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- Francia FCI 172


The Poodle is a CF dog, Alegre, Nice, curious and intelligent.
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The Poodle or Poodle is a breed of dog, Since the 15th century to the present day, It is considered to be of exclusive use for the luxury of the aristocrats and nobles. Known for its woolly and curly coat, There are four varieties: Large, Medium-, Dwarf and Toy (miniature).

Until the Renaissance, This was a collector of water dog, they did recover already hunted prey that had fallen into the water, such as ducks and swans.

In each language, the poodle Gets a different name:

  • English: Poodle, French Poodle
  • French: Caniche, Chien Canard
  • German: Pudel
  • Italian: Barbone Nano, Barboncino
  • Spanish: Caniche

From France, the Poodles are descendants of the Barbet, original German swamp; and in the middle ages, He was assigned to tumble as duck or goose birds hunting, so that was selected by features such as its adaptability to the muddy terrain and its resistance to water, What makes this breed, along with others are called water dogs.

From the 16th century, the poodles began to be famous for her beauty and intelligence, especially in various circus performances and works of art by various authors as Albrecht Dürer and Francisco de Goya. At the time of Louis XVI of France its presence at the French Court was already very common.

By changes in taste in its appearance, during the 19th century the protection of the fur that was scorned, until then, He had the role of safeguarding of hypothermia, What stylists began to create various courts such as the British Montano and the Continental. For the poodle newborns, began the custom of amputate the tail.

The Franco-Prussian War began the dissemination of the race as such, intended for millionaires and aristocrats. In the 20th century, only dominated the giant variety, so later emerged with approval of the canine associations - such as Kennel Club - Standard varieties (low diffusion from 1792), Miniature (1911) and Toy (1957). In the final years of the 20th century came the hybrid breed “Labrapoodles” (Caniche combination with Labrador).

Physical characteristics

The four varieties of Caniche are as follows…

Poodle large:

Is believed to be the original variety of which emerged the other varieties, through crossings to reduce the size. The height to cross varies from 45 to 60 cm., is supported 2 cm over, provided that the copy keep proportions. Y, they weigh around 30 kg.


Poodle medium (or standard):

This type of poodle is perhaps, the less well known, and at the same time the more quiet. Measures of 36 to 44 Cross cm, and as in all sizes, just accept the plain colors in fur. The weight is commensurate with its size.



Poodle dwarf:

This variety has a height to the cross 28 to 35 cm.. You have to look like a medium-sized Caniche, but smaller and not present any sign of dwarfism. As in the larger varieties, they are judged grouped by colors.



Poodle Toy:

The variety has a height of between 24 and 28 centimeters to the cross or lump, always keep the proportions and not submit any symptoms of dwarfism. Are judged all together colors.

Depending on your health, a dwarf Caniche live media 14,8 years; one Toy 14,4 years; a medium Caniche also 14,4 years, and a Grande Caniche live media 13,5 years. Although these data are quite accurate, It is not uncommon to see poodle small, of more than 18 years, or even of 20.

In the exhibitions held under the rules of the CRF, copies of black, White and Brown are judged in the same group to obtain the CACIB. The same applies to copies of grey, Apricot and Red; the best of each of these groups becomes a final judgment to determine the best copy of the variety.

For your care, Peel according to your style, requiring a dog hairdresser. Accepted the hair in the form of long-haired head, ears and neck, including legs. They do not loose too much hair and health must clean the eyes and ears. They should be washed with some frequency. The care of the fur is unconditional in this breed, so it is necessary to wash with exclusive dog shampoo and in no case with shampoo for humans, that damages the skin of the Caniche because it causes you to lose the natural oil that has in its hair and, in the long run, brings complications.

Their care has to be very guarded, because due to his long-haired Kale, thick and woolly, of a single type of hair, It can tangle with ease. They require cepillados every week (without going).

The baths should be monthly (It is not advisable or necessary to abuse these) with hydrating shampoos and masks. It has to be dried with a dryer and never air. They are dogs that after the silent main hair puppy to adult not move almost hair and are nearly hypoallergenic.

There are many types of court, but students admitted for exhibition: Continental, Continental American, Scandinavian and Puppy Clip. The Court will be based on the structure of the dog and the taste of exhibitor or owner, the most widely used is the American Continental.
Apart from the common Caniche, There is also the variety Cordelé, taking this more curly hair and being able to display in the form of strings as the Puli.

Standard FCI poodle

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium proportions dog, characteristically curly hair, Kinky or in the form of locks. It has the appearance of an intelligent animal, constantly alert, Active, harmoniously constituted, and that reflects elegance and nobility.


  • The length of the muzzle is approximately 9/10 the length of the skull.
  • Length (scapular-ischial) the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.
  • The height of the cross to the ground is visibly equal to the height of the crest of the rump to the ground.
  • The elbow to the ground is equivalent to 5/9 the height at the withers.

TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR: This animal is distinguished by his loyalty and his aptitude to learn and to be trained, What makes it a particularly pleasant companion dog.

HEAD: Distinguished consignment note, straight, in proportion with the body. It must be well molded, without presenting a solid appearance, but at the same time without excessive delicacy.


Skull: Its amplitude is less than half the length of the head. All of the skull, seen from above, oval shaped, and profile, is slightly convex. The axes of the skull and nasal channel are slightly divergent.

The superciliary arches are moderately prominent and are covered with long hairs.

Front Groove: Width between the eyes and decrease in the direction of the occiput, It is well marked (in the dwarf poodles may be less marked).

Depression links: It is little marked.



Truffle : Marked and developed, vertical profile; the Windows are wide open. The truffle is black in black dogs, White and gray, and Brown in brown dogs. In tawny Orange dogs (Apricot) or Griffon Red truffle is black or brown.

Snout: The upper profile is well straight, its length corresponds to 9/10 the length of the skull. The ramifications of the lower jaw are nearly parallel. The snout is solid. The lower profile is marked by the jaw and not by the edge of the upper lip.

Lips: Slightly developed, rather thin, medium-thick; the upper lip rests on the lower, Although it is not hanging. They are black in black dogs, White and gray, and Brown in brown dogs. In tawny Orange dogs (Apricot) or red Fawn, they are brown more or less dark or black. The corner should not be marked.

JAWS / teeth: The joint is in the form of scissors. The teeth are solid.

Cheeks: They are little projections and are molded on the bones. Sub-orbitales arches are carved and little bulky. The zygomatic arches are some prominent.

Eyes: Are ardent expression. They are situated at the height of the depression sloping and slightly oblique. Almond shaped. Its color is dark brown or black. In the brown-colored dogs can be dark amber.

Eyelids: The edge is black in black dogs, white or gray; Brown in brown dogs. In tawny Orange dogs (Apricot) or red Fawn, are brown or black.

Ears: They are quite long and falling along the cheeks. They are planted in the prolongation of a line that emerges from the top of the truffle and passes under the outer corner of the eye. They are flat, They enlarge behind implantation and are rounded at the tip.

They are covered with very long wavy hair. The skin of the ear should reach the corner of the lips.


NECK: It is strong and slightly arched behind the neck. Medium length, well proportioned. The dog is wearing highly raised head and nobility. The neck does not have double chin. Is oval cut; its length is slightly lower than the head.


BODY: Well proportioned. Its length is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Cross: Moderately developed.

Back: Short. The top margin is harmonious and secure. The height from the floor to the cross must be clearly the same as the crest of the rump to the ground.

Pork loin: Strong and muscular.

Rump: Rounded, but do not fall.

Sill: The tip of the sternum must be slightly prominent and is quite high.

Breast : Inclined to the elbow. Its width is equal to the 2/3 your height. In large poodles, the thoracic perimeter, measured behind the shoulders should be at least 10 cm greater than the height at the withers.

The chest is oval and wide back.

Belly and flanks: Raised, but not agalgados.


TAIL: Set quite high, at the height of the margin of the spine.


You can retain its natural length or be cut by a third, as close as possible to the body, or half its natural length. When the dog is at rest the tail is fall. When is the dog in action, rises at an angle.



PREVIOUS MEMBERS: They are perfectly straight and parallel, well muscled and strong bones. The height of the elbow to the ground is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Shoulder: They are oblique and muscular. The scapula and the humerus forming an angle of about 110 °.

Arm: The length of the humerus corresponds to the scapula.

Carpi : Continue the previous line of the forearm.

Metacarpus : Solid, and almost straight, viewed profile.

Feet: They are rather small, firm, short oval shaped. Fingers are arched and well together. The pads are tough and thick. The nails are black in black and grey dogs; black or brown in brown dogs. In white dogs, the nails may present the range of colors of Horn, as much as the black. In tawny Orange dogs (Apricot) tawny red and, they are brown or black.


LATER MEMBERS: Seen from the back, the hind limbs are parallel; the muscles are well developed and well apparent. The Hock is well bent. Coxal-femoral angle, tibio-femoral and warm-tarsal should be marked.

Thighs: They are well muscled and robust.

Metatarsals: Fairly short and vertical. The poodle must be born without spurs on the hind limbs.

Feet: See previous tips.


MOVEMENT: The poodle moves with small jumps fast and light.


SKIN: It is flexible, without laxity, Pigmented. Black poodles, brown, Gray and tawny orange or reddish Fawn, They must have a pigmentation according to the color of the fur. In white, the silver skin is valued.




  • Poodle Kinky hair: abundant hair, texture fine, woolly, well curly; It is elastic and resistant to the pressure of the hand. You must be a dense, well plenty, of uniform length, forming regular loops.
  • Poodle hair in the form of locks: Abundant hair, texture fine, woolly and tight. Shape features cuerdecillas that must measure at least 20 cm..


COLOR : A single colored hair: black, white, brown, grey, Griffon ana-

ranjado (Apricot) tawny red and.

  • Brown: It must be pure, quite dark, warm and uniform. We do not accept the beige, or lighter derivatives.
  • Grey : It must be uniform, a pure tone, or blackish, or whitish.
  • Tawny Orange: It should be a uniform tone, without pulling the pale Griffon or color sand, or to the Red Fawn.
  • Griffon Red: It must be of a uniform tone in all the fur. In any case you must pull to tawny Orange.

The eyelids, the truffle, the lips, the gums, the palate, natural holes, the scrotum and the pads are well Pigmented.



  • Poodle large: Above the 45 cm. up the 60 cm., with a tolerance of 2 cm.. The large poodle must be enlarged and developed the medium poodle reproduction, which has the same characteristics.
  • Poodle medium: Above the 35 cm. up the 45 cm..
  • Poodles dwarves: Above the 28 cm. up the 35 cm.. The poodle dwarf must have, altogether, the appearance of a small medium poodle, keep as far as possible the same proportions and not present any appearance of "dwarf".
  • Poodles Toys: Above the 24 cm. up to 28 cm. (the ideal type is that of the size of 25 cm.) and up 24 cm. (with a tolerance of less of 1 cm.). Toy poodle has, altogether, the appearance of the dwarf poodle, and saves the same general proportions that meet all the requirements of the standard. Is excluded all feature of "dwarf". Only the occipital Crest may be less marked.


FAULTS: Any deviation from the above mentioned criteria is considered to lack, and the gravity of this refers to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and well-being of the dog.


  • Convex or sunken back.
  • Very low insertion queue.
  • Too nervous dog.
  • Teeth:
  • The absence of the molars 3 not be taken into consid-
  • The absence of 2 PM1 will not be taken into consideration.
  • Absence of one or two PM2, If they are symmetric.




  • Truffle partially nonpigmented.
  • Snout in the form of whistle (Tip of the snout

similar to the of a whistle, that is close and fine).

  • Pointed snout.
  • Arched nasal channel.
  • Teeth:

· Absence of 2 Not symmetrical PM2.

  • Eyes too big or sunken in orbits,

insufficiently dark.

  • Too short.
  • Fall rump.
  • Tail curled over the back.
  • Too straight rear angles.
  • Step loose and lengthened.
  • Sparse hair, soft or hard.
  • Undefined color or is not uniform: Black/gray or grey

white, colorless Fawn; hair cream, Beige in dogs dark brown or brown-good.



  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Truffle completely nonpigmented.
  • Lack of type, above all in the head.
  • Upper or lower prognathism.
  • Teeth:

· Absence of an incisor, a canine or a Fang

· Absence of a PM3 or an PM4.

· Absence of 3 PM or more (except PM1).

  • Absence of tail or tail short of birth.
  • Spurs or trace of spurs on the hind limbs.
  • Fur that is not unicolor.
  • White spots and white hairs on the feet.
  • Dogs exceeding the 62 cm in the large and

measuring less than 23 cm in the toys.

  • Any animal showing traits of "dwarf": skull

globulous, disappearance of the occipital Crest, very marked links depression, prominent eyes, very short, downturned snout, lower jaw collapsed, absence of Chin.

  • Medium practically non-existent Groove.
  • Very lightweight bones in toys.
  • Coiled tail whose tip falls on the flank or rump.


Any dog that present clear signs of behavior or physical abnormalities shall be disqualified.


N.B. : Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended in the scrotum.



The standard supplement



Arrangement and cutting of "lion": Whether the poodle have in the form of locks or Kinky hair, You must be sheared on the back room until the ribs. They must also shear: the upper and lower part of the nose, starting from the lower eyelids; cheeks; anterior and posterior extremities, except for the cuffs and bangles and optional designs on the back room; the tail, except a terminal Pompom round or oblong. All dogs must wear a mustache. The hair in the form of "pants" in the forelimbs are accepted.


Fix and cut 'modern'”: Supported the fur in all four extremities with the explicit condition to respect the following rules:

They will be shorn:

to) The lower part of the forelimbs, from the nail to the tip of the spur, and the bottom of the hind limbs to a height equivalent. The shear machine is accepted if this is limited only to the fingers.

b) The head and tail, According to the rules set forth above. In this arrangement and cut be used exceptionally :

  • The presence, under the lower jaw, a short strand which do not measure more than one centimeter in thickness, and whose bottom line must be trimmed in parallel to the maxilla. "The call will not be tolerated ' beard of goat".

· Excision of the Pompom of tail.


2. Hair shortened: On the body, to present on the dorsal line a viso for more or menos1centimetro of length at least. Coat length will be increased progressively around the ribs in the upper part of the extremities.

3. Regularized coat:

to) Over the head, It presents a reasonable height helmet, as well as in the neck, falling behind to the cross, and front, without discontinuity, until the shaved part of the foot, According to a line it slightly obliquely that it appears at the top of the chest region. At the top of the ears, and up to a third of its length as maximum, the coat can be shortened with scissors or fleeced in the direction of the hair. The bottom is covered with hair whose length increases progressively up down, for completion in bangs that can standardize.


b) On the extremities: pants that mark a clear transition with the sheared part of feet. Hair length increases gradually upwards, to measure, over the shoulder, as well as on the thighs, of 4 to 7 cm when stretched hair. This measure should be proportional to the size of the dog, Although the "fluffy" appearance should be avoided. Rear trouser must expose the angulation characteristic of the poodle. Any touch of fantasy that deviates from these rules is subject to removal. Whatever the standard silhouette obtained as a result of the settlement and the haircut, This not should influence all the classification in the exhibitions since all dogs of the same class must be judged and classified as a whole.


Fix and corte ingles: Add to the "lion" cut designs in the hindquarter, namely, bangles and cuffs.Top-knot above the head. The moustache is optional for this arrangement. Accepts an absence of demar- cation on the fur of the hind limbs. The top- knot is optional (You cannot use lacquer or any other product to secure this top-knot).


  • Whose settlement and Court do not correspond to the standard poodles may not (as long as they remain so) be judged for awards in exhibitions and official presentations, not that this means that they do not qualify for playback.

TRANSLATION : IRIS Carrillo (Puerto Rico Kennel Federation).

Character and skills

Intelligent, loving, legal and naughty, those are the four words that the poodle enthusiasts describe the personality and character of this breed.

Despite his actual appearance, the poodle has a playful side, likes to interact with their owners, tends to be very friendly with people and always likes to please.

If we combine his legendary intelligence with its sociability gives as a result a dog highly entrenable.

A poodle, you have been taught canine manners, will have a quiet character, especially if exercise regularly to burn your natural energy.

The poodle is a guard dog who will not hesitate to make use of its bark when a stranger approaches your home, and although he is affectionate with the family, can take you some time socializing with other people.

An outstanding feature of the poodle is their intelligence (It is ranked No. 2 on classification of intelligence dog breeds by Stanley Coren).
It is often said that they have a human intelligence, an incredible cunning that surprised their owners. Of course, Intelligent dogs can be difficult. They learn fast, both the bad and good habits

Poodle images
  • Otros nombres: Poodle / Barbone / Pudle / Chien Canard/ Barboncino.
  • Group 9 / Section 2 – Poodles.

Dogs breeds: Poodle


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It is a very intelligent dog.


I have 61 years and a bone metastasis, I wonder if the character of this dog might be right for me, short walks, due to my medical condition, I would like a female, not necessarily puppy, tender, little talkative ( bad for small dogs), and to let them pamper muuucho. Thank you

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