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Lilac-crowned Parrot
Amazona finschi

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Lilac-crowned Parrot




33 cm. head to tail and weighs on average 310 g..

The Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi) has the forecrown and the higher lords, red off; the lower lores, the cheeks and ear-coverts, pale lime green; crown, sides neck and nape, lilac or pale blue with some feathers crown showing narrow black margins.

Mantle green with broad black edges giving distinct scalloped effect; back and scapulars weak green with black borders to some feathers; rump and uppertail-coverts, green, slightly brighter than the back. Wing coverts green. Primaries blue toward the tip, green at the base; the base outerweb the first five secondaries, red with subterminal band yellow and blue tips, secondaries, otherwise, green, becoming blue at tips. Under the wings, brighter yellowish green; flight feather dull green.

Lilac-crowned Parrot

Throat yellowish green with bluish tint to some feathers; remaining underparts, yellowish-green with black margins to some feathers (especially in the chest), giving scalloped effect. Tail green tip yellowish green, lateral feathers blue margin to the base of the outerweb. Bill color horn; irises orange red; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature has the irises dark brown (rather than red).

  • Sound of the Lilac-crowned Parrot.


"Lilac-crowned Parrot"

Lilac Crowned Amazons (Amazona Finschi)

The Lilac-crowned Parrot Living mainly in wooded hills and mountains, from the tropical zone in the lower levels of the deciduous forests, to the forests of oak and pine-oak forest in the highlands, preferably through the valleys with lush vegetation along streams that run on the basis of cannons; often also in areas of arid or semi-arid vegetation, or clear forest edge, coming into cultivated areas and orchards adjacent to the forest.

mainly in altitudes of 600 to 2.000 m, but recorded at sea level Sinaloa and from sea level to the temperate forest Colima. observed between 360-1.700 metres in Sonora and 880-1.480 metres in Oaxaca. Usually in pairs or small groups, although larger groups are formed in the dry season (500 birds reported) and in communal roosts (more than 1,000 birds reported in the same place Nayarit).


They nest in tree hollows (for example, Ficus), including old nests woodpeckers (for example, Phloeoceastes) or arboreal termite mounds.

The breeding season It comprises from February to June, nesting with a cycle consisting of 28 incubation days eggs, followed by two months of growth of chickens in the nest (Forshaw 1989, Renton 1998, 2002).


Eating habits are poorly documented: It has been observed a particular preference for figs. During the dry season the diet consists mainly of Astronium graveolens, Brosimum alicastrum, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Comocladia engleriana and Ficus insipida. during the rains The diet consists of species such as Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Esenbeckia nesiotica, Jatropha spp and Sciadodendron excelsum (Renton 1998, 2001)

cause some crop damage corn and banana.

They have been observed wild species groups, feeding with the Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis) in Los Angeles, California.


Size of its range (breeding/resident): 372.000 km2

The Lilac-crowned Parrot inhabits Pacific coast of Mexico, from the southeast end of Sonora and Southwest Chihuahua, to the South by Sinaloa, Durango Western, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán and Warrior, until Oaxaca, west of Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

It is mostly residents, but outside the breeding season, visit during autumn, lowlands, for example in Oaxaca. generally common. Described as fairly common locally in southeastern Sonora. abundant in Colima. Very rare in the highlands of Oaxaca. Several wild populations reported in several locations in the United States.


State of conservation ⓘ

Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 4700-6700.

Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has been selected in danger of extinction because it is suspected that is decreasing very quickly as a function of contractions recorded ranges and due to the unsustainable exploitation and loss of habitat.

Justification of the population

    Renton and Elias (2003) estimate the world population between 7.000 and 10.000 individuals, based on surveys covering most of the global range of the species. This equates to approximately 4.700-6.700 mature individuals. An estimate that 5.400 individuals each year are caught illegally in Mexico (Cantu et al ., 2007), implies that the estimation of population Renton and Elias (2003) could be an understatement, but it remains in this evaluation to best data available.

Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population of this species is in decline very fast, based on a study of Marin-Togo et al . (2012), who estimated the current distribution of this species along the Pacific coast of Mexico and he showed a reduction 72.6% its estimated original distribution.

• The Capture for national and international trade It is the greatest threat to wild populations.

• It is highly valued in trade (Cantu et al., 2007) and it was the kind of Amazon parrot most caught in the early eighties (Inigo-Elias y Ramos 1991).

• The illicit trade is intense and widespread, and Lilac-crowned Parrot It is one of the most frequently confiscated Mexican parrots (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• During the period 1981-2001, were registered 4.061 individuals in international trade, of which 79% It was exported directly from Mexico and the 64% it took Nature (CITES 2004a).

• Remains one of the five species of Mexican parrots most caught, with an estimated 5.400 individuals / year caught illegally Mexico (Cantu et al ., 2007).

• Los Adults and young people are easily trapped in large numbers due to their habit of congregating at communal shelter sites in the late afternoon (Renton 2005, K. Renton in some 2005).

• Chicks are commonly poached from nests (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• During interviews with local people throughout the range of the species, the 75% reported poaching in your area (K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• Also, it is said that this species requires semi-deciduous forest with tall mature trees for nesting and can not adapt to the changed areas nesting (Marin-worm Togo et al ., 2012).

Habitat loss and degradation, mainly for conversion to small and large crops and pastures (K. Renton in some . 2007, A. Salinas in some . 2007, Ortega-Rodriguez and Monterrubio-Rico 2008), are serious threats, with the semi-deciduous forest along the Pacific coast lost at a higher rate than any other type of forest in Mexico (Masera et al ., 1996, K. Renton in litt., 2005), It is resulting in the destruction of nesting sites and reducing the extent of this crucial critical habitat (Renton 2005).

• In Michoacán, nesting areas potentially more accessible, as plains or hills, have been converted to livestock or agricultural farms (Ortega-Rodriguez and Monterrubio-Rico 2008).

• Large development projects, such as dams, also they resulted in loss of breeding habitat for the species (K. Renton in some ., 2007).

• The semi-deciduous forest now covers only 5.106 km2 within the range of the species (Renton and Elias 2003, K. Renton in litt., 2005).

• The decrease in rainfall that could result from the global climate change would lead to a decrease in the reproductive potential of wild populations in tropical dry forests (K. Renton in some ., 2007).

• Despite the various pressures on habitats, by showing that the species has disappeared from more than 70% of its former range, Marin-Togo et al. (2012), has reinforced the view that the capture pressure is the predominant threat to the species.

Conservation Actions Underway

• In 1999, the Mexican government established a Conservation Plan, Protection and Recovery Psitácinos in Mexico, in which the Lilac-crowned Parrot It is considered a priority species (Macias Caballero et al ., 2000).

• In 2004, the species was updated to Appendix 1 of CITES and in 2007 It approved a proposal to change its state species conservation 2008 of “threatened” to “in danger” under the Mexican wildlife law (K. Renton in some.)

• In Mexico, They have made considerable efforts to combat illegal domestic trade, with at least 52 seizures during 1997-2003 (CITES 2004b).

• Inspections carried out in Mexico They resulted in the seizure of 266 live individuals of the species that were offered illegally in the pet trade between 1995 and 2003 (CITES 2004b).

• The species It is in three biosphere reserves; Sierra de Álamos-Río Cuchujaqui flora and fauna protection area in Sonora meridional, and Reserva de la biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala and Biosphere Reserve Sierra de Manantlán, in Jalisco, and according to sources, It is distributed in seven other important bird areas; However, some of them lack official protection or conservation programs (CITES 2004a)

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Monitor the demographic trends through regular surveys.

Monitor levels of destruction and degradation of habitat.

• Implement trade regulation strategies in the plan 1999.

• Carry out extension work and environmental education as described in the plan 1999.

• Perform the habitat conservation and recovery of wild populations as it recommended in the Plan 1999.

• Monitor the success of the strategies of the plan of 1999.

• Protect the rest of the tropical forest supports in areas where the slope is greater than 6 °: ideally all areas on steep slopes should be restored to forest, to provide habitat for all native wildlife (including the Lilac-crowned Parrot)

• Prevent soil erosion AND promote alternative economic activities in rugged coastal areas such as recreation and tourism. (Ortega-Rodriguez and Monterrubio-Rico 2008).

The Lilac-crowned Parrot in captivity:

Very popular as a pet throughout its area of distribution; It has cultural value as a pet or ornamental bird by its feathers; ability to imitate sounds and its tendency to form bonds with people; widespread in captivity internationally.

Currently protected by the Appendix 1 of CITES.

Each copy captive of this species which is capable of reproducing, should be placed in a well-managed breeding program in captivity and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

Alternative names:

Finsch’s Parrot, Lilac crowned Parrot, Lilac-crowned Amazon, Lilac-crowned Parrot, Pacific Amazon, Pacific Parrot (English).
Amazone à couronne lilas, Amazone de Finsch, Amazone verte de Finsch (French).
Blaukappenamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-finsch (Portuguese).
Amazona de Corona Violeta, Amazona Guayabera, Loro Corona Lila, loro corona-lila, Loro Corona-violeta (español).

scientific classification:

Philip Sclater
Philip Sclater

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona finschi
Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1864)
Protonimo: Chrysotis finschi

Images Lilac-crowned Parrot:

Species of the genus Amazona


Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by Tom BensonFlickr
(2) – Lilac-crowned Amazon perching on a branch By Amazona_finschi_-perching_on_branch-8.jpg: Cédric Allierderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) by Emilie ChenFlickr
(4) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by wplynnFlickr
(5) – A pet Lilac-crowned Amazon; head and neck By Gary Denness (originally posted to Flickr as Pretty Boy) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Lilac-crowned Amazon; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0549) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) By CDest [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Lilac-crowned Amazon at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA By DrStarbuck from Madison, WI, USA (Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum 18) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A Lilac-crowned Amazon at Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, USA By Dave Bezaire & Susi Havens-Bezaire [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Amazona finschi Uploaded by Francisco_aviarioPhotobucket

Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353198

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