Hellmayr's Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum

Hellmayr's Parakeet

22 cm.. length.

The Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) It is a mainly green parakeet; the area from crown to the nape is dark brown; the belly, the rump and tip tail, They are dark red; below, the tail It is also dark red.

They have a patch whitish in ear-coverts; a blue band in front of eyes. The face It is dark reddish brown; the upper region chest It is greenish gray with gray scalloping; the bottom of the chest It is scaled with yellowish effect; the in bend of wing green; brown-red patch in the center of abdomen; of remiges blue (visible only in flight). Orbital ring blackish; the cheeks and ocular region are dark brown.
Bill grey-black; eyes orange brown.

The immature birds They have a darker plumage.

Taxonomic status:

Considered a subspecies of the Painted Parakeet by some authors

  • Sound of the Hellmayr's Parakeet.

Description 3 subspecies:

  • Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum

    (Hellmayr, 1906) – Nominal.

  • Pyrrhura amazonum lucida

    (Arndt, 2008 parrots[Arndt]) – Little or no blue on the front of the crown. Slightly smaller and paler than the Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae

  • Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae

    perico madeira – (Joseph & Bates,JM, 2002) – The bare periophthalmic is of color beige.

Habitat:

They distributed in tropical rain forests and adjacent habitats. It´s social. Observed in pairs or groups. It is quite common in most of its range and live in several protected areas. The Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum It is in the Amazon National Park, For, Brazil, while the Pyrrhura amazonum lucida It is in the The Cristalino State Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Reproduction:

They build their nests in tree cavities.

Food:

With feed seed, flowers, fruit, berries and nuts. They are also considered local pests, and regularly they venture into cornfields and orchards, occasionally causing considerable damage.

Distribution:

Size of its range (players / residents): 392.000 km2

Distribution 3 subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

• Population size : Unknown.

Justification of the Red List Category

Based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon basin, and their potential susceptibility to capture for the bird trade, It is suspected that the population of the Hellmayr's Parakeet It has declined rapidly over three generations, and therefore it has been classified as danger of extinction.

Justification of the population

Recent world population is unknown given taxonomic divisions.

Justification trend

This species is suspected that he has been able to lose 43,0 to 52,1% of suitable habitat within their distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the . 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to capture, It suspected population decline by 50% in three generations.

Threats

The main threat to this species is that it is accelerating the Deforestation in the Amazon basin Livestock and soybean production, provided by the expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011).

The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil reduce the percentage of land to a private owner it has the legal obligation to maintain as forest and include an amnesty for owners who deforested before July 2008 (that later they would be absolved of the need to reforest cleared land illegally) (Bird et to the. 2011).

His capture for bird trade wild can represent a significant threat.

Conservation actions and ongoing research

It is not known any.

Conservation actions and research proposals

Expand the network of protected areas to effectively protect IBA.

Effectively manage the resources of existing protected areas and new, the use of new opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the common goals of reducing carbon emissions and maximize biodiversity conservation.

conservation on private lands is also essential, through the expansion of market pressures for rational land management and prevention of logging on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006).

Campaign against proposed changes to Forest code of Brazil which would lead to a decrease in the width of the coastal areas of forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

Parrot in captivity Santarém:

It is a bird in danger of extinction. Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well-run program of captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Hellmayr’s Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet, Santarem Parakeet (Santarem) (English).
Conure de Hellmayr (French).
Santaremsittich (German).
Tiriba-de-hellmayr (Portuguese).
Cotorra de Santarém, Perico Santarém (Spanish).

Carl Edward Hellmayr

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrrhura
Scientific name: Pyrrhura amazonum
Citation: Hellmayr, 1906
Protonimo: Pyrrhura pictured on Amazon

Images Hellmayr's Parakeet:

Hellmayr's Parakeet
Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Hellmayr's Parakeet
Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil

————————————————————————————————

Hellmayr's Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura or Amazon by snethlageae Blake MathesonFlickr
(2) – Santarem Parakeet (Pyrrhura amazonum) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
(3) – Santarem Parakeet – Cristalino Lodge, Brazil by Jorge MontejoFlickr

Sounds: Jeremy Recall, XC235131. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/235131

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