The French Bulldog It is a small breed of dog originating in England, established as such by the end of the 19th century. However, Despite its name, America and Great Britain have played important roles in the development of this breed. These dogs tend to be nicknamed "Clowns" or "Frog dogs".
The Dog of water Spanish (Spanish Water Dog) It is a breed of dog originally from Spain, traditionally used as pastor, Assistant in boats and hunting. The breed was recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1985 and by the Federation Cynologique internationale in 1999.
Possibly, the earlier Turkish Andalusian or current dog of water Spanish, the main trunk and origin of almost all European water dogs sub-razas (Barbet, Water Spaniel - virtually extinct-, Portuguese Water Dog, Poodle, Lagotto Romagnolo, “Irish Water Spaniel“, Spaniel Dutch., the new dog Water Bay of Biscay…).
It is called Hound a type of dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.
The Perdiguero de Burgos (or Burgos Pointer) It is a breed of dog Spain. Originally from Castile, especially in the province of Burgos, this rustic breed goes hunting, and has exceptional characteristics for small game.
It is an ancient breed from the Castilian tableland, is widespread, and according to some familiar with the breed it is likely that you have participated in the creation of other breeds of hunting dog, not only Spain.
The truth is that lot of documented material that speaks of this breed there is. Veterinary geneticist, José Manuel Sanz rudder, several lines dedicated to the history of this race and a document that appears in a multitude of web, speaking of the origins and early history (Until 1911). You can read the complete material on the website of the Spanish Association of el Perro Perdiguero de Burgos. Here only let quoted that refers to the word “Perdiguero” and the different theories on the origin but very briefly…
“The word ‘Perdiguero‘ It occurs frequently in classical texts on venatoria and its reference corresponds to the generic Hunter dog of partridges, «perdicero» or «perdiguero», but can is assumed not lightly to be that dog a perdiguero de Burgos. In many current texts we read various theories about the origin of the breed. The more absolute confusion arises from a whole once analysed separately. The most common mistakes that demonstrate a poor work of research are as follows:
- Associate the word pointer to the race Perdiguero de Burgos.
- Believing that the pointers, as we speak the Spanish classics, they were Perdigueros Burgos and forget they were other races.
- Define Perdiguero de Burgos as dogs that authors from Velázquez Goya have been reflected in numerous canvasses where breed hunting dogs.
- Define incomprehensibly and lightly to Perdiguero de Burgos as the source of the English pointer, either in a display of patriotic enthusiasm, consider also as the father of all the European hounds”.
“The authors, as often happens, they cannot agree on the theories about origins of animals and while some assert the sample dog originates from Italy, others say that France or Spain (According to the nationality of the author) which they were born.
On the formation of the current dog Perdiguero Burgos news are null and void and we apply only the parameters that are studied to form a race, they are:
- Time and place of training.
- Genetic basis provided the race.
- Adaptation to the environment in which is born.
- Geographical isolation and inbreeding operated.
With regard to the first of them, not a breed created by man ex process are being, with measured doses of one or another blood, both the time and the place of training are uncertain. A race not be based in short periods of time and having no initial selection at a single point, can not think of that place of birth has been only a particular place” (Author: José Manuel Sanz rudder).
- Otros nombres: Burgos Pointer / Spanish Pointer / Burgalese Pointer.
While the Perdiguero de Burgos, It is not as robust and defined muscular level, like its relative the English pointer, their appearance shows the strength of the race.
It has the ears long and the tail It tends to be cut one-third of its original length.
Its fur It has variants that can form different ranges within the basic color. The basic colors of the hair are the white and the liver. These colors mingle regularly, giving checked layers which tend to liver, hoary liver, mosqueados in liver and other various combinations, as predominant color liver or white and are white or more open or closed stains.
It tends to be a very common feature (Although non-binding layer), have a distinct white spot on the forehead and the ears always stained color homogeneous liver. The liver hairs can form such sharp well-defined spots, regularly distributed by the layer of the animal
Its the mantle is short, thick and soft. The hair is thinner in the head, ears and limbs.
The skin is elastic, but not printing, thick, abundant, pinkish spotless. All the Oris they will be Brown, never black.
The height males will of 62 to 67 cm and females 59 to 64 cm to the cross. Thinking of 25 to 30 kg.
It is an animal that as all, It requires a dose of daily exercise. A long walk, and a few races in the open air will keep you happy.
Character and skills
It is a very friendly and quiet dog, not afraid easily. It is smart and learns easily, especially in tracking work.
It is not a dog that adapts very well to urban environments.
It is used for small game (rabbits, hares, etc.).
It's perfect for hunting in any field (difficult to be), It has an enviable physical resistance and a high speed.
Perdiguero de Burgos is very appreciated by hunters seeking a rustic dog, hard in any terrain and type of hunting, obedient, strong and above all excellent winds and method of hunting, because of its tranquility and poise in the search, as to your sample and its impeccable collection.
Although used for small game pieces not dismisses pieces of hunting trail, in which he demonstrates great bravery.
Dogs breeds: Perdiguero de Burgos
The Leonese Pastor (or CareA Leonese language) is a herding dog, native of the province of León (Spain) and their surrounding populations.
It is a dog of medium size with a height to the cross between 48 and 55 cm in males and 45 and 52 cm in females.
It is a lightweight and agile dog in order to start after the flock avoiding their dispersion, or jogging in search of the sheep that is separated from the Group.
As regards the basic layer or coloring of hair, There are animals with black hair all over his body and others who, In addition, they are tawny color stains (reddish) in the extremities, the side and above the eyebrows.
In some specimens, the black color of the hair is clarified by dissolution of the pigment giving rise to an irregular patchwork of bluish-grey spots more or less clear, and even white spots, throughout the body of the animal.
The raison d ' être of the Leonese Pastor is the management and guidance of herds. They are very attached to their owner dogs, always attentive to his orders and disciplined.
It is a race not yet officially recognized, but you are trying to get official recognition as a native breed.
You are planning to develop a plan for recovery and promotion of the Leonese Pastor, because otherwise, their future will be threatened by the unstoppable reduction in the number of herds of sheep grazing and the increasing spread of alien dog races which could lead soon to the replacement, miscegenation, absorption or, the extinction of the Leonese Pastor.
As a curiosity, PAS, He was a Leonese shepherd who appeared in the famous movie filmed in Spain “The Kingdom of heaven“, Ridley Scott.
Source of the photo and more information about this race by clicking on CareA Leonese language (Blog dedicated to the race with very interesting information!).
Otros nombres: Carea Leonés
Dogs breeds: Leonese Pastor
The Pastor Garafiano is a breed of dog indigenous native to La Palma Canary, Canary Islands. The name receives it from the North of the island, specifically in the Garafía municipality, as the place where this race was more common, Despite the fact that copies are found throughout the island.
Pastor Garafiano has been linked from its origins to the grazing, activity for which shows special aptitude, Although it has nowadays gained great importance as a pet.
For some time, This race was on the edge of his disappearance due to miscegenation with other breeds of dog.
Successive crossings, especially from the age 60 20th century with other breeds of dogs pastors, They show the need to work for their recovery and selection from the exemplary few pure breed that retained the pastors of the island.
The Basque Shepherd (in Basque: Euskal Artzain Txakurra) It is a breed of dog originally from the Basque country. Is a breed traditionally used as a sheepdog and guard livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and Iletsua.
The breed was recognised by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995.
From the official breed club called "Pastores Vascos" those mongrels of wool are the hamlets of Euskal Herria, mostly white, Tan or black, they have nothing to do with the reddish or leonados of exemplary cigars of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.
Today, Euskal Artzain Txakurra has only with 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.
Read all about the race by clicking on: Euskal Artzain Txakurra.
Otros nombres: Euskal Artzain Txakurra / Basque Shepherd Dog.
Dogs breeds: Basque Shepherd
The Euskal Artzain Txakurra (Basque Shepherd) It is a breed of dog originating in the autonomous community of the Basque country, traditionally used as dog pastor and care of livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua.
The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995. The official name of the breed is not "Pastor Vasco", as it is known mostly, but "Euskal Artzain Txakurra".
From the official club of the breed is referred to “Basque shepherds” to those mestizos dogs of wool that are seen by the villages of Euskal Herría, mostly white, Tan or black, they have nothing to do with the reddish or leonados of exemplary cigars of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.
The Shepherd is the oldest dog. Since that man evolved from nomadic farmer and livestock has been using dogs to the work of grazing. Some skeletal remains found in the Neolithic caves attest that, 12.000 years ago, the farmers in the region were using these animals to grazing. We can find the Euskal Artzain Txakurra in Basque popular mythology. Later, had it been recognized in various pictorial frescoes of the 16th century, witnessing a popularity that came to transcend from rural environments to the highest circles of the Court of the time. From the 18th century they appear painted or drawn on the canvas of Paret y Alcazar, Doré, Guiard, Arrue and others.
Since the end of the 19th century to the early decades of the 20th century was an era of regression in Guipúzcoa and Navarra breed due to the strong attacks of the Wolf to the flock, reason why pastors replaced careadores dogs with the Artzanoras or mastiffs. In Alava and Vizcaya, However this decline was not as marked, and the work of grazing they alternated with custody and notice in the villages when they were not with the herds. This know-how combining work, He was one of the keys for that race is not extinct.
Today, Euskal Artzain Txakurra has only with 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.
Later they began to organize international competitions of pastoral dogs. Due to the admiration that sparked this breed among those who witnessed his task, a plan via scholarship and research project was initiated to study these dogs with ethnological methodology, Biochemistry, Genetics, reproductive and etological in 1991. After a thorough review of more than three thousand copies of the whole Basque country, took place the recognition of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra.
Unfortunately, the localism of a canine species generates, in most cases, multiple barriers to their survival.
Otros nombres: Pastor Vasco / Basque Shepherd Dog.
As mentioned above there are two varieties in the Euskal Artzain shepherds breed, the "Iletsua" and "Gorbeiakoa" and the standard brand differences.
The differences between the two varieties most important morfoestructurales are as follows:
In the Iletsua:
- Longer hair on the back
- Longer hair on the front limbs.
- Greater width of the face in the female.
- Greater width of the chest.
- Most cephalic index.
- The typical color of layer blond or tawny
- Most with fallen ears.
As to the general appearance, has a trunk strong and rectangular. It has the body covered with a typical mantle of bristle hair, blondes or leonadas and canelas layers.
Has the head elongated, cover of hair shorter than in the rest of the body, and uncovered eyes. The nose is always black. The snout color is more intense than the rest of the body or black cinnamon. Short hair. Firm lips, Pigmented in black. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, with black eyelids and Brown iris and amber.
It has the limb strong and covered with short hair on the front and back fringes. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.
The fur is moderately long, rough, rustic-looking. As mentioned above, It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.
Height in males of 47 to 63 and in females, of 46 to 58 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 33 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 30 Kg.
In the Gorbeiakoa:
- The male has a greater height at the withers.
- Greater length of head.
- Longer hair on the belly.
- Greater width of the rump in the female.
- The typical color of the layer is red fire.
As to the general appearance, the trunk is elongated appearance. The layer red fire, known as "pink", with frequent darkening on snout.
The head It has a pyramidal shape and is equipped with very short hair. Frequent presence of three Lunar, one next to each of the corners of the lips, and the other in the central and ventral part of the jaw, all of them with black setae of greater length than the rest of the head. Truffle always black. Snout elongated and thin, with frequent pigmentation. Eyes macaroons, Brown and amber.
The limb they are strong. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.
The fur is moderately long and soft texture. It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.
The height males will of 47 to 61 and in females, of 46 to 59 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 36 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 29 Kg.
Character and skills
With regard to the temperament of the Euskal Artzain Txakurra, We can find special characteristics of each variety (Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua):
- Gorbeiakoa: It is safe to, balanced and above all very sociable, Sometimes it is considered to be one member of his family and his talent for grazing can be added. His instinct, as described, It focuses more on tasks of grazing.
- The Iletsua: It has a territorial instinct, but always maintains a strong link with his master, as always happens with him and rarely is separated from it. His instinct, as described, It focuses more care tasks.
All training can start with a small basic education course (the dog learn to stay quiet, sitting, that moves when the owner order). Regardless of age you can start socializing so you can get confidence with his master and others.
Euskal Artzain shepherds stops playing, caress and runs like a champ for what you need from a field where can romp freely over long periods of time. Give some walks and stay active either playing with the ball or small but intense session of game with the family. Its longevity is of 11 to 13 years.
Breeds of dog: Euskal Artzain Txakurra