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Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus passerinus

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Green-rumped Parrotlet



Green-rumped Parrotlet

13-14 cm.. height.

The Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) is the psittacine smaller that can be found on the American continent. It is distinguished by being green, with a brighter green in the front, cheeks, lower part of the body and behind the neck; the rump bright green in the two sexes, wing with one Strip Turquoise Blue followed by another greenish-blue in males; belly lighter than the back, tail with yellow border.

Female with rump greenish-yellow and wings without blue. It is possible to have dyes more yellowish forehead.

Subspecies description:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Also known as Parrotlet Schlegel. Similar to the subspecies Forpus passerinus passerinus, but the feathers of the tail of the female they are more green in the bottom. Also it has more yellow along the forecrown .

  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Show more blue with the wing closed in the other subspecies.

  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – The male has the rear area Emerald green with blue and pale blue tint at the edge of the the greater wing coverts. Female has more yellow in all the facial area.

  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal.

  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Also known as Venezuela green parakeet. The plumage is green in males; in females varies considerably according to the region they inhabit.


It is found in dry forest, semi-open areas, crops, among others, until the 500 m. In flocks of more of 100 individuals. You can perform altitudinal migrations.


It nests in abandoned nests of woodpeckers or in other holes, from May to November.


They feed on seeds, including the of the grasses.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.060.000 km2

This is a very widespread and common. They are distributed in the northeast of Colombia, North of Venezuela, Guyanas to the northeast of Brazil, also in Curacao, Trinidad and the West Indies.

Subspecies distribution:
  • Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus

    (Schlegel, 1864) – Is located in Roraima, Brazil.

  • Forpus passerinus cyanophanes

    (Todd, 1915) – Are found in the areas around the North of Colombia.

  • Forpus passerinus deliciosus

    (Ridgway, 1888) – Is located in the lower basin of the amazon, in Brazil.

  • Forpus passerinus passerinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal. Found in the Guianas.

  • Forpus passerinus viridissimus

    (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Found in the North of Venezuela, Trindad and Tobago.


State of conservation ⓘ

Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.
• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 19,2-21% of habitat within its distribution in three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunt or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% durante tres generaciones.

"Green-rumped Parrotlet" in captivity:

It´s common bird cage. In captivity they are sweet and playful. It might be possessive with toys and people.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet, Common Parrotlet, Green rumped Parrotlet, Guiana Parrotlet, Guianan Parrotlet, Passerine Parrotlet (English).
Toui été, Perruche-moineau de Guyane (French).
Grünbürzel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
tuim-santo, periquitinho, periquito-do-espírito-santo, periquito-santo, periquito-tabacú, periquito-vassoura (Portuguese).
Catita Enana de Lomo Verde, Cotorrita Culiverde, Periquito Coliverde (español).
Periquito Coliverde (Colombia).
Periquito Mastrantero (Venezuela).

scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus passerinus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus passerinus

Images Green-rumped Parrotlet:

Videos of the "Green-rumped Parrotlet"

Species of the genus Forpus

Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife
– Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical


(1) – Forpus passerinus in Trinidad 2014, Caribbean By Jam.mohd (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Photograph of pet Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus) By self (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Green-rumped Parrotlet, (Forpus passerinus), a pair, male (right) and female (left), in Venezuela By kulyka on flickr (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
(5) – Periquito mastrantero [Green-rumped Parrotlet] (Forpus passerinus viridissimus) by Cristóbal Alvarado MinicFlickr
(6) – Blue-winged Parrotlet, adult male (above); Green-rumped Parrotlet, young(?) male (below) Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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