Bolognese
Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed

Bichón Boloñés

Content

Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
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Toilet ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to dog literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Similar to the Bichon Frise, became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the 19th century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 a 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as race number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical Characteristics Bichon Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a companion dog and with a unique distinctive in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did you know??

You may have heard that dogs' non-shedding coats make them a breed “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But they still produce dandruff, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The unique distinctive coat (that is to say, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The length of time of the culture cycle and shedding varies with age and other factors.. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and love the company of people, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Although it may not seem like it, they have a very sharp ear., in general, they only bark when they hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichón Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, making it an ideal companion dog for the family, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 a 14 years.

Education

The education of Bolognese not particularly difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. However, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-cared socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.

Health

The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. However, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.

Grooming

Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. It also, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the womb, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

It also, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

It also, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two or three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy


FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
    2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
    3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
    4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (español).

Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Francia Belgica Spain FCI 215 . Bichons

The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.

Content

Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à  poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.

Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, habría sido introducida en las Islas Canarias por los comerciantes y marineros que recorrían los mares. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.

It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, la convirtió en un perro de compañía muy popular y solicitado por las damas y los señores de la Corte.

The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, que representa a una mujer con un magnífico Bichon frisé. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), también habría tenido varios Bichon Frise.

During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.

Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à  poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.

Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.

World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.

In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) reconoció oficialmente al Bichon à poil frisé, dándole orígenes belgas y franceses, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.

In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.

In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.

  • Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
  • Organization International Dogshow: Reconocido en el Grupo de Perros de Compañía en 1972.
  • American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
  • United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
  • The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).

Dichas asociaciones permiten tener referencias útiles para estimar la popularidad de la raza, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, caídas y con mucho pelo. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.

Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 a 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.

Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 a 26.5 cm and the females of 23 a 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise se sitúa entre 3 and 6 Kg.

Life expectancy

They tend to live in 12 a 15 years.

Character and skills

Happy, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise es un perro pequeño que expresa y comunica fácilmente su alegría de vivir. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, y su picardía hace su encanto. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.

So that, the Bichon Frise es un perro de compañía ideal para todos los grupos de edad, as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.

La vida en un apartamento le viene tan bien como vivir en una casa con jardín, siempre que su necesidad de ejercicio se satisfaga con al menos un paseo al día.

Well mannered, tolera la soledad con sabiduría y sin ladrar durante horas, aunque busca innegablemente la compañía.

Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.

Education

The Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.

Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, además de ser difícil de convivir para su dueño.

Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.

Health

The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, resistente al frío y al calor. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.

However, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).

Grooming

The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

However, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, hay que cepillarlo todos los días, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.

También es una buena idea bañar a su perro una vez al mes con un champú nutritivo para perros, followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.

To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, también es necesario limpiarle los ojos todos los días.

It also, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.

También debes tener especial cuidado con los oídos de tu perro y, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, ya que podría permitir que la humedad se instalara en ellos y causara infecciones de oído. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.

Last, it is advisable to take the Bichon à  poil frisé a la peluquería canina tres o cuatro veces al año para que le acorten sus largos mechones rizados.

Images “Bichon Frise”

Videos “Bichon Frise”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

FCIFCI - Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Bichon Frise (English).
    2. Bichon à poil frisé (French).
    3. Bichon Frisé, hannover’scher schweisshund (German).
    4. Bichon frisé (Portuguese).
    5. Bichon de pelo rizado, Bichón Tenerife (español).

Havanese
Cuba FCI 250 . Bichons

Thanks to its nature, the Havanese is used in therapy with animals

Bichón Habanero

Content

Characteristics "Havanese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Havanese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

Like all kind dogs Bichon, as the Coton de Tulear, the Bolognese or the Maltese, the Havanese tiene sus orígenes en el Mediterráneo occidental, on the Spanish and Italian coasts.

Existen varias teorías sobre su aparición. Según algunos historiadores, descends from Bichón de Tenerife, que fue traído a Cuba en el siglo XVIII, when several settlers began to settle on the island. Others believe that it is descended from Barbet and the Poodle French bred in France before being brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers, also during the 18th century. However, this hypothesis is much less plausible than the first.

In any case, as soon as you get to the island, their ancestors evolved to adapt to the climate, developing a lightweight, insulating coat to better tolerate heat. They also crossed paths with Blanquitos de la Habana, another Bichon-type dog that was already established on the island, but that has disappeared. Other crosses were probably made with Maltese, also imported by the settlers. The result was a more massive dog, rústico y robusto.

It also, Cuba was subject to trade restrictions imposed by Spain at that time, y permaneció aislada durante algún tiempo: esto facilitó el desarrollo de una raza específicamente local. During the 18th century, the breed was called Habanera, in reference to the city of Havana, capital of Cuba. They differed from other Bichon-type dogs by their fur, más suave y que podía ser de otros colores además del blanco, y por su morfología. In fact, I was both smaller and bigger than them.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Havanese se había convertido en una mascota muy popular entre las familias aristocráticas cubanas. European travelers also fell under its spell, and some took them to england, Spain and France, which is why they also became fashionable in Europe in the middle of the century. Writer Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) and queen victoria (1819 – 1901) fueron algunas de las celebridades que los poseyeron y que tenían especial predilección por esta raza.

After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the race had a bad time. In fact, su número disminuyó enormemente, to the point of being on the verge of extinction. However, algunos súbditos acompañaron a las personas que huían del caos y se exiliaron en el extranjero, especially in the state of Florida, in United States. Diplomatic tensions, sometimes very strong, no impidieron que los habaneros empezaran a ser conocidos en el país. In fact, the breed probably owes its salvation to the individuals brought to the United States, ya que los disturbios en su territorio nativo provocaron un drástico descenso de su número. In fact, aunque la raza siguió estando presente en Cuba durante este período, fueron principalmente los entusiastas estadounidenses quienes tomaron la antorcha de la cría en este momento de la historia.

Specialists emphasize in particular the importance of 11 specimens born on the island and who accompanied their masters to the United States: sirvieron de base para la selección realizada para constituir nuevas líneas. In fact, These 11 dogs were commissioned over the years 70 by the Goodales, a couple of American breeders. Enchanted by the intelligence of the race, su carácter afectuoso y su gran resistencia al clima cálido y húmedo de Florida, hicieron nacer cachorros de la decena de ejemplares que poseían y desarrollaron un programa de cría que resultó decisivo. In fact, es gracias a su trabajo que el habanero tuvo una nueva vida en Estados Unidos y que allí nacieron nuevas líneas, based on dogs born in Cuba. The first births took place in 1974, and in 1979 a breed club was created, the Havanese Club of America (HCA). Quickly, went from 9 to more than 400 Member, lo que demuestra lo rápido que este perro encontró un público.

The recognition of Havanese

Aunque este país desempeñó un papel decisivo en la supervivencia de la raza, the official recognition of Havanans in the United States came late. In effect, we had to wait until 1991 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) take the step. The other local reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), he did the same 5 years later, in 1996.

El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) followed him in 1999.

On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) distinguished himself by recognizing the Havanese in 1963. This contributed to its spread in Europe., where the breed did not really enjoy the same popularity as in the second half of the 19th century.

In the United Kingdom, was recognized by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club in 1993.

More broadly, the Havanese is now recognized by all major international and national institutions in the world.

The situation of Havanese in Cuba

In Cuba, la huida de un gran número de aristócratas (los mismos que constituían la principal población de propietarios de este perro) hacia Estados Unidos y otros lugares podría haber hecho temer una desaparición de la raza en el país.

However, this was avoided, since not all the owners of habaneros left, y algunas crías siguieron existiendo. Even in 1991 the Cuban Club of the Havanese (CCBH) with the aim of promoting the breed, protect it and promote its development. It also, of course, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC).

Today, the Havanese It is considered the national breed of Cuba – es la única originaria de este país). Obviously, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC). Los entusiastas esperan ahora que la reanudación de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y la isla permita el intercambio de perros para ampliar el acervo genético de las líneas de sangre cubanas y estadounidenses.

Did you know??

The Habanero It is the national dog of Cuba. Descend from the already gone Blanquito de la Habana; the Blanquito descends from Bichón Tenerife, too late.

Popularity

In the news, the Havanese is known and distributed all over the world, y tiene un éxito creciente en muchos países.

This is the case, in particular, from France, where each year some 800 perros en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF). The breed experienced an especially pronounced boom among 2009 and 2014, going from about 250 births per year to more than 700. Prior to that, el número ya se había duplicado en la primera década del siglo XXI, starting from a hundred, stable or even slightly inferior to the years 90.

In Switzerland, las estadísticas de la base de datos Amicus muestran que es la vigésima raza más común en el país, With almost 5.000 registered copies.

The success of Havanese es aún más pronunciado en Canadá, where it is solidly anchored at the Top 10 de las razas más populares del país a la vista del número de registros en el CKC, situándose entre la 5ª y 7ª posición según el año. The breed is also on the rise, since at the end of the decade of 2000 ocupaba el 15º lugar.

Its popularity is not denied in the United States either., where the stall is around 25 (about 200) en el ranking de razas establecido por el AKC en función del número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, rather occupied the position 40, and around the 30 early in the decade 2010.

The Havanese is also increasingly popular in the UK, for example. In fact, at around 500 specimens registered annually with the KC at the end of 2010, more than double the score at the beginning of the decade, when some 200 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The Havanese is a small vigorous dog low on short legs, longhair, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.

Its height to the cross is of 21 a 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, lo que debería dar el aspecto de ser ligeramente más largo que alto. Un aspecto único es la línea de su lomo, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.

The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) or, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.

With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.

There are two varieties of color:

  • Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
  • White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.

Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider Havanese Bichon a hypoallergenic dog.

Grooming “Havanese”

Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; así como eliminar el exceso de pelo que crece en el orificio auditivo. Limpiezas de oído más profundas solo las podrá hacer el médico veterinario.

Es importante que usted como propietario revise las orejas y oídos de su perro por lo menos una vez a la semana para evitar problemas más serios. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Los estilistas profesionales deberán informar a los propietarios de las mascotas que atienden sobre los posibles problemas de los oídos para que estos sean atendidos adecuadamente.

The nails should be cut each 3 a 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., contando la raíz (que debe medir hasta medio centímetro). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. Los propietarios si no tienen la adecuada experiencia deben pedir asesoría para aprender a cortarlas; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.

The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 or 3 días para evitar que se formen nudos o pelusas. It also, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, pero ningún corte más para participar en concursos caninos.

The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.

Character and skills

They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. Les encanta subirse a los muebles y son de las razas de compañía más pequeñas que existen.

The Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, es amigable y raramente es tímido o nervioso con la gente, pero aún así es desconfiado con los extraños.

Ready and active, the Havanese has a light and elastic walk (dado físicamente por su cuerpo), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. Tiene movimientos libres de los miembros delanteros los cuales se mueven rectos adelante y los traseros dando el empuje en línea recta. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.

The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.

Thanks to its nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.

Price

The price of a puppy Havanese round the 1200 euros on average. However, this amount hides great disparities, since the price range goes from 700 a 2500 EUR.

whatever the country, the amount required depends on several criteria, as the quality of the lineage from which the animal comes, the prestige of the kennel, as well as, and above all, las características intrínsecas del cachorro, en particular en el plano físico, that is to say, its greater or lesser approximation to the breed standard.

Images “Havanese”

Videos “Havanese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Havanese"

FCIFCI - Havanese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Havanese dog, Havanese Cuban Bichon (English).
    2. Bichon havanais (French).
    3. Havaneser (German).
    4. Bichon havanês, Havanese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón Habanero, Habanés (español).

Maltese
Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

Bichón Maltés

Content

Characteristics "Maltese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Maltese es una raza canina que existe desde la antigüedad y que ya estaba muy extendida en las culturas mediterráneas. However, al contrario de lo que podría sugerir su nombre, its exact origin remains uncertain, pero parece proceder de uno de los países de la cuenca mediterránea. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, hoy en día se le conoce principalmente como Maltese or Maltese dog.

Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese incluso existía en el antiguo Egipto. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 a.C. a 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. So, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

No fueron los únicos que lo honraron, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 a.C. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. Mencionó una raza de perro pequeño que denominó en latín canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Muchas mujeres de la nobleza poseían una y nunca salían sin ella. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 a.C. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), gobernador romano de Malta que poseía un maltés llamado Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), y allí también se hizo muy popular entre las clases altas, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, mientras que su pequeño tamaño les permitía llevarlo fácilmente en sus blusas. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

A pesar de su éxito y presencia en muchos países, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. Allí se mostraba con el nombre de Perro León Maltés.

The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, cuando la otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

Physical characteristics

They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 a 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, por lo que los criadores se concentraron únicamente en los individuos de pelaje blanco.

As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. So, you better stay away from them.

In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

Popularity

Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 había unas 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

The situation is different in France, ya que el número de inscripciones anuales en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

In Switzerland, es la 13ª raza más popular del país. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

Did you know??

The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. ¿Podría ser porque son tan adorables en las fotografías? Creemos que sí.

Character and skills

"Maltese"

Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, y es capaz de reconfortarlos en los momentos difíciles. Es muy activo y mantiene un espíritu joven toda su vida.

Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. So, no es adecuado para un maestro que suele pasar la mayor parte de sus días fuera de casa.

Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, en el caso de que otro animal venga a parar un día a su familia, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, ya que éste podría hacerle daño involuntariamente, for example just playing with him.

Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, estos últimos se apresuran a tener gestos demasiado bruscos hacia él, especially during playtime, y podrían herirle involuntariamente. It also, aunque no sea así, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, lo que podría provocar reacciones inadecuadas por su parte. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Media hora de actividad al día es más que suficiente, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, en una casa grande con jardín. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, ya que su falta de subpelo le hace sensible al frío. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

Observations

Unlike other dogs the Maltese necesita poca actividad física, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

Llevarlos a caminar serviría también para hacerlos sociables ya que no requieren mucho ejercicio, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

Education

Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, así como exponerle a todo tipo de situaciones y entornos. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

At the same time, dado el fortísimo nivel de apego a sus humanos que caracteriza a esta raza, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, ya que no son receptivos a las reprimendas y responden mucho mejor a los estímulos y las golosinas. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. Esta sería la mejor manera de hacer que desarrolle el “small dog syndrome”, that is to say, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, agresivo y difícil de convivir. So, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

Health

The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, es particularmente sensible al frío y la humedad.Cuando las temperaturas son frías, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, no está destinado a vivir en una zona donde el clima es frío durante gran parte del año.

It also, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
  • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en los perros.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor o cojera de diversos grados de severidad.En los casos más graves, an operation is necessary;
  • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsy corresponde a una reducción del diámetro de la tráquea.El signo más común es una tos seca y crónica, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
  • The cryptorchidism, a menudo un defecto hereditario que hace que los testículos del animal no desciendan al escroto.La única solución entonces es extirparlos quirúrgicamente para evitar complicaciones posteriores, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
  • Congenital portosystemic derivation, una anomalía vascular que puede provocar retraso del crecimiento, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, los síntomas son sutiles, lo que hace que el diagnóstico de la enfermedad sea posterior.Esta patología, whose cause may be hereditary, puede curarse mediante intervención quirúrgica;
  • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Los síntomas varían de un individuo a otro (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
  • Síndrome del perro tembloroso, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. Consiste en la inflamación del cerebelo y provoca ataques de temblores involuntarios en todo el cuerpo y falta de coordinación.Los síntomas suelen empezar a aparecer entre los 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
  • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Los síntomas del problema son pérdida de apetito, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, si no se le administra azúcar de una forma u otra;
  • The Cushing's disease, una enfermedad hormonal cuyos signos clínicos más comunes incluyen aumento del apetito, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
  • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, de noche y luego de día;
  • The glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar y causa la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina debido a una presión anormalmente alta en el ojo.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal evoluciona rápidamente hacia una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is attended urgently;
  • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
  • The otitis, frequent inflammation inperros con orejas caídas.

It also, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, que puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías ya existentes, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que constituye un círculo vicioso, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

Finally, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, hay que tener en cuenta que su prevalencia es baja y que la mayoría de las personas llevan una vida perfectamente sana.Esto también lo confirma un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, a la par del cáncer.Las causas cardíacas ocupan el tercer lugar y juntas representan más de la mitad de las muertes observadas.

El número de enfermedades a las que está predispuesta la raza siendo o pueden ser hereditarias, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., también deberá aportar un certificado de buen estado de salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas recibidas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

Later, se recomienda encarecidamente no hacerle realizar esfuerzos físicos prolongados o demasiado intensos durante su crecimiento, período en el que sus huesos y articulaciones aún son muy frágiles.Se arriesgaría a lesionarse o desarrollar malformaciones, potencialmente con consecuencias de por vida.Esto es aún más importante porque está predispuesto a varios problemas articulares:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

Finally, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, que en ocasiones puede detectar un problema que aún es embrionario y tratarlo lo mejor posible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, para prevenir el riesgo de parásitos y las múltiples enfermedades que los acompañan, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

15 years

Grooming

The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, es aconsejable cepillarlo todos los días con un cepillo o guante especial y utilizar un spray desenredante y revitalizante. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: una frecuencia excesiva podría perjudicar el equilibrio de tu piel, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. It also, hay que utilizar sistemáticamente un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, also with the risk of damaging your skin, y evitar mojar el interior de sus oídos, ya que son especialmente propensos a las infecciones de oído y otras infecciones.

It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

It also, para evitar que se avergüence de la longitud de su pelo a la altura de los ojos, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

It also, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

También hay que prestar especial atención a sus orejas caídas, ya que esta característica morfológica aumenta el riesgo de infecciones a este nivel (otitis, etc.). So, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, o incluso todos los días.

Utility

The Maltese es una de las razas de perro de compañía más antiguas del mundo, cumpliendo esta función desde la antigüedad. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, así como para muchos personajes históricos, tanto en la antigüedad como en la Europa del Renacimiento y los siglos posteriores. Incluso tenía fama de curar a los enfermos, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

In fact, las cosas no han cambiado mucho hoy en día, ya que se utilizan principalmente como perros de compañía. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. So, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

It also, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

Last, your kindness and kindness, así como su carácter alegre y atento, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

Price

The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, no es muy difícil encontrar un criador de malteses, because they are numerous.

In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, así como el linaje del que descienden.

Images “Maltese”

Videos “Maltese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Maltese"

FCIFCI - Maltese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
    2. Bichon maltais (French).
    3. Malteser (German).
    4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (español).