Jack Russell Terrier
Gran Bretañaa FCI 345 . Small sized Terriers.

Jack Russell Terrier

He has a bold and happy disposition and always appears full of self-confidence.



The Jack Russel Terrier comes like most of the terrier breeds in England. There he was first raised more than 150 years by theologian John Russel. The future pastor carried the nickname of “Jack”, for which the dog breed was also named later. John Russel pursued the goal of creating a fox hunting terrier by crossing with other breeds. This shouldn't just hunt foxes and other animals, but also chase them into their burrow and drive them out again.

Over the years, two types of Russel Terrier, a medium-sized variant, the Parson Russel Terrier, and another one of smaller size, the Jack Russel Terrier described here. The small-sized variant found its followers mainly in Australia, who used it mostly for hunting in rabbit holes. Due to crossbreeding with other breeds and exclusive breeding for hunting purposes, recognition as an independent race came relatively late.

So the dog was first listed on the Australian National Kennel Council in 1991 and in the year 2000 was recognized by the FCI.

Physical characteristics

The appearance of the Jack Russel Terrier it is relatively easy to recognize. So he has a coat covered mostly in white, that bears black or brown markings. A completely white coat is also theoretically possible, but quite rare. The hairs are short and can be straight or coarse.

The Jack Russel Terrier it has an almost rectangular body shape and a height at the withers of up to 30 cm.. Therefore, is on average 5 cm smaller than its direct relative, the Parson Russel Terrier. The weight of a Jack Russel Terrier can vary between 7 and 10 kg. The head of the Jack Russel it is quite thin and flat built. The dog's eyes are almond shaped and are normally surrounded by black eyelid edges.

Character and skills

The Jack Russel Terrier he is an agile and lively dog ​​who loves to run in nature. He has a healthy self-confidence and is very brave. Although her legs seem relatively short, loves to take long walks in nature. The dog is loaded with energy and needs his career. In addition to sports activities, the dog also wants to be challenged on a mental level. One can make this possible thanks to sports modalities such as “Agility”. There he is with total commitment and pursues his goal tirelessly.

At the same time, the Jack Russel Terrier also very suitable as a family dog. In a calm and familiar environment, the dog is child friendly and has a social mindset.

> Keep and feed a Jack Russel Terrier

Although the Jack Russel Terrier it's a smaller dog, there is a lot of power in him. The hunting instinct remains firmly anchored in it. You need to exercise a lot outdoors in nature. The Jack Russel it is a dog that needs to be encouraged and challenged by its owner. To push the dog to its limits, dog sports like agility are ideal.
Keeping the dog in an apartment is usually not a problem. However, it is practical to have a large garden in which the terrier can let off steam in between. The Jack Russel it is also a super family dog, that with the right training you will become a loving family member.

The Jack Russel Terrier usually has no special food preferences. It is important that the dog is fed a balanced diet. This means that the diet is based on a combination of a high meat content plus the addition of vegetables, fruits and cereals. The choice between dry or wet food is left to each owner. The food ration should be adapted to the size and workload of the dog.

Education and care of the Jack Russel Terrier

The Jack Russel Terriers they need a loving and consistent education. With the puppy you must define the rules and limits of coexistence. This is how the foundations of a common future are laid. Early neglect will regret later. The Jack Russel Terrier is an intelligent dog that wants to be challenged. Therefore, it is important that you have the reins clearly in hand when dealing with the dog.

Due to its origin as a hunting dog, wants its owner's guidance. Clear instructions and a system of positive rewards will be the best to encourage the dog in his development. With adequate training and if the dog is sufficiently exercised, adapts very well as a family dog ​​and integrates into it in an exemplary way.

Caring for a Jack Russel Terrier it is not usually complicated. In the rough-haired or hard-haired variety, the coat should be trimmed occasionally. In all other respects, brushing regularly is highly recommended. The dog can be cleaned with a damp cloth. Shampoo should not normally be used as it attacks the natural protection of the coat and skin. In case of strong odors and a high level of dirt, mild dog shampoo should be used.

Typical health and diseases

The little quadrupeds are, Unfortunately, often very susceptible to disease. Therefore, You should have a vet examine your dog as often as possible and parents undergo an examination for possible inherited diseases before purchasing. Possible clinical pictures with the Jack Russel Terrier are: Ataxia and myelopathy, atopia, dermatophytosis, cataract and catarrh, as well as other hereditary diseases.

Jack Russel Terrier life expectancy

The life expectancy of Terriers Jack Russel is of some 15-18 years.

Buy the Jack Russel Terrier breed

The Jack Russel Terriers can be purchased from numerous breeders. However, before buying, must ensure that the breeder is officially recognized. The Jack Russel Terrier responsible parenting can be obtained from a price of about 500 EUR.

Jack Russell Terrier Reviews

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Jack Russell Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

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2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Jack Russell Terrier images


1 – Rough coat Jack Russell terrier by Sellys / CC BY-SA
2 . Jack Russell Terrier by Plank / CC BY
3 – Jack Russell Terrier by Steve-65 / CC BY-SA
4 – Portrait of Jack Russell Terrier in a park by Ria / CC BY-SA
5 – Jack Russell Terrier by DuncanMcC / Public domain
6 – Jack Russell Terrier by Plank / CC BY

Jack Russell Terrier videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 3: Terriers.
  • Section 2: Small-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
    • AKC – Terriers
    • ANKC – Terriers
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    Jack Russell Terrier breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. JRT, Jack (English).
      2. Jack Russell (French).
      3. Jack Russell (German).
      4. Jack Russell (Portuguese).
      5. JRT, Jack (Spanish).
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