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Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed

Bichón Boloñés


Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to dog literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Similar to the Bichon Frise, became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the 19th century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 to 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as race number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical Characteristics Bichon Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a companion dog and with a unique distinctive in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did you know??

You may have heard that dogs' non-shedding coats make them a breed “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But they still produce dandruff, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The unique distinctive coat (that is to say, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The length of time of the culture cycle and shedding varies with age and other factors.. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and love the company of people, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Although it may not seem like it, they have a very sharp ear., in general, they only bark when they hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichón Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, making it an ideal companion dog for the family, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.


The education of Bolognese not particularly difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. However, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-cared socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.


The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. However, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.


Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. It also, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the womb, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

It also, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

It also, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two or three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 9: companion dogs.
  • Section 1: Companion dogs.. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy

FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese

Alternative names:

    1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
    2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
    3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
    4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (español).
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