Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Bichón Boloñés

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed


History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to the canine literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence is around century XI or XII. Similar to the Bichon Frise, It became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 - 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as breed number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical characteristics Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a company and dog with a distinctive unique in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did You Know?

You may have heard that coats that do not flow dogs turn them into a race “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But still produce dander, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The only distinctive coat (namely, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then they die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The duration of the crop cycle and the excretion time varies depending on the age and other factors. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and they worship the people company, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Believe it or not have a very keen ear, in general, they just paper tigers, entirely to hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichon Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, It is an ideal company for the family dog, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 - 14 years.


The education of Bolognese it's not especially difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. However, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-managed socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.


The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. However, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.


Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. In addition, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the belly, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

In addition, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

In addition, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last but not least, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two to three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Exercise Needs ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs.
  • Section 1: Companion dogs.. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy

FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese

Alternative names:

    1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
    2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
    3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
    4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (Spanish).
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