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Yellow-naped Parrot
Amazona auropalliata

Yellow-naped Parrot

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

35,5-38 cm.. length and 480 g. of weight.

The Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata) It has a large size; their forecrown and front of the crown, usually, pale bluish green, sometimes with narrow frontal band yellow that extends to the front of the crown.

Parte trasera de la crown pale bluish green; lores, cheeks and sides neck, green; nape with broad golden-yellow ban. Upperparts green with some feathers in the the mantle and in the back with blackish edges; rump and uppertail-coverts slightly brighter than the rest of the upperparts. The wing-coverts green but more emerald than upper body; feathers yellow feathers on leading edge of wing in some birds. Outerwebs of the four outer secondaries, bright red as speculum; primaries and secondaries violet blue outerweb and towards tips. Under, the wings are green. Underparts pale green with a slight bluish tinge throat.

Yellow-naped Parrot

Tail green with a wide terminal band brighter yellowish green, red at the base with outerweb of the outer feathers, blue. Bill blue, black tip; bare periophthalmic grey; irises orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. The immature has the nape green with yellow feathers appearing at end of first year; irises brown.

  • Yellow-naped Parrot sound.

Description 3 subspecies:

Birds of Islas de la Bahía often they treated as parvipes, not as caribaea. Some copies of Pacífico de Guatemala show forecrown yellow, but apparently not consistent racial difference.

  • Amazona auropalliata auropalliata

    (Lesson,PA, 1842) – Nominal.


  • Amazona auropalliata caribaea

    (Lousada, 1989) – Similar to the subespecie parvipes but with olive below and bill paler colored horn (especially lower jaw). usually adults patch yellow triangular in front of the crown. Young birds show little yellow in the head wave nape.


  • Amazona auropalliata parvipes

    (Monroe,BL Jr & Howell,TR, 1966) – Less than nominal species, with red feathers on the curve wing , otherwise similar.

Note:

The Amazona auropalliata, It is often considered conspecific with the Amazona ochrocephala and Amazona oratrix.

Habitat:

Video – "Yellow-naped Parrot"

The Yellow-naped Parrot inhabits semiarid forests, arid scrubland and savannas (including those of Pinus), openings in deciduous tropical forests and swamps peaceful, bosques de galería de hoja perenne y, sometimes, de segundo crecimiento en las áreas agrícolas. Observed to 600 metres in Guatemala and a 700 metres in Honduras. Usually in pairs or small groups, sometimes in larger meetings, but the decline of the population may now obscures large flocks in some areas. Se reúnen en communal roosts.

Reproduction:

Monógama; It maintains the union of couples throughout the year.
It nests in natural cavities in trees, such as holes in old trunks or dead, including pines Nicaragua and Islas de la Bahía. breeding season in February Oaxaca and El Salvador; March Roatan. Clutch 2-3 eggs.

In captivity cycle nesting of the Yellow-naped Parrot complete with 29 days of incubation eggs, followed by two months increase de las crías en el nido.

Food:

Foods reported include seeds of Cachlospermum, Curatella, Higos Ficus and fruit mature Terminalia. Las aves en las Islas de la Bahía observed feeding on cones Pinus caribaea, with high seasonal dependence on this resource.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 580.000 km2

The Yellow-naped Parrot It is confined to Central America. They are distributed in the lowlands Pacífico oriental de México (Oaxaca and Chiapas), Guatemala (a sample taken in Petén pero su estado allí es incierto), El Salvador (arid lowland tropical zone), Honduras and Nicaragua, to the Northwest of Costa Rica from the south end of Gulf of Nicoya northward. They can also be seen in the Caribbean slope of Honduras and in the Mosquito Coast from Honduras, así como en la zona vecina del noreste de Nicaragua. found in Roatan and Guanaja, in the Islas de la Bahía but absent in Utila.

Resident. Al parecer poco común en Oaxaca and rare and declining in Costa Rica. Birds observed in the Sula Valley, Honduras, previously attributed to this species but now included within the species Yellow-headed Parrot.

Antiguamente común y localmente abundantes, but probably now declining throughout its entire range due to conversion of habitat for usos agrícolas and its capture for trade local and international. Aún no se considera en peligro de extinción, pero su estado a largo plazo no es seguro si la disminución de su población continúa.

Aunque en Guanaja reasonable numbers remain, the species inhabiting the islas de la Bahía (caribaea), It is in serious decline due to capture for export (practically 100% de las crías se capturan cada año); también en riesgo por el desarrollo turístico, especially in Roatan.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 20000-49999.

Rationale for the Red List category

    This species has been uploaded to Vulnerable because information on levels exploitation and habitat loss, and trends of the local population, They suggest that the species is suffering at least one rapid population decline. In fact, the rate of decline can be very rapid; However, Additional data are needed to confirm this, in which case the species may qualify for elevation In danger of extinction.

Justification of the population

    Partners in Flight estimó que la población en número de menos de 50.000 individuals (A. Punjabi in some. 2008), so it is placed in the band 20.000 to 49.999 individuals on freedom.

Justification of trend

    It is suspected that the population is in rapid decline due to the continuous habitat destruction and unsustainable levels of hunting, a suspicion that is supported by the observations of trends of the local population.
Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix I (Especies en peligro de extinción, which they are or may be affected by international trade. Only trade in the species is authorized in the Apéndice I in exceptional circumstances, and it must not have a primarily commercial purpose.)

• La especie se encuentra en una serie de protected areas.

• Se han realizado esfuerzos para obtener un área de 4.000 hectares east of Monterrico on costa del Pacífico de Guatemala declared as protected area (C. Muccio in some . 2011).

• La especie ha sido objeto de una serie de local studies, some ongoing, aimed at gathering information on population trends and threats.

• El alcance de la explotación de la vida silvestre para el trade It has been highlighted by the local media, for example in Honduras ( by O. Andino in some . 2011).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Carry out surveys coordinated through the range of the species to quantify the Total population size.

• Monitor the demographic trends through regular surveys.

• Monitorear las tasas de aprovechamiento para el trade through regular surveys of the local population and officials.

• Monitorear las tasas de loss and degradation of habitat throughout the range of the species.

• Realizar awareness activities to reduce exploitation.

• Aumentar el área de hábitat adecuado que reciba protección efectiva.

The Yellow-naped Parrot in captivity:

The populations of the Amazon nuquigualda have suffered strong pressure by national and international trade (Ridgely, 1981, Iñigo- Elías y Ramos, 1992). There is now an illegal heavy traffic this species, both for domestic and international trade, Parrot's being seized in the Mexico-Texas border, with 648 copies confiscated during 1990-1993 (Gobbi, et to the., 1996).

protected by CITES Appendix I species (Especies en peligro de extinción, which they are or may be affected by international trade. Only trade in the species included in Appendix I authorized in exceptional circumstances, and it must not have a primarily commercial purpose.)

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, must be placed in a well-managed captive breeding program and not sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Yellow naped Parrot, Yellow-naped Amazon, Yellow-naped Parrot, Yellow-naped Parrot (incl. ssp. caribaea, parvipes),
(English).
Amazone à nuque d’or, Amazone à nuque jaune, Amazone verte à nuque jaune (French).
Gelbnackenamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-nuca-amarela (Portuguese).
Amazona nuquigualda, Lora de Nacu Amarilla, Lora de nuca amarilla, Lora nuca amarilla, Loro Nuca Amarilla, loro nuca-amarilla, Loro Nuquiamarillo (español).
Lora de nuca amarilla (Costa Rica).
Lora nuca amarilla (Honduras).
loro nuca amarilla, loro nuca-amarilla, Loro Nuquiamarillo (Mexico).
Loro Nuquiamarillo (Nicaragua).


scientific classification:

drawn portrait of Adolphe Pierre Lesson
Pierre Adolphe Lesson

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona auropalliata
Citation: (Lesson, 1842)
Protonimo: Psittacus auropalliatus


Images Yellow-naped Parrot:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – A Yellow-naped Amazon at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore By Michael Gwyther-Jones from UK (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) at Gatorland By Josh Hallett [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Yellow-naped Parrot, also known as Yellow-naped Amazon, in an aviary at Leeds Castle, Kent, England By Martin Pettitt [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) in captivity. Upper body By whiskymac (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Yellow-naped Amazon (also called Yellow-naped Parrot) in a cage. A blue colour mutant variety bred in aviculture By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Blue Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Yellow-naped amazon by Ecocientificos 2 IE PIO XIIFlickr
    (7) – Roatán-Gelbnackenamazone (Amazona auropalliata caribaea) By Martingloor (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – Yellow-naped Parrot or Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata) By Just chaos [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – Yellow naped Amazon parrot Matt edmonds at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Amazona auropalliata – The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur :. London :Smith, Elder,1844 [i.e. 1843-1846]. by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

    Sounds: Marcio Martinez, XC239997. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/239997

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