33 cm. head to tail and weighs on average 310 g..
The Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi) has the forecrown and upper lores, red off; the lower lores, the cheeks and ear-coverts, pale lime green; crown, sides neck and nape, lilac or pale blue with some feathers crown showing narrow black margins.
Mantle green with broad black edges giving distinct scalloped effect; back and scapulars weak green with black borders to some feathers; rump and uppertail-coverts, green, slightly brighter than the back. Wing coverts green. Primaries blue toward the tip, green at the base; the base outerweb the first five secondaries, red with subterminal band yellow and blue tips, secondaries, otherwise, green, becoming blue at tips. Under the wings, brighter yellowish green; flight feather dull green. Throat yellowish green with bluish tint to some feathers; remaining underparts, yellowish-green with black margins to some feathers (especially in the chest), giving scalloped effect. Tail green tip yellowish green, lateral feathers blue margin to the base of the outerweb. Bill color horn; irises orange red; legs grey.
Both sexes are similar. Immature has the irises dark brown (rather than red).
- Sound of the Lilac-crowned Parrot.
The Lilac-crowned Parrot Living mainly in wooded hills and mountains, from the tropical zone in the lower levels of the deciduous forests, to the forests of oak and pine-oak forest in the highlands, preferably through the valleys with lush vegetation along streams that run on the basis of cannons; often also in areas of arid or semi-arid vegetation, or clear forest edge, coming into cultivated areas and orchards adjacent to the forest.
mainly in altitudes of 600 to 2.000 m, but recorded at sea level Sinaloa and from sea level to the temperate forest Colima. observed between 360-1.700 metres in Sonora and 880-1.480 metres in Oaxaca. Usually in pairs or small groups, although larger groups are formed in the dry season (500 birds reported) and in communal roosts (more than 1,000 birds reported in the same place Nayarit).
They nest in tree hollows (for example, Ficus), including old nests woodpeckers (for example, Phloeoceastes) or arboreal termite mounds.
The breeding season It comprises from February to June, nesting with a cycle consisting of 28 days of incubation eggs, followed by two months of growth of chickens in the nest (Forshaw 1989, Renton 1998, 2002).
Eating habits are poorly documented: It has been observed a particular preference for figs. During the dry season the diet consists mainly of Astronium graveolens, Brosimum alicastrum, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Comocladia engleriana and Ficus insipida. During the rainy season The diet consists of species such as Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Celaenodendron mexicanum, Esenbeckia nesiotica, Jatropha spp and Sciadodendron excelsum (Renton 1998, 2001)
cause some crop damage corn and bananas.
They have been observed wild species groups, feeding in company Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis) in Los Angeles, California.
Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente): 372.000 km2
The Lilac-crowned Parrot inhabits Pacific coast of Mexico, from the southeast end of Sonora and Southwest Chihuahua, to the South by Sinaloa, Durango Western, Nairíti, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán and Warrior, until Oaxaca, west of Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
It is mostly residents, but outside the breeding season, visit during autumn, lowlands, for example in Oaxaca. Generally common. Described as fairly common locally in southeast Sonora. abundant in Colima. Very rare in the highlands of Oaxaca. Several wild populations reported in several locations in the United States.
• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
• Population size : 4700-6700.
Justification of the red list category
- This species has been selected in danger of extinction because it is suspected that is decreasing very quickly as a function of contractions recorded ranges and due to the unsustainable exploitation and loss of habitat.
Justification of the population
- Renton and Elias (2003) estimate the world population between 7.000 and 10.000 individuals, based on surveys covering most of the global range of the species. This equates to approximately 4.700-6.700 mature individuals. An estimate that 5.400 individuals each year are caught illegally in Mexico (Cantu et al ., 2007), implies that the estimation of population Renton and Elias (2003) it might be an understatement, but it remains in this evaluation to best data available.
Justification of trend
- It is suspected that the population of this species is in decline very fast, based on a study of Marin-Togo et al . (2012), who estimated the current distribution of this species along the Pacific coast of Mexico and he showed a reduction 72.6% its estimated original distribution.
Very popular as a pet throughout its area of distribution; It has cultural value as a pet or ornamental bird by its feathers; ability to imitate sounds and its tendency to form bonds with people; widespread in captivity internationally.
Currently protected by the Appendix 1 CITES.
Each copy captive of this species which is capable of reproducing, should placed in a well-managed breeding program in captivity and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.
- Finsch's Parrot, Lilac crowned Parrot, Lilac-crowned Amazon, Lilac-crowned Parrot, Pacific Amazon, Pacific Parrot (inglés).
- Amazone à couronne lilas, Amazone de Finsch, Amazone verte de Finsch (francés).
- Blaukappenamazone (alemán).
- Papagaio-de-finsch (portugués).
- Amazona de Corona Violeta, Amazona Guayabera, Loro Corona Lila, loro corona-lila, Loro Corona-violeta (español).
- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona finschi
- Citation: (Sclater, PL, 1864)
- Protónimo: Chrysotis finschi
Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi)
(1) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by Tom Benson – Flickr
(2) – Lilac-crowned Amazon perching on a branch By Amazona_finschi_-perching_on_branch-8.jpg: Cédric Allierderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) by Emilie Chen – Flickr
(4) – Lilac-crowned Parrot by wplynn – Flickr
(5) – A pet Lilac-crowned Amazon; head and neck By Gary Denness (originally posted to Flickr as Pretty Boy) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Lilac-crowned Amazon; two in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN0549) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Lilac-crowned Amazon (Amazona finschi) By CDest [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Lilac-crowned Amazon at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA By DrStarbuck from Madison, WI, USA (Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum 18) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A Lilac-crowned Amazon at Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, USA By Dave Bezaire & Susi Havens-Bezaire [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Amazona finschi Uploaded by Francisco_aviario – Photobucket
Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353198