Posted by pets | 23 May 2017

- Pyrrhura picta

Painted Parakeet


Description:

23 cm.. length and 54-70 g. of weight.

The Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta) has a close frontal band, lores, upper cheeks and area around eyes, dull red.

lower cheeks matte red with blue points on some feathers; the front of the crown is blue; rear area of the crown and of the neck, opaque reddish brown with some blue spots; ear-coverts yellowish. Nape bluish green to green in fusion area the mantle; the scapulars and the top and bottom of the back Brown; rump and uppertail-coverts, green. Upperwing-coverts green except for primary coverts external blue and some red feathers in the carpal area. Primaries blue up, gray below. Underwing-coverts green. Feathers of the throat, upper region chest and sides neck, opaque yellowish brown with wide margins, which results in a surprising scaled diamond shaped means or semicircles; bottom area chest and sides belly, green; Center of the belly brown; undertail-coverts green. Tail verde basalmente, brown distally. Bill brownish-grey; bare periophthalmic grey; brown the irises; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

Taxonomic status:

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Pyrrhura [picta, roseifrons, lucianii, amazonum, snethlageae or peruviana] (sensu lato) by some authors

  • Sound of the Painted Parakeet.

Description 4 subspecies
  • Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

    (Todd, 1947) – 22 cm.. length. Mostly green with a long tail reddish brown, patch belly dark red color and the primaries Bright blue. The front of the crown blue is becoming fuzzy blue brown behind; the area of the Carpus red and ear-coverts gray-brown pale.

  • Azuero parakeet By Itzel Fong Gadea (www.itzelfong.com) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni

    (Dr. Francisco Delgado – ornithologist panameño, 1985) – 22 cm.. length. Of mostly green with a long tail brown, the flight feathers blue, belly dark red and white patch cheek. This species has most of its face Red Color, Lacking any blue has except in the rear area neck. It has the eyes dark. Pens top chest They are dark gray with cream colored tips. The front of the crown It is red, quickly becoming a dark brown from the middle of the crown to the back of the neck.

  • Pyrrhura picta picta

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura picta subandina

    (Todd, 1917) – 21 cm.. Has the face bright brownish-red; the forecrown blue and dull red; Scalloped yellow and gray in the chest. Share with other species Pyrrhura a long tail red, the primaries blue and patch belly dark red. Area Carpus is green, Unlike the red color Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps which it is the closest geographically.

Habitat:

They inhabit in moist forests and land borders, seasonally flooded forests (várzea), and on the slopes of tepuyes.

They travel in flocks with quick flights.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It is between the months of December and February. Nest in hollow trees or old abandoned nests of woodpeckers.

Food:

They feed on, to a large extent, of fruit of Goupia glabra, Bagassa guianensis, Trema micrantha, Heisteria spruceana, Zanthoxylum, flowers and seeds.

Distribution:

Tamaño de su área de Distribución (reproducción/residentes): 1.560.000 km2

The Painted Parakeet It is located in northeast South America, distributed south of Orinoco, in Venezuela, eastward through Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and the state of Amapá in the North of Brazil (pit et to the. 1997).

In the states of Amazon and western and southern Bolivar, in Venezuela They can be observed, mainly, on the slopes of the tepuyes, while further east inhabit the lowlands.

Distribution and status of 4 subspecies
  • Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps

    (Todd, 1947) – It is located on the western slope at the northern end of the Andes to the east, from south Cesar state north through Los Motilones on Sierra de Perija, at the border of Venezuela and Colombia. It is estimated to have lost about 70% of its original habitat within their distribution Colombia, and its area of ​​occupation within Colombia It is expected to be less than 3.700 km2 (Botero-Delgadillo et to the. 2012to, b). It's kind extremely poorly known Venezuela, there are some samples and records of sightings in only four locations, all in the Zulia state; recorded infrequently in recent years, despite the significant fieldwork (Sharpe 2015, CJ Sharpe in litt . 2015).

  • Classified as danger of extinction. Its population is in steady decline due to fragmentation of their habitat and capture for the pet trade.

  • Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni

    (Dr. Francisco Delgado – ornithologist panameño, 1985) – Known only in the Cerro Hoya National Park in provinces Veraguas and The Saints, in the South of Panama. The distribution area is considered to be less than 700 km2; It is common locally to the 1.660 m (Juniper and Parr 1998, Forshaw 2006, 2010, Montañez and Angehr 2007). However, the population It has been estimated less than 2.000 individuals (World Parrot Trust 2014), and it is considered nationally threatened (Montañez and Angehr 2007).

  • Pyrrhura picta picta

    (Statius Müller, 1776) – Nominal. They can be observed in Northeast South America, distributed south of Orinoco, in Venezuela, eastward through Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, and in the North of Brazil, state Amapá (pit et to the. 1997). In Amazon and western and southern Bolivar states Venezuela mainly inhabit hillside tepuyes, while further east are distributed in the lowlands.

  • This species is classified as least concern, although the size of its population is decreasing mainly because of its capture for trade in bird cage.

  • Pyrrhura picta subandina

    (Todd, 1917) – Observed only in the Valley of the Rio Sinu in the North of Colombia, although recent searches have failed to find the species which may be extinct (PGW Salaman in litt. 2011). 18 specimens are known from four places; Jaraquiel, Quimarí and Murucucú in Bolivar, and Tierra Alta Nazareth (Joseph and Stockwell 2002). Placements Nazareth and in Jaraquiel, apparently, They have been deforested, but apparently small areas of suitable habitat may occur in Quimarí and in the Murucucú hills Although searches on these sites could not find any evidence of the continued presence of the Pyrrhura picta subandina (Pgv Salman in Lit. . 2011).

  • There have been no confirmed records of this parakeet from Colombia 1949 despite extensive searches, and any remaining population is likely to be extremely small and declining. Therefore, It has been classified as Critically Endangered (possibly extinct).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the Red List Category

The Painted Parakeet has a range very large, and therefore does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion. While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be fast enough to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion population trend (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

Justification of the population

The world population It has not been quantified, due to recent taxonomic divisions.

Justification trend

This species is suspected that there may be lost 6,5-7,3% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the . 2006, Bird et to the . 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to hunting and / or entrapment, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% en tres generaciones.

In captivity:

Rare.

Alternative names:


- Painted Parakeet, Painted, Azuero, Sinu or Todd's Parakeet (inglés).
- Conure versicolore, Conure versicolore, C. d'Eisenmann, C. du Sinu ou C. de Todd (francés).
- Rotzügelsittich (alemán).
- Tiriba-de-testa-azul (portugués).
- Cotorra Pintada, Periquito Pintado (español).
- Periquito Pintado (Colombia).
- Perico Pechiescamado (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura picta
- Citation: (Statius Muller, 1776)
- Protónimo: Psittacus pictus

Images Painted Parakeet:

————————————————————————————————

Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Venezuelan Parakeet | Perico Pintado ( Pyrrhura picta emma) By Fernando Flores from Caracas, Venezuela [CC BY-SA 2.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: William Adsett, XC82876. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/82876

Filed under: Birds, Birds, C, MNOP | No comments »

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Painted Parakeet Video

Subspecies painted parakeet

Species:
  • Pyrrhura picta
  • Subspecies:
  • Pyrrhura picta caeruleiceps
  • Pyrrhura picta eisenmanni
  • Pyrrhura picta picta
  • Pyrrhura picta subandina
  • Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Especies del género Pyrrhura

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