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Yellow-crowned Parrot
Amazona ochrocephala

Yellow-crowned Parrot

Content

Description

35 to 41 cm.. height and between 380 and 500 g. of weight.

The Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) has the forecrown and front area crown, bright yellow; lores, cheeks and supercilii area, green in most birds, but sometimes with yellow extending over lores and around eyes, and some birds with red bases hidden by yellow feathers crown; sides and back of the neck, nape and the mantle, green with dark margins, giving scalloped effect.


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Upperparts green. coverts lower red, other coverts green; edge front of the wing yellowish; five o'clock outer secondaries They are green with bright red to outerweb forming speculum; flight feather green with blue tips to secondaries and primary outerweb, dark to black in points. Underwing-coverts, dull green with blackish tips. Underparts green with plenty of blue in the chest; yellow feathers on the the thighs (often few and discrete).

Yellow-crowned Parrot

Upper, the tail It is green with yellow stripes; below green with wide yellow ends; both with outer feathers basically red and a bluish puckered in outerweb.

Dark gray Bill, reddish at base of upper jaw; iris orange; legs grey.

Both sexes they are similar. The immature It has a narrower yellow patch on the head, stripes orange-red to yellow feathers crown; less red at the base of feathers tail; feathers of the tail more pointed and irises brown.

Description 4 subspecies
  • Amazona ochrocephala nattereri

    (Finsch, 1865) – Less yellow in the head that the nominal species, with frontal band green. Cheeks, supercilii area and lores with blue tint. Red curve wing often mixed with yellow feathers.

  • Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

  • Amazona ochrocephala panamensis

    (Cabanis, 1874) – Bill horn-colored pink, yellow feathers restricted as V in forecrown and front of the crown. Possibly average smaller than the nominal species.

  • Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema

    (Berlepsch, 1913) – More extensive yellow in the head which extends to the back of the neck, around the eyes, to cheeks and to the ear-coverts. Often with frontal band narrow green. bluish tint in the chest.

Habitat:

Video – "Yellow-crowned Parrot"

They inhabit in open forests, bordes de bosques húmedos, bosques de galerías, deciduous forest, open savannas and wetlands in lowland rain forests, also cultivated and suburban areas in some localities, y a menudo cerca de los ríos.

The bosque de la galería It is your preferred Panama where Yellow-crowned Parrot evitan el bosque húmedo continuo, being replaced, possibly, allí y en muchas zonas de South America, by the Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica).

Usually observed in the lowlands; reported to 500 metres in Colombia and Venezuela and a 750 metres in Honduras. Usually in pairs or small flocks of 10-30 birds, with occasional gatherings up 300. Las aves se reúnen en árboles comunes.

Reproduction:

Son Monogamie, couples joined in for life.

His time of reproduction It is from December to May. En este tiempo, they lay clutches of 2 to 4 eggs, only Por those Nidada Tempordaa. Nest palm trunks and termite mounds.

It takes about 25 days for the eggs to hatch and near 56 days to become fledglings. Las crías se independizan unos 2 months after hatching. Both male and female Yellow crowned Parrot reach sexual maturity around the 3 years.

Food:

Foods reported in the diet include fruit Immature American Curatella, Pereskia guamacho and other Cactus. Mainly feeds on treetop.
It is considered a plague in some localities for their love of eating bananas (Mussa paradisea), handles and Corn crops.

This species is considered a pest in some areas by his fondness for the consumption of bananas (Mussa paradisea), mangos y cultivos de maíz.

Distribution:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 8.010.000 km2

The Yellow-crowned Parrot are in Panama, in Central America and in South America, from south to east Brazil and to the North of Bolivia.

They are present in Panama, mainly on the slope of the peaceful, from Chiriqui, to the West of Darien, but also in the shed Caribbean (for example, in the eastern San Blas Islands); also along the Pearl Islands and Coiba National Park.

They are also distributed in northern Colombia, from the North of the Chocó and lower basin of Atrato River, así como a lo largo de la costa caribeña y zona tropical del Magdalena River Valley, to the base southeast Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and western part of the Serrania del Perija.

Observed in the eastern foothills of the Andes and adjacent lowlands Colombia; eastward across the tropical zone Venezuela and south, from the coastal mountains through Bolívar (where apparently it is not known from south) and amazon, until Guyanas and Trinidad (where their status is uncertain due to the captive birds introduced).

Present in the basin Amazonas Brazil, to the south, to the Northwest of Mato Grosso and west, in the lowlands of eastern Ecuador and through the Amazonía del Perú, to the North of Bolivia.

Apparently residents throughout its distribution area. Números muy reducidos en Panama, although locally fairly common, especially in those areas more dry; es el loro más común (at least once) in the San Blas Islands. Generalmente común (even locally abundant) in South America, but the numbers are reduced in the more accessible areas due to trade.

Distribution 4 subspecies
  • Amazona ochrocephala nattereri

    (Finsch, 1865) – South of Colombia in Caqueta, is of Ecuador, is of Peru, West of Brazil and North of Bolivia. Possibly integrated with nominal species in border areas Goal and Caquetá in Colombia.

  • Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala

    (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal. It is from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Guianas and North of Brazil south to the tributaries of the lower margin right amazon in amazon and For.

  • Amazona ochrocephala panamensis

    (Cabanis, 1874) – North of Colombia, north and west of the Andes to western Panama, including Pearl Islands and Coiba National Park.

  • Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema

    (Berlepsch, 1913) – Isla Marajó at the mouth of amazon.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species is considered at present as minor concern BirdLife International, and, as a result, also by UICN.
A pesar de que las populations it is believed that are in decline, todavía no se acercan al umbral especificado por BirdLife International to evaluate the species as Near-threatened.

It is listed in the Appendix II of the CITES.

The Yellow-crowned Parrot in captivity:

Known for his pranks and excellent skills imitate the human voice. Having said that, the ability to mimic will vary between birds and although many of them are excellent conversadoras, Some will never come to talk. These Amazons are generally affectionate. Its friendly and playful nature make them excellent pets.

Son easily domesticable and easy to train. Known to be very active, What makes them more suited to an environment that enables them to fly.

Son known for their voices. It is said that it is the strongest of all Amazon parrots. People who are not tolerant to noise, they will do well to live with this Parrot.

Como la mayoría de los loros, this horsewoman it can be very destructive. We must “Customize your environment” providing objects to chew as different toys and branches.

Its longevity should also be a consideration. These parrots They can live between 60 and 80 years.

Alternative names:

Yellow crowned Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Yellow-headed Amazon, Yellow-headed Parrot (English).
Amazone à front jaune, Amazone à tête jaune, Amazone verte de Colombie (French).
Gelbscheitalamazone, Gelbscheitelamazone, Panama Amazone, Surinamamazone (German).
papagaio-campeiro, ajurú-apara, papagaio-de-Suriname (Portuguese).
Amazona Real, Cotorra Cabeciamarilla, Lora Cabeciamarilla, Lora coroniamarilla, Lora Real (español).


scientific classification:

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona ochrocephala
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus ochrocephalus


Images Yellow-crowned Parrot:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

    Photos:

    (1) – A pet Yellow-crowned Amazon in Puerto Maldonado, Peru By Kate from UK (Lola) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A pet Yellow-crowned Amazon By Freegiampi (Dall’allevamento di Giuseppe) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in captivity By Stephen Joyce from barcelona, Spain (Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in captivity in the Parrot’s Garden (Jardim dos Louros), in the Botanical Garden of Funchal, Madeira island, Portugal By jmaximo [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – A Yellow-crowned Amazon in Gatorland, Florida, USA By greyloch from Washington, DC, area, U.S.A. (green parrot preening) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Amazona ochrocephala panamensis, Panama Amazon (also known as the Panama Yellow-headed Amazon); two in captivity By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSCN1005) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – A Yellow-headed Amazon (or Parrot) near the Brazil-Peru-Colombia triple junction By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada (Amazona ochrocephala) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – A Yellow-crowned Amazon at Bloedel Floral Conservatory, Vancouver, Canada By Karen Neoh (Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – Yellow-crowned Amazon or Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala) in a tree in Venezuela By Rufino (originally posted to Flickr as camouflage) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Amazona ochrocephala From Natural History of Parrots (by François Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia

    Sounds: Edson Guilherme

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