China Gran Bretaña FCI 253


The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.

HistoryPhysical characteristicsCharacter and skillsImagesVideos

The Pug or Carlino (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.

This breed is often summarized as "multum in parvo" (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to their small size.

The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, He is a loving description would be something like as a small demon playful or mono. Pug puppies are called Puglets.

The Pug dog breed, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country in which was the favourite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.

In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had been for years an excellent job of selection. At last, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.

This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.

As almost all dog breeds, It had its difficult moments especially when followed by the world wars but has not been on the verge of extinction like other.

Today the Pug breed is very appreciated in almost all corners of the world.

Physical characteristics

It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.

The Pug or Carlino can be color silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.

It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly made a prized pet of the Carlino. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Its striking look some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbred crosses. However, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.

The tail of the Pug has a characteristic shape spiral or lyrics “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the form can be extended to the rest of the column and present the animal spina bifida. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.

Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bulging and lively aspect. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug cleaned once a week the eyes of the animal with a clean cotton soaked with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
Features wrinkles of the face may also collect secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.

The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.

The biggest problem of health with the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.

A 1% the Cubs can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called The Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.

Pug: Standard FCI

HEAD: Relatively large and provided with the body, round, You must not have Apple shape.


  • Skull: Without Groove. Wrinkles on the antecara should be clearly defined without exaggeration.


  • Truffle: Black with nostrils large and wide open. Narrow nostrils and heavy on the nose folds are unacceptable and must be severely penalized.
  • Snout: Relatively short, obtuse, square, not drooping upwards. Eyes and nose should never be adversely affected or be hidden by excessive folds on the nose.
  • JAWS / Teeth: With a slight lower prognathism. The lower jaw is wide with incisors placed almost in a straight line. Is the crooked snout and teeth and tongue that are very undesirable and must be severely penalized.
  • Eyes: Dark, relatively large, round, sweet and concerned expression, very bright, and when it is excited ardor full. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when they look forward. Free eye problems.
  • Ears: Thin, small and soft black velvet. There are two types: “Ear in pink”, It is a small hanging ear that bends backwards to show the ear canal. “Button ear”, It is an ear that folds by bending forward, Tip adheres to the skull to cover the opening. You prefer the last.

NECK: Slightly arched it resembles a crest, strong, thick, with long enough to take the head proudly.

BODY: Short and compact.

  • Top line: Level; It must be neither concave nor inclined.
  • Breast : Broad. Ribs well arched back.

TAIL: High insertion, tightly coiled on the hip. The dual threading is highly desirable.



  • Shoulder: Well inclined backwards.
  • Forearms: Very strong limbs, straight, long moderate and positioned low in the body.
  • Previous feet: As long as the foot of the Hare nor so round as the foot of the cat; with separate fingers; the nails must be black.


  • General appearance: Very strong limbs, of moderate length, well positioned under body, straight and parallel when you look at them from the back.
  • Knee: Good angulation of stifle warm joints rotulianas (knees).
  • Back feet: As long as the foot of the Hare nor so round as the foot of the cat; with separate fingers; the nails must be black.

MOVEMENT: Viewed from the front you must lift the forelimbs and drop well straight below shoulders, keeping the feet directly forward, unoffset in or out. From the back, the action must be equally correct. The forelimbs uses them with force bringing them well forward and the rear moving freely and bending your knees well. Light balancing the quarterfinals later characterized the journey. Capable of performing a resolved and safe movement.


Hair: Texture fine, smooth, soft, short and bright. Neither rough nor woolly.

COLOR: Silver, Apricot, Griffon clear or black. Each of these colors must be clearly defined, to emphasize the contrast between the color, the spline (a black line that extends from the back of the head to the tail) and the mask. The marks must be well defined. The muzzle or mask, the ears, moles on the cheeks, the thumb mark or the Rhombus of the forehead and the spline must be more black.

SIZE AND WEIGHT: The ideal weight is between 6,3 and 8,1 kg. You must have strong muscles, but the substance should not be confused with an overweight.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered to the extent of the deviation of the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

NOTE: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRANSLATION: Brigida Nestler / Original version: (IN).

Character and skills

The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.

Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.

The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. However they are not far away from their owners and to prefer the company of other dogs.

During the first years of life the Pug can occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this feature tends to disappear over the years. The Pug of five or more years tend to be more relaxed and enjoy more than the chairs to the street.

There is a tendency to believe that the Pug are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. A healthy Pug will behave in an energetic and playful manner, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly harsh head may cause bumps and falls to young children and older adults.

The Pug is a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. However, to be a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed with a cup of dry food in the morning and a Cup in the night, and it won't be famine or require any supplement extra.

An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “Awards” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.

Images of the Pug
  • Otros nombres: Carlino / Chinese Pug / Mops / Puggu / Doguillo.
  • Group 9 / Section 11 – Molosoides small.

Dogs breeds: Pug

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