The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.
The Pug or Carlin (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.
This breed is often summarized as "multum in parvo" (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to their small size.
The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, He is a loving description would be something like as a small demon playful or mono. Pug puppies are called Puglets.
The Pug dog breed, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country in which was the favourite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.
In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had been for years an excellent job of selection. At last, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.
This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.
As almost all dog breeds, It had its difficult moments especially when followed by the world wars but has not been on the verge of extinction like other.
Today the Pug breed is very appreciated in almost all corners of the world.
Did You Know?
Among the rich and famous are admirers of the Pug King Louis XIV, Josefina, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.
It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.
The Pug or Carlino can be color silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.
It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly made a prized pet of the Carlin. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Its striking look some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbred crosses. However, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.
The tail of the Pug has a characteristic shape spiral or lyrics “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the form can be extended to the rest of the column and present the animal spina bifida. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.
Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bulging and lively aspect. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug cleaned once a week the eyes of the animal with a clean cotton soaked with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
Features wrinkles of the face may also collect secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.
The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.
The biggest problem of health with the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.
A 1% the Cubs can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called The Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.
Character and skills
The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.
Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.
The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. However they are not far away from their owners and to prefer the company of other dogs.
During the first years of life the Pug can occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this feature tends to disappear over the years. The Pug of five or more years tend to be more relaxed and enjoy more than the chairs to the street.
There is a tendency to believe that the Pug are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. A healthy Pug will behave in an energetic and playful manner, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly harsh head may cause bumps and falls to young children and older adults.
The Pug is a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. However, to be a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed with a cup of dry food in the morning and a Cup in the night, and it won't be famine or require any supplement extra.
An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “Awards” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pug" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Boston Terrier they are ready and friendly, mainly used as dogs of company.
history “Boston Terrier”
Unlike many ancient races, history Boston Terrier is well known and can be accurately tracked. In 19th century England, the popularity of bloodthirsty activities involving attack dogs led to the trend of crossing breeds Terrier and Bull to develop individuals who could excel in dogfighting and other rat bait contests (the activity consisting of placing rats in an enclosed area and betting on the time it takes for a dog to kill them all). At the end of the Decade of 1860, and Liverpool, a cross between a Bulldog and White English Terrier (an extinct breed of dog) spawned a strong, muscular dog named Judge.
The owner of Judge sold it to an American named William O'Brien, that brought him home to Boston. In 1870, O’Brien sold Judge to another bostonian, Robert C. Hooper. Judge, now known in the pedigree trees of the breed as “Hooper's Judge“, became the patriarch of the race Boston Terrier and in the common ancestor of almost all its representatives.
Judge had a good build and good posture, and weighed about 14 kg. It had a dark brown fur, a square, stocky head and a white stripe on the muzzle. Surprisingly, only raised once, with a white bitch of 9 kg call “Burnett’s Gyp” (o Kate). Kate belonged to Edward Burnett, who was based in Southboro, Massachusetts. From this union was born a male cub named Well’s Eph. As they count, it was not particularly attractive, but it had other characteristics that Hooper and his friends admired. This prompted them to start a breeding program with him at the center..
Well’s Eph he mated with a female named Tobin’s Kate, that weighed only 6 kilos and had a fairly short head. It was a golden tabby color and had a straight tail and three-quarters docked.. Their young are believed to have interbred with one or more French Bulldogs to create the base of the Boston Terrier that we know today.
However, this name did not yet exist at that time. For this reason, the multiple offspring of Eph they received different names, as Bullet Dogs, Bull-and-Terriers, American Terriers y Boston Bull Terriers.
In 1889, about thirty owners of these dogs formed the American Bull Terrier Club, deciding to use the term Bull Terrier to name your favorite dog, simply adding an adjective indicating its geographical origin. As expected, the lovers and owners of the Bull Terrier they strongly opposed this choice. Given the influence they had at that time with the American Kennel Club (AKC), enthusiasts Boston Bull Terrier they had no choice but to change the name of their association to Boston Terrier Club, in honor of the breed's birthplace.
Four years later, in 1893, the Boston Terrier became the first American-born dog breed to be recognized by the AKC. At the same time, was the first dog added by the organization to the group of non-sporting breeds.
In the early days, the color and markings of the dog's coat Boston Terrier they were not considered very important. The standard set by the club was very flexible regarding the appearance of the coats, so there was a great variety of appearances. After years of careful breeding to define a specific coat type, developed and standardized the Boston Terrier as we know it today. The characteristic marks, similar to the tuxedo, have become a hallmark of the breed, What has earned him the nickname of “american gentleman”.
In the early 20th century, the Boston Terrier achieved great popularity in the United States: was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1914, and in 1915 it was the most popular breed of dog in the country. It remained between 10 favorite dog breeds of Americans up to the decade of 1960. Today, although he has lost part of his pride, we keep finding it around the post 20 of the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of registrations in the organization.
Its international diffusion was greatly facilitated by its official recognition by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club. (KC) british in 1937 y por the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1955. Today, is recognized by leading national organizations around the world, including, of course, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).
Did You Know?
The Bill was exhibited at the Boston State Parliament and approved by the Assembly in 1979. The Boston Terrier was proclaimed mascot of the state by Edward King (the Governor, at that time that in his youth, had had a Boston Terrier).
The Boston Terrier presents a certain diversity in terms of size. Without actually talking about varieties in their own right, organizations that recognize race generally distinguish between 3 weight categories:
▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.
Whatever its size, they have a beautiful stature and a very proud appearance. In effect, is well proportioned and has a complexion muscular and robust, built around a broad chest and a short muscular back. The rump curved gives the body a boxy look without looking chunky. The tail it's short and short. Can be worn straight or with corkscrew.
The neck, slightly arched, it is elegant and leads to reasonably broad, sloping back shoulders. The Paws they are straight and muscular, with straight elbows. The hind legs they are solid and well muscled, ending in small and compact feet.
The head it is structured by a square skull and has a flat forehead. The facial skin It should be free of wrinkles. The ears they are big, pointed and erect. In the territories where it is allowed, sometimes they are surgically trimmed to help them stand upright or give them a defined shape. This practice, named otectomy, is prohibited in an increasing number of jurisdictions (for example, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec), unless there are medical reasons for it.
The eyes they are dark, large, round and very expressive, which gives this dog a particularly intelligent and friendly look. Some dogs have light blue eyes, with a single blue eye, and others even have both blue eyes. However, this particularity is usually accompanied by one or more health problems: Glaucoma, uveitis (inflammation of the uvea), deafness in one or both ears… As a result, are not recognized by the breed standard and are excluded from breeding.
The snout is short, square and wide, and ends in a flat black muzzle dominating a toothless jaw. The Boston Terrier It is one of the so-called breeds of dogs brachycephalic. Like all other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the rest of the body, but the upper one is much shorter, which gives the head a sunken look.
The fur of the Boston Terrier is short, bright and smooth. It has no undercoat, which partly explains its low molt and its low resistance to extreme temperatures. The distinctive white markings on the muzzle, between the eyes and on the chest they form a pattern similar to that of the tuxedo, hence the nickname of “american gentleman”. Although black and white fur is the best known and most common, the breed standards established by the most important organizations in the world also recognize the combination of brindle and white, as well as the seal and white (the seal is a color that looks black, but actually has a reddish glow visible only in sunlight or strong light). In addition to these official colors, specimens with smooth white fur can also be found, plain black, fawn and white, Blue and white, lilac and white, sand and white or brown and white.
Last but not least, the sexual dimorphism not very pronounced in this breed, although females are usually slightly thinner than males.
Size and weight
▷ Male size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight 7 – 11 Kg.
▷ Female weight 7 – 10 kg
The question of the possible varieties of Boston Terrier it is still a topic that is sometimes highly debated. Some breeders insist that there are Boston Terriers “standard”, on the one hand, and Boston Terriers “miniature” less than 6 kg, the minimum weight recognized by world organizations, for another. Others go further and say that there are also Boston Terriers “in years”.
However, most professionals, as well as the different reference organizations that recognize the breed, consider that there are no varieties within it. However, take into account the great diversity of the breed in terms of size, and classify their representatives in three weight categories:
▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.
This does not prevent some breeders from intentionally crossing Boston Terriers smaller and smaller to get miniature or even tiny dogs. The latter are still purebred, but they cannot be entered in a herd book and have a pedigree, because its size is smaller than that established by the breed standards. In fact, the Boston Terrier it's like any other race: dwarfism is synonymous with greater frailty and health problems.
Boston Terrier character and skills
The Boston Terrier combines the enthusiasm of their ancestors Terrier with the sweetness and good sense of their ancestors Bulldog. More of a rascal, has a certain sense of humor and likes to clown around. Loving, he likes to receive a lot of attention and be with his family, especially if that means being able to sit on your lap or share the bed or sofa. He gets very excited at first when he receives visitors, but he calms down quickly once he has been able to give them an enthusiastic welcome.
Has a special affinity with children, and its physical characteristics (small but robust) complete the image of a dog recommended for children. Having said that, just because you can let them play with him without fear of harm doesn't mean you should allow them to do anything and everything, especially since he may not stand being manipulated. Therefore, you have to teach them as soon as possible to treat it with respect. On the other hand, he may also unintentionally push younger children, carried away by his enthusiasm. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child.
Although it may bark when someone knocks on the door, the Boston not a good protector. In fact, they tend to be so kind to humans that they warmly greet anyone who enters the house, friends or strangers. In fact, although it is territorial, usually does not pose any problems with strangers; unless provoked, not aggressive at all.
In addition, although some representatives of the breed are especially active, it is by no means the general case. In general, the Boston Terrier need moderate exercise: the medium length walks, possibly supplemented with some play sessions (for example, with a ball) and that represent a cumulative duration of one hour a day, are more suitable than long sessions of vigorous exercise. Its small size, your need for moderate activity, its adaptability and low propensity to bark make it perfectly suited to living in an apartment. On the other hand, if you live in a house with a garden, it is necessary that the latter is properly secured and fenced in order to avoid that its curious nature does not push it to be interested in other animals or sources of distraction located outside. This will also protect him from other animals or people with bad intentions towards him..
On the other hand, when i come out, It must be worn with a leash and harness and not with a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems that your flattened face already predisposes to.
These morphological peculiarities also make, in periods of high temperatures, feel free to shorten your walks, but above all to avoid giving them in hot hours. In effect, its short snout considerably limits its cooling capacity and, Therefore, makes it especially sensitive to heat. On the other hand, its short coat makes it less tolerant of the cold. In other words, even if I live in a temperate climate, not made to spend most of the time outside: your place is at home, and this is all the more true since you need to be in contact with your family to be in a good head.
If you can have fun alone, especially if they leave him his favorite toys, he far prefers to do it with his family. In any case, a Boston Terrier well raised and socialized he is certainly sociable and is always willing to play if the opportunity presents itself, in need of a family that appreciates and seeks your company, but that does not require excessive attention or time. Easily adapts to its owner's schedules, although this does not mean that he likes to be alone for many hours. In fact, if your family is away most of the day, having him share your home with another little playmate is a great way to keep him from feeling lonely and developing behavior problems.
This is all the more true since their sociability does not only extend to human beings, but also other animals, starting with their congeners and cats, especially if you have gotten used to seeing them from a very young age, as part of their socialization. However, can quickly regain its hunting instincts when faced with a small rodent such as a rat or mouse: a possible coexistence with an animal of this type would have great possibilities of going wrong.
On the other hand, when he meets strange dogs, can be a lot less friendly, if not directly territorial and protective. The best way to avoid these types of problems is also to allow you to meet all kinds of colleagues from the first time you go out.
Last but not least, It should be noted that the Boston Terrier it's quite noisy. In fact, his short snout makes him sniff, drooling and snoring loudly. Some adopters may find this endearing., but for others it is reason enough to change their race.
The Boston Terrier it's pretty smart, but sometimes he's stubborn. Some specimens are very willing to please and are easily and quickly trained, which explains the popularity of the breed in certain dog sports. Other, However, are a bit more difficult and take a bit longer to train. This is true as soon as the dog learns to be tamed., what can lead up to 6 months with some dogs. In this context, it is highly recommended to use the dog cage indoors.
In any case, his sensitive temperament means that he does not take well harsh tones of voice and punishments. Both can be counterproductive to your education., as they can lead you to withdraw into yourself. On the other hand, thrives on gentle and continuous training through positive reinforcement.
For this reason, if you are stubborn and not really willing to pursue the education we are trying to give you, it is important to try to understand what can motivate you, enlisting the help of a dog trainer if necessary. Treats are usually the trick, But the use of praise and abuse or the use of a favorite toy can also be the trigger for the success of the training..
As with all dogs, socialization and education of the Boston Terrier must start at an early age. Meet lots of people (family, friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and accustom him to crossing with all kinds of other dogs, as well as representatives of other species, allows you to become a sociable and balanced adult. This reduces the risk of aggressive behavior or subsequent conflicts.
Despite a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Boston Terrier is prone to many health problems, some of which are related to subrachycephaly, namely, with the fact that his mouth is crushed.
This morphological peculiarity also implies that it is much more sensitive to heat than many of its congeners., like any dog with a short muzzle, are unable to breathe in and out large volumes of air, limiting its ability to cool down when the mercury rises The dog's risk of heat stroke, among others, is particularly pronounced and, therefore, it is important to avoid too intense or prolonged efforts during these periods.
On the other hand, his short coat is also afraid of the cold.
Apart from this pronounced sensitivity to extreme temperatures, the main risks to your health are:
respiratory problems caused by the shape of your mouth, some are mild, such as loud snoring or sobbing, but others can have serious consequences, and even fatal, such as airway obstruction or cardiac fatigue It should also be kept on a leash using a harness and not a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems, due to the pressure exerted;
eye problems like cataracts,corneal ulcers and glaucoma, again due to its flat face.In the case of juvenile cataracts, a genetic test allows breeders to identify dogs that carry the gene and exclude them from breeding;
heart murmur, a symptom that is often related to partial blockage of the heart tubes or valves;
the mega esophagus, a defect of the esophagus that prompts the dog to regurgitate its food;
the patellar dislocation, a problem that may be congenital or occur later in life, and is common to many small dogs. In milder cases, can be replaced by itself or with the help of the vet, but more severe cases require surgery;
skin allergies, including demodicosis (demodectic scabies), which can lead to itchy hair loss or scabbed lesions;
the deafness: 4 - 6% of the puppies Boston Terriers are deaf in one ear from birth, and some are completely deaf. This particularly affects people with blue eyes and / or whose fur contains a lot of white It is important to discover this affection when the dog is as young as possible, because it affects the education and socialization that should be provided;
hemivertebra, what is a failure in the development of the bones of the spine, is more common in dogs with corkscrew tails, some dogs with hemivertebrae remain asymptomatic throughout their lives, while in others the disease usually manifests itself as soon as they are small, for example, through impaired movement and lack of coordination in the hind legs. Sometimes, the disease progresses very quickly, to the point that the animal can be paralyzed within a few days, and surgery is usually the only treatment;
reverse sneezing, which can occur when the dog is overly excited or swallows his food too quickly Corresponds to a strange noise, snarling and snoring, usually not dangerous for the dog, but if the attacks become frequent, may be a sign of inflammation of the airways, presence of parasites in your nostrils or, more rarely, nasal polyps or a tumor.
In addition, the birth of bitches is often problematic in the Boston Terrier.Puppies' broad heads sometimes get stuck in the mother's narrow pelvis: cesarean section is often necessary Litters have an average of 3 or 4 Puppies.
On a completely different note, you should know that this dog is particularly prone to excess gas, even if it depends a lot on your diet.
He is also very gluttonous, so its owner must be careful not only to choose the food he gives him and the size of his portions, but also to allow you to exert yourself enough.Obesity is not a disease in itself, but it can cause the appearance or worsen various health problems, starting with joint problems or related to poor breathing capacity. Keeping your dog at a suitable weight is one of the best ways to provide good living conditions..
The short, soft coat of the Boston Terrier it is easy to care. Molts very little, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. However, when the fur sheds during the spring and fall seasons, the amount of dead hair is much higher, so you need to brush at least two more times.
On the other hand, its short fur does not get dirty and, Therefore, does not tend to emit bad odors. Therefore, it is seldom necessary to bathe your dog: unless it's especially dirty, once or twice a year is more than enough. Unless your dog is especially dirty, once or twice a year is enough. Bathing your dog too often will only dry out his coat and skin, causing them to lose their protective properties and can cause itching and even injuries. In any case, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can cause these problems.
On the other hand, their eyes need regular care, as their size and prominence make them especially fragile. It is best to check daily for any discharge and clean it if necessary, but also make sure there are no signs of redness or irritation.
It may also be the occasion to brush your teeth, to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause (bad dog breath, diseases…). If it is difficult to maintain a daily frequency, two or three times a week is usually enough.
Regarding their ears, they must be checked every week to see if they are red or smell bad, what could be a sign of infection. You should take the opportunity to clean them to prevent infection.
In the majority of cases, the nails should be cut once or twice a month, since natural wear and tear is usually not enough. The first time, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian or a groomer for help to know how to do it right.
Last but not least, it is important to take advantage of the grooming sessions to look for sores, rashes or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness or inflammation of the skin, in the nose, mouth and eyes, and on the feet. A thorough weekly review helps to identify potential health problems early. This is true of all dogs, but it is especially true for dogs like the Boston Terrier who are particularly prone to skin allergies.
Given that the Boston Terrier they can be gluttonous, it is especially important to be attentive when feeding them with products and quantities appropriate to their age, size and activity level.
Since you can be prone to excessive flatulence related to your diet, choosing high-quality products and trying to identify how your body reacts to different foods can be especially helpful in avoiding or reducing this problem.
In all cases, do not hesitate to use the experience of a veterinarian to make the right decisions in order to feed him in the best way.
This does not exempt you from weighing him regularly to make sure he is not overweight.. If required, reviewing your rations and activity level often remedies the problem. If that is not the case, it is necessary to go to the vet to rule out a possible disease and develop a more appropriate diet.
As with most dogs, it is better to divide your daily ration into two meals.
Last but not least, like all dogs, must have permanent access to fresh water.
When the Boston Terrier, at the end of the 19th century, it was used mostly in rat bait competitions (which consist of placing rats in an enclosed space and betting on the time it takes a dog to kill them all), but he was also very popular in dogfighting.
How blood sports were gradually banned in most countries, was able to become and became smaller and much friendlier for decades. In fact, nowadays it brings together many of the qualities of an ideal companion and house dog.
Thanks to their intelligence and strong desire to please their owners, they can also excel in certain dog sports, like agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.
Their friendly nature and desire to be close to people make them ideal therapy dogs..
How much can a "Boston Terrier"?
The price of a Boston Terrier puppy is between 1500 and 2000 EUR.
Whatever the country, the price depends in particular on the lineage from which the dog descends (and the possible distinctions received by their ancestors), the prestige of the kennel and, above all, of its intrinsic characteristics, namely, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, what it means, In addition, that within the same litter there may be quite significant price differences. On the other hand, there is no significant price difference between males and females.
Characteristics "Boston Terrier"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Boston Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
1. Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood, American Gentlemen (English).
2. Terrier de Boston, Boston Terrier (French).
3. Boston Terrier (German).
4. Boston Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Boston Bull Terrier (Spanish).
The French Bulldog It is protective and playful but it is not ideal for hiking.
What is the origin of the "French Bulldog"?
The French Bulldog it is one of the smallest representatives of the class of molossi. Its origin is not very old, since it did not appear until the middle of the 19th century, in the Paris region. It is the only French dog breed originating in Paris.
In the 19th century, most Parisian butchers traditionally owned doguines, a breed of small dog that is now extinct. But to be fashionable, they started to buy small Bulldogs, called Toy Bulldogs. Importing Bulldogs in France it had started at the end of the 18th century.
It also seems that, parallel, between 1865 and 1880, English workers pushed by the industrial revolution to come to work in France contributed to introducing race into the French working class.
At that time, besides being popular in England, dogfighting was very popular in the Parisian suburbs and many butchers, cocheros, merchants and workers had a fighting dog. The Bulldog had not yet acquired the character of a companion dog, and still had the tenacity of Molossoid from which it came.
At the same time, the rat dog was also very common in the Parisian suburbs, especially popular with coachmen, who used it to rid their stables of rats.
Like this, the crossing of a Buzzard with a Bulldog, to get a smaller fighting dog, laid the foundations of French Bulldog. The Bulldog he was also randomly bred with other local dogs, as the Doguins or French Terriers, and the brachycephalic character of the dog was accentuated with the help of Lilleois, a small dog from northern France derived from Pug, today extinct.
In 1880 the first French Toy Bulldog Club was formed and in 1888 a draft standard was drawn up. The goal was to have short-faced, straight-eared dogs.
In 1893, Krehl, a British breeder, imported French Toy Bulldogs to England to present to the English Kennel Club. Immediately, a dispute broke out over the paternity of the breed between the French and the English. The British considered that the breed standard had not been respected by the French, and they considered that the French Toy Bulldog was their creation. Until 1899, the Club of Bulldog refused to admit the French Bulldog in the breeding book, claiming that it did not preserve the purity of the race, before reversing his decision and finally accepting him French Bulldog together with him Bulldog.
The French preserved the paternity of the race, not without reason. “The British provided the main ingredients, but it was the French who established the final recipe that led to the French Bulldog as we know it”, escribió Françoise Girard en su libro The French Bulldog.
The first breed standard was established in 1898, year in which the Société Centrale Canine recognized her. It was subsequently modified several times, in 1931-1932 and in 1948. Refurbished in 1986 por H.F. Reant and Raymond Triquet and published in 1987 by the FCI, was last corrected in 1994 by the committee of the Club of French Bulldog, with the collaboration of Raymond Triquet.
His mouth and his clown mimicry opened the French Bulldog the gates of the bourgeoisie. In the early 20th century, became the darling of the aristocracy, and the great names of the time like Colette, Mistinguett or Yves Saint-Laurent succumbed to its charms. In addition to becoming the favorite of French high society, it was also highly coveted by the aristocracy of other European countries, like English royalty or the Russian emperor's court, and had great success in the United States, where prominent American personalities, como Josephine Baker, they became infatuated with the little animal.
In summary, throughout the West, the ladies wanted to be accompanied by a French Bulldog, although the race came from the poorest strata of the population.
The austerity brought about by the world wars will be dramatic for the race, that was on the verge of extinction due to lack of breeders to produce it. We had to wait for the beginning of the eighties and the tenacity of certain passionate breeders of French Bulldog so that I would return under the lights of the wall.
For a French Bulldog in good condition, the weight must not be less of 8 kg, or more of 14 kg, the size is in proportion to the weight.
The French Bulldog it is a typical small molosser. It is a powerful dog with a stocky appearance, compact all out of proportion. They have a short, flattened face, with folds and wrinkles, and a powerful jaw. His eyes are big, dark and bulging, and his nose is necessarily black.
The coat of the French Bulldog it's short and closed, without Undercoat, and it can be tawny, solid or slightly brindle, sometimes with white spots.
Last but not least, the French Bulldog has naturally straight and pointed ears, while his tail is short, often twisted or naturally amputated and pointed.
Weight and height
▷ Male size: 30 – 35 cm.
▷ Female size: 29 – 34 cm.
▷ Male weight: 8 – 14 kg
▷ Female weight: 7 – 12 kg
Character and skills
Most dogs are said to be clingy, and the French Bulldog confirm the rule. So much so that it is usually closer to its owner than to its companions, and sometimes he is possessive and exclusive with his dear master.
For all of it, is a happy dog, cuddly and playful.
When he's not sleeping, he is close to his master, often reproducing their actions by mimicry. To the French Bulldog he does not like to be alone, but its small size allows it to be carried to most public places, and even to work if your education has been well done.
He loves children and plays with them without showing any aggression. In addition, if sometimes he barks to signal the arrival of a stranger (knowing that he rarely barks and does the minimum of guard, because it is not their main occupation), the real French Bulldog, well mannered, will never bite a human. Aggression is considered a defect of this breed. In fact, most of the French Bulldogs they are kind and respectful to everyone, with both humans and animals, but some may be reserved with strangers.
The temperament of French Bulldog also makes it a suitable dog breed for seniors.
Having said that, although they are capable of being the calmest companions, they need to expend their energy on a daily basis, otherwise their owners may encounter some mischief, like destruction and damage to the house.
How to educate a "French Bulldog"?
Despite his cute looks, do not forget the roots of this dog. Therefore, their ability to be dominant must be controlled from a very early age through gentle upbringing, firm and consistent. In fact, a little rigorous education could have bad repercussions in the daily life and the coexistence between the dog and its humans.
On the other hand, the French Bulldog can easily get angry if his upbringing is too aggressive, While, on the other hand, a well-balanced firmness in the voice allows you to quickly and easily incorporate the rules of the house.
Unlike many races, the French Bulldog does not have any recurring genetic defects.
However, your health needs to be closely monitored to prevent or identify the most common problems as soon as possible:
Sensitivity to heat
The French Bulldogs they are very sensitive to heat. From about 25 ° and especially on sunny days, the risks of heat stroke and heat stroke can occur very quickly, and even cause the death of the dog. As much as saying that the French Bulldog cannot live abroad.
The dehydration of the intervertebral disc, which plays the role of buffer between 2 vertebrae, is a real danger for him French Bulldog. The intervertebral disc becomes cartilaginous and ends up ossifying little by little. It no longer performs its role as a shock absorber and tends to be expelled to the outside. This ossification may be followed by compression of the spinal cord., at risk of nerve tissue injury and paralysis.
The herniated disc is another classic disorder in the French Bulldog. Appears with premature cartilage wear. This condition most often affects individuals who have been jumped on their hind legs during their youth.. Dogs with this disease experience severe muscle pain when they move. They walk with their heads down, with contracted neck muscles. In severe cases, this can lead to hind limb paralysis.
The chondrodystrophy, less common, causes a shortening of the bones, which can cause significant locomotion problems.
Last but not least, the French Bulldog can also suffer Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia or dislocation of patella.
The French Bulldog you can be exposed to different types of airway obstruction problems, call brachycephalic syndrome.
First of all, the nasal stenosis (also called “pinched nostril”) corresponds to a collapse of the alar cartilage, too soft. This causes respiratory discomfort that can force the dog to breathe through its mouth to compensate for the lack of oxygen.. The condition is noted by the line of the nostrils, which is then straight instead of comma-shaped. In this case, the only remedy is surgery.
The soft palate is too long and may cause compression of the larynx. This condition is not detectable in young puppies, but there are some symptoms that should set off the alarm. However, you have to notice certain symptoms, like a very pronounced snoring, or fatigue and shortness of breath that occur quickly when walking. A bluish discoloration of the mucous membranes and tongue may also be noted., bloodshot eyes and, sometimes, rickets.
The edema of the larynx, what is a specific disorder, appears especially in case of stress or heat stroke, or even both combined. The dog then gasps and scratches when inhaling. This situation requires quick intervention, placing the dog in a cool place as much as possible and cooling it, for example, spraying it with plenty of cold water. The first priority is to calm the animal, before taking him to the vet for an emergency cortisone injection.
The French Bulldogs may be victims of Nictitating gland dislocation. This gland tends to stick out of the corner of the eye and can grow rapidly to the size of a blackberry.. This condition is common in Bulldogs growing, but it can also be the result of an eye infection.
In general, the prominence of the eyes of the French Bulldog makes them particularly fragile in this area. However, it is possible to protect them thanks to glasses perfectly adapted for them.
Hermaphroditism in the French Bulldog It is rare, but its existence deserves to be informed.
The coat of the French Bulldog does not require very difficult maintenance. Regular brushing (two or three times a week) it is enough to remove its many dead hairs, and a bath once a month with a dog shampoo will allow his coat to stay shiny. In addition, has a light that spills.
On the other hand, the folds of your face should be cleansed at least twice a week and kept with cream, to avoid infection. You also have to clean his ears at least once a week.
In addition, you have to clean the eyes regularly with an anti-inflammatory eye drops and be careful with the blows. His eyes are particularly fragile, and any tearing, either regular or excessive, may be a sign of a disease. At this level, great vigilance is necessary.
Last but not least, you also have to take care of the area under your tail, since the fact that it is located on your buttocks causes dirt to accumulate, and the morphology of the animal does not allow it to clean itself properly.
Due to his brachycephalic head, the French Bulldog tends to swallow food without chewing it, which causes digestive sensitivity and causes rumbling in the stomach and flatulence. Therefore, you need a diet that allows you to maintain your weight and offers good digestibility, without excess fat, but with a sufficient enrichment in essential fatty acids, amino acids and vitamins of group B.
It is advisable to give two meals a day, one in the morning and one at night.
The French Bulldog it is primarily a companion and indoor dog, but it can also be a good guard and defense dog.
On the other hand, because of your bad breath, it is not a sporting dog. Like this, although I appreciate the walks, that are good for maintaining your powerful muscles, jogging with him is not recommended.
Also be careful with the waterways and the pool. In effect, because of his stocky body and heavy head, the French Bulldog is not a very good swimmer, and you risk drowning.
Breeders of "French Bulldog"
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Characteristics "French Bulldog"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "French Bulldog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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