a certain decline over the years 2010, in which the number of new registrations has dropped from almost 5.500 a year at about 4.500.

    The Brittany Spaniel it's the only one “French Spaniel” which is also very popular outside your country. Official recognition of the breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954 obviously contributed to it.

    He did not wait for the FCI to gain a foothold in the United States, where their first representatives arrived in 1931. Crossbreeding with other type dogs “Setter” made the breed gain in size and muscle, thus deviating from the original model. In fact, there is now a clear physical distinction between the American and French types, beyond the possible presence of black spots on the latter.

    The Brittany Spaniel was recognized already in 1934 by the AKC under the name of Brittany Spaniel, then the latter was shortened to 1982 in favor of the simple denomination Brittany. In fact, both in Europe and America, this dog probably has more in common with the “Pointers” what with the “Spaniels”. It is the same choice made by the other reference organization in the country, the UKC, when he also accepted the breed in 1948, again with the simple name of Breton. The UKC has the particularity of being the only organization that recognizes both types of Brittany Spaniel like two different races. In fact, seeing how “Brittany” American had ended up diverging from his French ancestor, decided on 2002 also recognize the “french guy” as a race in its own right, with the name it bears in its country of origin.

    But, This quick recognition should not obscure the fact that the lack of a tail was initially a major disruption to American hunters., so the Brittany Spaniel it took him a while to gain a foothold in the country. But, the general qualities of the breed eventually overcame this reluctance and the breed became very popular. Although it was also used as a hunting dog, its qualities as a companion dog, starting with his medium size and good character, also contributed greatly to its success. this last one is real, since it occupies around the post 25 (of something less than 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of annual births registered with the organization. This is even an improvement over the first decade of the 21st century., when he was around the post 30.

    Also in North America, the Canadian CKC also recognizes the breed, and is quite appreciated in the country.
    Closer to France, Great Britain contributed to the genesis of the breed thanks to “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and to the English Setter, and adopted her in turn, being their representatives used both for hunting and shows as well as for the company. But, its inhabitants seem to have subsequently moved away from it. Like this, was not up 1975 when the Kennel Club, the canine organization of reference in the country, recognized the Brittany Spaniel. Regarding the number of subjects enrolled each year, we cannot say that it reflects a great fondness for this dog, since it is below a hundred. This figure is even on the decline, since in the first semester of 2010 it was rather between 100 and 150.

    But, other European countries have given it a much better reception. This is the case, in particular, of Italy, where hunting is very popular and widely practiced. This is, without a doubt, one of the reasons why, at the beginning of 2010, ranked 5th in the ranking of the most represented dogs in the country, based on the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI). But, since then the number has dropped steadily; now it is more or less around the 3.000, which is still considerable.

    Worldwide, a classification established in 2013 and based on the sum of the annual registration statistics of 25 national organizations among the hundred members of the FCI places the Brittany Spaniel in the post 30, which confirms to what extent it has been able to gain a foothold around the world.

    Physical characteristics

    The Brittany Spaniel is within the “Pointing Dogs” smallest in the world, but it is longer than most dogs “Spaniel type”. They are of the braccoid type, muscular and agile, quite high-legged and with a compact silhouette. They are distinguished from dogs of type “Pointer” by his head, typical of “Spaniel”, and the frequent absence of tail.

    straight and stiff, his back is generally as long as his height at the withers. The chest generally descends to the tips of the elbows, while the shoulders are long and very mobile.

    Due to a genetic mutation introduced in the 19th century, the tail of Brittany Spaniel is absent or very short. When it is present, It is located in the upper part of the croup and usually measures between 3 and 6 cm., but the breed standard accepts up to 10 cm.. There was a time when the use of tail docking was common for dogs with a tail that was too long for their owner's liking. But, this practice is now banned in a large number of countries, like belgium, France, Switzerland and Quebec.

    As for the legs, they are long and strong, and have flexible joints that allow them to run lightly without much effort. The feet are usually larger on the hind legs than on the front legs.. In all cases, they are well rounded, compact and have tight toes.

    The head of the Brittany Spaniel rests on a moderately long neck, fine and strong. Whether viewed from the side or from the front, the skull is somewhat rounded. The stop is quite well defined. It also, this dog is slightly brachycephalic, which means that its muzzle is shorter than its skull. It ends in a nose with wide nostrils whose color corresponds to that of the fur, and tame scissor bite jaws.

    Located on the top of the head and provided with semi-long hairs, sometimes wavy at the top, the ears are wide, short, triangles and falls. They are extremely mobile when you are on the lookout for something.
    The eyes are slightly oblique and their color usually corresponds to the predominant color of the coat. His intelligent gaze shows the great alertness of this dog.

    If there is no undercoat, the mantle of Brittany Spaniel consists simply of a thin layer of medium length hair, which is not very thick and can be smooth or slightly wavy. Most common color is fawn on white, but there are also brown and white dogs, fire and tricolor (black, Orange and white, or brown, Orange and white). Confidentially, the latter has gained in popularity in recent times. As for the black and white fur, there is debate: accepted by some organizations, as the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), but others reject it, as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC). In any case, regardless of its color, some individuals have spots on the snout, the lips, around the eyes, on the legs or even on the chest.

    Last, It should be noted that there are two very different types: the Brittany Spaniel French type and the Brittany Spaniel american type. They differ mainly by their size: the second (the most represented in the United States and Canada) it is bigger and more massive than the first (majority in Europe). As to the nature, tends to be more active and awake. These differences are explained by the fact that the first representatives of the breed imported to the United States in the decade of 1930 they quickly interbred with type dogs “Setter”.

    Whatever the type, there is only a very slight sexual dimorphism between males and females, although the former may be a bit larger and heavier. It also, regardless of gender, representatives of the breed reach their adult size between 14 and 16 months of age.

    Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 49 to 50 cm.

    ▷ female size: Of 48 to 49 cm.

    ▷ Male weight: Of 14 to 16 kg

    ▷ female weight: Of 13 to 16 kg

    Varieties:

    Although not strictly varieties, there are two types of Brittany Spaniel: the original French type and the American type, that appeared after the breed's arrival in the United States in the years 30 and their crossing with local Setters. This resulted in a larger dog, stronger and faster with a livelier temper.

    Smaller and more compact, the Brittany Spaniel French type is easier to train and handle during hunting parties.
    These two types can also be differentiated by their fur. The Brittany Spaniel American type has no black spots, unlike his cousin. It also, they tend to have shorter hairs.

    El United Kennel Club (UKC) American is the only organization that recognizes these two types as distinct breeds. In 1948, the Brittany Spaniel was recognized as Brittany. Arrived in the country less than 20 years before, this dog was still broadly identical to the one found in France. But, as the gap widened over the decades, the race finally decided that the “Brittany” It corresponds to Brittany Spaniel american type, and in 2002 decided to also recognize his ancestor, the french type, under the name of Brittany Spaniel.

    Character and skills

    The Brittany Spaniel it is one of the most popular dog breeds in France, and even to a certain extent the world. In effect, is sociable, Intelligent, attentive and cheerful. With the, it seems impossible to get bored and in a bad mood, so contagious is his joy of living!

    Having said that, as it happens with many races, the temperament of this dog can vary according to sex. For an individual destined for hunting, a sterile male is often preferred, as it is considered calmer and more gentle than an uncastrated female or male.

    In any case, it is a joy for the whole family, And he gets along especially well with children.. He loves to play actively with them and can be quite protective if he perceives a threat to them. But, his boundless energy and enthusiasm can lead him to unintentionally push or even knock over a small child. In any case, as with any dog, should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision, and those whose age allows it must learn to behave with respect towards him.

    Loyal to his family and little tolerant of loneliness, this dog requires a lot of presence and affection to feel good: if he is left alone too long or does not receive enough attention from his masters, can quickly develop destructive behavior or bark excessively. Its need for attention and interaction also means that it is not suitable for a household where members are often away for long periods of time..

    Sharing your home with another little companion is an interesting option to help you pass the time when your caregivers are away. In fact, the Brittany Spaniel not only appreciates humans: he is also very sociable with his peers, whether you come across them on walks or those you would have to deal with on a daily basis. He is also grateful that he is not the only dog ​​in the family.. You can also plan a coexistence with a cat, as soon as I am in contact with him from a very young age. On the other hand, when he meets an unknown feline, you probably want to go after him. Good socialization is not enough for you to live under the same roof as a small prey-like animal, like a rodent or a bird. In fact, hunting instinct is in his genes and he is likely to regain the upper hand at any moment, ending this coexistence prematurely.

    Their propensity to hunt small animals that pass by, as well as his permanent desire to run, also implies that if you live in a house with a garden, this must be well fenced, at the risk of sometimes going too far. A property with a large fenced area is the ideal environment for him, but it is quite adaptable. So, as long as your need for exercise is met each day with the help of long walks and other activities, you can even live in an apartment and in an urban environment.

    But, keep in mind that they can be sensitive to noise. So, can get stressed out when your home is particularly noisy, for example, by very noisy children. The same type of problem can arise if you live in the city or move regularly (for example, when walking) in a very crowded environment, especially if you haven't gotten used to it from a very young. On the other hand, used since its inception for hunting, he is indifferent to the noise of rifle shots.

    Although they live in the quiet countryside and have access to a very large garden at all times, this is not enough for this particularly active and hardy dog ​​to be comfortable with his head and paws. To be able to expend his great energy, needs at least an hour or two of daily activity. It's not about being much less active during the week and trying to make up for it on the weekend.: if this dog does not expend enough energy each day, can quickly develop behavior disorders, such as excessive nervousness or hyperactivity.

    Given your level of activity, it is easy to understand that the Brittany Spaniel it is not at all adapted to elderly or very homey people. On the other hand, he is the best friend of an active master who likes to run, hiking or taking long bike rides and dreams of taking his animal with him. Knowing that he also likes to swim, do not hesitate to take him swimming in a lake from time to time, or in planning a swim break when there is a water point along the way during any activity. It can also be very good at practicing canine sports such as cani-cross or cani-VTT. In fact, usually always willing to do any activity that involves exercise, especially if it is fun or is accompanied by other dogs.

    During the walks, It is important to bear in mind that at any time you can run after a bird or any other animal that is in your way, or you can be tempted by a smell that will not leave you indifferent. Your determination and stamina can go a long way, even to get lost. To avoid this, the most effective solution is, of course, always carry him on a leash, but this is by no means ideal for your well-being, as he urgently needs to vent. So, it is better to put the emphasis on learning to withdraw, considering that it is impossible to completely trust such a dog: Investing in a connected dog collar is a good way to prevent walks from being a source of anxiety, since then it is possible to know where it is at all times.

    But, it is not enough to give him physical exercise to keep him balanced: you also have to keep him mentally busy. So, the ideal is to keep him mentally occupied with activities that appeal to his intelligence, like certain canine disciplines (obedience, agility or flyball, for example), o solving puzzles and other problems. As a working dog, he likes his owner to assign him tasks, and usually takes them very seriously.

    This is all the more true as his closeness to his caregiver, her desire to please him and her intelligence make the Brittany Spaniel an easy to train dog that learns very quickly. They are especially attentive to the orders of their owner, attentive to every facial expression and ready to react and respond to any request.

    Unlike other races, the Brittany Spaniel are not particularly destructive or difficult during their adolescence, which starts around 6 months and continues until 18 months of age. Even if you start to adopt undesirable behavior, his great desire to please makes him very easy to correct.

    Last, because of his personality, not very assertive by nature, not a good watchdog, although it can be protective in especially threatening situations. He does not hesitate to bark to warn of the arrival of a stranger, but it is not usually the kind that does much more to deter the intruder. They can also be especially loud barking at the top of their lungs when they are home alone.. He has a groan that is his own and that he can also show when he is in this situation, or when scared or intrigued.

    Education

    The education of Brittany Spaniel it's pretty easy, because it is an obedient dog that likes above all to please its master. Thus, not the type to use his intelligence to try to exploit loopholes and challenge his master's dominance, but it allows you to learn very quickly. This makes it a recommended dog breed for a beginner..

    With the, sweetness is the key word. In fact, is sensible, does not support violence and is not at all receptive to education based on punishment or negative reinforcement. If these methods are used, is likely to show signs of anxiety and stress at work. Positive reinforcement, that is to say, a work method based on the assessment of good behavior through rewards (petting, stimuli, candies…) is much more effective and allows you to feel real pleasure from your work.

    Hunting individuals can quickly learn their future role. In effect, the Brittany Spaniel has a great hunting instinct, to the point that it is not uncommon to see a cub that begins hunting from the 3 months of age. It is possible to take your dog hunting from the 5 months of age. Obviously, it is not at that moment when he catches his first woodcock, but it allows you to become familiar with the environment and hunting. It is important, However, stick to short games and be fairly sure to watch the game, so as not to demotivate him. It also, being still growing and being fragile, avoid trying too hard. Only when it reaches its adult size, between 14 and 16 months, you can fully participate in this activity.

    Although not intended for hunting, any activity that reinforces their persecution instinct should be prohibited in their education. Obviously, this should not detract from your need to be active and exercise properly. The learning and regular practice of a dog sport, like agility, obedience or flyball, for example, is a good alternative, although it can also be practiced perfectly by an individual employed as a hunter.

    Teaching your dog to remember is also helpful in preventing him from unleashing his predatory instincts in inappropriate circumstances.. But, since even well-trained dogs are difficult to trust completely, the leash is more or less often essential for your safety and that of the animals and people around you. So, learning to walk on a leash is another important aspect of your education.

    Last, like any dog, the Brittany Spaniel should benefit from great socialization from a young age, especially as you can tend to be suspicious and shy around strangers, or being especially stressed when in a noisy environment. Getting used from a young age to meet all kinds of people and fellow humans, but also to live in different places and to face a great variety of situations and stimuli (noises, smells, etc.), we give you all the possibilities to make you feel good in your head, calm down and easily find your place with humans.

    Use

    The Brittany Spaniel was developed to be a versatile hunter. remarkable in search, the signaling and collection (both in water and on land), is specialized in hunting birds (especially the woodcock and the duck), acts alone and not in a pack and continues to be, Still today, the hunting dog breed preferred by many hunters.
    From the beginning of its history, has also found its place in the homes of its owners, thanks to his friendly personality and his natural closeness to man.

    Today, It is still appreciated as a companion dog and is an excellent choice for anyone who is active and available., hunter or not, wanting nothing better than hiking with your dog or taking it with you when you go for a run or ride a bike.

    your energy, his resistance and his desire to please also make him a perfect student for many canine disciplines such as agility, the flyball, obedience, the cani-cross or the mountain bike.

    Grooming

    Due to her very moderate hair loss throughout the year, its lack of undercoat and its little tendency to tangle, the fur of the Brittany Spaniel requires little maintenance: a weekly brushing is enough. Your seasonal shed, in spring and autumn, it is not very pronounced, but still requires more regular brushing, on the order of 2 or 3 times per week.

    It is also possible to take the dog to the groomer to cut the medium hairs of the legs (or do it yourself), to avoid knots, since this part of the body is especially prone to them. But, this is not essential: depends on the preferences of each caregiver.

    How their coat is generally kept clean, it is not necessary to bathe the dog more than 2 or 3 times a year. In any case, unless it got especially dirty, avoid bathing him too close, as it could seriously damage the skin or fur. In any case, it is important to always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of human skin and that of your best friend are different.

    The drooping shape of the ears of the Brittany Spaniel implies an increased risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.), as it facilitates the accumulation of dirt and moisture. So, it is essential to examine and clean them weekly, as well as dry them after each prolonged moment in a humid place, and of course every time you swim.

    The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to check the condition of your partner's eyes and clean the contours. This also greatly reduces the risk of infection. This is all the more important since the Brittany Spaniel is quite sensitive to the eyes and can have a number of eye diseases: the sooner they are detected, best.

    Caring for a Brittany Spaniel it also involves taking care of your teeth, always using a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This helps limit the build-up of dental plaque., which can lead to tartar formation, which can be the cause of many problems, some of which are potentially serious. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better to avoid brushing less than once a week.

    Last, the activity level of this hyperactive dog causes claw wear to occur normally naturally. So, they rarely need to be cut, unless, for example, your mobility is limited by a health problem. If you hear them rubbing when you walk on the hard ground, it's time to take care of them. Otherwise, they could hamper your movements or even break and injure you.

    As with any race, the steps to take care of a Brittany Spaniel (either its fur, his eyes, his ears, their teeth or claws) should not be taken at random. In fact, beyond the risk of being ineffective, could hurt or even injure you. So, it is wise to see a vet or professional groomer the first time, to learn from him the best way to proceed. The sooner the animal gets used to these different manipulations, it will be easier for you to let them do it throughout your life. The sessions can then be beautiful moments of sweetness and complicity, instead of being tests feared by the two protagonists.

    Another habit to take - and that also leads to manipulation- is to systematically examine your body when you return from every long moment you spend outdoors, in particular its fur, its feet and its pads. This ensures that you have not been injured, nor has he caught spikes or parasites.

    Health

    In general, the Brittany Spaniel enjoys robust health, which is illustrated by the fact that a good number of representatives of the breed are celebrating their 15th birthday.

    It also, his Breton origins mean that bad weather does not impress him or prevent him from carrying out his outdoor activities. It is also capable of adapting to many weather conditions, even at extreme temperatures.

    But, like all dogs, have a predisposition to develop certain diseases, many of which are hereditary:

    • Hip Dysplasia, a potentially inherited joint malformation that mostly affects medium and large dogs. Causes pain and lameness to a greater or lesser extent, as well as osteoarthritis from a certain age;
    • Cleft palate, a congenital and often inherited malformation responsible for poor communication between the puppy's mouth and nose. Then you may suffer from feeding difficulties, swallowing problems, choking or coughing. Difficulty feeding can lead to stunted growth and requires surgery to correct the problem;
    • Spinal muscular atrophy, a sometimes hereditary syndrome that causes a decrease in muscle mass. This can cause, among other things, difficulty moving, breathing problems or trouble eating properly. It is a progressive and often fatal disease for which there is no treatment;
    • La abiotrofia cerebelosa, a disease that causes tremors and a significant loss of coordination, that affects young men more. These symptoms initially occur only when the animal is in motion, and then they get worse over time, more or less quickly, until they appear when idle. There is no treatment for this rare disease, but it is not painful for the animal;
    • Epilepsy, a sometimes inherited disease causing more or less severe and often impressive seizures. Various treatments allow limiting or even eliminating them, so that, usually, those affected continue to lead an almost normal life;
    • Hypothyroidism, an endocrine disruption that corresponds to a defect in the regulation of thyroid hormones. You can have all kinds of symptoms: weight gain, decreased heart rate, dry skin, hair loss, increased sensitivity to cold.;
    • Hemophilia, an incurable inherited disease that causes a deficiency in coagulation and, Therefore, excessive bleeding. They can appear mostly under the skin, during tooth growth, in urine and feces, during vaccination or when the animal is injured. They can also be internal and invisible, and often lead to death;
    • Lupus erythematosus, a skin disease resulting from a deficiency of the immune system, what causes, among other things, depigmentation of certain parts of the body (nose first, then the ears and legs), erosions and ulcers ;
      external otitis, due to the drooping shape of their ears.

    The Brittany Spaniel it is also predisposed to certain eye diseases:

    • Dislocation of the lens, causing instability and abnormal movement of the lens in the eye. In this breed, most often it is the result of hereditary transmission. Very painful, can lead to total loss of sight if not treated with surgery;
    • The waterfall, a potentially inherited eye disease that usually develops in old age. Cataracts cause a cloudy lens that gradually reduces the dog's vision until total blindness occurs. Can be treated by surgery;
    • Glaucoma, an often inherited disease that can cause sudden loss of vision. It is the result of an abnormal increase in pressure in the dog's eye and must be treated quickly, otherwise its consequences are irreversible.

    It also, specimens used for hunting are at increased risk of injury, parasites and spikes.

    Last, despite its high level of activity, the Brittany Spaniel does not get rid of obesity, that can cause or accentuate many health problems. It is also a vicious circle, since an overweight individual tends to be less active.

    But, the long list of diseases to which the breed is predisposed should not obscure the fact that most of its representatives spend most of their lives in perfect health. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which established that the leading cause of death in this breed is simply advanced age.

    On the other hand, this list leads to many inherited conditions, or that are likely to be hereditary. This underlines how important it is to go to a serious and competent Brittany Spaniel breeder who rigorously selects his breeders.. If you are unable to present the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or offspring to prevent any transmission of said disease, it is better to go your way and go to another breeder; no lack of options. In addition to these documents, any serious professional should be able to provide a certificate from a veterinarian proving that the puppy is in good health, as well as your health or vaccination card, confirm that you have received all necessary vaccinations.

    Adopting a healthy animal is one thing, but its usefulness is limited if you don't make sure it stays that way. So, it is essential to note that, until the age of 14 to 16 months, a puppy of Brittany Spaniel is still in its growth phase, and therefore is particularly fragile. Throughout this period, it is important to only very gradually increase the duration and intensity of your activities, at the risk of impairing the proper development of your bones and joints, or even causing injuries and/or malformations that he could suffer throughout his life. This is all the more important since you are predisposed to hip dysplasia.

    Last, one of the best ways to keep your dog healthy is to take him to the vet at least once a year for a thorough check-up to detect any possible problems, which may not be visible to the inexperienced eye. It is also a great opportunity to take stock of vaccinations and any necessary withdrawals.. It also, antiparasitic treatments also help protect your pet against a number of diseases: it is up to the owner to renew them throughout the year, whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    Of 12 to 15 years

    Price “Brittany Spaniel”

    In Switzerland, the lower popularity of the breed means that the number of breeders of Brittany Spaniel be quite limited. A solution to have many more options is to buy directly in France.

    in Canada, the number of breeders barely exceeds ten, and also here the prices are very different, generally ranging between 750 and 1500 canadian dollars. Of course, It is also possible to go to the United States, where you have to have some 800 US dollars for a good quality puppy.

    In the case of a purchase abroad, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the price of the puppy and, of course, make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog.

    Characteristics "Brittany Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Brittany Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Brittany Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – An eleven-month-old male Brittany Spaniel dog, named “Kinwashkly That’s Mr. Jagger To You” (nickname “Mick”). by Pharaoh Hound, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – We had front row seats the second night of Westminster at Madison Square Garden in NYC. 2/2009 by Kjunstorm, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – A liver and white Brittany Spaniel. by John Blyberg, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Brittany Spaniel Dog. Hank watches other dogs misbehaving at the dog beach by Uber Phot, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Epagneul_Breton.jpg
    6 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/photos/brittany-brittany-spaniel-dog-3410384/

    Videos "Brittany Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • AKCDeportivo
    • ANKCGroup 3
    • CKCPerros Deportivos
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Brittany Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Brittany Spaniel
    Spaniel

    Alternative names:

    1. Brittany Spaniel, Brittany Wiegref, Epagneul Breton, French Brittany (English).
    2. Épagneul breton (French).
    3. Brittany, Bretonischer Vorstehhund (German).
    4. Brittany, (em francês: Épagneul breton) (Portuguese).
    5. American Brittany Spaniel, Bretón Americano, Pointer Bretón, Spaniel bretón, Bretón Español (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type
    Francia FCI 134 . Braque Type

    French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type

    The French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type he is sensitive and loving, he likes children and feels comfortable both in the city and in the country.

    Content

    History

    The origins of the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type are the same as the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type. They are the best representatives of the old lines of Brachets and “Braques” southerners.

    Already in the fifteenth century, the “Braque Francais” can be found on canvases depicting venus scenes. It is scattered throughout French territory during the French Revolution, and the regionalization of breeding allows the appearance of breeds such as the Ariège Pointer or the Auvergne Pointer.

    A breed that was abandoned in favor of British dogs, the breeding of Braque Francais was revived between the two wars, when the two guys became different. Developed in the Pyrenees, the race descends from the old Spanish Braque and of the now extinct Southern Hound.

    A more elegant version than the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type has legs about 12,5 cm shorter than Gascony.

    Photo: Un braque francais, type pyrénées by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type presents the same proportions and gender characteristics of the type French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, only that its dimensions are smaller and its body structure is lighter. The differences are as follows:

  • It is a rustic dog, not heavy, but muscular enough. His skin is more stretched than that of the "Gascony" type.
  • The lips are less droopy than those of the "Gascony" type or less convex..
  • The forelimbs are lighter than those of the “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type”
  • Finer and shorter hair than the Gascony type.
  • Character and skills

    Sensitive and affectionate, He is affectionate with children and feels comfortable both in the city and in the country.

    Your education should be smooth and early, because the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type he is a very sensitive dog, even shy. So, must get used to city noises very quickly.

    Has a natural gift for hunting and very good stamina.

    Easily cohabits with peers and can stay alone for a day. Fits well with apartment living, as long as you get used to it from a young age. But, you need to exercise very regularly.

    Some say he was born trained.

    Low maintenance required.

    Characteristics "French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type "

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type " you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type "

    Braque Francais Type Pyrenees NAIBE MIRA MAYA
    Braque Francais Type Pyrenees NAIBE MIRA MAYA
    Braques Francais du Milobre de Bouisse
    Vidéo Braques Francais Du Milobre de Bouisse

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


    FCI breed standard "French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type "

    FCIFCI - French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type
    Bracco

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Large Münsterländer
    Alemania FCI 118 . Spaniel type

    Münsterländer Grande

    Nature Large Münsterländer is lively but not express nervousness.

    Content

    History

    Historically, the Large Münsterländer, It was a dog used to hunt birds and hawks in the middle ages, its origins are located in the trackers and retrievers, as well as sample of 19th century dogs.

    The Large Münsterländer is considered to be, similar to the Small Munsterlander and the German Longhaired Pointer as part of the family of Pointing Dogs germans, whose professional parenting was beginning around the end of the 19th century.

    After the “Deutscher-Langhaar-Verein” it excluded definitively to the black dog in 1909, the “Association for the pure breeding of the long-haired black-white Münsterländer Pointing Dog”, founded in 1919, assumed the raising of the black and white Longhair. Once the remaining, still extant dogs of this long-haired native breed were documented in an original list, mostly from the eastern Münster region and Lower Saxony, the Association began in 1922 planned parenting Large Münsterländer.

    The founding list comprised 83 dogs. Descendants of the dogs on the original list were entered into the record book for the Large Münsterländer. The club that kept the record book was the “Association of Large Munsterlanders”, to date organized eight independent regional groups. The Club of the Large Münsterländer is a member of the VDH and the Federation of Working Gundogs (JGHV)

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog with strong and muscular body structure, with a stylized picture; expression of intelligence and nobility.

    Has a step and trot elastic, covers the ground, with a wide range. Elastic Gallop, with great momentum and thrust of the later members, and broad jump.

    Video of the “Large Münsterländer”
    Large Munsterlander Wilson Hunting duck retrieve

    The skin is adherent. Her hair is long and dense, Although smooth; It is not wavy or separated, because this could be an impediment to perform its function in the hunt. typical broad hair.

    The hair, both the male and the female, It must be especially long and dense in the posterior region of members before and after (with good feather). Also on the tail the hair must be especially long. The longest boom in the queue must be half the length of this.

    The hair of the ears It should be long (with good formation of stripes) and it must be so long that it symmetrically exceeds the lower edge of the ears (never leather ears). In the rest of the head hair should be short and adherent.

    It is of color White with plates and black spots, or a black splash. Black head, eventually with a spot or a whitelist.

    Character and skills

    El Munsterlander Grande, is a versatile hunting dog, his greatest skill is at work to perform after the firing of the Hunter.

    Its main characteristics are docility, ability to learn and reliable utility for hunting. Its nature is lively but not obvious nervousness.

    It can be perfectly adapted to the home life, from which you will greatly enjoy the warmth of your family, but you also need to run in the field to feel completely happy moments.

    Observations

    You need to do plenty of exercise, It is an ideal companion to go out running.

    Use

    Due to its versatility, it is necessary that the Large Münsterländer be placed regularly in the most varied fields. His medium head size has made him a specialist in the search for injured game animals, on the plains and in the woods. His main job is to, after the shot, avoids unnecessary suffering of the injured animal to some extent. The goal is to have a very good all-terrain dog; therefore, it is necessary to maintain in him these natural qualities.

    Health

    The Large Münsterländer he is a robust dog, living a long time and generally in very good health.
    This dog is not predisposed to being overweight. Their activities should be oriented to humid environments (swamps) in hot weather. It is not afraid of the cold and can even live outside in a kennel..

    For sale “Large Münsterländer”

    The price of a Large Münsterländer varies according to their origins, age and gender. The limited diffusion of the breed on French soil does not allow knowing the average price of a puppy of Large Münsterländer registered in the LOF (Société Centrale Canine).

    Characteristics "Large Münsterländer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Large Münsterländer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Large Münsterländer”

    Videos “Large Münsterländer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • ​KC – Gundogs
    • NZKC – Hunting dogs
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Large Münsterländer"

    FCIFCI - Large Münsterländer
    Munsterlander

    Alternative names:

    1. Großer Münsterländer (English).
    2. Grand münsterländer (French).
    3. Großer Münsterländer Vorstehhund (German).
    4. (em alemão: Grosser münsterländer) (Portuguese).
    5. (en alemán Großer Münsterländer), Gran Munsterlander (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type
    Francia FCI 133 . Braque Type

    French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type

    Some even say that the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type it is a dog that was born trained.

    Content

    History

    The type French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type grew up in the region of Gascuña which bears his name. He is a direct descendant of the oldest known race of pointing dogs already described by Gaston PHEBUS, Count of Foix. This excellent pointing dog has managed to preserve its stamina. In the same way, It has maintained the efficiency of the days when dogs were raised only for the services they provided.

    Photo: Pyrenean Pointer at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    Nose and muzzle
    Has a big brown nose. Has a wide muzzle, rectangular, sometimes slightly convex.

    Eyes
    Has a frank look. Your brown or dark yellow eyes are wide.

    Ears
    The ears of the brave French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type they go well up to the tip of your nose. Slightly bent, turn round at the tip.

    Fur
    His hair French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type it is very thick. Their head and ears have finer hair.

    Their fur can be brown, Brown and white, mottled or spotted brown and white or brown with tawny markings above the eyes, lips and limbs.

    Tail
    The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type has a generally docked tail, follows well the prolongation of the convex line of the croup. A long tail is not considered a defect, as long as it is well managed; neither the short tail of
    birth

    Character and skills

    Smart, obedient and very attached to their master, the kind dogs French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type they are soft and calm. Some even say it is a dog that was born trained.

    Your training will be smooth and early, since it is a very sensitive dog, even shy, and you have to get used to city noises very quickly. Let's not forget that you are an athlete and that you need “Unburden” regularly. Soft and calm, adapts very well to the city, as long as you get used to it at a young age. The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type must live with his caregiver and is very affectionate with children.

    Education

    The reputation of French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type is well established. Like his cousin, the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type , “born trained”, say his followers. Intelligent and very attached to his teacher, he will know how to learn all the tricks of a good education.

    It is a sensitive dog with which you must use gentleness. This dog must understand the commandments to assimilate them. One of the reasons why coercive methods should be banned. This is also true for all dog breeds.

    The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type can be perfectly adapted to living in the city. But, will have to be introduced to noise and crowds at a very young age.

    Characteristics "French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type"

    French Shorthaired Pointer - Gascony type
    Braque Francais-type Gascogne
    Gascony French Pointer
    Braque Francais-type Gascogne

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type


    FCI breed standard "French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type"

    FCIFCI - French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type
    Bracco

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Small Munsterlander
    Alemania FCI 102 . Spaniel type

    Münsterländer Pequeño

    The Small Munsterlander, is playful, joyful, Active, docile and learn very fast.

    Content

    History

    The Little Münsterländer, It is a breed of dog in German, Spaniel type. Born in the region of Muensterland from where derives its name.

    About the year 1870 they met in Münsterland, many dogs of Spaniel type Germans that very self-assured animals, very good trackers and bailiffs. But the needs of the aristocracy and his fondness for hunting unleashed a series of changes in the canine world…

    In the year 1906 the poet Herman Lons, dedicated himself to investigating everything related to the -then- so-called Roten Hannoverischen Heidebracke o “Red Hanoverian Heath Hound”. In an abbreviated manner, they called it "Heidewachtel”.

    Count von Bevervörde – Lohburg and Principal Master Reitmann of Burgsteinfurt, at the same time they achieved the first results with its crianzas. In the following years the “Dorsterer Schlag”.

    Y, in March of 1912 was founded theSmall Münsterländer Pointing Dog Association”. The objectives of the Association were: “to promote the purity and high-level breeding of the small long-haired pointer as it has been bred in Münsterland for decades”.

    The lack of common characteristics of the breed had a negative influence on both the breeding and the activity of the association.

    It was from the year 1921 when a breeding program began to be carried out -mainly- consensus and supported in the standard of the breed to the Dr. Friedrich Jungklaus published his scientific work on Small Munsterlander.

    It is this study, described all breed characteristics. That description of the race is still – fundamentally- valid today and is what distinguishes the Small Munsterlander, other German long-haired and versatile hunting dogs.

    Then, summarizing…, the Small Munsterlander was born from the crossing of Spaniel with the German Longhaired Pointer in the early 20th century.

    But his selection, Although it is very similar to the of the Large Münsterländer, since they share as ancestor the German Longhaired Pointer, they have been developed separately.

    Physical characteristics

    The Small Munsterlander, is an elegant dog, your body has a structure medium-sized, strong and harmonious, balanced proportions. Elegant head. With an upright posture, shows the flowing lines of its body and tail with a flat carriage.

    Its hair bright should be smooth to slightly ondeado, not too long and bushy.

    Video of the “Small Munsterlander”
    Small Munsterlander finds to stick

    The length of the body measured from the tip of the breastbone to the ischium must be greater than the height at the cross as maximum 5 cm..

    The skin is very adherent, without forming folds. The fur is thick, long Middle, smooth to something ondeado, well glued and waterproof. Its silhouette outline should not be hidden under a too long hair.

    The hair thick should be the best possible protection against the inclement weather, influences of the ground and to avoid injuries. Is a short, smooth fur.

    The fur It should be Brown and white and Brown Roan with Brown plates – the mantle – mottled, allow a whitelist in the head, fire on the snout markings are tolerated, eyes and around the anus (Jungklaus brands).

    The height will of 52 to 54 centimeters.

    Character and skills

    The Small Münsterländer is an intelligent dog, adept at learning, temperamental and balanced.

    It is a very versatile dog, It adapts smoothly to any type of hunting, climate and terrain, It is a perfect breed both for the 'sample' and for the 'collection', It is risky and not afraid of anything or anyone.

    As a companion dog it is stable, attentive and friendly people (the family), playful, lively and cheerful.

    The Small Munsterlander learn very fast.

    Often relate well with other dogs and always retain its passionate and persevering instinct towards the dam, his multiple conditions for hunting and his tempered nerves and sharpness.

    Observations

    It is the smallest of the Pointing Dogs germans.

    Since Puppy He usually learns very quickly to relieve himself outside the house., because they have a tendency of innate to keep clean the place in which they live.

    Education

    The Small Munsterlander he is an intelligent and confident dog. They are easy to train and educate, and very rarely do they disappoint their teacher in their speed of learning. Teaching them tricks shouldn't be much more complicated than teaching them the rules of life..

    Having said that, It is recommended to start learning early and start socializing the puppy as soon as possible, especially for an individual who will live in the city, to develop your confidence and ability to resist your stalking instincts.

    If the dog is destined to hunt, must be trained for hunting through play and not through repetitive training. It is also important to teach him that he should not hunt anywhere and at any time.. Fortunately, memory learning, either by voice or gestures, works great with this breed.

    In summary, the consistency, the kindness, intellectual stimulation and assiduity are necessary to make them the perfect family companion and channel their energy.

    Health

    The Small Munsterlander it is resistant and, due to its large gene pool, has no diseases of its own.

    His only Achilles heel are his ears.: suffers from ear and ear infections a bit more often than most breeds.

    Grooming

    Take care of Small Munsterlander requires little effort: brushing your dog's coat every now and then is enough to keep his coat shiny during normal activity.

    Brushing and checking the dog's ears should be systematic after going out into the woods or fields, to make sure there is no dirt trapped between the longest hairs. Drying them well after swimming also reduces the risk of repeated ear infections..

    For sale “Small Munsterlander”

    Are needed between 500 and 800 euros to adopt a puppy from Small Munsterlander.

    The price of a puppy of this breed differs depending on the sex: a female is more expensive than a male.

    Characteristics "Small Munsterlander"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Small Munsterlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Small Munsterlander”

    Videos “Small Munsterlander”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • CKCMiscellaneous
    • ​KC – Hunting dog
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Small Munsterlander"

    FCIFCI - Small Munsterlander
    Munsterlander

    Alternative names:

    1. Munsterlander (Small), Kleiner Münsterländer, Vorstehhund, Spion, Heidewachtel (English).
    2. Petit münsterländer (French).
    3. Vorstehhund, Spion, Heidewachtel (German).
    4. (em alemão: Kleiner münsterländer) (Portuguese).
    5. Pequeño Münsterländer (español).