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- Amazona Diadema

amazona autumnalis

Description:

31–35 cm. length and 450-550 g. of weight.

Diademed Parrot

The Diademed Parrot (Amazona Diadema) It is generally green, with black edges to feathers crown, to the mantle and the chest; crown green to nape; the back of the green neck, mauve margin; feathers of the cere and forecrown, red; yellow-green, less yellow in upper cheeks, up to the ear-coverts; secondaries red on the bases, the green rest; tail green; eye ring pale yellow; eyes oranges; bill dark grey.

Note:

Previously treated as conspecific with the Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis), It is very similar to the subspecies Amazona autumnalis salvini

  • Sound of the Diademed Parrot.

Habitat:

It is likely to frequent a variety of habitats from lowland forest species, including edges evergreen forest, as well as modified areas containing scattered trees or plantations (Del Hoyo et al., 1997, pit et to the., 2016).

They are in loose flocks or pairs, are gregarious When feed.

Reproduction:

The laying is of 2-3 eggs. Breeding season, It is supposed to be in early: January-March.

Food:

It feeds mainly from fruits and seeds, even some cultivated species (Del Hoyo et al., 1997), although there are no published data (Del Hoyo et al., 2016).

Distribution:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente): 71.800 km2

Endemic low Black river and the northern margin of Amazon River, in the states of Amazon and Northwest of For, in Brazil.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

    Based on a model of future deforestation on Amazon basin and susceptibility to this new species capture, it is suspected that its population will suffer a very fast along three generations descent from 2002, so it is in danger of extinction.

Justification of trend

    This species is expected to lose between 49 and 55% suitable habitat within its distribution throughout three generations (37 years) starting at 2002, based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the). Given its susceptibility to capture, It is suspected that species decline by 50-79% during this time.
Threats

• The main threat to this species is the accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network, together with his susceptibility to capture (Soares-Filho et to the. 2011).

• It is assumed that the species undergoes some pressure catch, probably mainly for internal trade, since this species is rare in aviculture (Del Hoyo et al ., 1997, pit et to the ., 2016).

• The proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land to a private owner is legally obliged to keep as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers with perennial vapors) and they include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (That later they would be absolved of the need to reforest vacant land illegally) (Bird et to the., 2011).

Conservation Actions Underway

• No specific conservation actions for this species are known, Although part of their habitat is protected.

• It is distributed in the Jau National Park where it is rare or uncommon (Borges et al ., 2001, Borges & Almeida 2011).

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Carry out surveys to estimate the size of the population.

Monitor deforestation rates in the range using remote sensing techniques.

• Study level Trapping threat.

• Increase the area of ​​suitable habitat that receive protection effective.

• Boost changes in laws related to deforestation and forest protection.

In captivity:

Rare in aviculture.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a program well managed captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:


- Diademed Amazon, Diademed Parrot, Red-lored Parrot (Diademed) (inglés).
- Amazone à diadème, Amazone diadème, Amazone du Brésil (francés).
- Diademamazone (alemán).
- Papagaio-diadema (portugués).
- Amazona diadema (español).

Johann Baptist von Spix

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona diadema
- Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
- Protónimo: Psittams diadema

Diademed Parrot images.:

Diademed Parrot (Diademed Parrot)

Sources:

Photos:

(1) – diadem parrot. Red lored parrot. 11 November 2015, Tikal, Guatemala by ze_da_binha
(2) – Diademed Parrot – amazon with diadem – Diademed amazon – amazon tiara By Florin Feneru from Orpington, UK (Diademed Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Red-lored Amazon at Loro Parque, Cross port, Tenerife, Spain. This subspecies is also called the Diademed Amazon By Carlos Urdiales [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Red-lored Amazon at Xcaret Eco Park, Riviera Maya, Mexico. Photographed as it started to rain By Tomasz Wagner from Burnaby, BC, Canada (Parrot – Amazona autumnalis) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Diademed amazon (Diademed Parrot) Loro Parque, Tenerife by Florin FeneruFlickr
(6) – PL. XXXI I Chrysolis diadema (î^wl By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: GABRIEL MILK, XC119110. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/119110

 
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