Cuban macaw †
Ara tricolor

Cuban Macaw


Cuban Macaw

Description of Cuban Macaw:

The Cuban Macaw (Ara tricolor) ave a great era, had a length between 45 and 50 centimeters, the “forecrown” It was red and orange and yellow the nape.

Alrededor de los eyes tenía zonas blancas carentes de plumas. Cara, abdomen, chest and the thighs They were also orange and legs and the tip of the bill brown. The upper portion was a brownish red with festooned with feathers in green, while feathers below tail, on top of this and the lower back region they were blue. También de este color combinado con rojo purpúreo eran las alas.

The external appearance of both male and the female It was the same. As for the flight, según se describe, al despegar abría y exhibía en toda su extensión la espléndida cola en un espectáculo realmente magnífico.


Little is known about the habits Cuban Macaw. Local people reported the Cuban naturalist, born in Germany, Juan Gundlach (1876) What anidaba en los agujeros de las palmeras y vivían en parejas y grupos familiares. Señaló que tenía una fuerte vocalización similar a la de los guacamayos de Centroamérica (Gundlach 1893).

apparently small populations bred in scattered locations.


Little is known about the reproduction of this species, salvo que anidaban en los agujeros de las palmeras y vivían en parejas y grupos familiares.


They ate fruits, Palmas, tree seeds cinnamon (Meliá azedarach), tender shoots and buds (Wiley & Kirwan 2013).

Olson & Suarez (2008) skull suggest that the tablet back-ventral, in other macaw is an adaptation for a strong muscle attachment, is an indication that this species feeds on palm nuts extremely hard shell, and distribution of birds may have been closely related to the availability of this food source.


Distributed in the past by the island of Cuba, and probably the Isle of youth. Se cuenta que existían poblaciones numerosas en la Ciénaga de Zapata to the South of Matanzas. There is no evidence of the historical existence of this guacamayo or another Hispaniola, where it has hinted at the existence of this species (although possibly they were observed on that island, con los últimos individuos registrados en 1820.


• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Extinct.

• Population trend: extinguished.

Justificación de la Lista Roja de la Categoría

A esta especie se la conocía en la island of Cuba, but hunting led to its population to extinction. Los últimos informes de la especie datan de 1885.

Its extinction was caused by his hunting as food and the tala de árboles for nesting capture young birds and their use as pet (Forshaw and Cooper 1989).

Se dice que el último ejemplar conocido que existió fue abatido en La Vega, about the Ciénaga de Zapata in 1864. Then testimonies of sightings occurred up 1885 which were not confirmed.

"Cuban macaw †" in captivity:

It is believed that the Cuban Macaw era bastante común en Cuba. First he began to increase his capture in order to give them to the Kings of Spain. As the nineteenth century progressed increased human population and this not only cut down the trees and forests deforested, sino que también cazó el ave como alimento– a pesar de que se refiere que su carne sabía mal– saqueó sus nidos para tomar de pets young birds. Así se fueron eliminando sus hábitats, until he ended up becoming extinct.

Alternative names:

Cuban Macaw, Hispaniolan Macaw, Hispaniolan or Cuban Macaw, Hispaniolan, Cuban or Jamaican Macaw (English).
Ara d’Hispaniola, Ara tricolore, Ara tricolore ou A. de Cuba, Ara tricolore, A. de Cuba ou A. de Gosse (French).
Dreifarbenara (German).
arara-vermelha-de-cuba (Portuguese).
Guacamayo cubano (español).

Johann Matthäus Bechstein
Johann Matthäus Bechstein

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: ARA
Scientific name: Ara tricolor
Citation: (Bechstein, 1811)
Protonimo: Ara tricolor

Cuban Macaw pictures:

Cuban macaw † (Ara tricolor)


• Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
• Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – Ara tricolor, recreación digital By Digitally treated by Rod6807 from the original image of Peter. [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Cuban Macaw. Eleven-Thirteenths Natural Size—from specimen in Liverpool Museum By John Gerrard Keulemans (1842 – 1912) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Now tricolor Bechstein, 1811 by Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Now tricolor Bechstein, 1811 Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Ara tricolor By Bechstein, 1811 [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Watercolour by Jacques Barraband (circa 1800) of a Cuban Red Macaw (Ara tricolor) by Jacques Barraband [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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