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Lilac-crowned Parrot
Amazona finschi

Lilac-crowned Parrot

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

33 cm. head to tail and weighs on average 310 g..

The Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi) has the forecrown and the higher lords, red off; the lower lores, the cheeks and ear-coverts, pale lime green; crown, sides neck and nape, lilac or pale blue with some feathers crown showing narrow black margins.

Mantle green with broad black edges giving distinct scalloped effect; back and scapulars weak green with black borders to some feathers; rump and uppertail-coverts, green, slightly brighter than the back. Wing coverts green. Primaries blue toward the tip, green at the base; the base outerweb the first five secondaries, red with subterminal band yellow and blue tips, secondaries, otherwise, green, becoming blue at tips. Under the wings, brighter yellowish green; flight feather dull green.

Lilac-crowned Parrot

Throat yellowish green with bluish tint to some feathers; remaining underparts, yellowish-green with black margins to some feathers (especially in the chest), giving scalloped effect. Tail green tip yellowish green, lateral feathers blue margin to the base of the outerweb. Bill color horn; irises orange red; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature has the irises dark brown (rather than red).

  • Sound of the Lilac-crowned Parrot.

Habitat:

Video – "Lilac-crowned Parrot"

The Lilac-crowned Parrot Living mainly in wooded hills and mountains, from the tropical zone in the lower levels of the deciduous forests, to the forests of oak and pine-oak forest in the highlands, preferably through the valleys with lush vegetation along streams that run on the basis of cannons; often also in areas of arid or semi-arid vegetation, or clear forest edge, coming into cultivated areas and orchards adjacent to the forest.

mainly in altitudes of 600 to 2.000 m, but recorded at sea level Sinaloa and from sea level to the temperate forest Colima. observed between 360-1.700 metres in Sonora and 880-1.480 metres in Oaxaca. Usually in pairs or small groups, although larger groups are formed in the dry season (500 birds reported) and in communal roosts (more than 1,000 birds reported in the same place Nayarit).

Reproduction:

They nest in tree hollows (for example, Ficus), including old nests woodpeckers (for example, Phloeoceastes) or arboreal termite mounds.

The breeding season It comprises from February to June, nesting with a cycle consisting of 28 incubation days eggs, followed by two months of growth of chickens in the nest (Forshaw 1989, Renton 1998, 2002).

Food:

Eating habits are poorly documented: It has been observed a particular preference for figs. During the dry season the diet consists mainly of Astronium graveolens, Brosimum alicastrum, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Comocladia engleriana and Ficus insipida. Durante las lluvias The diet consists of species such as Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Esenbeckia nesiotica, Jatropha spp and Sciadodendron excelsum (Renton 1998, 2001)

Provocan algún crop damage de maíz y banano.

They have been observed wild species groups, alimentándose en compañía de la Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis) in Los Angeles, California.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 372.000 km2

The Lilac-crowned Parrot inhabits costa Pacífica de México, from the southeast end of Sonora and Southwest Chihuahua, to the South by Sinaloa, Durango Western, Nayarít, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán and Warrior, until Oaxaca, west of Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

Es en su mayoría residents, pero fuera de la temporada de cría, visit during autumn, lowlands, for example in Oaxaca. Generalmente común. Descrita como bastante común localmente en el sureste de Sonora. abundant in Colima. Muy poco común en las tierras altas de Oaxaca. Several wild populations reported in several locations in the United States.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 4700-6700.

Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has been selected in danger of extinction because it is suspected that is decreasing very quickly as a function of contractions recorded ranges and due to the unsustainable exploitation and loss of habitat.

Justification of the population

    Renton and Elias (2003) estimate the world population between 7.000 and 10.000 individuals, sobre la base de encuestas que cubren la mayoría del rango global de la especie. This equates to approximately 4.700-6.700 mature individuals. An estimate that 5.400 individuals each year are caught illegally in Mexico (Cantu et al ., 2007), implies that the estimation of population Renton and Elias (2003) podría ser una subestimación, but it remains in this evaluation to best data available.

Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population of this species is in decline very fast, based on a study of Marin-Togo et al . (2012), who estimated the current distribution of this species along the costa del Pacífico de México and he showed a reduction 72.6% its estimated original distribution.
Threats

• The Capture for national and international trade It is the greatest threat to wild populations.

• Es altamente valued in trade (Cantu et al., 2007) and it was the kind of Amazon parrot most caught in the early eighties (Inigo-Elias y Ramos 1991).

• The comercio ilícito es intenso y generalizado, and Lilac-crowned Parrot It is one of the most frequently confiscated Mexican parrots (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• Durante el período 1981-2001, were registered 4.061 individuals in international trade, of which 79% It was exported directly from Mexico and the 64% it took Nature (CITES 2004a).

• Sigue siendo one of the five species of Mexican parrots most caught, with an estimated 5.400 individuals / year caught illegally Mexico (Cantu et al ., 2007).

• Los Adults and young people are easily trapped en gran número debido a su costumbre de congregarse en los sitios comunales de refugio a última hora de la tarde (Renton 2005, K. Renton in some 2005).

• Los polluelos son comúnmente capturados furtivamente de los nidos (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• Durante las entrevistas con la población local a lo largo del área de distribución de la especie, the 75% reported poaching in your area (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• Además, it is said that this species requires semi-deciduous forest with tall mature trees for nesting and can not adapt to the changed areas nesting (Marin-worm Togo et al ., 2012).

Habitat loss and degradation, mainly for conversion to small and large crops and pastures (K. Renton in some . 2007, A. Salinas in some . 2007, Ortega-Rodríguez y Monterrubio-Rico 2008), are serious threats, con el bosque semi-caducifolio a lo largo de la costa del Pacífico perdido a un ritmo mayor que cualquier otro tipo de bosque en Mexico (Masera et al ., 1996, K. Renton in litt., 2005), It is resulting in the destruction of nesting sites y la reducción de la extensión de este hábitat crıtico crucial (Renton 2005).

• In Michoacán, nesting areas potentially more accessible, as plains or hills, se han convertido en granjas ganaderas o agrícolas (Ortega-Rodríguez y Monterrubio-Rico 2008).

• Los grandes proyectos de desarrollo, such as dams, also they resulted in pérdida del hábitat de cría para la especie (K. Renton in some ., 2007).

• El bosque semi-deciduo cubre ahora sólo 5.106 km2 within the range of the species (Renton and Elias 2003, K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• La disminución de las precipitaciones que podrían resultar del global climate change daría lugar a una disminución del potencial reproductivo de las poblaciones silvestres en los bosques tropicales secos (K. Renton in some ., 2007).

• A pesar de las diversas presiones sobre los hábitats, by showing that the species has disappeared from more than 70% of its former range, Marin-Togo et al. (2012), has reinforced the view that the capture pressure is the predominant threat to the species.

Conservation Actions Underway

• In 1999, the Mexican government established a Conservation Plan, Protection and Recovery Psitácinos in Mexico, in which the Lilac-crowned Parrot It is considered a priority species (Macias Caballero et al ., 2000).

• In 2004, the species was updated to Appendix 1 de la CITES and in 2007 It approved a proposal to change its state species conservation 2008 of “threatened” to “in danger” under the Mexican wildlife law (K. Renton in some.)

• In Mexico, They have made considerable efforts to combat illegal domestic trade, with at least 52 seizures during 1997-2003 (CITES 2004b).

• Las inspecciones efectuadas en Mexico They resulted in the seizure of 266 individuos vivos de las especies que se ofrecían ilegalmente en el comercio de animales de compañía between 1995 and 2003 (CITES 2004b).

• La especie It is in three biosphere reserves; Área de protección de flora y fauna Sierra de Álamos-Río Cuchujaqui in Sonora meridional, and Reserva de la biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala and Biosphere Reserve Sierra de Manantlán, in Jalisco, y según fuentes, It is distributed in seven other important bird areas; However, some of them lack official protection or conservation programs (CITES 2004a)

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Monitor the demographic trends through regular surveys.

Monitor levels of destruction and degradation of habitat.

• Implementar trade regulation strategies in the plan 1999.

• Realizar el trabajo de extensión y la environmental education as described in the plan 1999.

• Realizar la habitat conservation and recovery of wild populations as it recommended in the Plan 1999.

• Supervisar el éxito de las estrategias del plan de 1999.

• Proteger el resto de los soportes forestales tropicales en áreas donde la pendiente es mayor de 6 °: ideally all areas on steep slopes should be restored to forest, to provide habitat for all native wildlife (including the Lilac-crowned Parrot)

• Evitar la erosión del suelo Y promover actividades económicas alternativas en las zonas costeras accidentadas como la recreación y el turismo (Ortega-Rodríguez y Monterrubio-Rico 2008).

The Lilac-crowned Parrot in captivity:

Very popular as a pet throughout its area of distribution; It has cultural value as a pet or ornamental bird by its feathers; ability to imitate sounds and its tendency to form bonds with people; widespread in captivity internationally.

Currently protected by the Appendix 1 de la CITES.

Each copy captive of this species which is capable of reproducing, should colocarse en un programa bien gestionado de cría in captivity and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

Alternative names:

Finsch’s Parrot, Lilac crowned Parrot, Lilac-crowned Amazon, Lilac-crowned Parrot, Pacific Amazon, Pacific Parrot (English).
Amazone à couronne lilas, Amazone de Finsch, Amazone verte de Finsch (French).
Blaukappenamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-finsch (Portuguese).
Amazona de Corona Violeta, Amazona Guayabera, Loro Corona Lila, loro corona-lila, Loro Corona-violeta (español).


scientific classification:

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona finschi
Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1864)
Protonimo: Chrysotis finschi


Images Lilac-crowned Parrot:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    Naturalist

    Photos:

    (1) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by Tom BensonFlickr
    (2) – Lilac-crowned Amazon perching on a branch By Amazona_finschi_-perching_on_branch-8.jpg: Cédric Allierderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) by Emilie ChenFlickr
    (4) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by wplynnFlickr
    (5) – A pet Lilac-crowned Amazon; head and neck By Gary Denness (originally posted to Flickr as Pretty Boy) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Lilac-crowned Amazon; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0549) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) By CDest [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – Lilac-crowned Amazon at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA By DrStarbuck from Madison, WI, USA (Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum 18) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – A Lilac-crowned Amazon at Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, USA By Dave Bezaire & Susi Havens-Bezaire [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Amazona finschi Uploaded by Francisco_aviarioPhotobucket

    Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353198

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