35 to 41 cm.. height and between 380 and 500 g. of weight.
The Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) has the forecrown and front area crown, bright yellow; lores, cheeks and supercilii area, green in most birds, but sometimes with yellow extending over lores and around eyes, and some birds with red bases hidden by yellow feathers crown; sides and back of the neck, nape and the mantle, green with dark margins, giving scalloped effect.
Upperparts green. coverts lower red, other coverts green; edge front of the wing yellowish; five o'clock outer secondaries They are green with bright red to outerweb forming speculum; flight feather green with blue tips to secondaries and primary outerweb, dark to black in points. Underwing-coverts, dull green with blackish tips. Underparts green with plenty of blue in the chest; yellow feathers on the the thighs (often few and discrete).
Upper, the tail It is green with yellow stripes; below green with wide yellow ends; both with outer feathers basically red and a bluish puckered in outerweb.
Dark gray Bill, reddish at the base of the upper jaw; iris orange; legs grey.
Both sexes they are similar. The immature It has a narrower yellow patch on the head, stripes orange-red to yellow feathers crown; less red at the base of feathers tail; feathers of the tail more pointed and irises brown.
- Sound of the Yellow-crowned Parrot.
They inhabit in open forests, edges of rain forests, gallery forests, deciduous forest, open savannas and wetlands in lowland rain forests, also cultivated and suburban areas in some localities, and often near rivers.
The gallery forest It is your preferred Panama where Yellow-crowned Parrot avoid continuous rainforest, being replaced, possibly, there and in many areas of South America, by the Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica).
Generally observed in the lowlands; reported to 500 metres in Colombia and Venezuela and a 750 metres in Honduras. Usually in pairs or small flocks of 10-30 birds, with occasional gatherings up 300. The birds gather in common trees.
Are Monogamie, couples joined in for life.
His time of reproduction It is from December to May. At this time, they lay clutches of 2 to 4 eggs, only Por those Nidada Tempordaa. Nest palm trunks and termite mounds.
It takes about 25 days for the eggs to hatch and near 56 days to become fledglings. The offspring become independent about 2 months after hatching. Both male and female Yellow crowned Parrot reach sexual maturity around the 3 years.
Foods reported in the diet include fruit Immature American Curatella, Pereskia guamacho and other Cactus. Mainly feeds on treetop.
It is considered a plague in some localities for their love of eating bananas (Mussa paradisea), handles and maize.
This species is considered a pest in some areas by his fondness for the consumption of bananas (Mussa paradisea), Mango and corn crops.
Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 8.010.000 km2
The Yellow-crowned Parrot are in Panama, in Central America and in South America, from south to east Brazil and to the North of Bolivia.
They are present in Panama, mainly on the slope of the Pacific, from Chiriqui, to the West of Darien, but also in the shed Caribbean (for example, in the eastern San Blas Islands); also along the Pearl Islands and Coiba National Park.
They are also distributed in northern Colombia, from the North of the Chocó and lower basin of Atrato river, and along the Caribbean coast and tropical zone The Magdalena River Valley, to the base southeast Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and western part of the Serranía del Perijá.
Observed in the eastern foothills of the Andes and adjacent lowlands Colombia; eastward across the tropical zone Venezuela and south, from the coastal mountains through Bolivar (where apparently it is not known from south) and Amazon, until Guyanas and Trinidad (where their status is uncertain due to the captive birds introduced).
Present in the basin Amazonas Brazil, to the south, to the Northwest of Mato Grosso and west, in the lowlands of eastern Ecuador and through the Amazon of Peru, to the North of Bolivia.
Apparently residents throughout its distribution area. very small numbers in Panama, although locally fairly common, especially in those areas more dry; It is the most common parrot (at least once) in the San Blas Islands. Generally common (even locally abundant) in South America, but the numbers are reduced in the more accessible areas due to trade.
This species is considered at present as minor concern BirdLife International, and, as a result, also by UICN.
Although the populations it is believed that are in decline, It is not yet near the specified threshold BirdLife International to evaluate the species as Near-threatened.
It is listed in the Appendix II of the CITES.
Known for his pranks and excellent skills imitate the human voice. Having said that, the ability to mimic will vary between birds and although many of them are excellent conversadoras, Some will never come to talk. These Amazons are generally affectionate. Its friendly and playful nature make them excellent pets.
Are easily domesticable and easy to train. Known to be very active, What makes them more suited to an environment that enables them to fly.
Are known for their voices. It is said that it is the strongest of all Amazon parrots. People who are not tolerant to noise, they will do well to live with this Parrot.
Like the majority of parrots, this horsewoman it can be very destructive. We must “Customize your environment” providing objects to chew as different toys and branches.
Its longevity should also be a consideration. These parrots They can live between 60 and 80 years.
- Yellow crowned Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Yellow-headed Amazon, Yellow-headed Parrot (inglés).
- Amazone à front jaune, Amazone à tête jaune, Amazone verte de Colombie (francés).
- Gelbscheitalamazone, Gelbscheitelamazone, Panama Amazone, Surinamamazone (alemán).
- papagaio-campeiro, ajurú-apara, papagaio-de-Suriname (portugués).
- Amazona Real, Cotorra Cabeciamarilla, Lora Cabeciamarilla, Lora coroniamarilla, Lora Real (español).
- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona ochrocephala
- Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
- Protónimo: Psittacus ochrocephalus
Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala)
(1) – A pet Yellow-crowned Amazon in Puerto Maldonado, Peru By Kate from UK (Lola) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A pet Yellow-crowned Amazon By Freegiampi (From the farming of Giuseppe) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in captivity By Stephen Joyce from barcelona, Spain (Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in captivity in the Parrot’s Garden (Jardim dos Louros), in the Botanical Garden of Funchal, Madeira island, Portugal By jmaximo [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A Yellow-crowned Amazon in Gatorland, Florida, USA By greyloch from Washington, DC, area, U.S.A. (green parrot preening) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Amazona ochrocephala panamensis, Panama Amazon (also known as the Panama Yellow-headed Amazon); two in captivity By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN1005) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A Yellow-headed Amazon (or Parrot) near the Brazil-Peru-Colombia triple junction By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada (Amazona ochrocephala) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A Yellow-crowned Amazon at Bloedel Floral Conservatory, Vancouver, Canada By Karen Neoh (Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in a tree in Venezuela By Rufino (originally posted to Flickr as camouflage) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Amazona ochrocephala From Natural History of Parrots (by Francois Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia
Sounds: Edson Guilherme