Mindoro Racquet-tail
Prioniturus mindorensis

Mindoro Racquet-tail

Mindoro Racquet-tail

Description:

27 cms length.

Mindoro Racquet-tail

The Mindoro Racquet-tail (Prioniturus mindorensis) They are closely related to the Blue-crowned Racquet-tail but it is distinguished by the patch crown in the mindorensis It is blue with a slight violet hue and clearly defined against the forecrown green; the peak is larger and racquets are never as long as adult specimens discurus.

-similar female to female Blue-crowned Racquet-tail, but often with violet traces in the patch crown.

Formerly he considered conspecific (belonging to the same species) with the Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (Prioniturus discurus).

Habitat:

They can be found in moist lowland forests, most recently being observed records, in groups of birds visiting the IBA Siburan.

Reproduction:

No information about their reproductive behavior.

Food:

Surely it feeds their congeners fruits, berries, nuts and seeds.

Distribution:

Extending its range (breeding / resident): 12.100 km2

Endemic of the Mindoro Island in Philippines.

Conservation:

Justification of the red list category: Vulnerable.

Population size: 2500-9999 specimens.

The population trend: In decline.

Justification of the red list category

This newly divided species is listed as Vulnerable it is believed to have a small town, which infers that is in decline due to the continuous pressure of capture and loss of habitat.

Justification of the population

The population size of this species has not been formally quantified, but it is estimated preliminarily that has less than 10.000 mature individuals. Therefore, placed in the band 2.500-9.999 mature individuals, which it is supposed equivalent to a total population of 3.750-14.999 individuals, round here 3.500-15.000 approximately. It is presumed that all mature individuals form a single subpopulation.

Justification trend

It is inferred that the population of the species is continuous decrease due to the constant pressure capture and habitat loss (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Threats

Little information is available about threats to this species, but it is believed that the continuous capture for pet trade and the continuous loss of habitat through agricultural expansion, timber harvesting and development are causing a negative population trend.

Conservation actions

Conservation actions underway

No specific conservation actions for this species are known, although suitable habitat is officially protected.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Surveys to quantify the population.
Study the habitat needs of the species.
Assess the level of threat of capture pressure.
Using remote sensing techniques to track the change in land use in Mindoro.
Carry out awareness activities to reduce trapping activities.

Lorito momoto de Mindoro en cautividad:

Not found in captivity.

Alternative names:

Blue-crowned Racquet-tail (mindorensis), Mindoro Racket-tail, Mindoro Racquet-tail (English).
Palette à couronne bleue (mindorensis), Palette de Mindoro (French).
Mindoro-Spatelschwanzpapagei (German).
Prioniturus mindorensis (Portuguese).
Lorito momoto de Mindoro (Spanish).

Joseph Beal Steere
Joseph Beal Steere

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Prioniturus
Scientific name: Prioniturus mindorensis
Citation: Steere, 1890
Protonimo: Prioniturus Mindorensis


Mindoro Racquet-tail (Prioniturus mindorensis)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Mindoro Racquet-tail Prioniturus mindorensis (Young bird with no racquets) in Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park, Mindoro, Philippines by Djop Tabaranza Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/1405853.
(2) – Mindoro Racquet-tail (Prioniturus mindorensis) – https://www.hbw.com/species/mindoro-racquet-tail-prioniturus-mindorensis

Sounds: Desmond Allen, XC79225. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/79225.

Mascarene Parrot †
Mascarinus mascarin

Mascarene Parrot


Description:

Of 35 cm.. height and a weight between 400 and 500 g..

The Mascarene Parrot † (Mascarinus mascarin) It was a bird dark grayish brown on top, lighter at the bottom; the the tail feathers They were brown with white bases; head lavender gray; lores and area around the bill black. had the bill bright red. The legs They were reddish brown and eyes red.

taxonomy:

A genetic study 2011 He placed the Mascarene Parrot of Meeting between subspecies of Black Parrot (Coracopsis nigra) of Madagascar and nearby islands, and therefore it would not be related to the parakeets Psittacula as believed. It was found that the lineage of Mascarene Parrot It separated made between 4,6 and 9 millions of years, before the formation of the isla Meeting, He is indicating that should have happened elsewhere

Habitat:

Nothing is known, although it is likely to be distributed in uninhabited forests where feed on fruits and nuts.

Reproduction:

No data.

Food:

Probably fruits and nuts.

Distribution:

The Mascarene Parrot It was described by many early travelers to Reunion Island (in France), with several captive birds sent to France at the end of the 18th century.

Recent stories of wild birds were in the early 1770, and the birds were not mentioned by Bory a 1804, so that the species might have been extinct in the wild then. Captive birds Paris also they would have died at that time, but one bird survived in the collection of birds king Bavaria at least 1834 (checks 1987). Two specimens survive today (Forshaw and Cooper 1989)

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Extinct.

• Population size : There are none.

Justification of the red list category

This species was known from the Réunion, but it has been extinguished by the hunting pressure. The last record dates from wild birds 1775, and none was observed on a visit in 1804.

Justification of the population

There are none.

Threats

It is likely to have been hunted to extinction.

Loro de las Mascareñas † en cautividad:

Several captive birds sent to France at the end of the 18th century.

Alternative names:

Mascarene Parrot, Mascarine Parrot (English).
Mascarin de la Réunion, Mascarin malgache (French).
Maskarenenpapagei, Maskarenen-Papagei (German).
Papagaio-das-mascarenas (Portuguese).
Loro de las Mascareñas, Loro Mascarín (Spanish).

Carlos-Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Mascarinus
Scientific name: Mascarinus mascarin
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1771)
Protonimo: Psittacus mascarin.


Mascarene Parrot † (Mascarinus mascarin)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – The Mascarene Parrot (Mascarinus mascarinus) by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Olive-throated Parakeet
Eupsittula nana

Olive-throated Parakeet

Description:

20 to 26 cm. long and 72-85 grams. It is one of the smallest Aratingas.

Olive-throated Parakeet

The Olive-throated Parakeet (Eupsittula nana) has the head and upperparts dark green; feathered area of cere yellow to orange-red.

Upperwing-coverts dark green, outer more emerald. The Outer secondaries and inner primaries deep dark blue tipped black above; the outer primary blue only towards tips. The greater underwing-coverts and underside of the flight feather dull slate or brownish-grey; the remaining coberteras are light green. Chin, throat and sides neck chocolate-brown they are merging with brownish olive on top of chest which turns yellow at the bottom and the belly; undertail-coverts light green. Uppertail dark green with blue diffusion, especially towards the tip; undertail metallized yellow-olive. Bill brown with the tip paler; irises yellow to orange; legs blackish-gray.

All plumages are similar but immature has irises brown.

  • Sound of the Olive-throated Parakeet.

Subspecies description:

three subspecies Panamanian and Honduran birds previously bore the respective names outmost and melloni, but light regional variations in Central America (p. e.g.. birds in southern paler and those of Tabasco, Mexico and Honduras They are darker) not justify more separations as described below.

  • Eupsittula nana astec

    (Souance, 1857) – Similar to the nominal but the throat and (especially the underparts) more pale brown, the bill perhaps smaller average.

  • Eupsittula nana nana

    (Vigors, 1830) – Nominal.

  • Eupsittula nana vicinalis

    (Bangs & Penard,TO, 1919) – Slightly larger than the subspecies Eupsittula nana astec, up brighter and greener down

NOTE The continental population is sometimes treated as a full species under the name A. astec, although the differences are minimal Jamaican birds.

Habitat:

They live mainly in forests and forest edges (especially adjacent lowland) in wet areas (to 1.100 m in Honduras, to 700 m in Costa Rica and a 300 m in southern Mexico), It is less frequent in large tracts of rainforest; reported in arid areas (Veracruz) and pine forests (Honduras), open country with scattered trees (including acreages) and plantations. More common in Jamaica in wet limestone forests midlevel. Usually it remains below the canopy. larger groups can be formed (c. 30) after breeding or when food is plentiful. mixed flocks with Crimson-fronted Parakeet reported in Costa Rica.

Reproduction:

Arboreal termitarium prefer to lay their nests, where birds excavate the cavity; also used treeholes. Nests often on the edge of a river or forest. Breeding season in March, Jamaica; April May, Belize and Guatemala. The implementation is of 3-4 eggs that hatch in 26-27 days. After hatching, it takes about 50 days until the chicks are ready for independence.

Note: In most birds, male / female relationships occur only during the breeding season and only work in coordinating parental care. La monogamy perenne, or linking partner throughout the year, It occurs in at least a dozen families of birds, including cockatoos and parrots.

Food:

Registered foods include higos ficus, Psidium, Inga, Hura, fruit of Hieronyma and guilt of tamarindo unripened. attacking crops, especially corn, and it is considered highly destructive in some areas.

Distribution:

Extending its range (breeding / resident): 1,373,500 km2

distributed by the Gulf and the Caribbean slope of Central America and Jamaica; a population in Hispaniola (Sierra de Bahoruco, Dominican Republic) It comes from a recent introduction from Jamaica. In Mexico, the Olive-throated Parakeet It extends from eastern San Luis Potosí and South of Tamaulipas, through South Veracruz until Oaxaca, North of Chiapas and Yucatan; then by the wet north Guatemala and the Caribbean slope of Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica to western Panama. It is located along Jamaica except in high mountains and wet Range John Crow in the East.

Locally common resident and abundant (commonly the most abundant parrot in some locations) although it is likely to be decreased in some areas (p. and. Jamaica and Costa Rica) due to the loss of habitat. Less common in southern Costa Rica and rare in Panama, where possibly a seasonal visitor Southern Lemon.

Caught for live bird market, but rare in international trade.

Subspecies description:

  • Eupsittula nana astec

    (Souance, 1857) – Veracruz, Mexico, to Panama

  • Eupsittula nana nana

    (Vigors, 1830) – Nominal. Jamaica, apparently in most areas except in the high mountains and the wet mountain range John Crow

  • Eupsittula nana vicinalis

    (Bangs & Penard,TO, 1919) – East of Mexico south of Veracruz, contact area with the latter species unknown

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 500,000-4,999,999 individuals.

Justification of the red list category

Although the demographic trend appears to be declining, It not believed to be declining fast enough to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable at the discretion of the demographic trend (> 30% decrease in ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un descenso continuo estimado en >10% in ten years or three generations, or specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

The subspecies Eupsittula nana nana It is endemic to Jamaica, where still widespread but probably has a moderately small population (approximately 10.000 mature individuals), all in one subpopulation, inferring that is in continuous decline due to a variety of threats including loss and degradation of the habitat, pursuit and capture for trade. Therefore, It has been classified as Near-threatened.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight They estimate that the total population is 500,000-4,999,999 individuals (A. Panjabi a slightly. 2008).

Justification trend

They suspected that the population is declining due to continuing habitat destruction and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

Aratinga jamaicana en cautividad:

Uncommon in international trade. Their life expectancy is over 15 years.

It is included in the Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Silvestre (CITES).

The Olive-throated Parakeet It is important to attract tourists with hotel advantages in the Caribbean and tropical areas that offer free bird tour with reservations. It is one of the reasons that this beautiful bird should remain free.

Alternative names:

Dwarf Conure, Dwarf Parakeet, Jamaican Conure, Jamaican Parakeet, Olive-throated Parakeet, Olive-throated Parakeet (Jamaican) (English).
Conure aztèque , Conure naine, Conure naine (nominal), Conure naine (nominale), Conure naine (race nominale) (French).
Aztekensittich, Jamaikasittich (German).
Periquito-da-jamaica (Portuguese).
Aratinga jamaicana, Aratinga Pechisucia, Perico Amargo, Perico azteco, Perico Pechiolivo, Perico Pechisucio, perico pecho sucio, perico pecho-sucio, Periquito pechisucio (Spanish).
Perico azteco (Costa Rica).
Perico Amargo (Dominican Rep.).
Periquito pechisucio (Honduras).
Perico Pechisucio, perico pecho sucio, perico pecho-sucio (Mexico).
Perico Pechiolivo (Nicaragua).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Eupsittula
Scientific name: Eupsittula nana
Citation: (Vigors, 1830)
Protonimo: Psittacara nana

Images Olive-throated Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Olive-throated Parakeet (Eupsittula nana)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Jamaican Parakeet (aka Olive-throated Parakeet or Aztec Parakeet) in captivity in Costa Rica By http://www.birdphotos.com (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Aratinga nana astec in Belize By Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Aratinga (nana) astec in Tikal, Guatemala By Aztec_Parakeet_(Aratinga_astec)_-Guatemala-8.jpg: Walter Rodriguez from Berlin, Germanyderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Aratinga (nana) astec in Tikal, Guatemala By Walter Rodriguez from Berlin, Germany (parakeetUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Eupsittula nana. Celestún Biosphere Reserve, Yucatan, México By Katja Schulz from Washington, D. C., USA (Olive-throated Parakeet) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A painting of an Olive-throated Parakeet, also known as the Olive-throated Conure, (originally captioned “Psittacara nana. Dwarf Parrakeet Maccaw.”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Guy Kirwan, XC284214. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/284214
[contact-form][contact-field label=”Name” type=”name” required=”true” /][contact-field label=”Email” type=”email” required=”true” /][contact-field label=”Web” type=”url” /][contact-field label=”Message” type=”textarea” /][/contact-form]

Painted Parakeet
Pyrrhura picta

Painted Parakeet


Description:

23 cm.. length and 54-70 g. of weight.

The Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta) has a close frontal band, lores, upper cheeks and area around eyes, dull red.

lower cheeks matte red with blue points on some feathers; the front of the crown is blue; rear area of the crown and of the neck, opaque reddish brown with some blue spots; ear-coverts yellowish. Nape bluish green to green in fusion area the mantle; the scapulars and the top and bottom of the back Brown; rump and uppertail-coverts, green. Upperwing-coverts green except for primary coverts external blue and some red feathers in the carpal area. Primaries blue up, gray below. Underwing-coverts green. Feathers of the throat, upper region chest and sides neck, opaque yellowish brown with wide margins, which results in a surprising scaled diamond shaped means or semicircles; bottom area chest and sides belly, green; Center of the belly brown; undertail-coverts green. Tail verde basalmente, brown distally. Bill brownish-grey; bare periophthalmic grey; brown the irises; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

Taxonomic status:

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Pyrrhura [picta, roseifrons, lucianii, amazonum, snethlageae or peruviana] (sensu lato) by some authors

  • Sound of the Painted Parakeet.

Description 4 subspecies
  • Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

    (Todd, 1947) – 22 cm.. length. Mostly green with a long tail reddish brown, patch belly dark red color and the primaries Bright blue. The front of the crown blue is becoming fuzzy blue brown behind; the area of the Carpus red and ear-coverts gray-brown pale.

  • Azuero parakeet By Itzel Fong Gadea (www.itzelfong.com) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni

    (Dr. Francisco Delgado – ornithologist panameño, 1985) – 22 cm.. length. Of mostly green with a long tail brown, the flight feathers blue, belly dark red and white patch cheek. This species has most of its face Red Color, Lacking any blue has except in the rear area neck. It has the eyes dark. Pens top chest They are dark gray with cream colored tips. The front of the crown It is red, quickly becoming a dark brown from the middle of the crown to the back of the neck.

  • Pyrrhura picta picta

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura picta subandina

    (Todd, 1917) – 21 cm.. Has the face bright brownish-red; the forecrown blue and dull red; Scalloped yellow and gray in the chest. Share with other species Pyrrhura a long tail red, the primaries blue and patch belly dark red. Area Carpus is green, Unlike the red color Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps which it is the closest geographically.

Habitat:

They inhabit in moist forests and land borders, seasonally flooded forests (várzea), and on the slopes of tepuyes.

They travel in flocks with quick flights.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It is between the months of December and February. Nest in hollow trees or old abandoned nests of woodpeckers.

Food:

They feed on, to a large extent, of fruit of Goupia glabra, Bagassa guianensis, Trema micrantha, Heisteria spruceana, Zanthoxylum, flowers and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of its range (Play / residents): 1.560.000 km2

The Painted Parakeet It is located in northeast South America, distributed south of Orinoco, in Venezuela, eastward through Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and the state of Amapá in the North of Brazil (pit et to the. 1997).

In the states of Amazon and western and southern Bolivar, in Venezuela They can be observed, mainly, on the slopes of the tepuyes, while further east inhabit the lowlands.

Distribution and status of 4 subspecies
  • Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

    (Todd, 1947) – It is located on the western slope at the northern end of the Andes to the east, from south Cesar state north through Los Motilones on Sierra de Perija, at the border of Venezuela and Colombia. It is estimated to have lost about 70% of its original habitat within their distribution Colombia, and its area of ​​occupation within Colombia It is expected to be less than 3.700 km2 (Botero-Delgadillo et to the. 2012to, b). It's kind extremely poorly known Venezuela, there are some samples and records of sightings in only four locations, all in the Zulia state; recorded infrequently in recent years, despite the significant fieldwork (Sharpe 2015, CJ Sharpe in litt . 2015).

  • Classified as danger of extinction. Its population is in steady decline due to fragmentation of their habitat and capture for the pet trade.

  • Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni

    (Dr. Francisco Delgado – ornithologist panameño, 1985) – Known only in the Cerro Hoya National Park in provinces Veraguas and The Saints, in the South of Panama. The distribution area is considered to be less than 700 km2; It is common locally to the 1.660 m (Juniper and Parr 1998, Forshaw 2006, 2010, Montañez and Angehr 2007). However, the population It has been estimated less than 2.000 individuals (World Parrot Trust 2014), and it is considered nationally threatened (Montañez and Angehr 2007).

  • Pyrrhura picta picta

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal. They can be observed in Northeast South America, distributed south of Orinoco, in Venezuela, eastward through Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, and in the North of Brazil, state Amapá (pit et to the. 1997). In Amazon and western and southern Bolivar states Venezuela mainly inhabit hillside tepuyes, while further east are distributed in the lowlands.

  • This species is classified as least concern, although the size of its population is decreasing mainly because of its capture for trade in bird cage.

  • Pyrrhura picta subandina

    (Todd, 1917) – Observed only in the Valley of the Rio Sinu in the North of Colombia, although recent searches have failed to find the species which may be extinct (PGW Salaman in litt. 2011). 18 specimens are known from four places; Jaraquiel, Quimarí and Murucucú in Bolivar, and Tierra Alta Nazareth (Joseph and Stockwell 2002). Placements Nazareth and in Jaraquiel, apparently, They have been deforested, but apparently small areas of suitable habitat may occur in Quimarí and in the Murucucú hills Although searches on these sites could not find any evidence of the continued presence of the Pyrrhura picta subandina (Pgv Salman in Lit. . 2011).

  • There have been no confirmed records of this parakeet from Colombia 1949 despite extensive searches, and any remaining population is likely to be extremely small and declining. Therefore, It has been classified as Critically Endangered (possibly extinct).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the Red List Category

The Painted Parakeet has a range very large, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion. While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be fast enough to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion population trend (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

Justification of the population

The world population It has not been quantified, due to recent taxonomic divisions.

Justification trend

This species is suspected that there may be lost 6,5-7,3% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the . 2006, Bird et to the . 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to hunting and / or entrapment, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% en tres generaciones.

Painted parrot in captivity:

Rare.

Alternative names:

Painted Parakeet, Painted, Azuero, Sinu or Todd’s Parakeet (English).
Conure versicolore, Conure versicolore, C. d’Eisenmann, C. du Sinu ou C. de Todd (French).
Rotzügelsittich (German).
Tiriba-de-testa-azul (Portuguese).
Cotorra Pintada, Periquito Pintado (Spanish).
Periquito Pintado (Colombia).
Perico Pechiescamado (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura picta
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus pictus

Images Painted Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Venezuelan Parakeet | Perico Pintado ( Pyrrhura picta emma) By Fernando Flores from Caracas, Venezuela [CC BY-SA 2.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: William Adsett, XC82876. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/82876

Maroon-faced Parakeet
Pyrrhura leucotis

Maroon-faced Parakeet

Description:

The Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis) measured 21 centimeters length and 50-53 g. of weight, It is the smallest species long-tailed parakeets.

Maroon-faced Parakeet

Their cheeks and forecrown, They are brown brown mostly, blue above eyes and on lower cheeks; crown and nape, dark brown, dotted with orange-brown from the ends of pens; ear-coverts white to pale brown; nape with bluish green tones.

Mantle and top of the back, green with scattered dark margins on some feathers; lower back, rump and uppertail-coverts, brown. Wing coverts except green primary coverts which they are blue and patch Red in the bend of wing.

Primaries blue. Under, the wings with the lesser coverts green, the greater coverts dark gray; the flight feathers grey. Feathers of the throat and sides neck, blue base with a yellowish subterminal band and black tips; Feathers of the chest with little blue tones and instead to brown in bases; the underparts They are green with a large patch brown in the center of belly. maroon brown with green edges at the base of the outerweb of the lateral feathers; undertail, the tail It is reddish brown opaque.

Bill black; cere black; bare periophthalmic grey; irises dark orange-brown; legs dark grey.

The plumage of both sexes are similar.

Taxonomic status:

Considered one subspecies Pyrrhura [leucotis or emma] by some authors

  • Sound of the Maroon-faced Parakeet.

Habitat:

The Maroon-faced Parakeet inhabits forests, clear edges and adjacent with scattered trees including cocoa plantations shaded Bay, sometimes visiting parks and residential areas. They can be observed, mainly, in lowlands (for example, to 600 meters in east Brazil) and in forests at higher elevations in Northeast Brazil. Gregarious, generally close to flocks 15-20 birds.

Reproduction:

No information about your reproduction in the wild. Clutch 5-9 eggs in captivity.

Food:

Probably you have a diet comparable to his close relatives in the wild, where is recorded the Miconia hypoleuca as one of their food. There are reports of birds feeding in cornfields.

Distribution:

Size of its range (players / residents): 352.000 km2

The distribution of the Maroon-faced Parakeet It is limited to Southeast Brazil, from Bay to the South of the río Jequitinhonha, to the South up to Espirito Santo, including Southeast Minas Gerais, Brazil, and previously São Paulo.

Conservation:

  • Justification of the Red List Category

– This species appears as Near-threatened on the basis that it is suspected that there has been a decrease in moderately rapid population due to the habitat loss and capture.

  • Justification of the population

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened..

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 10000-19999 individuals.

– The Maroon-faced Parakeet is believed to have a small town; However, Marsden et al .(2000) It estimated that there is a combined population of about 19,300 individuals on Biological Federal Reserve Sooretama the Nature Reserve Linhares in the State of Espirito Santo, based on surveys 1998, It is suggesting that the population has been previously underestimated.

– Until an updated estimate available, the population was provisionally placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, representing a population of about 15,000-30,000 individuals in total, although the structure of the subpopulation not known.

  • Justification trend

– It is suspected that the species is in a moderate to rapid decline due to the habitat loss and capture. The rate of decline is thought to be not so fast because tolerance to modified habitats of this species cushion the impacts of deforestation to some extent.

  • Threats

– The logging It has been extensive, It is affecting most of board woods, in Bay and Espirito Santo.

– Most of the original forest cover which distributed the Maroon-faced Parakeet It was eliminated more than a century ago; in the news, are being eliminated very quickly the remaining patches (pit et to the ., 1997).

– This bird often seized in captivity, suggesting that there is a major catch birds for trade. (J. Gilardi in little ., 2010).

Conservation Actions Underway

protected in parts of Bay (Private Reserve Station Veracruz, and national parks Discovery, Pau Brazil and Monte Pascoal) (Lamb 2002).

Monte Pascoal It faces an uncertain future, as it has been invaded by Indians Pataxó they have largely eliminated neighboring area.

– Elsewhere the species is known from reserves Linhares-Sooretama (Espirito Santo), Rio Doce State Park (Minas Gerais, Brazil) and Ting Biological Reserveeructate (Rio de Janeiro).

Conservation Actions Proposed

– continue monitoring of this species in the field and in trade.

– Strengthen the network of protected areas within the Atlantic Forest of Brazil conservation of key sites.

Cotorra orejiblanca en cautividad:

Very rare.

Its diet in captivity it is similar to that of their peers.

Its population in the wild is small and decreasing whereby each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Maroon-faced Parakeet, Maroon-faced Parakeet (White-eared), White-eared Parakeet (English).
Conure emma, Conure leucotique, Conure leucotique (nominal), Conure leucotique (nominale), Conure leucotique (race nominale) (French).
Weißohrsittich (German).
tiriba-de-orelha-branca (Portuguese).
Cotorra orejiblanca, Perico Pintado, Cotorra cariparda (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura leucotis
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus leucotis

Images Maroon-faced Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Maroon-faced parakeet By Gabriel Resende Veiga (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(2) – Several White-eared Parakeets (Pyrrhura_leucotis) at Palmitos Park, Gran Canaria, Spain By Bjoertvedt (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

(3) – A White-eared Parakeet in Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By Kee Yip from Union City, California, USA (IMG_4336_P1030859Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

(4) – White-eared Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis), Vale Reserve, Espírito Santo, Brazil by Brendan RyanFlickr

(5) – By Almond ButterscotchFlickr

(6) – Parrots in captivity /. London :George Bell and Sons,1884-1887 [i.e. 1883-1888] by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Roney Souza, XC265102. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/265102

Pfrimer's Parakeet
Pyrrhura pfrimeri

Pfrimer's Parakeet

Description:

22 to 23 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 80 g..

Pfrimer's Parakeet

The Pfrimer's Parakeet (Pyrrhura pfrimeri) is a small psittacine of tail Long endemic Brazil very similar to Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis), of which has recently been separated.

Its main color is green with bluish hues in primary rémiges and reddish tones in the back, the belly and retrizes penas. The bend of wing They are reddish.
The neck It has clear blue feathers with lighter edges, giving the whole a scaled aspect. The sides of the face They are red while the crown and nape They are bluish. The bill It is black and tail red-blue color at the tips

It has no sexual dimorphism.

Taxonomic status:

It has often been considered a subspecies of the Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis)Pyrrhura leucotis pfrimeri. The separation was made based on their distribution and the differences in Habitat and plumage, He was the only member of the complex P. leucotis in which the light spot on ear-coverts It was very small. Recent mitochondrial DNA studies have confirmed this separate species status.

  • Sound of the Pfrimer's Parakeet.

Habitat:

Its distribution is restricted to the forests dry deciduous or semi-evergreen growing on limestone outcrops in the calcareous. This habitat type caatinga is an isolated island within the surrounding savannah closed. The forest caatinga typically it has a closed canopy and dense undergrowth of vines and some cactus, particularly in disturbed areas. The species has been seen recently fragmented woodlots (Olmos et al., 1998), but reportedly did not live far from the edge of the forest.

Social, usually they are seen in flocks of up 10 birds. Noisy and conspicuous when they fly above the canopy. Difficult to observe while feeding or resting among the foliage.

Reproduction:

We know very little about their reproductive habits.

Food:

They fly in flocks in search of fruits, seeds, flowers and larvae insects (wasps Family Agaonidae) .

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (Reproductores / Resident): 20.300 km2

It is located in the Brazilian states of Goiás, Tocantins and the northwestern tip of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population: 20,000-50,000.

Justification of the Red List Category

This species has a range very small very fragmented and where habitat loss and degradation continue. For these reasons, It is classified as endangered.

Justification of the population

The total population is estimated to lie within the band 20,000-49,999 individuals (CA Bianchi in a little. 2006, 2007). The population density of the species has been estimated 11,7 individuals / km2 .

Justification trend

Given the rapid pace of deforestation within restricted range species, and its strong dependence on forest habitats suspected its population is declining rapidly (F. Olmos in some ., 2004).

Threats:

The main threat to this species is the deforestation driven selective logging, fires and conversion of habitat to pasture (Olmos et al . 1998). Dry wood Goiás He declined to be covering 15,8% of the region 1990 only the 5,8% in 1999, and less than 1% of the remaining fragments they were larger than 100 has (F. Olmos a slightly. 2007). There has been a reduction 66% habitat available in the last 31 years, with a current annual deforestation rate 2,1% (Bianchi 2010). Rapid deforestation is occurring within the range of the species to create pastures with widespread burning to improve poor pastures destroying the habitat of dry forest. It is mainly directed to logging forests durable normally used to make fence posts, and cement are starting to target areas of limestone outcroppings (CA Bianchi in a little . 2006, 2007). The species is rare while they recorded in the trade waves collections of exotic birds; This poses a potential threat (Olmos et al ., 1998). Population pressures increase as their range is close to the capital, Brasilia (Olmos et al ., 1998).

Conservation Actions Underway

In Brazil, previously considered vulnerable (Silveira y Straube 2008), but now legally designated as endangered national (MMA 2014) and protected by the Brazilian legislation. They are distributed within the proposal Terra Ronca State Park, but this has not yet been fully implemented. (CA Bianchi in a little . 2006, 2007). Downs Terra Ronca State Park now they appear to have been deforested, leaving only forest fragments outcrops of limestone karst (Willis in a little .). Other parts of the range are not protected. The species appears in the Brazil Red List as vulnerable and the IBAMA (Federal Environment Agency Brazil) is about to create a conservation group Small parrots understand all the Pyrrhura spp, and establishes conservation efforts. Brasilia zoo began a program captive breeding in 2001 with 10 individuals, but none survived after six years (CA Bianchi in a little . 2006, 2007). There are very few known private poultry farmers who maintain the species in captivity (CA Bianchi in a little . 2006, 2007).

Conservation Actions Proposed

Determine the extent of habitat and current rates of deforestation remaining. Closely monitor the species in trade if demand increases.

Cotorra de Goiás en cautividad:

Very rare.

It's a bird in danger of extinction; each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Goias Parakeet, Pfrimer’s Conure, Pfrimer’s Parakeet (English).
Conure de Pfrimer (French).
Goiasittich, Pfrimers Sittich (German).
tiriba de Pfrimer, Tiriba-de-pfrimer, Tiriba-do-paranã , ciganinha, barreirinha, chiriri e periquito-do-morro (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Goiás (Spanish).

Alipio Ribeiro de Miranda, brazilian natural scientist

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura pfrimeri
Citation: Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920
Protonimo: Pyrrhura pfrimeri

Images Pfrimer's Parakeet:

Cotorra videos of Goiás:


Pfrimer's Parakeet (Pyrrhura pfrimeri)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura pfrimeri by Lander Van NieuwenhuyseFlickr
(2) – Pyrrhura pfrimeri by Lander Van NieuwenhuyseFlickr
(3) – Pyrrhura pfrimeri by Lander Van NieuwenhuyseFlickr
(4) – Pyrrhura pfrimeri by pyaf.net
(5) – Tiriba-de-Pfrimer, “Pyrrhura pfrimeri” – Pfrimer's Parakeet by Brazilian Claudia Martins
Brazilian Claudia Martins
(6) – Photo of Alipio de Miranda Ribeiro, brazilian natural scientist By File created by Flávio de Miranda Ribeiro (Picture taken by family) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

Pearly Parakeet
Pyrrhura lepida

Pearly Parakeet

Description:

24 cm.. in length and 70 to 80 grams.

Pearly Parakeet

The Pearly Parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida) has the head dark blackish brown with mottled light on nape; ear-coverts creamy white; cheeks pale bluish green.

Upper mantle blue; robe bottom until uppertail-coverts, green. Scapulars green at the base, blue down; lesser wing coverts slightly green tinted olive; median coverts and older, mainly blue; some red at the leading edge of wing . Flight feather Blue above, secondaries with green in the outerweb; dark gray below. Underwing-coverts bright red. Sides of the neck, the throat and the top chest, mainly brown with some blue marks and points yellowish brown, which gives an overall scaled aspect; The underparts remaining are green with blue on the flanks and the thighs. Upper, the tail mainly brown, green in the basal area and narrow blue tips. Bill black-brown; bare periophthalmic grey; irises dark brown; legs black slate.

The plumages of both sexes are, apparently, similar.

taxonomic history

Confusing taxonomic history: until recently known as Pyrrhura perlata, but that name is actually applied to the known way long as Pyrrhura rhodogaster, currently a synonym for the species Pyrrhura perlata; the current species therefore assumes his next oldest name, Pyrrhura lepida. Forms a pair of species with parapatric Pyrrhura perlata, with which it is sometimes considered conspecific; the recent molecular phylogeny indicated that the closest relatives of these two are the Pyrrhura frontalis and Pyrrhura molinae.

  • Sound of the Pearly Parakeet.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura lepida anerythra

    (Neumann, 1927) – Similar to the species nominal but with the chest, the belly and cheeks green with occasional shades of blue.

  • Pyrrhura lepida coerulescens

    (Neumann, 1927) – Similar to the species nominal, but with the forecrown and crown brown, gray throat and upper chest, green on the upper cheeks; bluer in the lower chest

  • .

  • Pyrrhura lepida lepida

    (Wagler, 1832) – Nominal.

Habitat:

The Pearly Parakeet, usually, inhabits humid forests of mainland. The species has been observed in forest edges, clear areas and second growth.

They are seen in flocks of up to ten birds, particularly in places where food is plentiful.

Reproduction:

They nest hollow logs. The laying is of 3-4 eggs incubados during 23 days; breeding needs about 7 weeks for independence.

Food:

probably catkins, small fruits and flowers.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 585.000 km2

The Cotorra Pulcra is endemic to Northeast Brazil, to the South of the Amazon. Observed around the basin Xingu and its tributaries, from the river Pracuí and the left bank of Tocantins River, and from Belém and the Río grass, in For, east to around Sao Luis in Maranhão, and from northern Maranhão to the East of Rosary, although apparently no longer in some coastal areas, where according to sources, They were formerly quite common.

Today are rare and extinct in many parts of their former range (for example, North of Maranhão) due to large-scale deforestation, although they are, apparently, tolerant habitat alterations.

The coerulescens subspecies It is near extinction due to the almost total loss of their habitat. The species is found in protected areas but its integrity is compromised by the illegal logging.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Note:

Pyrrhura lepida is the new name of the taxon Pyrrhura perlata, whose name has been shown to be applied first to an immature bird of that species, Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : 6700 individuals.

Justification of the red list category

From a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin, While shows some tolerance degraded landscapes, It suspected that the population of this species decline rapidly over the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

The population It is preliminarily estimated to number at least 10.000 individuals, approximately equivalent to 6.700 mature individuals. This requires confirmation.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost between 47 and the 64,5% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (18 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the ., 2006, Bird et to the ., 2011). However, because the species seems to have some degree of tolerance to habitat degradation (A. Lees in litt ., 2011), It suspected to decline by 30-49% during three generations.

Threats

Despite an apparent tolerance of some degradation of the habitat, It is perhaps close to extinction in coastal areas of northern Maranhão, due to the large scale deforestation (Juniper and Parr, 1998). They are distributed within protected areas, but its integrity is compromised by the illegal logging (Juniper and Parr 1998). It is expected that deforestation in the Amazon basin to increase as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et to the. , 2006). The proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land to a private owner is legally obliged to keep as forest and include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (That later they would be absolved of the need to reforest the land illegally cleared) (Bird et to the., 2011).

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II. The species is classified as Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014), with subspecies elegant and coerulescens considered in Danger (Silveira y Straube 2008).

Conservation Actions Proposed

* Census and population monitoring to assess the world's population and demographic trends and refine distribution and locate strengths.

* Investigate their ecology, threats and conservation requirements. Strengthen the network of protected areas within the remaining core habitat.

Effectively manage resources and management of existing protected areas and new, using the emerging opportunities for funding the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity. It is also essential conservation on private land, through the expansion of market pressures for proper land management and prevention of deforestation on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).

Campaign against the proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code that would lead to a decrease in the width of the riparian forest protected areas as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

Cotorra Pulcra en cautividad:

Rare in captivity.

It is a bird Vulnerable nationally in Brazil and protected by CITES Appendix II; each captive specimen of this species that is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Pearly Conure, Pearly Parakeet (English).
Conure perlée, Perriche perlée, Perruche perlée (French).
Blausteißsittich (German).
tiriba, tiriba-de-barriga-vermelha, Tiriba-peróla, tiriba-pérola (Portuguese).
Catita cola granate, Cotorra Pulcra, Cotorra Ventrirroja (Spanish).

Johann Georg Wagler
Johann Georg Wagler

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura lepida
Citation: (Wagler, 1832)
Protonimo: Sittace lepida

Images Pearly Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Pearly Parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura lepida by Florin FeneruFlickr
(2) – Pyrrhura lepida coerulescens Neumann, 1929 – Huub Veldhuijzen van Zanten / Naturalis Biodiversity Center [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Pearly Parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida) also known as the Pearly Conure in aviculture. A pet parrot By manginwu (originally posted to Flickr as my name is twoday.) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Tiriba-perola [Pearly Parakeet] by Helio LourenciniFlickr
(5) – Tiriba pearl (Pyrrhura perlata) – www.avesilvestre.com.br
(6) – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

Sounds: GABRIEL MILK, XC212988. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/212988

Maroon-bellied Parakeet
Pyrrhura frontalis

Maroon-bellied Parakeet

Description:

24-28 cm.. length and 72-94 g. of weight.

Maroon-bellied Parakeet

The Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis) has a frontal band matte red close with a few more bright red feathers behind cere; lores blackish; feathery cheeks and crown, greyish green blackish tips; ear-coverts olive green.

The upperparts They are green grass with a small area reddish at the bottom of the back. Primary coverts bluish green; wing-coverts grass-green, some feathers sometimes with olive tint. Primaries Blue in the outerweb. Green on innerwebs, with dark tips; secondaries, mainly green. Sides of neck, throat and chest, brown oliváceo, feathers subterminally brown and black black tips, giving the whole a scalloped effect; lower breast green with a patch brown in the center of belly; flanks, the thighs and undertail-coverts, green. Upper, green tail in basal half, Shaded bronze to reddish tones on the tips; below, the tail is opaque brown.

Bill grey, sometimes paler in base mandible; yellow cere; bare periophthalmic whitish grey; irises dark brown; legs dark gray.

Both sexes are similar. The incipient brown lacks the belly. Immature paler than adult with irises darker.

Taxonomic note:

Closely related Blaze-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura devillei), with which it can be conspecific (populations or races that belong to the same species). It has been suggested that the species may also be conspecific with Green-cheeked Parakeet (Pyrrhura molinae).

  • Sound of the Maroon-bellied Parakeet.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura frontalis chiripepe

    (Vieillot, 1818) – As the nominal, but the upper surface of the tail It is completely green olive. Some orange-red markings on the bend of wing in some birds.

  • Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Subspecies nominal.

Habitat:

The Maroon-bellied Parakeet They extend through several forest habitats, forests, margins and marshy habitats, including the remaining patches Araucaria (for example, in Rio Grande do Sul). In the Paraguayan Chaco They seem almost confined to coastal areas of growth over the Río Paraguay and its main tributaries. In Southeast Brazil They are mainly distributed in the highlands, to 1.400 meters above sea level; in other parts of the lowlands up near 1.000 m, where they are generally tolerant to disturbance, even reaching visit urban parks in the city of Assumption, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, and feeding in gardens (Rio Grande do Sul). Gregarious, usually in flocks of 6-12 birds (until 40).

Reproduction:

They nest in the cavity of the trees. The breeding season It covers the months from October to December. Clutch 5-6 eggs.
The female incubated one for almost 30 days. The young leave the nest after about 45 days, after which they continue to be fed for some time by the two partners.

Food:

In Southeast Brazil, Their diet includes pulp of Euterpe edulis, seeds of Schinus, Xylopia, Cecropia, Croton, Miconia, ficus, Psidium and Pinus; flowers of Ambrosia and Vernonia and aryl of Protium; elsewhere, the Araucaria It is a very important food source, for example in southern Brazil; also they feed dried fruits and fruits of Campomanesia xanthocarpa and Podocarpus lambertii; homoptera sheets Persea pyrifolia and fly larvae. The orange crops and corn sometimes they suffer from their visits, but depredations were lower compared to the damage caused by the Parrot Argentina (Myiopsitta monachus) in cornfields.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (reproductoras/residentes): 2.690.000 km2

The Maroon-bellied Parakeet It is endemic in Southeast South America, from the southeast of Brazil to the North of Argentina.

In Brazil They can be observed from south Bay ,through coastal states, until Rio Grande do Sul, and west, in the southeast of Minas Gerais, Brazil and South of Mato Grosso, through Paraguay (extension of records suggests its presence throughout the west end), North of Uruguay and North of Argentina, in Missions, Currents, Formosa, Chaco and sporadically in the past, in the North of Santa Fe (a population in Buenos Aires probably descended from leaks), and southeastern Bolivia.

Resident. Locally common to very common (for example, in Missions) but rare elsewhere (for example Currents) and extinguished in places due to conversion of forests for agriculture.

With He commercialized in large quantities with substantial late eighties exports averaging over 5.000 birds per year. There is a large captive population.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura frontalis chiripepe

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Central and southern Paraguay, northern Uruguay and northern Argentina.

  • Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis

    (Vieillot, 1818) – Subspecies nominal. Southeastern Brazil from southern Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul including southeastern Minas Gerais and south and southeast of Mato Grosso.

Conservation:

• Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a extremely large range and, therefore, it does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable at the discretion of the distribution area size (Extension <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión o calidad del hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número de lugares o fragmentación severa). La tendencia de la población parece ser estable, por lo que la especie no se aproxima a los umbrales de Vulnerables bajo el criterio de tendencia poblacional (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con un declive continuo estimado> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

They suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Threats

The species has been marketed strongly: from 1981, when it was included in Appendix II of CITES, 52.523 individuals captured in the wild have been recorded in international trade (Trade database of UNEP-WCMC CITES, January 2005).

Cotorra Chiripepé en cautividad:

The species is listed in Appendix II of the CITES.

There is a large captive population. They are intelligent birds, friendly and active. Readily they adapt to human contact and are easy to train. They are among the quietest cotorras, but its powerful high-pitched voices can become very annoying. Like other parakeets, They tend to express emotion with a series of loud cries, chillidos.

Alternative names:

Maroon bellied Parakeet, Maroon Parakeet, Maroon-bellied Conure, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Reddish-bellied Parakeet, Scaly-breasted Parakeet (English).
Conure de Vieillot, Conure ou, Perriche de Vieillot, Perruche à oreillons bruns, Perruche d’Azara, Perruche de Vieillot (French).
Braunohrsittich, Braunohr-Sittich (German).
cara-suja, periquito, tiriba, Tiriba-de-testa-vermelha, tiriva (Portuguese).
Chiripepe, Chiripepé, Chiripepé cabeza verde, Chiripepé de cabeza verde, Cotorra Chiripepé, Perico de Vientre Rojo (Spanish).

Vieillot, Jean Pierre Louis
Vieillot, Jean Pierre Louis

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura frontalis
Citation: (Vieillot, 1818)
Protonimo: Psittacus frontalis

Images Maroon-bellied Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Maroon-bellied parakeet Botanical Garden of São Paulo By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Maroon-bellied Conure (Pyrrhura frontalis) on a wooden stump. Botanical Garden of São Paulo By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Pyrrhura Ilhabela-SP By Dario Sanches frontalis from São Paulo, Brazil (Maroon-bellied parakeet ( Pyrrhura frontalis)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Maroon-bellied Conure (Pyrrhura frontalis) – Horto Florestal de São Paulo By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Pyrrhura frontalis – Track dos Tucanos – Tapiraí-SP IBA: Forest massif Paranapiacaba By Jairmoreirafotografia (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

Sounds: Gustavo Luz, XC344423. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/344423

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