Red-browed Parrot
Amazona rhodocorytha

Red-browed Parrot

Content

Description:

35-40 cm.. length and 450-650 g. of weight.

The Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) has the forecrown and front of the crown, bright red; back of the crown, de color verde con las puntas de color púrpura pardusca; lores oranges; lower cheeks and throat, pale blue; ear-coverts and sides neck, green with plenty of blue; nape green with black tips.


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Upperparts green, some feathers showing faint dark tips. Wing coverts green with yellow on the carpal edge. Primaries dark grey; three outermost secondary, red at the base, other green with violet blue tips. Underwing-coverts green. Underparts green, paler and more yellowish than above, with some feathers showing faint pale blue tips (especially in the belly and around the thighs). The tail It is green with yellow tip and a large patch in red subterminal innerwebs of the lateral feathers. Bill color pale horn; irises orange; legs grey

Red-browed Parrot

Ambos sexos son similares. Immature It is less extensive in red head and in the tail, and the red color is confined to only the first two secondaries.

Taxonomic note:

The Red-browed Parrot It has been widely treated as conspecific with Blue cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana) and Red-tailed Parrot (Amazona brasiliensis). Según informes, the birds of Alagoas show the throat orange, suggesting a racial differentiation. It has not proposed any subspecies.

  • Sound of the Red-browed Parrot.

Habitat:

Vídeo Amazona Coronirroja

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Red-browed Parrot habita principalmente en los bosques húmedos de las tierras bajas, but forests also date from the highlands (perhaps seasonally) inside (for example, in Serra do Mar and east of Minas Gerais, Brazil) up to approximately 1.000 m. Although records on the edges of forests, probably not adapt to the conditions created, even partial deforestation. They sleep communally on tall trees in forest.

Reproduction:

The eggs posiblemente eclosionan en octubre y parejas con sus crías se han observado en enero.

In captivity, sunsets four eggs are common; the incubation hard 24 days, con las crías abandonando el nido 34 days after hatching.

Food:

Feeds of fruit, seeds, berries and cocoons they get in the treetops; It has also been registered to Red-browed Parrot feeding is of papaya, jaca, Mango, cacao, banana and coffee plantations.

Distribución y estatus:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 2.700 km2

The Red-browed Parrot It was first discovered in northern São Paulo at the beginning of the year 90.
This is an Amazon of Atlantic tropical forests of Brazil, in the East of Alagoas and further south, until Rio de Janeiro. No records between Alagoas and northeast of Bay, but if southwards and into neighboring areas, to the East of Minas Gerais, Brazil, through Espirito Santo until Rio de Janeiro.

Obviously, he suffered a drastic decline in its geographical expansion and its population since European settlement. En la actualidad viven confinadas en los últimos fragmentos restantes de los Atlantic tropical forests. Possibly extinct Alagoas, donde los últimos bosques nativos de tierras bajas fueron despejados en la década de 1980, although still quite common in at least one protected area Espirito Santo.

The current population is scattered and is susceptible to continued deforestation (for example, around the the Desengano State Park in Rio de Janeiro) and continued illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued. Live in several areas protected, including the Monte Pascoal National Park (Bay), the Rio Doce State Park (Minas Gerais, Brazil), reservations Sooretama and Linhares in Espirito Santo and the Serra da Bocaina National Park, Rio de Janeiro.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Endangered Endangered (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 600-1700

  • Rationale for the Red List category

This species is endangered because of their severely fragmented and declining population. There remains a proper dismantling of Atlantic forest habitat and capture for the bird trade cage is an additional threat. It is considered nationally in peligro de extinctionn in Brazil.

  • Justification of the population

The species has a small population located in the band 1,000-2,499 individuals in total. This is equivalent to 667-1.666 mature individuals, rounded here to 600-1.700 mature individuals.

  • Justification of trend

It is suspected continued rapid population decline sobre la base de la destrucción y fragmentación del hábitat y la captura para el comercio nacional e internacional de animales de compañía.

Threats
    less than 10% de la cubierta forestal original permanece en Bahía y Espírito Santo, and only 2% en Alagoas (Brown and Brown 1992, Conservation International 1995), mainly due to conversion to plantations and pastures. In fact, now it is estimated that less than 1% the general habitat of this species remains (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008). En Río de Janeiro, many fragments of important habitats are being cleared, especially around the Desengano State Park. El colapso de la economía del cacao en el sur de Bahía ha dado como resultado un aumento de la tala de los terratenientes y la colonización de las reservas por ex trabajadores de plantaciones (Snyder et to the., 2000). If the seasonal movement of birds is confirmed, esto multiplicaría los problemas de pérdida de hábitat. In the breeding season 1998-1999, 174 nestlings were captured, especially reservation, for domestic and international trade of birds in cages (Brown and Brown 1992), While 664 individuals were recorded in captivity at the Center for Reintroduction of Wild Animals 2005-2006 and others were found in private cages (L. Klemann-Júnior in litt., 2007). El comercio ilegal es aparentemente la principal amenaza para la especie en Espírito Santo (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008b). Memories containing feathers have been on sale outside the Monte Pascoal National Park (Sweeney 1996). a pest species is considered in some plantations of papaya, coffee and cocoa (Klemann-Júnior 2006, L. Klemann-Júnior in litt., 2012).
Conservation Actions Underway
    CITES Appendix I and II and protected by Brazilian law. Considered endangered in Brazil to 2014 (Klemann-Júnior et al., 2008), It is now classified as Vulnerable (MMA 2014). They live in 14 Reservations (Wege and Long 1995 , RB Pineschi by C. Yamashita in some. 2000), pero la mayoría de ellas proporcionan una protección mínima del hábitat y ninguna es eficaz contra la caza furtiva. The ex situ population is managed under a European species survival plan (Sweeney 1996) and Curitiba Zoo (L. Klemann-Júnior in litt. 2012), which together with Loro Parque Foundation, Foundation Rare Species Conservation and Environmental Idéia, han desarrollado con éxito un programa de cría en cautividad (Reinschmidt and Waugh 2005 , L. Klemann-Júnior in litt. 2007, 2012) .
Conservation Actions Proposed
    Survey to locate additional populations. Proteger los bosques donde la especie se encuentra fuera de las reservas en Río de Janeiro. Proteger eficazmente el hábitat y las aves dentro de las reservas y desarrollar aún más la población de cría en cautividad. Enforce laws against trafficking, especially on roads connecting the Monte Pascoal National Park with the rest of southern Brazil (Snyder et to the., 2000). Mapping the current distribution of the species within its extent of occurrence. Identify priority areas for conservation. Investigate dietary requirements and nesting. Estimate the range of the house of the species. Study the impact of fragmentation of forests within its population. Implement an education program (L. Klemann-Júnior in litt. 2012).

The Red-browed Parrot in captivity:

Suffering from a continuous illegal trade in which the birds are highly valued.
protected by CITES Apéndice I, where they are included all endangered species. El comercio en especímenes de esas especies se autoriza solamente bajo circunstancias excepcionales.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-managed program cría en cautividad and not be sold as a pet, with the order to ensure their survival long-term.

The cría en cautividad, aunque difícil, It has been successful in United States and Europe and overall management plan for captive birds of this species is underway. The reintroduction into the wild of captive populations can become an important conservation strategy in the future.

Alternative names:

Red browed Parrot, Red-browed Amazon, Red-browed Parrot, Red-fronted Amazon, Red-fronted Parrot (English).
Amazone à sourcils rouges (French).
Granada-Amazone, Rotscheitelamazone (German).
acumatanga, chauá, chauã, cumatanga, jauá (Portuguese).
Amazona Coronirroja, Amazona Crestirroja (español).


scientific classification:


Salvadori Tommaso

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona rhodocorytha
Citation: (Salvadori, 1890)
Protonimo: Chrysotis rhodocorytha


Images Red-browed Parrot:


Red-browed Parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha)


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00744) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-browed Amazon at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, Florida, USA By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as P8120449) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha). Parrot in a zoo By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as [1]) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) in the Loro Parque zoo of Tenrerife (Spain) By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Red-browed Amazon (Amazona rhodocorytha) at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson (originally posted to Flickr as DSC00736) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – The red-browed Amazon parrot Amazona rhodocorytha at Rare Species Conservatory Foundation, USA By Duncan Rawlinson from Vancouver, BC (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Blue-cheeked Amazon (left); Red-browed Amazon (right) Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (too.. 1880, plate IX) – Wikipedia

Sounds: Eduardo D. Schultz, XC114198. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/114198

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