The Diademed Parrot(Amazona Diadema) It is generally green, with black edges to feathers crown, to the mantle and the chest; crown green to nape; the back of the green neck, mauve margin; feathers of the cere and forecrown, red; yellow-green, less yellow in upper cheeks, up to the ear-coverts; secondaries red on the bases, the green rest; tail green; eye ring pale yellow; eyes oranges; bill dark grey.
It is likely to frequent a variety of habitats from lowland forest species, including edges evergreen forest, as well as modified areas containing scattered trees or plantations (Del Hoyo et al., 1997, pit et to the., 2016).
They are in loose flocks or pairs, are gregarious When feed.
The laying is of 2-3 eggs. Breeding season, It is supposed to be in early: January-March.
It feeds mainly from fruits and seeds, even some cultivated species (Del Hoyo et al., 1997), although there are no published data (Del Hoyo et al., 2016).
Size of its range (breeding/resident): 71.800 km2
Endemic low Black river and the northern margin of Amazon River, in the states of Amazon and Northwest of For, in Brazil.
Conservation Amazona diadema:
Conservation status ⓘ
• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
Justification of the red list category
Based on a model of future deforestation on Amazon basin and susceptibility to this new species capture, it is suspected that its population will suffer a very fast along three generations descent from 2002, so it is in danger of extinction.
Justification of trend
This species is expected to lose between 49 and 55% suitable habitat within its distribution throughout three generations (37 years) starting at 2002, based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the). Given its susceptibility to capture, It is suspected that species decline by 50-79% during this time.
• The main threat to this species is the accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network, together with his susceptibility to capture (Soares-Filho et to the. 2011).
• It is assumed that the species undergoes some pressure catch, probably mainly for internal trade, since this species is rare in aviculture (Del Hoyo et al ., 1997, pit et to the ., 2016).
• The proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land to a private owner is legally obliged to keep as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers with perennial vapors) and they include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (That later they would be absolved of the need to reforest vacant land illegally) (Bird et to the., 2011).
Conservation Actions Underway
• No specific conservation actions for this species are known, Although part of their habitat is protected.
• It is distributed in the Jau National Park where it is rare or uncommon (Borges et al ., 2001, Borges & Almeida 2011).
Conservation Actions Proposed
• Carry out surveys to estimate the size of the population.
• Monitor deforestation rates in the range using remote sensing techniques.
• Study level Trapping threat.
• Increase the area of suitable habitat that receive protection effective.
• Boost changes in laws related to deforestation and forest protection.
The Diademed Parrot in captivity:
Rare in aviculture.
Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a program well managed captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.
(1) – diadem parrot. Red lored parrot. 11 November 2015, Tikal, Guatemala by ze_da_binha
(2) – Diademed Parrot – amazon with diadem – Diademed amazon – amazon tiara By Florin Feneru from Orpington, UK (Diademed Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Red-lored Amazon at Loro Parque, Cross port, Tenerife, Spain. This subspecies is also called the Diademed Amazon By Carlos Urdiales [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Red-lored Amazon at Xcaret Eco Park, Riviera Maya, Mexico. Photographed as it started to rain By Tomasz Wagner from Burnaby, BC, Canada (Parrot – Amazona autumnalis) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Diademed amazon (Diademed Parrot) Loro Parque, Tenerife by Florin Feneru – Flickr
(6) – PL. XXXI I Chrysolis diadema (î^wl By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
The plumage of the Deville's Parakeet(Pyrrhura lucianii) is generally Green, darker in underparts, the crown is dark brown, the forecrown and face is brownish red in colour; cheeks brick red, faded of blue, ear-coverts brownish yellow, neck and chest with the typical scales very visible by the black and yellow contrast of the feathers. The ventral coat of arms, reddish, is well defined; in flight the dark red spot is notorious for the abdomen. Well defined are the reddish marks on the rump and in his long tail; the flight feather they are blue.
It has periocular ring Of course, irises brown, bill Blackish and legs grey pink.
Found in altitudes of 800 m, in forests Terra firm and várzea, including forest margins and close to clear with tall trees. In forests low humid semi, up close 100 m.
Seen in pairs, groups of three or flocks of up to 20 individuals.
Little is known about the reproductive cycle of this species, probably nesting in large trees, in cavities or in nest of woodpeckers abandoned, with one laying estimated in 5-7 eggs.
With feeds a wide variety of fruits, flowers, seeds and algae, possibly.
Size of the distribution (breeding/resident): 47,200 km2
Restricted to the State of Amazon in the Northwest Amazon of Brazil.
This species is supposed fairly common within its range, However, This can not be confirmed since this time rare remote region is visited by researchers.
• Red list category: Least concern
• Population trend: Decrease
The status of their populations is unknown, but for the good condition of the habitat, it can be assumed that they are in good state of conservation.
While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, do not believe that the decline is fast enough for approaching the threshold of vulnerable under the criterion of population trend
"Deville's Parakeet" in captivity:
Although he is a parrot rare in captivity, its potential as a domestic fowl is excellent, provided there are hand raised and socialized from an early age. The newly imported birds are usually shy and nervous and often they remain reserved.
It is usually inquisitive and active, enjoy flying and requires plenty of exercise and a spacious cage. Usually, It is not too noisy unless it is excited (as it is usually the case of all species Pyrrhura).
Once acclimatized, These parrots are quite robust. Enjoy with the bath by what are them must provide a dish of water little deep to daily. Also the love chew branches fresh.
– Deville’s Parakeet, Bonaparte’s Parakeet (English).
– Conure de Bonaparte, Conure de Luciani (French).
– Bonapartesittich, Prinz Luzians Rotschwanzsittich (German).
– Tiriba-de-deville (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Bonaparte, Ñángaro de Deville, Perico de Deville, Cotorrita barriguiroja (Spanish).
– Perico de Bonaparte (Peru).
Of 25-30 cm.. length and a weight between 95-115 g.
The head of the Dusky-headed Parakeet(Aratinga weddellii) is greyish Brown, with off blue stripes that give it a scaly appearance. The upperparts are green, the feathers of the nape they have yellowish margins (some banks in the mantle), the back and Hip with Brown centers, giving an appearance of Brown altogether. The scapulars with varying between Brown and green edges; the minor, large and medium-sized inner coverts green grass with paler green margins; the outer and the primary coverts are dark blue. Primary and secondary most of blue color with vane outer Green or green margins toward the vane external in the primaries; very dark (almost black) the Tips. Underwing-coverts green: underside of the flight feather opaque gray. Top of the chest pale green with turquoise suffusion; belly and undertail-coverts pale yellowish green, greener on the flanks. Upper, the tail green, Blue towards the tip: undertail, opaque gray.
The bill shiny black; cere pinkish grey; wide area orbital off-white; irises yellowish white; legs dark gray.
Both sexes similar.
The immature are like adults but with the irises darker.
They inhabit in rainforest, semi-humid, swamps, involved swamp forest and stubble, until 500 metres in Colombia and exceptionally 750 metres in Bolivia. Its preferred habitats are the forests and marshes and flooded forests in swampy areas. Also in the remnants of forest in wet savannahs and cleared with patches of remnant forest areas. Also observed in coffee and sugarcane plantations; apparently rarely fly over the dense forest. Usually, in pairs or in small groups, but flocks of up to 75 individuals reported where food is abundant.
It nests in trees and palms of marshy or riparian areas, between June and August. They also used the cups of dead Palm trees and termite nests.
Four nests observed in Leticia, Colombia, between 4 and 15 metres in height. Birds incubating in the month of February in Colombia. Bird in reproductive condition in the month of August in Bolivia. Observed breeding of the month from June to September in Loreto, Eastern Peru; from April to July in the Mato Grosso.
A normal start is of 3 - 5 eggs and both parents feed the chicks.
Its diet consists of seeds, fruit, flowers, berries, as well as insects and their larvae found in the trees decaying and stumps.
Its distribution ranges from the southeast of Colombia, East of Ecuador and Peru to the East of Bolivia and West of Brazil.
Apparently Nomad in some parts of the distribution. In general common, even in partially deforested areas, and perhaps increase due to clearing and fragmentation of dense forest.
Conservation status ⓘ
Least Concern ⓘ(UICN)ⓘ
• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern
• Population trend: Growing
The size of the world population Dusky-headed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as common(Stotz et to the. (1996)).
This species is suspected that it has been lost between the 15 and the 17,7% of its suitable habitat within its range over three generations (21 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon(Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to the hunting or trapping, It is suspected that its population may decrease in around the 25% in three generations.
"Dusky-headed Parakeet" in captivity:
It is not common in captivity, but in the past was part of the international trade. They are common in cultivation areas, for this reason they are common in homes of peasants.
The Dusky-headed Parakeet is not known for its ability to mimic the speak human, but they are nevertheless birds very fun, kind and loving – provided that they have been hand reared and socialized properly. They are not as active and noisy as other species of parrots, they only emit sounds, not too high, when excited.
Wonderful pets. His charming personality makes them good pets for children. They are not demanding, they spend happy hours playing with their favorite toys but still much enjoy human company.
They are relatively easy to raise. They may have several broods per year; However, good breeding practices stipulate that it should not be allowed having more than two or three clutches to allow your rest. The size of Sunset is of 3 - 4 eggs, they are incubated for a few 23 days. Both parents are responsible for rearing the young. The chicks leave the nest After a few 50 days.
In nature, According to sources, females have been estimated can live up to 25 years. Its longevity in captivity It has not been studied in detail. It has been observed a muscle aging in wild animals.
– Dusky-headed Parakeet, Dusky Conure, Dusky headed Parakeet, Dusky Parakeet, Dusky-headed Conure, Weddell’s Conure (English).
– Conure de Weddell, Conure à tête sombre, Perriche de Weddell, Perruche de Weddell (French).
– Weddellsittich, Weddell-Sittich (German).
– Aratinga-de-cabeca-escura, aratinga-de-cabeça-suja, jandaia-de-cabeça-azulada, jandaia-de-cara-suja, periquito-de-cabeça-suja (Portuguese).
– Aratinga Cabecifusca, Perico Canoso, Periquito de Cabeza Gris, Perico cabezagris(Spanish).
– Loro canoso, Perico Canoso, Cotorra cabecigris, Cotorra cabeciparda (Colombia).
– Cotorra de Cabeza Oscura, San Pedrito, Lorito cabeza gris (Peru).
– Perico cabecioscuro (Ecuador).
– Tarechi (Bolivia).
– Ipií (Chimane).
– Bambaorito (I ingano).
– Sacara (Cofán.).
– Butuquiria (Macuna).
The Derbyan Parakeet(Psittacula derbiana) has the crown and lower cheeks lavender-blue shading through pale iridescent blue on forecrown and pale green bright in the upper cheeks and periophthalmic region; narrow black stripe that extends horizontally from the eyes to the area above the bill; spacious malar stripes (“moustache“) Black fuse next to the chin to create a great patch.
Since the nape until uppertail-coverts green, bright in the the mantle. Upperwing-coverts Green with yellow or marginalized feathers with yellow in median and greater coverts, creating distinct pale patch. The primaries and secondaries emerald green.
The underparts to belly lavender-bue; the thighs, vent and undertail-coverts grass-green. Uppertail centrally blue, outer feathers Blue in vane outer, green on inner.
Upper mandible red tipped yellow, the lower black; cere blue-gray, irises straw-colored; legs dark grey.
The female has the bill black.
The immature they have the head green and the underparts much paler.
The very young birds has bill pink, turning black later and then red again in males.
Observed in forest, between 1.250 and 4.000 meters above sea level. It is thought that you can make vertical migration seasonal. Views in the Tibet in 3.300 m, even in winter.
According to reports, they have priority for coniferous forests or mixed forests of Pinus and Quercus, also of Alpine growth as the rhododendron. Visit valleys culture, especially during harvest.
Gregarious, usually seen in noisy flocks of up to several dozen birds. Only rarely are in pairs or individually.
Holes for their nests they are located in tree hollows, usually at a certain height, commonly in a Poplar of HimalayaPopulus ciliata.
The breeding they performed it during the month of June.
The put in captivity is between 2 and 5 eggs.
Reported foods include barley, corn, catkins of Populus ciliata, cones of Pinus tabulaefornis and fruit grown according to availability, including peaches; they can be highly destructive crops. It is believed that they may eat some invertebrates, Hoja-brotes and berries.
The population of the Derbyan Parakeet It is suspected that it may be suffering a moderately rapid decline mainly due to the pressure that is subjected , not only due to its continuous capture for the cage bird trade, but also by the indiscriminate felling of trees in the nest, together with evidence of local extinctions and declining birds in some parts of its area of distribution.
– This species was previously threatened by deforestation campaigns, that it resulted in, the loss of much of its breeding habitat; However, This threat ended in the Decade of 1990 (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Today, Middle-aged trees, some of which provide the perfect place for the construction of the nest, they are being felled for the construction of housing and firewood, even in protected forests (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Recent observations indicate that this species is subject to a strong pressure catch and the collection of eggs for the pet trade (J. Eaton in litt. 2010, Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– The collection of eggs and subsequent incubation, for the Derby and subsequent sale Parrot breeding, is very organized in some areas (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– The species is sold openly and are kept, in large numbers, as a pet in its natural distribution area (J. Eaton in litt. 2010, J. Hornskov in litt. 2010, Zeidler and Francis 2011).
Actions of conservation in CITES Appendix II course.:
– Is listed in Schedule I of the law of 1972 for nature (Protection) on India (The India Government, 1993) and the collection for the pet trade is illegal in China (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– In some areas, as the Shachong valley (Szechwan), the monks provide protection for wildlife, including trap activities (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
Conservation Actions Proposed:
– Population trends and monitor hunting pressure.
– Addressing the threat of trade through the application of the legislation and awareness-raising activities.
– Increase the number of sites that are protected firmly.
– Support monks engaged in activities for the protection of wildlife (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
– Evaluate the effectiveness of a scheme of nest boxes (Zeidler and Francis 2011).
"Derbyan Parakeet" in captivity:
The Derbyan Parakeet is a pet very popular at the local level due to the wonderful color of its plumage, his intelligence and its excellent speaking skills, that distinguishes it from other Asian parrots, usually you do not have that voice clarity.
While these parrots do not have the ability to learn an extensive vocabulary, his manner of speaking looks like the speech of Amazon parrots. Having said that, There are never guarantees that a Derbyan Parakeet you will learn to speak, but most do so – even the females.
It is a bird that needs much stimulation. She loves to chew and can be very destructive, provided that provide it a variety of toys to chew, It will inhibit its destructive behavior and avoid his boredom.
It is a species with demand among farmers for several reasons, including its striking plumage, its ease of reproduction and its excellent parenting skills.
The Derby Parrot reach sexual maturity between the 2 and 3 years of age. It reported that it may reach sexual maturity later in nature, possibly to the 5 years.
The typical breeding season It will begin in April or June and average clutch sizes are of 2 – 4 eggs. Incubation lasts 23 – 28 days, and the chicks leave the nest to the 8 - 9 weeks of age.
The Derbyan Parakeet It must be kept in an Aviary, or in a large cage, providing a daily time flying out. They are social birds and like to be “part of a flock” – It could be a group of birds in an Aviary environment or a human family.
It requires much interaction to keep its meekness. By nature, It is a shy bird to human contact, Although considered usually placid compared to some other parrots.
If they are kept outdoors they may require periodic deworming – since they spend considerable time at the bottom of your aviaries or cages. Because of this habit, they are also susceptible to fungal infections. Good hygiene is especially important to keep healthy this Parrot.
Even so, the Cotorra de Derby es un ave poco común fuera de su área de distribución y con una cría limitada.
– Derbyan Parakeet, Chinese Parakeet, Lord Derby’s Parakeet, Upper Yangtze Parakeet (English).
– Perruche de Derby (French).
– Chinasittich (German).
– Periquito-da-china (Portuguese).
– Cotorra de Derby, Cotorra Verde China (Spanish).
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(1) – A pair of Lord Derby’s Parakeet (also known as Derbyan Parakeet)s at Wilhelma Zoo, Stuttgart, Germany By krislorenz (_DSC2098Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A male Derbyan Parakeet (also known as Lord Derby’s Parakeet) in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China By Michael Vito from South Orange, NJ, USA (Hangzhou RevisitedUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – An adult male Derbyan Parakeet at Shenlong Eco Park, People’s Republic of China By Doug Janson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Lord Derby’s Parakeet (also known as Derbyan Parakeet) in an aviary By Richard J. Blach (Own work (Original text: eigene Fotografie)) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Derbyan Parakeet (Psittacula derbiana) at Wellington Zoo, New Zealand. A male bird showing red beak by Peter Halasz – Wikipedia
(6) – Psittacula derbiana, drawing from nature by J. Gould & H.C. Richter By JoJan (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
13 - 16 cm.. length and a weight between 25 and 56 g..
The Double-eyed Fig-Parrot(Cyclopsitta Diophthalma) half of the crown, lores, cheeks and headphones feathers bright Scarlet color with some slightly elongated feathers; bright turquoise brand above and in front of the eyes, that it extends slightly backwards above and below; Green line above and behind the eyes; brand violet-blue light under the red on the back of the headphones feathers that extends to the throat; narrow yellowish Orange behind the red band of the crown, Fusion to the green in the part back from the crown.
Upperparts with indistinct diffusion of color bright green olive on the the mantle. Wing coverts, bright green; primary coverts blue; primaries with vane external of color blue turquoise pale and vane Blackish internal; flight feather (except the primary outer) with band of yellowish white color visible from below; inner coverts marked in red, wing feathers bordered with yellow green.
The underparts paler; Green over yellow that the upperparts, with a strong Flash of yellow along the flank, about the bend of wing. Upper, the tail green; grey below.
Robust bill, notched grey lead and a blackish tip; cere dark grey; irises dark brown; legs Green grey.
The female has the cheeks brown, not red.
Immature as the females. The young male acquire the plumage adult in 14 months.
: (Schlegel, 1874) – Of 14 cm.. length. The plumage is greenish-yellow, the blue area on the eyes has greenish hue , Blue cheeks are lined with mauve colouration and extends to the bottom of the peak.
Female similar to the male but all the red marks are replaced by a pale blue.
Cyclopsitta diophthalma coccineifrons
: (Sharpe, 1882) – Of 14 cm.. length.
It is usually something more dark. The Crown is red bordered with a broad yellow band.
The female has less yellowish white.
Cyclopsitta diophthalma virago
: (ECTION Hartert, 1895) – Of 14 cm.. length.
Green is more pale, the red zones of the face are less extensive and more pale.
Yellow edge of the very weak Crown.
Juveniles as adult females
Cyclopsitta diophthalma inseparabilis
: (ECTION Hartert, 1898) – Of 14 cm.. length.
The Red coloration is reduced to a small spot on the forehead, the rest of the forehead is bluish.
Similar to males females.
Juveniles as adult females.
Cyclopsitta diophthalma macleayana
: (EP Ramsay, 1874) – Of 14 cm.. length.
The Red is reduced to a red spot in the front area and lower cheeks. The yellow border in the area of the Crown is absent, sides of the forehead and eyes blue with green. The azul-violaceos edges of the cheek extends to below the peak.
Females more yellowish and the bottom of the cheeks is white Brown.
Equal to the adult female juveniles.
Cyclopsitta diophthalma marshalli
: (Iredale, 1946) – Of 14 cm.. length.
Green is more beige and the azul-malva coloration extends to the area under the peak.
Females have pale blue color where the male has red and blackish brown cheek bottom area.
Juveniles as adult females.
Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni
: (Gould, 1867) – It's a bit more large, about 15 cm.. approximately, No red forehead and face with some reddish feathers, the cheeks and orange headphones feathers. Blue front clear and without yellow stripe. The area of the eyes is absent blue. Blue edges of the bottom of the cheeks is variable.
The females are more yellowish with less or absent red in the face.
Equal to the adult female juveniles.
The Double-eyed Fig-Parrot are sedentary, with some dispersion after the breeding season. It is in a range of habitats from low to medium altitude, including jungle, secondary vegetation, on the edge of the Woods, riparian forest and occasionally dry forests and open forests of eucalyptus.
In Australia There are also birds in parks, Gardens, scrub, cultivated areas and mangroves; the Diophthalma diophthalma coxeni, probably, concentrated in the alluvial forest, but it was also visible in the forests of dry lowlands and hills of rainforest.
The species is highly dependent of the Ficus figs in all habitats.
The birds are usually found in pairs or in small groups, calling the attention with their constant calls acute while flying above the canopy.
They feed in silence, moving quietly through the foliage, often shopping its presence only by the fall of remains, Since break the shell of the fruit to reach its seeds.
Outside the breeding season, groups of up to 200 birds can be nested together, dissolving into smaller groups to feed themselves during the morning and afternoon.
When alarmed, they move their wings in an agitated manner.
During the rainy season, the bathroom is made with wet foliage, and mutual grooming is common.
The time of breeding of them Double-eyed Fig-Parrot, probably begins in New Guinea during the month of March, in Australia the main season runs from August to November.
When the birds are played are divided into pairs, territorial around their food trees. The nest It is a cavity that is expanded in a trunk at a height between 8 and 20 meters above the ground. The female conducted most of the preparation of the nest, He takes refuge in the hollow and spends much of the day there during its excavation. She can experiment with more than one nest.
Courtship feeding is common. The entrance hole is about 4 cm in diameter, and putting two white eggs are deposited, at intervals of 48 hours, in one camera, some 20 centimetres below the entry hole.
The incubation hard 18 days, and the young leave the nest in 7-8 weeks, After having been fed during the first 3 - 4 weeks, only by the female. They return to settle in the hollow for a short period of time after having left the nest.
The fig seeds they are their main food, birds often return to the same ripe fruits ending all their seeds. The diet also includes whole fruits small, nectar, larvae of insects and fungi or lichens collected crusts. Birds may feed in groups with others Fig parrots and, in Australia, with Rosella parakeets and other species of parrots.
The Double-eyed Fig-Parrot is distributed throughout much of New Guinea and parts of the northeast of Australia. At the West end is located in Waigeo, Salawati, Misool and Rafiau in the Islands of West Papua, Indonesia.
Is widespread but distributed unevenly through the continental part of New Guinea, absent only in the center of the Doberai peninsula and the central belt of mountains above the 1.600 m, Although there have previously been to 1.800 meters at the local level.
The estimate of the world population is above the 100.000 individuals and stable, but the State two of its subspecies is less secure:
– Cyclopsitta Diophthalma macleayana: has a population of 5.000 individuals and may be in decline, Although multiply in parks and gardens around Cairns.
– Cyclopsitta Diophthalma coxeni: just left 200 birds, After having reduced its population as a result of the destruction of the forests of lowlands along its limited distribution area.
– The third Australian subspecies, Cyclopsitta Diophthalma marshalli It is still quite common.
In New Guinea, the species dispersed, and is considered to be rare in the Doberai peninsula and absent from many parts of the lowlands of the South, is mainly distributed in the Highlands of the South basin. The Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot It probably replaces this species in much of this area. It is likely that the species has not been recorded accurately due to its small size and discreet habits. Protected by law in Australia. The Diophthalma diophthalma coxeni appears in the Appendix I of the CITES
Distribution of subspecies
Distribution of subspecies
Cyclopsitta diophthalma diophthalma
: West of the islands of Papua and West of New Guinea
The size of the world population Double-eyed Fig-Parrot It has not been quantified, Although it is estimated at more than 100,000 specimens. However, the Diophthalma diophthalma coxeni is in critically endangered, with a population between 50 and 200 individuals; the Diophthalma diophthalma macleayana with a population of some 5.000 individuals and the Diophthalma diophthalma marshalli generally uncommon
The population, of the nominal species, is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.
"Double-eyed Fig-Parrot" in captivity:
Rare in captivity.
Not social with people. Welcome in the distance.
– Double-eyed Fig-Parrot, Double eyed Fig Parrot, Double-eyed Fig Parrot, Two-eyed Fig Parrot (English).
– Psittacule double-oeil (French).
– Rotwangen-Zwergpapagei (German).
– Papagaio-do-figo-de-cara-azul (Portuguese).
– Lorito de Cuatro Ojos, Lorito Dobleojo, Lorito de la higuera de doble ojo (Spanish).
The head of the Duchess Lorikeet(Charmosyna margarethae), is red except for the back of the crown that is black and extends from the top of the eye up to the nape.
Broad collar Red on the back of the neck, bordered below by a thin black purple line and one strip of more broad orange-yellow: the mantle and scapulars green; rump Green with trademark red on the side; tail coverts, view from above, green. The wings green. Under the wing
, coverts marginal green, the coats under the wing
red, and the bottom of the flight feather Black with a panel of yellow color that goes from the center of the flight feather passing by the secondaries.
The underparts, basically, are red with a yellow stripe on the chest, lined purple black color over Strait, a thin red margin and a broader and more diffuse below purple edge; from below, the tail coats are green. From above, the tail It is red with black borders and the sharp tip of yellow; from below, the tail is yellowish-brown, Yellow-tipped.
The bill is orange; irises yellow to orange; legs oranges.
The male and the female are very similar.
Immature they lack the Black Hat and black and orange margin on the back of the neck. The chest belt is a yellow shutdown. The bill orange, the irises Yellow-grey and the legs gray.
It inhabits in the forests and wooded areas, at the edges of forests and tall secondary growth forests, mostly mountains and hills, Although you can also see in coconut plantations and coastal villages; above all between 100 and 1.350 meters above sea level.
Often feeds in noisy groups of 10 - 40 birds in the trees in flower and epiphytes with others Loris (including (Cardinal Lory). They feed acrobatically, mainly in the forest canopy.
Nesting and unknown breeding habits, Although a male was seen in the attitude of breeding during the month of January.
Apart from pollen and nectar, observed feeding on fruits of Schefflera.
• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
Much of the lowland forests, within the area of distribution of the Duchess Lorikeet, He has been or is scheduled to be connected, but this species is probably safe in the Highlands.
There is an export license fee for 60 birds, the funds will be used to finance conservation programs (JR van Oosten in litt. 1999); However, This species may be threatened by any trade on a large scale (T. Leary in litt. 2000). In 2002, 200 birds were imported to Singapore with permissions CITES (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).
The world population It is considered of less than 50.000 birds, but stable.
"Duchess Lorikeet" in captivity:
Very rare in captivity.
– Duchess Lorikeet, Dutchess Lorikeet (English).
– Lori de Margaret (French).
– Margarethenlori, Margaretenlori (German).
– Lori de Margarita (Spanish).
– Duchess Lorikeet (Portuguese).
23-28 cm.. height and a weight between 140 and 190 gr.
The plumage of the Dusky Lory(Pseudeos fuscata) It is difficult to describe since there are many variations between the two other copies. Some are of a very dark brown color, almost black and others have a much lighter shade. In addition the same happens with the two bands that cross you the chest Since the species goes through three phases: red, Orange and yellow, Depending on the age, gender and the place of origin.
The area of bare skin is characteristic of this species under the lower mandible until the birth of the throat. The lower wing coverts are orange and the lower flows dark blue. The obispillo is a silvery-white the bill is bright orange. The irises is orange and the legs Dark.
There is no sexual dimorphism and the only way to tell the difference between male and female will be through DNA, Although some authors (Tomas Arndt) they are running that adult females lack the white feathers of the obispillo.
The Dusky Lory they are quite widespread and locally common in primary forests , namely, those who have not undergone any transformation. But they are also found in wooded areas, up to an altitude of 2.400 m, During regeneration, especially those with large mature trees.
They are also distributed between the massifs of waste during its flowering trees, including those located in the parks and gardens in cities.
They are occasionally present in the lightly wooded Savannah or plantations of teak and coconut trees.
They normally reside in the landscape of hills or slopes steep slightly from low and middle mountain.
It´s gregarious and when flies or are fed in the cup of them trees full of flowers it makes in groups of 20 - 100 individuals or more.
The nesting season It is very different depending on the region: It extends from November to April in the mountainous areas of East, While in Irian Jaya, the Indonesian part, they do in July.
The Dusky Lory they prefer to nest in tall trees in the mountain area, the choice of a hole at high altitude on Earth probably do to protect itself against potential predators.
If the site is of your liking, reuse it for many years consecutively. Male and female participate in the work, the enlargement of the entrance or the cavity itself. Even if the nest has been used in the past, There are always minor changes to be carried out.
Although this species is fairly common, We really know very little about its reproduction in the wild. In captivity, the female lays two eggs which are incubated for approximately 24 days. As in most of New Guinea loris, the reproductive cycle is very long, about 70 days.
Consumes mainly nectar and perhaps the pollen it accumulates in plants of the genus schleffera or tree Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus sphaericus). Also consume flowers and fruits. It can be seen in large flocks in mango plantations and other cultivated trees. Feeds, occasionally, teak moth (Hyblaea puera).
The Dusky Lory It has its area of distribution largely of New Guinea, except the mountains more high of the interior and the peaks more high of the mountains of Parotia.
The species are not threatened. Common and very sociable, It often forms bedrooms that can reach thousand of birds.
A wild population estimated above 100.000 individuals.
In some parts of the southeast of New Guinea, its density may be superior to 30 birds per square kilometer.
"Dusky Lory" in captivity:
Are birds enough prolific and sociable you adapt easily to captivity.
Contrary to other parrots that eat mainly seeds and nuts; The loris require a greater percentage of fruits, outbreaks, nectar and pollen in your diet. In fact, in the nature, they can feed a maximum of 640 flowers in a day. They also feed on seeds.
It is usually aggressive with other species of lory. Easy to startle with strangers.
– Dusky Lory, Dusk-orange Lory, Dusky-Orange Lory, White-rumped Lory (English).
– Lori sombre, Lori à dos blanc (French).
– Weißbürzellori (German).
– Lóris-dusky (Portuguese).
– Lori Sombrío, Lorito crepuscular (Spanish).
The Ducorps's Cockatoo(Cacatua ducorpsii) It is a small cockatoo immediately recognizable by its long triangular Crest.
Its plumage is almost completely white, except the part inferior of them wings and tail with infiltration of color yellow. The feathers of the crest, the cheeks, the the mantle and the chest they have a base of pink.
The bill is grey. The bare skin around the eyes is pale-blue. The irises are dark brown, the legs grey.
The females are distinguished from your partner to have the irises more reddish.
The Ducorps's Cockatoo is quite similar to the Tanimbar cockatoo living in the Tanimbar Islands. Also seems to the Little Corella, Although the latter have more bluish and developed the orbital area.
Sound of the Ducorps's Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/generatepress_child/sonidos/Cacatua de las Salomon.mp3]
Is from coastal areas to the mountains; variety of habitats, including forests, secondary vegetation and gardens in cities. Found up to 1700m; mainly below the 700 m.
They are birds noisy and quite easy to observe, While they mostly live in pairs or in small groups. They fly high above the treetops where used well exposed perches in the top of the Cup.
Birds are very cautious, screaming when they are disturbed.
They have a strong and uneven consisting of shallow flapping flight.
In nature breed from July to September.
They make their nests in hollows of trees or large branches and, they often use the same nest year after year.
The eggs are of color white and usually there are two in a clutch. The eggs are incubated for about 25 days, the young leave the nest about 62 days after hatching.
They feed on seeds, berries, fruit, outbreaks, flowers, insects and their larvae. Occasionally eat the fleshy parts of “epiphytes“.
Endemic of the Solomon Islands. Its area of distribution extends from Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) - Malaita, Choiseul, New Georgia and Santa Isabel. The species is absent in San Cristóbal and the islands surrounding.
– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.
– The population trend: Stable
The population world is estimated at 100.000 birds and it seems quite stable.
The marketing of birds of company is a threat to this species, the other is the degradation of the habitat. The latter seems particularly serious, given the logging of forests in the lowlands.
"Ducorps's Cockatoo" in captivity:
It´s little gregarious and have tendency to be aggressive with other species and with those of its same species. In relation to the human being is a Parrot very demanding. Not everyone is prepared to have a White cockatoo.
They often tend to develop behavior problems, unbearable screams, become very destructive…If not are given a rigorous education on a very regular basis. Is that convenient if you want to have a cockatoo is made with views that can be accompanied by another or others of their species to avoid developing an over-reliance on so you can enjoy it without fear that you have problems, or at least trying to avoid them as much as possible.
I like them much attention. They tend to create strong emotional ties and they are quite Extrovert.
Despite the great attraction for a person having a parrot pet of such characteristics. It is not often a parrot advised for anyone or rather, almost no one is prepared to have a cockatoo with these characteristics.
– Ducorps’s Cockatoo, Broad-crested Corella, Solomon Corella, Solomon Islands Corella, White Cockatoo (English).
– Cacatoès de Ducorps (French).
– Salomonenkakadu (German).
– Cacatua-ducorps (Portuguese).
– Cacatúa de las Salomón, Cacatúa de Salomón (Spanish).
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