22-23 cm.. height.
The Brown-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera) is easily recognized by the Wing mirror yellow in flight. In general it is green, with a red spot on the ear; chest brown reddish and sides of the neck Brown dark characteristic.
Shoulder mostly yellow up to half of the wing
and the end of the same pardo-olivaceo.
The primary feathers are blue and their covert wing external and internal yellow, usually with orange blend.
The tail reddish brown. Its bill pale yellowish; irises yellow; eye ring white.
The immature lack of yellow in the wings.
- Sound of the Brown-breasted Parakeet.
It inhabits in Misty jungles Andean and sub-andinas with canopy 15 to 25 m, secondary forests and Paramo, from 1700 to 3400 m. They fly at dawn and at dusk flocks, usually small of 6 to 12 individuals on the canopy of the forest.
It nests in, generally, in cavities of trees located in wooded pastures or pasture surrounded by secondary forest fragments, bedrooms for both nests.
Farming conditions they have been observed in August and October, as well as between January and November in Fusagasugá, Farallon de Medina and Soatá (Cortes-Herrera et to the., 2007) and from September to February in the Chingaza National Park (Arenas-Mosquera 2011).
The size average of the laying is of 5-6 eggs of color whitish. The chicks take of 60 to 70 days to complete its development.
Diet Brown-breasted Parakeet consists in fruit (including plants of the Ericaceae, Lauraceae, Melastomataceae and Clusiaceae (Cortes-Herrera et to the., 2007), seeds and corn grown, Although flocks larger were observed in areas open to eating leaves and seeds (O. Courteous in litt., 2012).
Size distribution (reproduction / resident): 1,000 km2
Endemic. Cordillera Oriental in Colombia. From Boyacá to southwest of Cundinamarca. Has also been reported in the departments of Santander, Norte de Santander and Casanare in the localities of the Arrayanes and Salina.
The population total has been estimated at 5.000-10.000 individuals.
• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.
• Population trend: Decreasing.
This species has a range very small and a small population, known in less than ten places in what is rapidly declining due to the loss of habitat and persecution as as plague to include the corn grown within their diet.
These declines in the range of the population is expected to continue. Therefore, qualified as vulnerable.
It is estimated that its population amounts to between 5.000 and 10.000 individuals, equivalent approximately to 3.300-6.700 mature individuals.
Red-billed Parrot in captivity:
Not usually find it in captivity.
– Brown-breasted Parakeet, Brown breasted Parakeet, Brown-backed Conure, Brown-backed Parakeet, Brown-breasted Conure, Flame-winged Conure, Flame-winged Parakeet (English).
– c, Perriche à poitrine brune, Perruche à poitrine brune (French).
– Braunbrustsittich, Braunbrust-Sittich (German).
– Tiriba-de-peito-marron (Portuguese).
– Cotorra Pechiparda, Perico Bello, Periquito Aliamarillo (Spanish).
– Order: Psittaciformes
– Family: Psittacidae
– Genus: Pyrrhura
– Scientific name: Pyrrhura calliptera
– Citation: (Massena & Souancé, 1854)
– Protonimo: Conurus callipterus
Brown-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera)
(1) – Flame-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera) By Ron Knight from Seaford, East Sussex, United Kingdom (Flame-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura calliptera)) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Pyrrhura calliptera By J. Davernes (biodiversitylibrary.org) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
– Sounds: (Xeno-canto)