Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed
Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.
According to the canine literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence is around century XI or XII. Similar to the Bichon Frise, It became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the century 16 until the early nineteenth century.
The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 - 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.
White small dog, compact, classified as a company and dog with a distinctive unique in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.
Did You Know?
You may have heard that coats that do not flow dogs turn them into a race “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But still produce dander, and can cause an allergic reaction.
The only distinctive coat (namely, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.
Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then they die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The duration of the crop cycle and the excretion time varies depending on the age and other factors. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.
Character and skills Bolognese
These dogs are very smart and they worship the people company, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Believe it or not have a very keen ear, in general, they just paper tigers, entirely to hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichon Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.
Develops a close bond with its owner.
To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, It is an ideal company for the family dog, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 - 14 years.
The education of Bolognese it's not especially difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. However, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.
Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-managed socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.
The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. However, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.
Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. In addition, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.
The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the belly, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.
In addition, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.
In addition, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.
Last but not least, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two to three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.
It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.
Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, it would have been introduced to the Canary Islands by merchants and sailors who roamed the seas. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.
It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, made her a very popular companion dog and sought after by the ladies and gentlemen of the Court.
The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, depicting a woman with a magnificent Bichon frize. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), I would also have had several Bichon Frise.
During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.
Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.
Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.
World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.
In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) reconoció oficialmente al Bichon au poil frisé, giving it Belgian and French origins, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.
In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.
In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.
Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
Organization International Dogshow: Recognized in the company group's dogs in 1972.
American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).
These associations can have useful references to estimate the popularity of the breed, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.
The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, falls and with a lot of hair. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.
Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 - 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.
Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 - 26.5 cm and the females of 23 - 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise It is between 3 and 6 Kg.
They tend to live in 12 - 15 years.
Character and skills
Cheerful, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise is a small dog that easily expresses and communicates his joy of living. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, and her mischief makes her charm. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.
Thus, the Bichon Frise it is an ideal companion dog for all age groups, as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.
Living in an apartment is just as good as living in a house with a garden, provided your need for exercise is met with at least one walk a day.
Well mannered, tolerates loneliness wisely and without barking for hours, although it undeniably seeks the company.
Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.
The Bichon Frise (Bichon à poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.
Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, besides being difficult for its owner to live with.
Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.
The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, cold and heat resistant. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.
However, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).
The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.
However, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, you have to brush it every day, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.
It is also a good idea to bathe your dog once a month with a nourishing dog shampoo., followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.
To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, you also need to clean your eyes every day.
In addition, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.
You should also take special care of your dog's ears and, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, as it could allow moisture to settle into them and cause ear infections. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.
Last but not least, it is advisable to take the Bichon à poil frisé to the dog groomer three or four times a year to have her long curly locks shortened.
Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à poil frisé)"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
Due to their nature, the Havanese is used in therapy with animals
Like all kind dogs Bichon, as the Coton de Tulear, the Bolognese or the Maltese, the Havanese has its origins in the western Mediterranean, on the Spanish and Italian coasts.
There are several theories about its appearance. According to some historians, descends from Bichón de Tenerife, that was brought to Cuba in the 18th century, when several settlers began to settle on the island. Others believe that it is descended from Barbet and the Poodle French bred in France before being brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers, also during the 18th century. However, this hypothesis is much less plausible than the first.
In any case, as soon as you get to the island, their ancestors evolved to adapt to the climate, developing a lightweight, insulating coat to better tolerate heat. They also crossed paths with Blanquitos de la Habana, another Bichon-type dog that was already established on the island, but that has disappeared. Other crosses were probably made with Maltese, also imported by the settlers. The result was a more massive dog, rustic and robust.
In addition, Cuba was subject to trade restrictions imposed by Spain at that time, and remained isolated for some time: this facilitated the development of a specifically local breed. During the 18th century, the breed was called Habanera, in reference to the city of Havana, capital of Cuba. They differed from other Bichon-type dogs by their fur, softer and could be other colors in addition to white, and by its morphology. In fact, I was both smaller and bigger than them.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Havanese it had become a very popular pet among Cuban aristocratic families. European travelers also fell under its spell, and some took them to england, Spain and France, which is why they also became fashionable in Europe in the middle of the century. Writer Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) and queen victoria (1819 – 1901) were some of the celebrities who owned them and who had a special predilection for this breed.
After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the race had a bad time. In fact, their number greatly decreased, to the point of being on the verge of extinction. However, some subjects accompanied people fleeing the chaos and went into exile abroad, especially in the state of Florida, in United States. Diplomatic tensions, sometimes very strong, did not prevent Havanans from becoming known in the country. In fact, the breed probably owes its salvation to the individuals brought to the United States, since the disturbances in their native territory caused a drastic decrease in their numbers. In fact, although the breed continued to be present in Cuba during this period, it was primarily American enthusiasts who took up the breeding torch at this point in history.
Specialists emphasize in particular the importance of 11 specimens born on the island and who accompanied their masters to the United States: served as the basis for the selection made to constitute new lines. In fact, These 11 dogs were commissioned over the years 70 by the Goodales, a couple of American breeders. Enchanted by the intelligence of the race, its affectionate character and its great resistance to the hot and humid climate of Florida, they gave birth to puppies from the ten specimens they owned and developed a breeding program that was decisive. In fact, it is thanks to his work that the habanero had a new life in the United States and that new lines were born there, based on dogs born in Cuba. The first births took place in 1974, and in 1979 a breed club was created, the Havanese Club of America (HCA). Quickly, went from 9 to more than 400 Member, which shows how quickly this dog found an audience.
The recognition of Havanese
Although this country played a decisive role in the survival of the breed, the official recognition of Havanans in the United States came late. In effect, we had to wait until 1991 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) take the step. The other local reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), he did the same 5 years later, in 1996.
El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) followed him in 1999.
On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) distinguished himself by recognizing the Havanese in 1963. This contributed to its spread in Europe., where the breed did not really enjoy the same popularity as in the second half of the 19th century.
In the United Kingdom, was recognized by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club in 1993.
More broadly, the Havanese is now recognized by all major international and national institutions in the world.
The situation of Havanese in Cuba
In Cuba, the flight of a large number of aristocrats (the same ones that constituted the main population of owners of this dog) towards the United States and other places could have raised fear of a disappearance of the breed in the country.
However, this was avoided, since not all the owners of habaneros left, and some hatchlings continued to exist. Even in 1991 the Cuban Club of the Havanese (CCBH) with the aim of promoting the breed, protect it and promote its development. In addition, of course, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC).
Today, the Havanese It is considered the national breed of Cuba – she is the only one from this country). Obviously, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC). Enthusiasts now hope that the resumption of relations between the United States and the island will allow the exchange of dogs to expand the gene pool of Cuban and American bloodlines..
Did You Know?
The Habanero It is the national dog of Cuba. Descend from the already gone Blanquito de la Habana; the Blanquito descends from Bichón Tenerife, too late.
In the news, the Havanese is known and distributed all over the world, and is increasingly successful in many countries.
This is the case, in particular, from France, where each year some 800 dogs in the French Book of Origins (LOF). The breed experienced an especially pronounced boom among 2009 and 2014, going from about 250 births per year to more than 700. Prior to that, the number had already doubled in the first decade of the 21st century, starting from a hundred, stable or even slightly inferior to the years 90.
In Switzerland, statistics from the Amicus database show it to be the 20th most common breed in the country, With almost 5.000 registered copies.
The success of Havanese is even more pronounced in Canada, where it is solidly anchored at the Top 10 of the most popular breeds in the country in view of the number of registrations in the CKC, ranking between 5th and 7th position depending on the year. The breed is also on the rise, since at the end of the decade of 2000 ranked 15th.
Its popularity is not denied in the United States either., where the stall is around 25 (about 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of births registered each year in the organization. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, rather occupied the position 40, and around the 30 early in the decade 2010.
The Havanese is also increasingly popular in the UK, for example. In fact, at around 500 specimens registered annually with the KC at the end of 2010, more than double the score at the beginning of the decade, when some 200 births per year.
The Havanese is a small vigorous dog low on short legs, longhair, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.
Its height to the cross is of 21 - 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, that should give the appearance of being slightly longer than high. A unique aspect is its back line, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.
The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) or, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.
With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.
There are two varieties of color:
Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.
Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider Havanese Bichon a hypoallergenic dog.
Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; as well as remove excess hair that grows in the ear hole. More deep ear cleaning them can do only the veterinary doctor.
It is important that you as owner review ears and ears of your dog at least once a week to avoid more serious problems. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Professional stylists must inform the owners of pets who care about the possible problems of the ears so that they are cared for properly.
The nails should be cut each 3 - 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., counting the root (You must measure up to half a centimeter). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. The owners if they don't have the proper experience should ask advice to learn how to cut them; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.
The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 or 3 days to avoid forming knots or lint. In addition, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, but no more court to participate in canine competitions.
The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.
Character and skills
They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. They love to jump on the furniture and are of the smaller breeds of company that exist.
The Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, It is user-friendly and is rarely shy or nervous with people, but it's still distrustful with strangers.
Ready and active, the Havanese has a light and elastic walk (physically given by your body), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. It has movement free the forelimbs which move straight forward and the rear giving thrust in a straight line. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.
The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.
Due to their nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.
The price of a puppy Havanese round the 1200 euros on average. However, this amount hides great disparities, since the price range goes from 700 - 2500 EUR.
Whatever the country, the amount required depends on several criteria, as the quality of the lineage from which the animal comes, the prestige of the kennel, as well as, and above all, the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy, particularly on the physical plane, namely, its greater or lesser approximation to the breed standard.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Havanese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.
The Maltese It is a canine breed that has existed since ancient times and was already widespread in Mediterranean cultures. However, contrary to what its name might suggest, its exact origin remains uncertain, but it seems to come from one of the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, today it is known mainly as Maltese or Maltese dog.
Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese even existed in ancient Egypt. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 BC. - 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. Therefore, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.
Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.
They weren't the only ones who honored him, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 BC. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. He mentioned a breed of small dog that he called in Latin canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.
Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Many noblewomen owned one and never went out without it. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.
In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 BC. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), Roman governor of Malta who owned a Maltese named Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.
The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), and there it also became very popular among the upper classes, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, while its small size allowed them to easily wear it on their blouses. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).
Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.
Despite its success and presence in many countries, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. There it was shown with the name of Maltese Lion Dog.
The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, when the other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.
They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 - 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.
The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.
Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.
Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.
The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.
The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.
The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, so breeders focused only on white-furred individuals.
As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..
Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.
Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. Therefore, you better stay away from them.
In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.
Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.
In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.
At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 there were some 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.
The situation is different in France, since the number of annual inscriptions in the French Book of Origins (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.
In Switzerland, It is the 13th most popular breed in the country. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.
Did You Know?
The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. Could it be because they are so adorable in photos? We think so.
Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, and is able to comfort them in difficult moments. He is very active and maintains a young spirit all his life.
Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. Therefore, not suitable for a teacher who usually spends most of his days away from home.
Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (CAT, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, in the event that another animal comes to your family one day, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, as it could harm you unintentionally, for example just playing with him.
Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, the latter are quick to make gestures too abrupt towards him, especially during playtime, and they could hurt you unintentionally. In addition, even if it is not like that, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, which could lead to inappropriate reactions on your part. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.
Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.
The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Half an hour of activity a day is more than enough, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.
As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, in a big house with a garden. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, since its lack of undercoat makes it sensitive to cold. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.
Unlike other dogs the Maltese needs little physical activity, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.
Take them to walk would also make them sociable that don't require much exercise, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.
They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.
Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, as well as exposing him to all kinds of situations and environments. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..
At the same time, given the very strong level of attachment to their humans that characterizes this race, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.
The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, since they are not receptive to reprimands and respond much better to stimuli and treats. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.
In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. This would be the best way to get him to develop the “the small dog syndrome”, namely, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, aggressive and difficult to live with. Therefore, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.
The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.
However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, it is particularly sensitive to cold and humidity.When temperatures are cold, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, you are not meant to live in an area where the climate is cold for much of the year.
In addition, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:
The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), Common in dogs, it occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain or lameness of varying degrees of severity., an operation is necessary;
The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsand corresponds to a reduction in the diameter of the trachea The most common sign is a dry and chronic cough, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
The cryptorchidism, often a hereditary defect that causes the animal's testicles not to descend into the scrotum, the only solution then is to remove them surgically to avoid further complications, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
Congenital portosystemic derivation, a vascular abnormality that can lead to growth retardation, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, symptoms are subtle, which makes the diagnosis of the disease later., whose cause may be hereditary, can be cured by surgical intervention;
Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Symptoms vary from one individual to another (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
Shaky dog syndrome, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. It consists of inflammation of the cerebellum and causes attacks of involuntary tremors throughout the body and lack of coordination.Symptoms usually begin to appear between the 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Symptoms of the problem are loss of appetite, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, if sugar is not given one way or another;
The Cushing's disease, a hormonal disease whose most common clinical signs include increased appetite, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, at night and then during the day;
The Glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited and causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina due to abnormally high pressure in the eye.This painful pathology for the animal rapidly evolves towards a total or partial loss of sight, unless it is attended urgently;
The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
The otitis, frequent inflammation indogs with lop ears.
In addition, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, that can cause or aggravate many existing pathologies, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. This is all the more true since it constitutes a vicious circle, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.
At last, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.
Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, It must be taken into account that its prevalence is low and that most people lead a perfectly healthy life, this is also confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, Along with cancer, cardiac causes rank third and together account for more than half of all deaths.
The number of diseases to which the breed is predisposed being or may be hereditary, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., You must also provide a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the details of the vaccines received, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.
Later, it is strongly recommended not to make him perform prolonged or too intense physical efforts during his growth, period in which your bones and joints are still very fragile, you would risk injuring yourself or developing malformations, potentially with life-long consequences.This is even more important because you are predisposed to various joint problems:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.
At last, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, that can sometimes detect a problem that is still embryonic and treat it as well as possible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, to prevent the risk of parasites and the many diseases that accompany them, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.
The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, it is advisable to brush it every day with a special brush or glove and use a detangling and revitalizing spray. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.
The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: an excessive frequency could damage the balance of your skin, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. In addition, a shampoo specially designed for dogs must be used systematically, also with the risk of damaging your skin, and avoid wetting the inside of your ears, as they are especially prone to ear infections and other infections.
It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.
In addition, to keep you from being embarrassed about the length of your hair at eye level, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.
So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.
In addition, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.
You also have to pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological characteristic increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.
The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.
Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, or even every day.
The Maltese It is one of the oldest companion dog breeds in the world, fulfilling this function since ancient times. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, as well as for many historical figures, both in antiquity and in Renaissance Europe and later centuries. He even had a reputation for curing the sick, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.
In fact, things haven't changed much nowadays, as they are mainly used as companion dogs. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.
They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. Therefore, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.
In addition, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.
Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.
Last but not least, your kindness and kindness, as well as his cheerful and attentive character, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.
The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, it is not very difficult to find a Maltese breeder, because they are numerous.
In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.
Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, as well as the lineage from which they descend.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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