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Saint Lucia amazon
Amazona versicolor

Saint Lucia amazon

Content

Description:

43 cm.. length and 700-800 g. of weight.

Saint Lucia amazon

The Saint Lucia amazon (Amazona versicolor) has the lores, cheeks and forecrown, bright blue; crown, ear-coverts and lower cheeks, paler blue with iridescent emerald suffusion from some angles; dark tips to feathers on head.

Hindneck neck, nape and upperparts, yellowish-olive, many feathers with visible black tips, giving the whole a barred effect strong, especially in the upper region. Wing coverts yellowish green olive. Primary coverts dyed blue, rest with black tips to some feathers. Primaries blue; bases of external secondarys forman speculum red, blue tips; secondary internal green and blue at the base to the tips. Underwing, yellowish green with blackish tips to some feathers; flight feather bluish green. Chin and throat, bright blue with blackish tips to feathers; tips of feathers on lower throat and top of the chest, bright red forming a patch distinct red patch or mottled red area; chest and belly rather yellowish-green, blackish tips and brick red in the subterminal area of some feathers, giving scalloped appearance with scattered rusty patches; the thighs and undertail-coverts, green-yellow. Tail bluish green in the center, outer feathers green with large yellowish green tips and hidden red bases. Bill grey; irises orange; legs grey.


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Probably no sexual dimorphism.

Immature has irises brown.

  • Sound of the Saint Lucia amazon.

Habitat:

Video "Saint Lucia amazon"

Mainly they inhabit the canopy montana primary rainforest, but they make inroads into areas of secondary growth to feed. Reported flocks of up 20 birds. living forms community.

Reproduction:

They nest in tree hollows. Nests observed in trees Dacryodes excelsa, Pouleria and Tetracera caribaeum. breeding season in February-August. Clutch usually two eggs, although, usually, only one young per nest thrives.

Food:

Its diet includes flowers and fruits of Clusia, Fruits of Talauma dodecapetala, Acrocomia irenensis, Pouleria, Dacryodes excelsa, Sloanea massoni, Byrsonima martinicensis, Miconia mirabilis, Pterocarpus officinalis and Euterpe globosa; also they have been seen feeding on bananas after the hurricane and presumably due to the depletion of natural food sources. Absence of common areas from August to November possibly linked to the lack of fruitfulness of Clusia.

Distribution and status:

Size of the area of distribution (raising / resident): 230 km2

Confined to St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles, now in the central and southern mountains, aunque antiguamente eras más generalizadas en todas partes en donde crecía el bosque húmedo. The species has suffered a contraction of the range since the nineteenth century and now It occupies an area of ​​only 65-70 km2 from Millet and Mont Lacombe in the North, until Mont Beucop and Calfourc in the East, Piton Pig, St Piton, St Desrache and Big store in the south to Morne Gimie in the west and Mont Houlemon in the Northwest. The results of studies on the species suggest that the southwestern part of this area is the most densely populated of parrots, while relatively few live in the northeast.

Plentiful mid-nineteenth century, but decreasing rapidly to very little in the early twentieth century. Subsequently they recovered, with an estimated population of 1.000 birds in 1950. They declined again sixties, en su mayoría debido a la caza; observations in 1977 They estimated that there were more than 100 birds. steady increase since then with an estimated population of 300-350 birds in 1990.

The threats main arise from habitat loss and its hunting for food and pet trade as. Forestry practices that lead to the removal of mature trees (favorite breeding sites) podrían suponer una presión adicional. They seem to be less susceptible to hurricanes than their counterparts in Dominica, pero esto puede deberse a esfuerzos de conservación en lugar de cualquier capacidad intrínseca de soportar los efectos de tormentas severas.

Can compete for nesting sites with Pearly-eyed Thrasher (Margarops fuscatus), which it has increased considerably since 1950.

Amazona versicolor Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: In increased.

• Population size : 230-330

Rationale for the Red List category

Conservation action may have saved this species from extinction. Los números ahora están aumentando y hay alguna evidencia de una extensión pequeña de la gama. However, the habitat area apparently adequate (but vacated) It may be waning. If this begins to affect the habitat occupied, the species can be described as danger of extinction. In the news, its small population size and small size on one island are calling it Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The population is estimated at 350-500 individuals, approximately equal to 230-330 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

No new data on population trends, so it is assumed that the species continues increasing.

Threats

The human population St. Lucia It is growing at a considerable rate, increasing the pressure on the forest and resulting in habitat loss (Copsey 1995). The selective logging of mature trees You can significantly reduce breeding sites (Juniper and Parr 1998), and hurricanes, the hunting and the trade pose new threats. There have been recent efforts to raise the moratorium on hunting within forest reserves, lo que amenazaría seriamente esta especie (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

Conservation Actions Underway
Coat of arms of Saint Lucia

Appendices I and II of CITES. This protected by national legislation (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

Education programs and awareness have made this bird in a símbolo nacional.

This has eliminated successfully hunting (Juniper and Parr 1998), helped by a moratorium on hunting within forest reserves (J. D. Gilardi in litt., 1999).

In 1975 program was established captive breeding, and in 1995 se había desarrollado un total de 19 young birds (Copsey, 1995).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Maintain the moratorium on hunting within all forest reserves. Conduct a studyo básico de la alimentación y la ecología de la cría. Designate the remaining habitat protected areas. Reassess the objectives of the program captive breeding.

La Amazona de Santa Lucía en cautividad:

Extremadamente rara; currently only it found in the Jersey Zoo

Appendices I and II CITES. This protected by national legislation.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, with the objective of ensure their survival long-term.

Alternative names:

Blue-masked Amazon, Blue-masked Parrot, St Lucia Amazon, St Lucia Parrot, St. Lucia Amazon, St. Lucia Parrot, St.Lucia amazon, Versicolored Parrot, Versicoloured Parrot (English).
Amazone de Sainte-Lucie, Amazone versicolore, Amazone versicolore de Sainte-Lucie (French).
Blaumaskenamazone, Blaustirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-santa-lúcia (Portuguese).
Amazona de Santa Lucia, Amazona de Sta. Lucia (español).

Clasificación científica Amazona versicolor:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona versicolor
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus versicolor

Imágenes Amazona de Santa Lucía:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Saint Lucia Parrot(Amazona versicolor) by Josh MoreFlickr
    (2) – Chrysotis bouqueti (a.k.a. Amazona versicolor, the St. Lucia amazon, or the St. Lucia parrot) by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Allen T. Chartier, XC9438. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/9438

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