Portuguese Warren Hound - Dogs breeds | Pets

Posted by tiadoc | 26 September 2011

- Portugal FCI 94

Podenco Portugués

The Portuguese Warren Hound It is a breed of dog found in danger of extinction.

HistoryPhysical characteristicsCharacter and skillsImagesVideos

The Portuguese Warren Hound (Warren Hound Portuguese, In English) It is considered one of the oldest dogs breeds, that has its origins in the Phoenicians, cultural matrix of which descend the Portuguese. It is a native breed of Portugal, with great skills for hunting, but also surveillance, It is commonly used on farms to alert of the presence of intruders.

The great family of the hound race, specialists in the topic raised it was in Portugal where most subjected to crossing and as a result, branched lineage. Within their ancestors argue that perhaps the closest the Ibizan Hound, and various types of dogs of traces of lived (They inhabit) throughout the Mediterranean area. Like all hound dogs, History shows that they are represented in Egyptian paintings of thousands of years ago.

According to the size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Large, Small and medium, being each variety, products of the different crossing, over time.

It is believed that the great variety has emerged the variety of Portuguese Podengo small and medium, the ancestor of the Grande variety is the Pharaoh Hound It stretched from North Africa to the Iberian Peninsula. Although other authors raise that it is possible that the hound descends from the small Iberian wolves. Still controversia…

While one theory States that the Portuguese Podengo medium emerges, different dog hound natives of North Africa, the most widely accepted theory is that this variety, directly descended from the Portuguese Podengo Grande.

The small Portuguese Hound, sometimes described as a Chihuahua heavier (There is no kinship between these two races), often collaborate in the tasks of hunting with their larger peers, This dog is put in the burrow of the rabbits and scare them so they come out and they are hunted by his fellow Pack.

In the North of Portugal it is today still used for hunting rabbits and small varmints. Hunting Pack or only. While the rest of the country you can see this dog, its popularity lies in the North of the same.

Physical characteristics

As specified above, According to the size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Large, Medium- and Small:

  • Portuguese Podengo Grande: It is a very rare variety and is in danger of extinction, especially the smooth variety. Often used in packs to hunt large prey such as deer or wild boar. It is the only Portuguese breed used for hunting wild boar. His cloak can be short and smooth (less common, at the brink of extinction) or rough and long.
  • Medium-Portuguese Podengo: It is the fastest of the three varieties, excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. You can hunt in Pack or solo. Like the great Portuguese Hound, their coats can be smooth or rough and short and long. This is the most common of the three varieties, and the greatest concentration of these dogs is located in the North of Portugal.
  • Poodle small Portuguese: Like his brother medium is an excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. Responsible for getting into the Burrows (Thanks to its size and agility) to scare the dam and its Pack mates give hunting. The small Portuguese Podengo coat is short and smooth, only.

The varieties in the fur are related to the inclement weather and adaptation to the same, the smooth variety is more common in the North of Portugal, characterized by being a wet area, This soft and smooth coat is necessary because it is dried more easily after wet.

The variety of hair bristles found in drier areas, where the layer of hair has the function of protecting the dog from the rays of the Sun and the cold climate in winter. Nature is sabia…

The hair short or long, thick medium and bright. In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black; unicolores with or without white spots or white spotting.

Their life expectancy is around the 12 or 14 years, and it is a race that is rarely seen outside Portugal.

In general, is a medium-sized dog, well proportioned, muscular with good bone structure. It has long, narrow head, with moderately wide skull and the pointed snout.

The ears, large and triangular, they are carried erect. It has eyes expressive and little bulging in orbits, color honey or brown, According to the color of the fur.

The pigmentation of eyelids is darker that the of the fur. The body is quite long, with ribs moderately arched.

The tail, is strong and pointed, long and medium length, It is held horizontal or slightly arched in activity.

Portuguese Warren Hound: Standard FCI

HEAD: Thin, in the form of a quadrangular pyramid trunk. Its base is wide and its quite pointed end. The upper longitudinal axes skull facial differ.


  • Skull: Chato. The profile is almost straight. The eyebrows are prominent. The frontal furrow is little pronounced. The handset inter space is horizontal and the back of the head is prominent.
  • Depression front naso (Stop): Little pronounced.


  • Nose: Thin. Se adelgaza y es truncada en forma oblicua; is prominent in its end. Its color is darker than the coat.
  • Nose cane: Rounded cross section; straight profile. It is shorter than the length of the skull and wider at the base than at its tip.
  • Lips: Are well applied to each other. They are fine, strong and well straight.
  • JAWS/teeth: Normal, scissor bite, with solid and white teeth. The two jaws are a regular opposition. Complete dentition in the large variety.
  • Cheeks: Thin or placed oblique views of front.
  • Eyes: They are expressive and little bulging in orbits. Its colour goes from the honey to Brown, According to the color of the fur. They are small and oblique. The pigmentation of eyelids is darker than the coat.
  • Ears: Insertion oblique and medium. Straight and high mobility are. They are vertical to the front when the dog is alert. They are sharp, and wide at the base. Triangular shape, thin; a height larger than the base and considerable.

NECK: Harmoniously joined with the head and trunk. It is straight, long, provided, strong and well muscled. It presents no Chin.


  • Top line: It is straight, level.
  • Cross: Only slightly visible in relation to the neck and back.
  • Back: Straight. It is long.
  • Pork loin: Straight. It is wide and muscled.
  • Rump: Medium length. It is wide and muscled; straight, or little drop.
  • Breast : Sill muscled and little outgoing. It is not very broad. Deep chest, medium-amplitude up to the level of the elbows. It is long, with the sternum inclined backwards and upwards. Ribs well arched and bent.
  • Belly and flanks: Thin; slightly agalgados.
  • Bottom line: It is slightly high.

TAIL: Natural. Set rather high. It is strong, thick and pointed; medium length. During rest falls between the buttocks, up to the height of the Hock and is slightly arched.
When the dog is moving rises horizontally, slightly arched, or folded vertically in the form of Scythe, Although never screwed.


PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Seen from the front and profile are appropriate limbs. They are muscular and thin.

  • Shoulder: Long, inclined, strong and muscular well, angle of scapula - humerus of about 100 °.
  • Elbows: Parallel to the main line of the body.
  • Forearm: Vertical; long and muscled.
  • Carpus: Delgado, is not prominent.
  • Metacarpus: Strong; short, little oblique.
  • Front feet: Rounded. Long toes, strong, together, and well arched. Fingernails are short and strong, preferably dark. The pads are durable and hard.

LATER MEMBERS: Seen from the back and side are well Plumb. They are muscular and thin.

  • Thigh: Long; medium-amplitude and well muscled.
  • Knee joint: angle femur - tibia approximately 135 °.
  • Leg: It is oblique, long, thin, strong and muscled.
  • Hock: Medium tall. It is thin and strong. The angle of the Hock is open approximately 135 °.
  • Metatarsus: It is strong, short, Spurs and oblique.
  • Rear feet: They are rounded, with long toes, strong, together, and well arched. Fingernails are short and strong, preferably dark. The pads are durable and hard.

MOVEMENT: Fast and agile. Lightweight trot.

SKIN: The mucous membranes are preferably black, or always darker than the coat. The skin is thin and stretched.


HAIR: Two varieties. The hair is short or long, medium-thick. The hair is smooth when it is short, or rough when long. Short hair is more abundant than the long hair.
In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). There is no presence of an internal layer of hairs.

COLOR: The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black); unicolores with or without white spots or white stained.
In the small hound the following colors are accepted but are not preferred: black, Brown with or without white markings, or white with spots of these colors.


Height to the cross:

  • Small: 20 – 30 cm..
  • Medium: 40 – 54 cm..
  • Large: 55 – 70 cm..


  • Small: 4 – 6 Kg.
  • Medium: 16 – 20 Kg.
  • Large: 20 – 30 Kg.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered as missing and the severity of this is considered in proportion to the degree of deviation from the standard and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Behavior: Signs of shyness.
  • Snout / Skull: Skull upper longitudinal axes parallel facial.
  • JAWS: Incorrect occlusion or improperly implanted teeth, bite clamp, incomplete dentition in the large variety.
  • Truffle: Partial absence of pigmentation.
  • Neck: Arched.
  • Body: Arched top line.
  • Rump: Too steep.
  • Spurs: Its existence is not appreciated.
  • Hair: Silky and / or Undercoat.


  • Snout / Skull: Upper longitudinal axes convergent facial skull.
  • Truffle: Total absence of pigmentation.
  • Ears: Rounded.
  • Belly: Very agalgado.
  • Tail: Threaded queue.


  • Behavior: Aggression or excessive shyness.
  • General appearance: Signs of crossing with a Greyhound (Spanish Hound) or a Perdiguero (Portuguese Braco).
  • JAWS: Inadequate opposition of the jaws.
  • Eyes: Eyes of different colour (heterochromia).
  • Ears: Bent or folded.
  • Color: Striped, black and tan, Tri-color or totally white.
  • Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.

NOTE: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRANSLATION: Rafael Santiago (Puerto Rico).
Technical review: Miguel Angel Martinez (Federation Cynologique Argentina).

Character and skills

The Portuguese Podengo, It is their three varieties has a cheerful character, intelligent and very sociable with other dogs. They are extremely affectionate with their owners, especially with the children.

They are very shy with strangers, always alert and constant surveillance of their territory, that makes them good guard dogs, Although, It lacks the aggressiveness which may show a watchdog or defence.


Unfortunately, the Portuguese Warren Hound is one of the dog breeds that are found today in danger of extinction, even in Portugal. It is not easy to see them out of Portugal.

Imágenes del Podenco English
  • Otros nombres: Podengo Português / Portuguese Warren Hound / Podengo Portugais / Portugiesischer Podenco / Podengo Portugalski.
  • Group 5 / section 7 -Primitive type of hunting.

Dogs breeds: Portuguese Warren Hound

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