Brazilian terrier
Brasil FCI 341 - Large and medium-sized Terrier.

Brazilian Terrier

Due to his easy training and physical abilities, in Brazil it is used as a circus dog.

Content

History

Although the Brazilian terrier was originally from Brazil, his ancestors did not come from South America, but mainly from Europe. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Brazilian youths studied at European universities, especially in England and France. It was not uncommon for them to come home married and their wives sometimes brought small terrier dogs with them. These were mixed with the native males and females, so a breed of dog developed, whose members looked different and literally strange.

But in a few generations the phenotype of the Brazilian terrier. It is believed to be the result of crossing Pinscher, Chihuahua and Jack Russel Terrier.

By the way, the Brazilian terrier became familiar with the different living conditions in Brazil: At first families with their dogs lived in the countryside before being attracted to the big urban centers, that gradually developed. The Brazilian terrier used to serve primarily as a rat hunter. In the meantime, However, its field of application has been expanded: they are excellent guard and family dogs.

Selective breeding of this breed of dog, highly appreciated in Brazil but almost unknown in Europe, started around 1970. The Brazilian terrier was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1995 and from 2007 is completely included as a breed in the catalog of the largest cynological organization in the world. Bears the standard number 341 and is in the group 3 (terriers), section 1 (Large and medium-sized terriers).

Physical characteristics

The Brazilian terrier is a dog's size medium, slim and harmonious construction. Its square body with rounded outer lines is firm but not too heavy. The weight of an adult animal is a maximum of eight to ten kilograms. This applies to both males and females, although the height at the withers is different in both: While reaching 35 a 40 centimeters in males, it's just 33 a 38 centimeters in females.

Interesting and unusual is that Brazilian terrier have different tail lengths from birth: From a rudimentary stump on a medium long tail to a full tail, you can find the most varied expressions. This characteristic characteristic of the breed gives the Brazilian terrier an individual appearance and does not detract from its charm, on the contrary.

The dog also owes its special charisma to the small folded ears, as well as the big round blue eyes, green, brown, Bluish gray or reddish brown with an open and lively look. The head seems very expressive. It has a triangular shape and is wide at the base. The face narrows noticeably from the widely spaced ears to the tip of the nose. Due to the relatively distinctive groove on the forehead, seems thoughtful.

The short coat, smooth, fine and tight dog feels very nice, a bit like the hair of a rat. No underwear. Especially soft areas are found on the head, the ears, the bottom of the neck and the inside of the front legs. As a rule, a Brazilian terrier it's tricolor. The basic color is always white. It is flanked by black marks, blue and / or brown red, they provide a distinctive pattern. Over and over you hear and read that the Brazilian terrier has strong similarities to Fox Terrier. This is undeniable, but there are visible differences: the Brazilian's muzzle is much shorter and the body contours appear more rounded, while the body of the Fox Terrier is more angular.

Character and skills

The character of Brazilian terrier can be described, justly, as little complicated. Their social behavior is once again much better than that of other types of terrier. For example, the stubbornness of Russel and I shake it off Fox Terrier are much less present in South America. He is very friendly with the people he meets and in relation to contact with their owners, one can use terms like “loving” and “Tender”. Also with other dogs the Brazilian terrier usually gets along smoothly.

Like your relatives in the terrier family, the Brazilian terrier it is extremely spirited, and therefore active and lively. You could also say: a real brazilian. As a result, need plenty of exercise. He loves to accompany runners and hikers and frolic with children., but is content with fun adventures in the park without complaining. But please, pay attention to the variety: The dog finds both pleasure in ball games and recovery. It moves freely and elegantly. Typical are the short and fast steps.

The Brazilian terrier is considered a smart dog – but of course this requires a certain amount of activity, not just outside, but also inside the house or the apartment. Its high level of attention and the fact that it is initially reserved towards strangers, his above average barking often qualifies him as a watchdog. It is also worth mentioning the dog's ability to empathize in almost any situation..

In short, It is an excellent dog for home and family or social, which can be easily trained with a successful mix of gentle and patient guidance. Canine sports enthusiast (agility, fly-ball). In addition, gets along very well with horses, making it an excellent companion for horse owners. Thanks to his pleasant character, the Brazilian terrier also suitable as a beginner dog for people who have had little or no experience of active dog ownership to date.

Considering its origin, the Brazilian terrier is naturally used to tropical temperatures. For this reason it is recommended to give up the breed if you live in very cold and rainy climates.

Care and health of the Brazilian Terrier

The maintenance of Brazilian terrier it's comparatively easy. This is mainly due to the short, smooth coat without undercoat. The dog hardly loses hair, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers who have to do without the four-legged friends of other races for health reasons.

Talking about health:

Another positive aspect is that the Brazilian terrier they are particularly resistant to diseases and have a high life expectancy. On average, they live on 12 a 15 years. Only with respect to the ears is necessary caution: Dogs have what are known as slanted ears, which means that the ear canal is angled. This makes ventilation of the inner ear somewhat more difficult., which promotes the settlement of bacteria and fungi and significantly increases the probability of a dangerous ear infection. For this reason, the ears of the Brazilian terrier must be cleaned regularly and thoroughly. To do this, earlobes and special ear cleaners are used. These agents help loosen dirt and wax from the ear and, therefore, keep the quadruped healthy. Important: Never use cotton swabs. They would have a counterproductive effect.

Images of the Brazilian Terrier

Photos:

1 – Brazilian terrier – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
2 – Juliana Lopes / CC BY by Brazilian Terrier, uploaded from Flickr
3 – Matt Hidalgo / CC BY-SA by Filomena and one more of their faces =) (Brazilian Terrier)
4 – Terrier brasileño by Sini Merikallio / CC BY-SA
5 – The 4 genetically possible colours of Terrier Brasileiro. From left to right: Tricolor black, tricolor brown, tricolor blue, tricolor isabela by TerrierBrasileiroDaPedraFilosofal / CC BY-SA
6 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/548786
7 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1188027

Videos of the Brazilian Terrier

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 341
  • Group 3: Terriers.
  • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • CBKC

    FCI Standard of the Brazilian Terrier breed

    BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Fox Paulistinha (English).
      2. terrier brasileiro (French).
      3. Terrier Brasileiro (German).
      4. Fox paulistinha, Foquinho (Portuguese).
      5. Fox Paulistinha, Terrier Brasileiro (Spanish).

    Fila Brasileiro
    Brazil FCI 225 - Molossoid - Mastiff

    Fila Brasileiro

    It is a rare dog in Europe, which implies that it is difficult to find a good puppy.

    Content

    History

    The Fila Brasileiro its history is linked to both genetic mixing and Brazilian colonization. There is no consensus on its origin, but probably the Brazilian line is the result of a mix of dogs whose specialty was hunting and grazing animals in the field. The mastiff, the Bulldog, the Terceira line (a portuguese breed) and the Scent hound they are just some examples of possible races that have contributed to trace the DNA of the Brazilian line. Some say that indigenous dogs (Aracambé) and even the savages, like the guarbo wolf, they may also have participated in the miscegenation.

    In some 19th century carvings, the breed was already known to assist in catching oxen, cows, sheep and even big cats, like jaguars, for example. This shows that the Brazilian line was not just a dog to have on the doorstep, taking a nap in the late afternoon: I was really going to the fight! And maybe that's where his keen sense of protection comes from, always putting strangers in their place once they get home.

    In 1946 the first effort was made to set the breed standard. In 1976, the second standard was recognized and approved during the 1st Symposium of the Brazilian Fila Race. In 1984 the third rule was defined, which is still in force today.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a trotting large but very agile. It has a powerful skeleton and a rectangular structure, compact and proportionate. The head is big, heavy and solid, although it is always proportionate to the body. The craniofacial relationship is almost 1:1, with the nose slightly shorter than the skull. The occipital ridge is very prominent, especially in the puppy. The stop is low and inclined, so it should not be seen when looking at the animal from the front. The eyes are medium or large, in the form of almond, quite sunken and colored according to the mantle (yellow to dark brown). Ears are wide and thick, pendants and "V" shaped. The limbs are parallel and straight, with strong bones. A characteristic of the breed is the way of moving around. The tail is very wide at the root and narrows rapidly when it reaches the hock height..

    • Hair: short.
    • Color: all solid colors are supported, except white, the rat gray and the mottled or stained coat, liable to disqualification. Solid color layers may have stripes of less intense or very dark color. Black mask is optional.
    • Size: in males, of 63 a 75 cm., with a minimum weight of 50 kg; in females, of 60 a 70 cm., with a minimum weight of 40 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Brazilian Fila is very determined, brave and can be very fierce. They can be docile and very obedient to their owners and family and are very tolerant of children.. It is a dog that loves the company of its owner and always tries to be with him. One of the most striking points of the Fila Brasileiro is the aversion to strangers. So they are excellent guard dogs..

    The Fila Brasileiro are the protectors of the herd (namely, the family that raises him) and therefore they need to be educated from an early age. At the age of 7 months already begin to show surveillance potential. As they are very large and very strong dogs, it's important for owners to have a firm wrist and show leadership from an early age, so that the dog becomes obedient and respects the owners.

    They are very smart and tend to easily learn the owners' teachings. Be careful not to be too stiff in corrections when Fila Brasileiro does something wrong, because they can be a little stubborn and make training difficult.

    This dog's aggressive instinct should not be stimulated (and less with bloody methods), because it could become a dangerous animal, given its great bulk. Without a doubt, this is a breed for experts.

    Videos Fila BrasileiroFila brasileiro

    Fila brasileiro puppies week 7

    Fila Brasileiro Care

    Maintaining a Fila Brasileiro is not laborious, not too different from other large, short-haired dogs. The frequency of the bath can vary according to the type and intensity of the activities carried out by each dog.

    – Grooming: the Fila Brasileiro does not need more than a weekly brushing, because its coat is short and the breed doesn't get too dirty. Ideally, you should bathe monthly in summer and, in winter, Every two months.

    – Nails and ears: you always have to check them. The nail cannot grow too long and the ear cannot accumulate wax and dirt. Remember that Fila Brasileiro is prone to developing otitis and keeping it clean makes it easier to perceive any problem.

    – Eyes: if there is any spot near the eyes or accumulation of discharge, clean them with saline.

    – Sol: sunbaths are welcome: stimulate the body to produce vitamin D, essential for strong teeth and bones. The ideal time for this is the same as for humans, avoid the hottest times of the day, between the 10 am and 4 pm.

    Fila Brasileiro Health

    The Fila Brasileiro is a healthy breed of dog. Maintaining the basic routine of care and controlling your physical shape, the chances of you having a happy life are great! See some problems that may affect you:

    – Obesity: common cause of health problems that can affect not only the Fila Brasileiro, but to all overweight dogs. As the Fila Brasileiro has a certain tendency to gain weight, watch for changes in the general shape of the dog, avoid giving treats and respect the recommended amounts of food for the breed.

    – Otitis It is an infection that can affect the Fila Brasileiro's hearing and can be caused by age or even lack of hygiene.

    Dog's level of exercise

    The Fila Brasileiro needs a lot of exercise, what requires available space – even if you walk on walks. Must exercise for one hour daily. And how is a smart dog, seeks to diversify its activities. A simple change in the ride route offers new stimuli and keeps you happy.

    Fila Brasileiro Evaluations

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Fila Brasileiro” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Fila Brasileiro Images

    Photos:

    1 – PETRA VESELÁ has published this image “Fila Brasileiro” under public domain license.
    2 – Original Female Fila Brasileiro – branca to AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
    3 – Fila brasileiro (ALMODOVAR Rio Grande – from RIO GRANDE kennel) by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – Puppy OFB at 4 months old by AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
    5 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 223 | Julio Cesar Hoyos A | Flickr
    6 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 086 – Flickr

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 225
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • CKC – Miscellaneous list
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI standard of the Fila Brasileiro breed

    ROW BRAZILIAN FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Brazilian Mastiff, Onceiro (Jaguar Hound), Cabeçudo (Big-headed), Black Mouth (English).
      2. chien de Fila (French).
      3. Brasilianischer Mastiff (German).
      4. Brazilian mastiff, Mastiff brasileiro, Boca Negra, Onceiro, Cabeçudo, Boiadeiro das Minas Gerais, Cão de Fila brasileiro (Portuguese).
      5. Cabeçudo boiadeiro, Fila brasileño (Spanish).

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