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Red-lored Amazon
Amazona autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Content

Description:

35,5 to 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.

The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its red front; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown lilac; stain red in the wing , and tail blue margin.
The bill is grey with the upper jaw yellowish-horn. The irises his eye is orange. The legs are of color gray greenish.
They do not possess sexual dimorphism, that is to say, no existe una diferencia física entre el macho y la hembra.

Description 3 subspecies:

Amazona autumnalis lilacina Lesson, 1844
  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.


  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – It has a red band in the forecrown that it extends over them eyes; the cheeks Yellow.


  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – It has cheeks and ear-coverts green; the basis of the tail by under Red.

Habitat:

Video – "Red-lored Amazon"

This amazona frequents a wide range of habitats wooded and open with trees, including rainforest, tropical deciduous forest, pine forests, mangroves, forest swamps, gallery woods, areas cultivated with trees high and plantations; also forest dry in the South of Ecuador.

The Red-lored Amazon move from the rainforest (breeding season) to a habitat more open in winter in the Península de Yucatán, Mexico. The altitudes that inhabit range from sea level to the 320 metres in Oaxaca, 1.100 metres in Honduras, 800 metres in the Caribbean, 1.000 meters on the slopes of the peaceful of Costa Rica, and 1.000 metres in Colombia.
The birds tend to be in pairs or in flocks loose, being more gregarious When feed (occasionally macaws) and when resting. outside the breeding season, las aves se refugian en árboles altos en bosques de galería o manglares.

Reproduction:

They nest during the seasonal dry in hollow of trees (usually dead, for example, Tabebuia or Ceiba) or on the stump of a Palm tree. Birds in State reproductive in April, Oaxaca; February-March, Belice; March, Guatemala; January-February, Colombia. Reproduce between February-April, Panama; March-may, Belice and January-March, Ecuador. Clutch 3-4 eggs.

The incubation varía de 25 to 26 days. The chicks remain in the nest 70 days.

Food:

In the wild these birds feed on figs Ficus, orange, Mango, fruits of Palm (including the of Cordia lutea and Spondias purpurea), coffee beans (Coffea arabica), seeds of Ferrule, Casearia and Protium. Mainly are feeds in the tops of trees high.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2.570.000 km2

The Red-lored Amazon It extends from the South of Mexico north of South America with a population disjunct in the amazon.
You can find in them lands low of the this of Mexico, in the South of Tamaulipas, in the East of San Luis Potosi, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Los registros de otras partes del país (for example, City of Mexico) probably you refer to leak.
You can see in Belice and in the lowlands of the Caribbean of Guatemala and Honduras (including Roatan and Guanaja in Islas de la Bahía and probably soon in Utila), until Nicaragua and Costa Rica, donde están presentes en zonas húmedas de la zona tropical en ambas laderas (absent from the dry Northwest ), also in Panama and on the islands of Coiba and Escudo de Veraguas and in the Archipelago of pearls (absent from the driest areas of the Península de Azuero).

In the Northwest of Colombia aparecen en la vertiente del Pacífico de los Western Andes from the Panamanian border to the South up to the Serrania del Baudo and from the southwest of Cauca south to Ecuador in the Gulf of Guayaquil. Also it extends to the North of the Andes in Colombia to Magdalena Medio and to the East in the Northwest of Venezuela in Zulia (Sierra de Perija).

In the Northwestern basin of the Amazonía brasileña a disjunct population exists between Black river and Río Solimões.

Usually resident with some local seasonal habitat preferences (for example, in Península de Yucatán, Mexico). Is usually the loro más común and more numerous in some parts of the range (for example, in parts of Central America) but now is a species very rare to the West of them Andes in Ecuador and Colombia with a population of the subspecies Amazona autumnalis lilacina estimated in 400-600 specimens.

Population decreased drastically in the island of Roatan (Honduras) where he captured it is massively for export, and maybe missing in Utila for the same reason.

Capture combined with the loss of habitat also has caused declines in some other parts of its area of distribution (for example, east of Mexico and Ecuador). Común en cautiverio in some areas, and marketed internationally.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Coast of the Caribbean from the East of Mexico South to North of Nicaragua.


  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – West of Ecuador.


  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – North of Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a very large range and, Therefore, is not approaching the thresholds of Vulnerability at the discretion of the distribution area size.

The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> continuous decline 10% en diez años o tres generaciones o con una estructura poblacional específica). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.

The Amazona lored in captivity:

Is of vital importance that the diet is complete and balanced in all directions, as this prevents, along with other factors, the appearance of bone problems or the known software that affects numerous parrots. To ensure the balance of this, prepared feed very well supply the nutritional needs of each animal, However, they should not miss plant, fruits and vegetables, así como diversidad de semillas que vienen en mixtura.

As for accommodation, If they are not removed from cage constantly, ésta debe de ser lo suficientemente espaciosa para que pueda ejercitar los músculos de las alas y las patas, and the plumage of the bird is preserved in perfect condition.

The Red-lored Amazon enjoy, like all parrots, tearing apart and finding out things, por lo que deben disponer de algún que otro juguete o podemos acabar teniendo problemas con el mobiliario. Them feet of parrot are very suitable if your stay is in the outside of the cage. Of course, they must not be exposed to draughts or sudden changes in temperature. The water must be clean at your fingertips, because the existence of fungi causes serious breathing problems.

In terms of coexistence to have it in the neighborhood area, in comparison with other species in Amazon, are relatively quiet, so in general do not cause many problems.

In captivity, can get to live up to 80 years.

CRÍA Y REPRODUCCIÓN:

Its captive breeding started for the first time in United States, after their importation from the place of origin, South America in the 1950's.

Those individuals acquire their sexual maturity on the 4 years of age, and if you have a good breeding pair in the right conditions, they can perform two annual broods, Although the main thing if you want to raise, patience. Muchas parejas necesitan varios años hasta la primera cría, so it is very important to be patient and wait for the right moment.

The female lays in the nest (No fill) of 2 to 6 eggs incubated without the help of the male usually. Éste se dedica a la alimentación de la propia hembra y la de los pichones tras su nacimiento a los 28 días hasta su independencia después de doce semanas.

Alternative names:

Red-lored Parrot, Red-lored Amazon, Yellow-Cheeked Amazon (English).
Amazone à lores rouges, Amazone diadème (French).
Rotstirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-diadema, Papagaio-diadema (Papagaio cavacué) (Portuguese).
Amazona Frentirroja, Lora Frentirroja, Loro Frentirrojo (español).
Lora cariamarilla (Honduras).
loro cachete-amarillo (Mexico).


scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona autumnalis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus autumnalis


Red-lored Amazon images:


Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    • Avibase
    • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    • Birdlife
    • Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
    • Grupohypermarkup

    Photos:

    (1) – Wikimedia.org
    (2) – Red-lored Amazon or Red-lored Parrot; two captive parrots By Brian Gratwicke (originally posted to Flickr as Red-lored Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A Red-lored Amazon in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (Hello!) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – To pet Red-lored Amazon By Richard (originally posted to Flickr as Looming….) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Red-lored parrots (Amazona autumnalis), OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – A Red-lored Amazon at Rock Farm, Belize. It has a feather problem By Rigrat [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – This is the image of a parrot originating of the jungle of Chiapas in Mexico By Joe Quick [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – Red-lored Amazon perching on a branch with wings open near Belmopan, Belize By Rigrat (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – A strange sight to me to see parrots flying in the wild. This Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) was spotted with a group along the roadside in the Cayo distict of Belize By The Lilac Breasted Roller (originally posted to Flickr as Red Lored Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (10) – Lilacine Amazon, head from lateral by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: Walter Rivera

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